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618

PINCKARD - EVLIA EFFENDI - MACKENZIE - BARROW.

setting sun, added a splendid gaiety to the [Oars by Way of Sails.]

scene, which no expressions of mine are “ We often see parties of negroes, boat- qualified to describe. The east side of the men, and sailors scud indolently about the river consists of a range of high land, covered bay, employing their oars by way of sails. with the white spruce and the soft birch, They fix the handles of them at the bottom while the banks abound with the alder and of the boat, and setting them up, two on the willow.”—MACKENZIE. each side, with the flat surface to the wind, collect a sufficiency of the breeze to carry the boat along without the trouble of rowing.”—PINCKARD's Notes, vol. 1, p. 325.

[Forms of Speech among the Greek

Women.] “ A GREEK woman who wants to enforce

strenuously any thing she has advanced, [How Alexander got rid of his Horns.]

says, May I live! May I preserve my sight! “ ALEXANDER is said by drinking the If she wants to make a falsehood pass curwater of the Mined river to have been cured rent, a thing which happens occasionally in from his two horns, which he lost at the Greece as well as in all other countries, she town of Bedlis, and built this town in re- changes the latter phrase, and expresses membrance, called in Armenian, Tshapakt- herself thus, May I lose my sight! Though shoor.”—Evlia EFFENDI, vol. 3.

the imprecation is generally uttered with a kind of hesitation which betrays some apprehension for the safety of the eyes.”—Pou

QUEVILLE, p. 131. [Description of Scenery.] “ The ground rises at intervals to a considerable height, and stretching inwards to a considerable distance : at every interval

[Effect of the Hot Winds.] or pause in the rise, there is a very gently “ It was one of those hot winds, such as we ascending space or lawn, which is alternate had once before experienced on the banks with abrupt precipices to the summit of the of the Great Fish River. They happen whole, or at least as far as the eye could most frequently upon the Karroo plains, distinguish. This magnificent theatre of where they are sometimes attended with nature has all the decorations which the tornadoes that are really dreadful. Wagtrees and animals of the country can afford gons are overturned, men and horses thrown it: groves of poplars in every shape vary down, and the shrubs torn out of the ground. the scene, and their intervals are enlivened | The dust and sand are whirled into the air with vast herds of elks and buffaloes, the in columns of several hundred feet in height, former choosing the steeps and uplands and which at a distance look like the waterthe latter preferring the plains. At this spouts, seen sometimes at sea ; and with time the buffaloes were attended with their those they are equally, if possible, avoided, young ones, who were frisking about them, all that falls in their way being snatched up and it appeared that the elks would soon in their vortex. Sometimes dust and small exhibit the same enlivening circumstance. pebbles are hurled into the air with the The whole country displayed an exuberant noise and violence of a sky-rocket. Rain verdure; the trees that bear a blossom were and thunder generally succeed those heated advancing fast to that delightful appearance, winds, and gradually bring about a decrease and the velvet rind of their branches re- of temperature to the common standard." flecting the oblique rays of a rising or a -BARROW.

TOPHAM - COUNTESS OF NEWCASTLE – COWLEY - GASCOIGNE. 619

To dig and delve for new-found roots, where [Negligence of the English.]

old might well suffice; Captain TOPHAM mentions it (1775) as To proyne the water bowes, to picke the an instance of the negligence of the English,

mossy trees, that “the youth of seventeen is seen with (Oh how it pleased my fancy once) to kneel his hair dishevelled, in the dress of an in

upon my knees, fant.”Letters from Edinburgh, p. 341. To griffe a pippin stock when sap begins

to swell;

But since the gains scarce quit the cost, [Use of Wine and Oil for Curing Wounds.] Fancy, quoth he, farewell.”

GASCOIGNE. "Home is he brought, and layd in sumptuous

bed:

Where many

skilfull leaches him abide To salve his hurts, that yet still freshly bled. In wine and oyle they wash his woundes

wide, And softly gan embalme on everie side."

Faery Queen, 1. 5. 17.

[Early Marriages.] “ Many giglets I have married seen, Ere they forsooth could reach eleventeen."

WITHER. Weakness.

[The Poem of Robin Conscience, or Con[Imperiousness of Fashion.]

scionable Robin.] “ THERE is in this kingdom some foolish

In the poem of Robin Conscience, or and unnecessary customs, which have been conscionable Robin, “his Progress through brought from foreign parts, which ought to Court, City, and Country, with his bad enbe abolished. One is to dig holes in the tertainment at each several place," &c. Edinears to set pendants in, which puts the burgh, 1683, reprinted in the Harleian Miskingdom to a charge of pain, and also is a cellany, it appears that haberdashers sold heavy burthen therein. The second is to hats when those verses were written, and pull up the hedges of the eyebrows by the that Paternoster Row was inhabited by roots, leaving none but a narrow and thin

mercers and silkmen. row, that the eyes can receive no shade therefrom. The third is, to peel the first skin off the face with oil of vitriol, that a new skin may come in the place, which is [Latimer on City Monopoly.] apt to shrivel the skin underneath.” - YEA, and as I hear

say,

Aldermen COUNTESS OF NEWCASTLE. The Annual Par

a days are become colliers. They be both liament.

