Imágenes de páginas



we were to measure with our feet, through | mistress. This ceremony, without doubt,
morasses in which we were not without dan- could only have taken place in winter, for
ger of being swallowed up.”—Ibid. in summer far the greater part of the river

is entirely dry, and its bed is a complete
grove of oleanders. The small quantity of

water that remains here and there in a few
[The Swedish Shepherd's Horn of Birch-

excavations is full of leeches : these, by

their suction, might doubtless be well cal“ The shepherds in Sweden, as well as culated to cool the ardour of any lover who in Iceland, have horns made of birch-wood. was disposed to furnish them with a dinTwo excavated pieces of birch-wood are ner.”—POUQUEVILLE, p. 53. clapped close together, and bound tightly round with the bark of the same tree; so that one circular pipe is formed. The sound made with the horn is shrill and woodland,

[Elephantiasis and Slavery correlative.] but not unpleasant. The sheep and cattle “It is chiefly,' says Raimont, 'in his will come together at certain places and History of the latter complaint, 'in those times, obedient to this call.”—Ibid. parts of the globe which are under a tyranni

eal government, that the elephantiasis plays
a principal part among the prevailing dis-

eases, in concert with its allies, leprous af[Romaic-Origin of the modern Term.]

fections and pestilential fevers : good health ROMEI, (Romans.) “ How much,” says | does not go hand in hand with extreme POUQUEVILLE, (p. 125,) “was I struck with slavery. this word when I first heard the Greeks u • Under an inhuman despotism, the called by it! Fallen from their ancient greater part of the lands are left uncultisplendour, they have lost their liberty with vated; they are often covered with stagtheir days of glory, even the name by which nant waters. People who have no property, their forefathers were known. Children of think of nothing but making a scanty proSparta, inhabitants of Tegea, of Athens, vision for their mere physical necessities; and of Argos, all are confounded under their food is consequently not abundant, one general name; and that name taken and seldom very wholesome; their habitafrom the Romans, their first conquerors,

tions are damp, and often placed in the seems to have been preserved by the Mus- most unhealthy situations. Such is now the sulmans as a badge of humiliation ; for in lamentable situation of the Greek states.' the estimation of these barbarians, the name In Greece, free and flourishing, the leprosy of Romans, of the people-king, is equiva

and the elephantiasis were alike unknown; lent to that of vassal or slave."

they have only been introduced into Greece enslaved, oppressed, and wretched."-Ibid.

p. 188.


[The River Selemnus; or, the Lover's Cure.]

[Capitation Tax on Christians in Turkey“ At the bottom of the gulf of Lepanto,

how taken.) the river Selemnus is seen running into it. “The caratch, or It was the peculiar property of these waters

Christians are subject under to procure the unhappy lover who bathed in them complete forgetfulness of the cru

government, includes all above twelve years

of age; and as there are no elties he had experienced from an unkind by which the age may be legally ascertain

on tax, to which





ed, if any doubt should arise on this point, / a woman and an ass harnessed together to the cadi measures the head of the person in the same plough ; and the tattered peasant question with a cord, and according to this behind, stimulating his team with a seemmeasurement the decision is made: for it ingly impartial whip.”—Vol. 1, p. 276. is considered an incontrovertible fact, that at such a certain age the head must be of such a certain dimension.”—Ibid. p. 118.

[Beautiful green Clouds under the Tropic

of Cancer.]

“ The inclination which I have for paint[Modern Greek equivocal Words.]

ing made me remark under the tropic of Mathi, in modern Greek, means equally | Cancer, clouds of a beautiful green at suna spring, and an eye.-Ibid.

set. I had never seen anything approaching So in Spanish, ojos.

to it in Europe, nor have I ever since seen them of so bright and lively a colour.”—

FREZIER. Voyage de la Mer du Sud. [The tesserated Mosaic of St. Sophia.]

“ The tesserated mosaic, in S. Sophias, with which the concave above the windows

[Chopping Seas.] and the dome are encrusted, and specimens “ We have been cruizing,” (said my broof which, taken from the ceiling of an ad- ther, in a letter to me,)“ in the latitude of joining oratory, are sold to strangers, is not sixty degrees north, to intercept any Batavisible to those standing in the body of the vian ships that might be going north about, mosque. It is composed of very minute round the Orkneys. Worse weather I nesquares, formed of some vitreous substance, ver recollect to have experienced. Those gilded and tinged with paint.” — HOB- seas are hardly navigable so late in the HOUSE's Travels, p. 969.

year (November). Kræsvelger does not Just such squares may be seen upon Ed- allow mortals to approach so near his den. ward the Confessor's tomb in Westminster He shook his eagle pinions over us most Abbey.

violently, and tossed the sea about in such

a way as I had never seen before. Not [Pumpkin Pies on Thanksgiving Days in

long, -the long Atlantic swell, rolling on, New England.]

wave after wave, in one direction, but Silliman was at Edinburgh on the day tions. A magnificent sight, though very bad

waves equally lofty impelled in all direcof thanksgiving for the battle of Trafalgar. for the ship. It was like a race upon a “We did not forget,” says he, speaking of large scale, when a rapid tide is forcing its his American friends, “ that pumpkin pies

course one way, and the wind violently were an indispensable article in a New Eng-driving it another.”—R. SOUTHEY. land thanksgiving ; but as they are unknown in Scotland, we substituted a plumbpudding in their stead.”—Vol. 2, p. 291.

