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POUQUEVILLE — PYRARD DE LAVAL – HERODOTUS. 623

but with this simple sentiment – Welcome In the City of Orfimo near Loretto, an old Misfortune, if thou art alone!'”—Ibid. p. Lady and her Niece made their Maid try

130. this Experiment in Witchcraft.

“ Tue receipt was an old woman's. It is that a young virgin should fast for nine [ Whirlwinds called Dragons dispersed by the

Beating of new Swords crossways.] weeks together three times a week, to the honour of the Indian King; that during all

“ OFTEN they see come afar off great this time she should never name the names whirlwinds

, which the mariners call dragons ; of God, Jesus, and the Blessed Virgin; that if this passeth over their ship it bruiseth she was to take once a week the Holy Sa-them, and overwhelmeth them in the waves. crament to the honour of the Indian King When the mariners see one come, they take or Emperor. Then, after the nine weeks

new swords, and beat one against the other were expired, she should make ready a room

in a cross upon the prow, or toward the where there were no pictures or images, but

coast from whence the storm comes, and only a new table, a new chair, a new candle- hold that this hinders it from coming over stick, and new linen to overspread the table their ship, and turneth it aside.”—PYRARD withal. In this room she was to wait alone, DE LAVAL. Purchas, 1646. drest in white, for the coming of the Indian King, who should then certainly appear with a great purse full of gold in his hands. She was to say nothing to him except,

[The Gete.]

Aià Welcome the Indian King! Welcome the

πεντετηρίδος κ. τ. λ. Indian Emperor! upon which he would “Every fifth year they elect a person by leave his purse on the table and disappear.” lot, and send him to Zamolxis, with orders -Baker's History of the Inquisition. to let him know what they want.

This messenger they dispatch thus. Certain persons are appointed to hold three javelins

erected, whilst others, taking the man they [The Caparisoned Horse of Tripolitza.]

are to send by the hands and feet, throw At the palace of the Pashaw at Tripo- him up into the air, that he may fall down litza a horse is always kept ready capari- upon the points. If he dies in their presoned, with a squire watching by him ; sence they think the god propitious; if not, “ not,” says M. POUQUEVILLE,

they load him with reproaches, and affirmtravellers have asserted, under the super- | ing he is an ill man, send another, whom stitious idea of waiting for the Prophet's they furnish with instructions while he is passing, but to be ready for the Pasha to yet alive.”—HERODOTUS, Melpomene, mount immediately in case of his presence being required in any part upon a sudden emergency.”—P. 28.

[Bardic Use of the Letters 0. I. W.] “ The three letters 0. I. W, are with the

Bards the unutterable name of the Deity : [Superstitious Appeal to Misfortune ! ]

they therefore make use of another term, “ A SINGULAR custom which prevails in known only to themselves, just as the Jews, Greece is, that when any one has fallen who always make use of Adonai when the under the influence of that metaphysical name of Jehovah occurs. Each of the letallegorical being called Misfortune, he sa- ters in the Bardic name is also

a name lutes it, not in terms of anger or reproach, | itself: the first is the word when uttered,

as some

c. 94.

of

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HOARE - PRIDEAUX

PONTOPPIDAN.

that the world burst into existence; the buryed; by the ratling of his bones in the
second is the word, the sound of which con- sepulchre, prognosticating the death of his
tinues, by which all things remain in exist- successors." PRIDEAUX's Introduction for
ence; and the third is that by which the Reading all sorts of Histories. 1682.
consummation of all things will be in happi-
ness, or the state of renovated intellect, for
ever approaching to the immediate presence

[The Mountain of Skopshorn.] of the Deity.”—HOARE's Giraldus.