woodmongers and makers of coals. I would

wish he might eat nothing but coals for a [Forest-work Hangings.]

while till he had amended it. There cannot COWLEY speaks of a convenient brick

a poor body buy a sack of coals but it must house, with decent wainscot, and pretty fo- come through their hands.”—LATIMER. rest-work hangings."

now

[Gascoigne's Country Delight.] “ To plant strange country fruits, to sow

such seeds likewise,

[Tirante establishes a Military Watch at

Constantinople.] WHEN Tirante undertakes the defence of Constantinople, he finds the city full of

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SIR THOMAS CARLETON – LANGSDORFF - THEVENOT.

thieves, in consequence of the war; and to guages; and, by universal consent, hath prevent their depredations he establishes a been appropriated to particularize the formilitary watch, and orders that half the bidden fruit. Abel, or, as the Hebrews houses in every street should place lights on soften it, avel (by a transmutation frequent the outside of their windows from close of in all languages of the letters b, f and v), day till midnight, and the other half from signifies sorrow, mourning and woe. And midnight till morning.-P. 1, c. 43, ff. 202. it is exactly agreeable to the figurativeness

of that language, to transfer the word to this fruit upon the aforesaid consideration.

Our English-Saxon word evil seems to [Destruction of a great Vastil House of

spring from the same source, and a doer of James Douglass.]

evil, for the same reason, is contracted into " AFTER that I made a road in by Craw- Devil. Malun to signify an apple, may furth Castle to the head of Clyde, where we possibly have been received into the Latin sieged a great vastil house of James Doug- tongue from the like cause."—Nicolson and lass, which they held till the men and cattle Burn's Westmoreland, vol. 1, p. 309. were all devoured with smoke and fire; and so we returned to the Loughwood. At which place we remained very quietly,

[Chain-pump.] and in a manner in as civil order both for hunting and all pastime, as if we had been

“ In the lower deck they had a very conat home in our own houses.”—1547. Ac

venient pump; it is an iron chain in form count by Sir Thomas CARLETON, in Nicol

of a chaplet, that reaches down to the sink, son and Burn's Westmoreland and Cumber- having little pieces of leather about half as land, vol. 1, p. 55.

long as one's hand, and somewhat hollow, and fastened to it at every half foot's distance; this is turned by two handles, one

on each side, and it is incredible how much [Low Entrances of all uncivilized Nations.] water it will raise ; insomuch, that if a ship “ It has always appeared to me extraor

were full, she might be emptied by such a dinary,” says LANGSDORFF, " that in the pump in two hours.”—THEVENOT. habitations of all uncivilized nations the entrance should be so disproportionably low. In cold climates, inhabited by a pigmy race

[Subterraneous Fires.] of men, a good reason may be assigned for

Tue Continuator of Monstrellet says, that it, that the smaller the opening the more

in 1477,“ in some parts subterraneous fires | easily can the cold be kept out; but it is broke forth, from the vehemence of which | incomprehensible how the custom can have

may God preserve us.”—Jounes's Mons- | become universal among the large and ro

trellet, vol. 11, p. 277. bust inhabitants of warm climates, who must find the inconvenience of it very sensibly." -Vol. 1, p. 127.

[Early Street Lighting in Paris.] It is evidently a defensive precaution.

“July 14, 1465. Proclamation was made in all the public places at Paris, that every

householder should keep a lanthorn and [An Extract from the Limbo of Etymology.] candle burning before his dwelling during

Appel, abel, afel, is common to the Saxon, the night.”—Continuation of MonstrELLET, Belgic, Danish and other northern lan- vol. 10, p. 389.

FYNES MORYSON - HOARE - P. H. BRUCE.

621

cap. 27.

prey, they leap upon their horses, and when [The Image of the Virgin at Venice.]

it is taken, carry their horses home again “ I would passe over the image of the upon their shoulders."—HOARE's Giraldus. Virgin Mary, painted a la Mosaica, that is, as if it were engraven, but that they attribute great miracles to it, so as weomen desirous to know the state of their absent

[Influence of Superstition.] friends, place a wax candle burning in the DURING the captivity of the Infante D. open aire before the image, and believe Fernando the plague raged at Fez, and the that if their friend be alive, it cannot be Moors asked of their prisoners what remeput out with any force of wind; but if he dies they used in Christendom; when it was be dead, that the least breath of wind puts answered that they removed from the init out, or rather of itself it goes out: and fected places, they laughed at them as fools. besides for that I would mention that those -Chronica do Infante Santo D. Fernando, who are adjudged to death, offer waxe candles to this image, and as they passe by, It should be added, to characterize both fall prostrate to adore the same. To con- superstitions, that these very prisoners carclude, I would not omit mention thereof, ried about them written prayers and the because all shipps coming into the haven, names of Saints as amulets, and drew crosses use to salute this image, and that of Saint

upon their doors.-Ibid. Marke, with peeces of ordinance, as well and more than the Duke. A merchant of Venice saved from shipwreke, by the light of a candle in a darke night, gave by his [Millstone of Novogorod and St. Anthony.] last will to this image, that his heirs for ever “ In Novogorod they shew a great millshould find a waxe candle to burn before stone, upon which they say St. Anthony the same.”—Fynes MORYSON.