[Fardles.] The Commentators on Shakespeare can

not understand Fardles. Your order of [A Woman and an Ass yoked together in Francethe Land of Gallantry.]

consignment shews it to be bundles pack

ed. “I RECOLLECT,” says M. SIMOND, 5 to Query, in what shape and material ? have seen in France, that land of gallantry,




it.' When this undoubted anecdote was [The Rising Moon dispels Clouds.]

related to Priestley, by Foster, he replied, “I have always remarked,” says St. like a good man himself, “I love him the PIERRE, “that the rising of the moon dis- better for it.' pels the clouds very perceptibly.

“Priestley related this to Estlin, and he “ The rising moon dispels the vapours to me. I record it, God knows, not in

any with which the air is impregnated. I have disparagement of so excellent a man, but in so often made this remark, that I am of the the same spirit with which it has always sailors' opinion, who say that the moon been related, as a proof of Doddridge's swallows up the clouds.” Voyage to the goodness, and of the evil effects of congreIsle of France.

gational tyranny.” — Quære? So the Spanish expression in PERO NI


[Wonderful Cave at the Foot of a steep [Anecdote of Dr. Doddridge.]

Mountain between Baruthum and Tripoli.] “ Dr., or Mr. Foster, (if I rightly re

" THE Venetian consul at Tripoli, who member the name,) called on Dr. Dod- perfectly understood the modern and andridge, and, though an Arian, was asked cient state of that country, observing us to by him to preach in his pulpit, which he be inquisitive to know all we could learn of declined. He mentioned this afterwards it, he told us, that there was one thing very as an honourable proof of the liberality of amazing and remarkable which we had not this truly good man: this liberality, as yet heard of; and therefore, said he, this might be expected, greatly displeased some old gentleman (pointing to a reverend old of the red hot Calvinists of the Doctor's man that stood by) and I will tell you the flock, and one of them, an elder in Israel, matter, which we were both eye-witnesses came abruptly into his study, and said to of. Between Baruthum and Tripoli is a him, with a tone which evinced to what a mountain so steep, and hanging over the persecution the fact would expose him, that sea, that there is no coming at what I am he had heard he had asked this heretic to

going to give a description of, but in ships. preach. Doddridge was intimidated, and At the foot of this mountain is a large, wide in a moment of weakness, replied that he

cave, that continually vomits out cold water; had not.

to which, when you approach near, you shall “ This denial was now triumphantly re- see a hand reaching a dish from the mouth peated by the bigots, and soon reached Fos

of the cave.

And if your curiosity is not ter's ears, who could not imagine how it had herewith satisfied, and you attempt to come arisen: he heard it, however, so confidently nigher; all of a sudden the whole vision aflirmed, that it could not but stagger him. disappears, and if again you withdraw back, One day, when he was talking with a friend you shall see the same hand and vessel again in a shop upon this subject, Doddridge very clearly. The consul added moreover, passed by * There goes the Doctor,' said that this cave was perfectly inaccessible, the he, ‘I will call him in, and have the matter place was so steep and dangerous to come explained.' He took him aside, and said, at.”—BAUMGARTEN. • Dr. D., I have one question to ask you, which I am sure you will answer truly, did you, or did you not, ask me to preach for you?' The good man burst into tears, and

[Polygamy of the Galla.] answered, “Certainly I did, and not one “ Polygamy is allowed among the Galla, moment's peace have I had since I denied | but the men are commonly content with

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one wife. Such indeed is their moderation in this respect, that it is the women that

[Local Difference of Day and Night.] solicit the men to increase the number of “ The mountains here extend from north their wives. The love of their children to south, just as they do near the town; seems to get a speedy ascendancy over pas- and this direction of them is the cause that sion and pleasure, and is a noble part of the the farms that are situated in valleys becharacter of these savages that ought not to tween two mountains have their day and be forgot. A young woman, having a child night at different times. Those who live : or two by her husband, intreats and solicits under the mountains on the western side, him that he would take another wife, when have daylight first ; as the sun having she names to him all the beautiful girls of reached the tops of the mountains, which her acquaintance, especially those that she are frequently covered with hail and thence thinks likeliest to have large families. After appear white, in an instant illuminates the the husband has made his choice, she goes whole western side; while on the other to the tent of the young woman, and sits hand, those who lie on the eastern side of behind it in a supplicant posture, till she has the valley see the sun longer in the evenings, excited the attention of the family within. the other side at the same time appearing to She then with an audible voice declares them enveloped in darkness and a light blue who she is; that she is the daughter of mist, while they themselves continue to ensuch a one; that her husband has all the joy the most delightful sunshine.”—Thunqualifications for making a woman happy; BERG. that she has only two children by him, and as her family is so small, she comes to solicit their daughter for her husband's wife, that