I Oerskoug Sogn, doc.
“ In the parish of Oerskoug is the moun-

tain called Skopshorn, of which the mariners [Marvellous Account of Sylvester II.]

and fishermen have a view at sixteen leagues “SYLVESTER THE Second, a Frenchman, distance, when they have lost sight of the brought up in the Abby of Floriack, (where rest. On the highest crest of this mountain, Necromancy at that time was held an emi- it has the appearance of a complete wellnent piece of learning,) to perfect his skill built fort, or old castle, with regular walls that way, gets to a Sarazen in Civil, and and bastions. It is an old tradition, that a cozens him of his chief conjuring book, by girl who was attending a flock or herd, for being inward with the magician's daughter. a wager climbed up to the top, and, accordThen he contracts with the Devil to be his ing to agreement, there blew her horn, but wholly, upon condition he would conduct

was never seen after; upon which her relahim back to France and fit him with pro- tions, according to an ancient superstition, motions. Upon his return into France he imagined she had fallen into the hands of became admirable for his deep learning, and the pretended subterraneous inhabitants of (amongst others of great state) had these the mountains. Perhaps the truth is, that chieftains his scholars in the black-art, the girl was not so fortunate in coming Theophilact, Laurence, Malfitans, Brazutus, down as in getting up, and that she fell into and John Gratian. By help of these and of some cavity, where her body never could his other arts, he became first Bishop of be discovered.”. PONTOPPIDAN. Norges Rhemes, and then Archbishop of Ravenna, Naturalize Historie, p. 74, ed. 1759. and thence to be Pope; in which seat he concealed (but ever practised) his devilish mystery, having in secret a brazen-head instead of a Delphick Oracle. Consulting

[The Sea-Woman of Harlaem.] with this on a time how long he should live, “ At that time there was a great tempest answer was given, Until he said mass in at sea, with exceeding high tides, the which Jerusalem. This made him confident of a did drowne many villages in Friseland and long continuance; but he was cozened by Holland; by which tempest there came a the Devil's equivocation, who seized upon sea-woman swimming in the Zuyderzee be- | him saying mass in the church of St. Crosse, twixt the townes of Campen and Edam, the i in one of Lent stations, which was other which passing by the Purmeric, entered wise called Jerusalem, that he little thought into the straight of a broken dike in the

He is said to have then repented, and Purmermer, where she remained a long in token thereof, to have requested that his time, and could not find the hole by which i hands, tongue, and secret members might she entered, for that the breach had beene be cut off, wherewith he had offended God, stopt after that the tempest had ceased. and so be put into a cart, which was ne, Some country women and their servants, and the beasts of their own accord drew who with bankes of Edam, did dayly passe him to Laterane Church, where he lyeth | the Pourmery to milk their kine in the next

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like grim,

pastures, did often see this woman swimming Which she was wont with her un-wholsom upon the water, whereof at the first they breath were much afraid ; but in the end, being To re-bring-back from the black gates of accustomed to see it often, they viewed it death, neerer, and at last they resolved to take it

Growes now more ghastly, and more ghostif they could. Having discovered it, they rowed towards it, and drew it out of the Right like to Satan in his rage-full trim. water by force, carrying it in one of their

The place about darker than night she darkes, barkes unto the town of Edam. When she

She yels, she roars, she houles, she brayes, had been well washed and cleansed from

she barks, the sea moss which was grown about her, And in un-heard, horrid, barbarian termes, she was like unto another woman, she was Shee mutters strange and execrable charms; appareled, and began to accustome herself Of whose hell-raking, nature-shaking spell, to ordinary meats like unto any other, yet These odious words could scarce be hearkned she sought still means to escape and to get into the water, but she was straightly · Eternal Shades, infernal Deities, guarded. They came from farre to see her. Death, Horrors, Terror, Silence, Obsequies, Those of Harlem made great sute to them Demons dispatch : if this dim stinking taper of Edam to have this woman, by reason of Be of mine owne Sons fat; if here, for paper, the strangenesse thereof. In the end they I write (detested) on the tender skins obtained her, where she did learn to spin, Of time-less infants, and abortive twins and lived many years (some say fifteen), (Torn from the wombe) these figures figureand for the reverance which she bare unto

less : the signe of the cross, whereunto she had | If this black sprinkle, tuft with virgins tress, beene accustomed, she was buried in the Dipt, at your altar, in my kinsmans bloud; church yarde. Many persons worthy of cre- If well I smell of humane flesh (my food): dit have justified in their writings, that they Haste, haste, you fiends.”” had seene her in the said town of Harlem."

