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ignorant and degraded; for perhaps they it not be said what language they speak,
are ignorant and degraded only because nor how the island came to be peopled.
they have already been so much despised. The Spaniards of the Canaries have often
There is no school now at Gay Head."- endeavoured to find out the said island;
North American Review, vol. 5, p. 319. but whether it be that it is always covered

with a thick mist, which hinders it from
being discovered, or that the current of the

water thereabouts was so strong that it is [House and Church of the Franciscans at

a hard matter to land thereat, certain it is, Nanking.)

that as yet, it subsists only in the opinion “ As far as their religious poverty will wherewith most seamen are

prepossessed, allow, the house and church of the Fran- that certainly there is an island in those ciscans at Nanking are decently adorned. parts.” #MANDELSLO. They pass to their apartments through five little galleries or courts adorned in the middle with pleasant rows of flowers, for the ingenious Chinese plant several flowers

[Zanteits Value.] along the crannies between the bricks that ZANTE—the ancient Zacynthos,-called make the flooring, which grow up as high by Botero the Golden Island—it truly meas a man, making fine flowery hedges on rits that name, says WHELER, from the Veboth sides. They grow up in forty days, netians, who draw so much gold by the and last four months. The flowers are pe- Currant trade from hence and Cephalonia, culiar to that country, and found no where as beareth the ordinary charge of their else. One sort of them is called Kiquon, armada at sea. which has several shapes, colours, and Very populous; fifty towns or villages, strange forms, but very beautiful; some in an island not above thirty miles about. being of a cane colour, some like a dry rose, others yellow, but soft as any sleft silk. Among those crannies there grows an herb which, though it produce no flower, is very

[The Causey leading from Chippenham pleasant to behold, the leaves of it being in

Clift to Wick Hill.] streaks, and painted by nature with a lively THERE is a Causey extending from a yellow, red, and green. The tulips growing place called Chippenham Clift to Wick Hill, about those courts are bigger than ours in

a distance of about four miles. At the first Europe. Tube-roses are plentiful enough mentioned place is the following couplet, and very sweet, being mixed with the other inscribed on a large upright stone. flowers in all the alleys ; so that the eyes Hither extendeth Maud Heath's gift, and smell are sufficiently entertained all the For where I stand is Chippenham Clift. way to the apartment of the bishop and

Erected in 1698, and given in 1474.' religious men.”—GEMELLI CARERI.

* At Wick Hill is a stone with another couplet :

· From this Wick Hill begins the praise [The Island of Saint Borondon.] Of Maud Heath's gift to these highways.' “ Some affirm that above one hundred “ Some account of the charity and the leagues west of the Canaries, there is some. time when it was given are recorded on times seen an island called St. Borondon, another stone pillar at Calloways, near the which, they say, is very delightful and fer- further end of the Causey from Chippentile, and inhabited by Christians; yet can

ham :

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"To the memory of the worthy Maud distinguishable even in the dark nights.”Heath, of Langley Burrell, Spinster, Voyage for the Discovery of a N. West who, in the year of grace 1474, for Passage by Hudson's Straits, 1746, 1747, the good of travellers, did in charity by Captain Francis Smith, in the Ship bestow in land and houses, about California. eight pounds a year for ever, to be laid out on the high way and causey leading from Wick Hill to Chippen

[French Fashions.] ham Clift.

“Our fashions,” says RIESBECK (writing This pillar was set up by the Feoffees

in the assumed character of a Frenchman), in 1698.

“ reach to the borders of Moldavia and Injure me not.'

Wallachia, and from Presburg to Cronstadt, Britton's Beauties of Wiltshire.

all that is called the fine world speaks our Patois. Formerly they used their own lan

guage, at least to express common things, [Icebergs.]

but every body now gives dinés, soupés, and “ Soon after eight, suddenly cold and a

déjeunés. There are balls paré and balls thick fog, which circumstances confirmed masqué; every town with four or five houses to Captain Smith that ice was near, and we

in it has its assemblées, and redoutes. The soon perceived a large piece a head, of a

men play whist, and the women wear poudre

The scraggy form, the colour white, tinged with

à la Maréchale, and have vapours. azure, the azure the more prevalent. The

booksellers sell Voltaire in secret, and the ice became more frequent, the small pieces apothecaries sell mercury openly. The men mostly white, but the large azure, with an

have an ami de la maison for their wives, upper coat or rind of white. The sea calm and the wives a fille de chambre for their and perfectly smooth, though the wind was

husbands. They have men cooks and maître freshened, the water making a roaring d'hotels ; they have ballets, comedies, and through cavities wrought by it in the large

operas, and they have debts


upon pieces; and a rushing noise as it passes over or aside of the small and low pieces, dipping as they swim, from their being impelled by the wind, or from their motion not being

[The Typhoon.] proportionably fast with that of the current. “ APRIL 12. We set sail, going along the Soon after falling in with what is termed shore; the wind came fresher and larger, heavy ice passing in narrow straits be

that is at E.S. E. Abont noon it blew very tween these hills of white and azure—the hard, and it came with so great gales that roar and rush of the sea beard on all parts, it raised the sands of the coast very high, the fog confining our view to a very narrow raising them toward the heavens, in so great distance.