[Table Mountain.] their families may be joined together and

“ In the month of March, when I passed be strong ; and that her children, from their a whole day on the top of the Table Mounbeing few in number, may not fall a prey to tain, I was gratified in the evening with a their enemies in the day of battle; for the singular and most beautiful prospect from Galla always fight in families, whether this considerable eminence. Table Mounagainst one another, or against other ene- tain, like all other mountains in this counmies."-BRUCE.

try, lies in a direction from north-west to south-east, thus leaving one of its long sides open to the north-east and the other to the

south-west. The sun rising in the east does [Simeon Stylites and the Bucket Rope.]

not here proceed towards the south, as in “Simeon STYLITES, when he served in the Europe, but towards the north, and at last monastery of S. Timotheus, went to draw sinks into the ocean to the westward of the water from a well; the bucket rope was mountain. This makes an earlier morning, made de palmâ asperrimâ, quæ ruscus dici- and exhibits the sun sooner on the northtur. He wound this about his naked body, east side; and a longer afternoon and later from the loins to the shoulder blades, and sun on the south-west side. So that on the returning to the convent, said that he could top of this mountain, about five o'clock in draw no water, for the bucket rope was the afternoon, two different worlds, as it gone. It soon fretted the aspirant to the were, presented themselves to my view, of bone."—Acta Sanctorum, Jan. 5, tom. 1, p. which the western still enjoyed the finest 269.

sunshine and a clear horizon, while the eastern was already covered with darkness and a thick impending mist. This mist, which had exhaled from the heated plain,



and was now condensed in the suddenly were preserved in the gate. William de cooled air, was so thick that no part of the Breusa also testifies that one of his soldiers whole country was to be seen, but the whole in a conflict with the Welsh, was wounded region resembled a smooth, unbroken cloud, by an arrow, which pierced his armour, and did not a little contribute to render the doubly coated with iron, and passing through view on each side of the mountain remark- his hip entered the saddle, and mortally ably different, though a moment before they wounded the horse. Another soldier, equally were much the same.”—Ibid.

well guarded with armour, had his hip penetrated by an arrow quite to the saddle, and on turning his horse round, received a simi

lar wound on the opposite hip, which fixed [Huge Portugueze Carrack.]

him on both sides to his seat. What more “ In the year 1592, a Portugueze carrack could be expected from a balista. Yet the was captured by Sir John Barrough, which bows used by this people are not made of is thus described. This carrack was in horn, ivory, or yew, but of wild elm ; unburthen no less than one thousand six hun- polished, rude, and uncouth, but stout; not dred tons, whereof nine hundred were mer- calculated to shoot an arrow to a great dischandize: she carried thirty-two pieces of tance, but to inflict very severe wounds in brass ordnance, and between six and seven close fight.”—HOARE's Giraldus, vol. 1, p. hundred passengers: was built with seven 92. decks, seven story, one main aslope, three close decks, one forecastle, and a spare deck, of two floors apiece. According to the ob

[Entrance effected into the Harbour of servations of Mr. Robert Adams, an excel

Damietta.] lent geometrician, she was in length from “ ABOUT the same time, the Emperor the beak head to the stern, one hundred and Frederic, Philip, King of France, Richard, sixty-five feet; in breadth near forty-seven King of England, with many Dukes, Earls, feet; the length of her keel one hundred and Christian Princes, went to besiege Dafeet; of the main-mast one hundred and mietta in Soria, that they might have a port twenty-one feet; its circuit at the partners at sea, and a safe harbour for the Christian near eleven feet; and her main-yard one ships ; but at the entrie of the haven there hundred and six feet."

were two great towers, the which having great chains of iron drawn across, stopt the entrie, so as no ship might enter. William,

son to Count Floris of Holland, concluded [The Warriors of Gwent-land.]

with his Hollanders of the town of Harlem “ It seems worthy of remark, that the to arm the forepart of this ship with a long people of Gwent-land are more accustomed and strong saw of steel, made of purpose, to war, more famous for valour, and more expecting the first strong gale of wind that expert in archery, than those of any other should blow into the haven : the which they part of Wales: the following examples prove effected upon occasion, so as through the the truth of this assertion. In the last as- violence of the wind, the force of the ship, sault of the aforesaid castle, which happened and the cutting of this saw, they brake the in our days, two soldiers passing over a chain in pieces, and gave entrie to all the bridge to a tower built on a mound of earth, whole fleet of the Christians into the haven in order to take the Welsh in the rear, of the city of Damietta, by which only means penetrated with their arrows the oaken it was taken."Hist. of the Netherlands, p. portal, which was four fingers thick : in 38. memory of which circumstance the arrows

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