SYLVESTER'S Du Bartas. -History of the Netherlands, p. 116.

well :

Bouce. [Prodigy on the Death of Henry I.]

“ INSULA parva quidem, miro sed prædita “ It came to pass in the province of El

fonte venia, which is separated from Hay by the Cujus sorbitio, quâcunque potentior herbân river Wye, on the night in which Henry I.

Colchidis et cantu; vix irrigat hausta meexpired, that two pools of no small extent,

dullas, the one natural, the other artificial, sud

Annosæ positâ confestim pelle senectæ denly burst their bounds: the latter, by its Luxuriant tumidæ juvenili sanguine venæ, precipitate course down the declivities, Incolumes rediêre genæ, nivibusque fugatis emptied itself; but the former, with its

Atrati crines umbram sparsêre priorem." fish and contents, obtained a permanent

COLUMBUS. situation in a valley about two miles distant." —HOARE's Giraldus, vol. 1, p. 6.

[The Delta.] [The Witch.)

66 If the eye is carried to the other side SHEE, that before

of the river, a plain expands to view which Resembled one of those grim ghosts (of yore) | has no boundary but the horizon, this is the

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SONNINI - MARINER.

Delta. Issuing out of the bosom of the and struck him till he was dead. At that waters, it preserves the freshness of its time their father came from Bolotoo with origin : to the golden tints of exuberant exceeding great anger, and asked him, “Why autumn succeeds the very same year, the have you killed your brother? could not verdure of the meadows. Orchards, similar you work like him? O thou wicked one, to those in the vicinity of Rossetta, groups begone! Go with my commands to the family of trees, green all the year round, others of Vaca-acow-oole, tell them to come hither.' scattered about at random, flocks of every Being accordingly come, Tongaloa straightkind diversify the points of view and enliven | way ordered them thus, “ Put your canoes this rich and verdant portion of Egypt. to sea, and sail to the west, to the great Numerous towns and villages enhance the land which is there, and take up your abode beauty of the landscape; here, the cities there. Be your skins white like your minds, display in vista their lofty and pointed tur- for your minds are pure. You shall be rets; there, expand lakes and canals, a wise, making axes and all riches whatsoever, source of fecundity inexhaustible; every

and shall have large canoes. I will go mywhere are distinguishable the signs of an self, and command the wind to blow from easy cultivation, of an eternal spring, and your land to Tonga: but they (the Tonga of a fertility incessantly renovated and end- people) shall not be able to go to you with lessly varied.”—SONNINI.

their bad canoes.' Tongaloa then spake thus to the others. "You shall be black, because your minds are bad, and you shall

be destitute. You shall not be wise in use[Tonga Mythology.]

ful things, neither shall you go to the great Mr. Mariner relates a very curious piece land of your brothers : how can you go of Tonga mythology, “ giving,” he says, with

your

bad canoes ? But your brothers nearly as possible a literal translation of the shall come to Tonga and trade with you as language in which they tell it.” It is very they please."" curious, because the invention is manifestly so recent, and yet the fable is received.