whirlwinds that they seemed like great “ The morning clear, with an extraordi- smokes. About even-song time the armie nary bright whiteness in some parts of the (fleet) coming together, the wind calmed sky; the like we also saw on the evening altogether to some ships; and some other before, between nine and ten, an indication that came hard by, or a little behind, of ice beneath. Heard frequently a great more to the sea, or to the land, had the wind rush and roar in the water from the pieces

that they could bear no sail. The of ice which broke off. The ice islands are distance from those that were in calm and easily avoided, as they move but slowly; those that were in the storm being their height and colour make them very than


so strong

a stone's cast, and presently within a

no more

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little space, it took the ships that were in farre and neare, above one hundred miles. calm with their sails up to the top, so that Some were of opinion that within it was they had the wind very fresh, and the other molten gold ministring continuall matter that went very swift remained in calm, and and nourishment for the fire. Hereupon a so in short time the one was revenged of certain Dominican Frier, determining to the other. This chanced going close all to make trial of the matter, caused a brasse gether, in such sort, that it seemed a thing kettle, and an iron chaine to be made: done for the nonce and in mockage. In afterward ascending to the top of the hill this chance there came some gales of E. and with four other Spaniards, he letteth downe E. N. E. wind very great, and so hot that the chaine and the kettle one hundred and in their scorching they made no difference forty elnes into the fornace: there, by exfrom flames of fire. The dusts that were treme heate of the fire, the kettle and part raised on the shore went sometimes to one of the chaine melted. The monke in a rage place and sometimes to another, as they ran back to Leon, and chid the smith, bewere driven and cast with the winds: many cause he had made the chaine far more times we saw them make three or four ways slender than himself had commanded. The before they were alayed, or did fall into the smith hammers out another of more subsea, with the counter winds that took them stance and strength than the former. The from divers parts. This mystery and chance monke returnes to the mountaines, and lets among hills and high grounds had not been downe the chaine and the cauldron : but much, nor any new thing to have happened, with the like success that he had before. but so far from the coast with the sea winds, Neither did the caldron only vanish and certainly it ought to be much regarded. melt away, but also, upon the sudden there When these counter-winds began to take came out of the depth a flame of fire, which us, we were at a port that is called Xaona; had almost consumed the frier and his comand going on in this sort, now striking sail, panions. Then they all returned so astonow hoysing, sometimes taking pastime at nished that they had small list afterward to that which we saw, and other whiles dread prosecute that attempt.”—ARNGRANIUS Joand fear, we went almost till sunset, when Nas, in Hakluyt. we entered into a port called Gualibo, which is to say in Arabic the port of trouble.”D. JOAM DE Castro. Purchas. 1138.

[Hecla the Prison of unclean Souls.]

I THINKE it not amisse to tell a merie

tale, which was the originall and ground of [A certaine Fierie Mountain of Weast

this hellish opinion, that Hecla is the prison India.]

of uncleane soules : namely that a ship of “ A certaine fierie mountaine of Weast certaine strangers departing from Island, India hath farre more friendly censurers, under full saile, a most swift pace, going and historiographers than our Hecla, who directly on her course, met with another make not an infernall gulfe therof. The ship sailing against winde and weather and history of which mountain (because it is the force of the tempest as swiftly as themshort and sweete) I will set downe, being selves; who, hailing them of whence they written by Hieronimus Benzo, an Italian, in were, answere was given by their goverhis History of the New World, lib. 2. These noure, De Bischop van Bremen; being the be the words. About thirty-five miles dis- second time asked whether they were bound, tant from Leon there is a mountaine which he answered, Thom Heckelfeld tho, Thom at a great hole belcheth out such mightie Heckelfeld tho. I am affeard lest the reader balles of flames, that in the night they shine at the sight of these things should call for

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a bason, for it is such an abominable lie, vineyards and orchards of apples, pears, that it would make a man cast his gorge to peaches, almonds, walnuts, and mulberries, heare it.”—Ibid.

which actually form the roof of this romantic villa and the surrounding cottages."

[The Death of Pietro Della Valle's Wife.] I think of this last siege of Ormuz with

[Niwegal Sands.] the more regret as it proved fatal to the

“At Niwegal Sands (during the winter happiness of PIETRO DELLA VALLE,—the excellent traveller so often here referred

that King Henry the Second spent in Ireto. After a long residence in Persia he land) as well as in almost all the other wes

tern ports, a very remarkable circumstance arrived with his family on the coast, think

occurred. The sandy shores of South Wales ing to return by way of Ormuz to Europe, -he was near enough to hear the guns of lence of a storm, the surface of the earth,

being laid bare by the extraordinary viothe fortress,—and the coast was so well

which had been covered for many ages, reguarded that it was impossible to effect a passage. While waiting with the English cut off, standing in the very sea itself, the

appeared, and discovered the trunks of trees at Mina for passage in one of their ships,

strokes of the hatchet appearing as if made the pestilential fever of the country at

only yesterday: the soil was very black, tacked all his party, and killed his wife.