performed his devotions from Rome to this place : that he came down the Tiber into the

Mediterranean, through the streights, over [Coraclesand the Superstition grounded

all the seas in his way to the Baltick, on

this stone, and going up the Wologda, at last upon the Use of them.]

fixed his residence at Novogorod : after “ The boats which they employ in fishing he came ashore, he agreed with some fishor in crossing the rivers are made of twigs, ermen for the first draught of their net, not oblong nor pointed, but almost, or rather which proved to be a large chest, containing triangular, covered both within and without the Saint's canonical robes, his books and with raw hides. When a salmon thrown money; with the money he built this monasinto one of these boats strikes it hard with tery, where he ended his days, and his body his tail, he often oversets it, and endangers still remains uncorrupted.”—P. H. Bruce. both the vessel and its navigator. The fishermen, according to the custom of the country, in going to and from the rivers, carry these boats on their shoulders ; on

[Indian Superstition-Preservation of their which occasion that famous dealer in fables,

dead Warriors.] Bledherc, who lived a little before our time, “ The people who dwell upon those thus mysteriously said: “There is amongst branches of the Oroonoko called Capuri and us a people who, when they go out in search Macureo when their commanders die they of prey, carry their horses on their backs to

use great lamentation, and when they think the place of plunder; in order to catch their | the flesh of their bodies is putrefied, and

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SIR WALTER RALEIGH

HERRERA - ABBOT.

fallen from the bones, they take up the Ilowever this may be, the swallow having carcase again, and hang it in the cassqui's got some of his whiskers flew to Jedda, house that died, and deck his skull with where she took also some of Eve's hair, and feathers of all colours, and hang all his gold made in that way the first steps towards plates about the bones of his arms, thighs, uniting them again. In recompense for what and legs."—SIR WALTER RALEIGH.

the swallow carried on as internuncio between Adam and Eve, she is allowed to nestle in the dwellings of men.”—Quære ?

[Dead Warriors taken out to Battle.] The Panches, a tribe with whom the

[Travel to the Nigra Rupes by the Aid of people of Bogota had many wars, used to

Negromancy.] carry the bodies of their bravest warriors

6 CONCERNING those places which may be into battle with them. The bodies were preserved with a sort of gum, and there supposed to be near unto the Northern Pole,

there hath in times past something been were men appointed to carry them on their backs-as banners.-HERRERA, 6. 5. 5.

written, which for the particularity thereof might carry some shew of truth, if it be not thoroughly looked into. It is therefore by an old tradition delivered, and by some

written also, that there was a Friar of Ox[Soothsayer, or Book, -as a Cure for Witchcraft.]

ford who took on him to travel into those

parts which are under the very Pole ; which There is among the Cotton MSS. (Nero

he did partly by negromancy, wherein he B. vii. 5) a letter from some Duke of Milan

was much skilled, and partly again by taking to a King of England, requesting that a advantage of the frozen times, by means certain soothsayer, or a book on divination whereof he might travel upon the ice even which he had heard existed in England, so as himself pleased. It is said of him that might be sent him, to free him from a dis- he was directly under the Pole, and that order which he ascribed to witchcraft.

there he found a very huge and black rock, which is commonly called Nigra Rupes, and that the said rock being divers miles in cir

cuit, is compassed round about with the sea; [Why the Swallow is the Friend of Man,

which sea being the breadth of some miles and nestles in his Dwellings.]

over, doth run out into the more large Adam, when descending from Paradise ocean by four several currents, which is as to the earth, first put his foot on the Island much as to say that a good pretty way disof Serendib, and Eve descended at Jedda. tant from the Nigra Rupes there are four Adam being alone, began to lament his fate several lands of reasonable quantity, and bein so piteous a manner, that the Cherubim, ing situated round about the rock, although touched by his lamentations, complained to with some good distance, are severed each the Almighty. God sent the swallow which from other by the sea running between them, came to Adam, and begged him to give her and making them all four to be islands some hair of his whiskers. Some historians almost of equal bigness. But there is no say

that Adam had neither beard nor whisk- certainty of this report, and therefore our ers in Paradise, and that it began to grow best mathematicians in this latter age have only after his having been driven from the omitted it."— ARCHBISHOP Abbot's Brief presence of the Lord. Some say that it Description of the World, p. 326. grew when he first saw Eve lying in labour.

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