Tongaloa (the God who fished the earth out of the sea) being willing that Tonga

[Tonga Bolatooor, Island of the Gods.] should be inhabited by intelligent beings, The people of Tonga (Tongataboo) be. he commanded his two sons thus, ' Go and lieve “ that all Egi, or nobles, have souls take with you your wives, and dwell in the which exist hereafter in Bolatoo (the Island world at Tonga ; divide the land into two of the Gods) not according to their moral portions, and dwell separately from each merit, but their rank in this world, and other.' They departed accordingly. Now there they have power similar to the original the name of the eldest was Tooboo, and the gods, but less. The Mataboolies also go to name of the youngest was Vaca-acow-oole, Bolatoo after death, where they exist as who was an exceeding wise young man, for Mataboolies or ministers to the gods, but it was he that first formed axes, and invented they have not the power of inspiring priests. beads, and cloth, and looking glasses. The The Mooas, according to the belief of some, young man called Tooboo acted very differ- also go to Bolatoo, but this is a matter of ently, being very indolent, sauntering about, great doubt. But the Tooas, or lower class and sleeping, and envying very much the of people, have no souls, or such only as works of his brother. Tired at length with dissolve with the body after death, which begging his goods, he bethought himself to consequently ends their sentient existence.” kill him, but concealed his wicked intention. -Ibid. Ile accordingly met his brother walking,

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improvement of their characters have been [The Indian Reserve-lands at Gay Head.]

ineffectual; for it is not certain that they “ Tue west end of Martha's vineyard, have been properly directed. Schools have containing three thousand acres of the best been occasionally established among them land in the island, and including Gay Head, to teach them reading and writing, arts of is reserved for the Indians established at which they know not the value. Missionthis place and their descendants. The whole aries are constantly employed to preach the number of proprietors is said to be two gospel to them. But beings so indifferent hundred and fifty; only one hundred and to their fate that they will not make profifty reside here at present. The land is vision even for to-day, cannot be expected undivided; but each man cultivates as much to take much pains to prepare for futurity. as he pleases, and no one intrudes on the They need some strong and direct excitespot which another has appropriated by his ment to rouse them from their torpor. It labour. They have not the power of alien- has been proposed to give them the power ating their lands, being considered as per- of alienating their property, which would petual children, and their property com- soon be squandered. They would then be mitted to the care of guardians appointed compelled to toil for a subsistence; and by the government of Massachusetts. These habits of industry once acquired might last guardians let a part of the territory to longer than the necessity in which they whites, and appropriate the income to the originated. Nor would there be any cruelty support of the Indians. Intermarriages be- in thus permitting them to waste their protween the members of this tribe and negroes perty, if it were certain that the experiment are so common, that there now exist very would succeed. Could they obtain indusfew of pure Indian descent. One of these trious habits in exchange for their lands, it few we had the pleasure of seeing, when, would be a profitable bargain to them, as tempted by curiosity, we had entered her well as to the community. But it may be miserable dwelling. It did not require a said, and I fear too truly, that the present very powerful imagination to convert her generation, palsied by inveterate indolence, into another Meg Merrilies. Her counte- and ignorant of any occupation capable of nance bore the traces of extreme age, but affording them immediate subsistence, would her form, though slender, was erect, her sink in despondency, and find it easier to voice firm, and her remarks shrewd and die than to labour. Is there however no pertinent. The muscles of her face possessed hope for their children? Might they not be a calmness and immobility, which seemed to collected in one seminary, where they should prove that nothing agitated her feelings, be taught the mechanic arts, and incited to while the quickness of her eye denoted that exertion by emulation, the hope of reward, nothing escaped her observation. This cast and the fear of punishment; and when their of countenance, and the character it ex- education should be completed, instead of presses, are not however peculiarities of being left here to be corrupted by their the individual ; they distinguish the whole predecessors, sent forth to make their way race.

in the world. The Indians are not incapable “ The Indians of Gay Head have lately of serving themselves and the publick. Many sent a memorial to the General Court, stating of them are employed in the whaling vessels their grievances, and a committee has been of New Bedford, and are distinguished by appointed to examine into the ground of their activity and expertness. Such a protheir complaints. Idleness is undoubtedly ject would indeed be expensive, but might the great evil that afflicts them. Can it be ultimately prove less so than the present remedied? We should not be discouraged mode of providing for their support. We because the efforts hitherto made for the lought not to despise them because they are

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