and the wood like ebony; by a wonderful Ilis account is very affecting. With great

revolution, the road for ships became imdifficulty he succeeded in bringing her body

passable, and looked not like a shore, but to Rome.-Quære? ROBERT SOUTHEY.

like a grove cut down perhaps at the time

of the deluge, or not long after, but cer[In Touraine.]

tainly in very remote times being by de

grees consumed and swallowed up by the “The hills near the river Loire are ex- violence and encroachments of the sea. cavated into cellars, wine vaults, cottages, During the same tempest many sea-fish and even gentlemen's houses, with the ditle- were driven, by the violence of the wind rent offices hewn in the rock, and present- and waves, upon dry land.”—IIoAre's Giing a very singular spectacle. “I took a few raldus, vol. 1, p. 217. sketches,” says Mr. FORBES, “in this picturesque district, and particularly of a villa, consisting of three stories, each containing a suite of four or five large rooms, with recesses,

[Dreadful Storm of 1196.] chimney-pieces and other ornaments cut in “ In the year 1196 there was a dreadful the rock; the front being neatly fitted with storm of mortality over the whole Isle of doors and glass windows; the ascent to Britain and the borders of France, so that each floor is by a flight of rocky steps with infinite number of the common people died, out, leading to a terrace in front of the as well as of the nobility and princes. And apartment: the stairs and general face of in that tempestuous year Atropos distinthis singular habitation were softened by guished herself from among her sisters, who vines, trained over the windows, in faunty heretofore were called the Goddesses of festoons of purple grapes, enriched by the Destiny, by employing her malignant and autumnal leaves of crimson, green and gold baneful powers against a most illustrious in endless variety. The wine vaults and prince, so that neither the relation of Tacaverns beneath the house are of great ex- citus the historian, nor the strains of Virgil tent; and its rocky surface is covered with the poet, could express what lamentation,




grief and misery came upon the whole na-places men are decrepid and afflicted with tion of the Britains, when death, in that the maladies of decaying nature, they are accursed year, broke the course of her des- as hale and as vigorous as we are at thirty." tinies, to bring the Lord Rhys ap Gruffydth –T. 4, p. 29. under his triumphant dominion: the man who was the head, the shield, the strength of the south, and of all Wales ; the hope and defence of all the tribes of the Britains;

[Northern Signs of Spring and Summer.] descended of a most illustrious line of kings; Some general signs of Spring and Sumconspicuous for his extensive alliance; the mer at Uleaborg, according to twenty-four powers of whose mind were characteristic years' observation, by J. JULIN. of his descent. A counseller in his court,

About a soldier in the field ; the safeguard of his March 5. The melting ice and snow begin subjects; a combatant on the ramparts; the

to trickle from the roofs of the nerve of war; the disposer of the battle; the

houses. vanquisher of multitudes, who, like a mad- April 1. The snow bunting (Emberiza nidened boar rushing onward, would vent his

valis) appears. fury on his foes. Fallen is the glory of the April 25. The wild geese and the birds of conflicts! the shield of his knights, the

the lakes arrive. protection of his country, the splendour of

The papilio urticæ makes its aparms, the arm of power, the hand of libe

pearance. rality, the eye of discrimination, the mirror

The lark (alauda arvensis) sings. of virtue, the summit of magnanimity, the

The fields are bare, i. e. free from soul of energy! Achilles in hardiness, Nestor in humanity, Tydeus in valour, Sampson May 5. The white wagtail (motacilla in strength, Hector in prudence, Hercules

alba) shows itself. in heroism, Paris in comeliness, Ulysses in

The wheatear or white tail (mospeech, Solomon in wisdom, Ajax in thought,

tacillo ænanthe.) the foundation of all excellence.”—HOARE's May 15, 20. The rivers open and the ice Giraldus.

A beginning may be made of

planting in the kitchen gardens. [Babylonian Fish-eaters.]

May 25. The martin (hirundo urbica) " The Babylonians have three tribes among them who eat nothing but fish; which

The cuckoo (cuculus canorus) they order in this manner. When they

calls. have taken and dried the fish in the sun,

The spring corn is out. they throw them into a mortar ; and after May 30. Marsh marigold (caltha palustris) having reduced the whole substance to a

flowers. kind of meal, they cleanse it through a linen

Trees, for instance the birch (besearch, making it up into cakes as they have

tula alba) put forth their leaves. occasion, and baking it as bread.”—HERO- June 12. Summer's warmth of 12 degrees DOTUS. Clio. c. 200,

above o.
Aug. 10. Night frosts begin.

Aug. 20. Harvest begins. Winter Rye [Longevity of the Arabs.]

(secalo) is sown. “The Arabs are long lived. It is com- Sept. 25. The birch sheds its leaves. mon for them to exceed a century, and at

Nov. 20. The ice bears: the ground is coan age,” D’Arvieux says, " when in other

vered with snow. ACERBI.


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