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[Further Character of Spain.]

might walk about their business as conve

niently and safely by night as by day.". The Prince of Orange said, in 1676, of the England's Wants, 1685.— Scott's Somers' usage which he had received from Spain, “It Tracts, vol. 9, p. 234. had gone so far in what concerned his personal interests with that crown, as to make him tell the Duke of Villa Hermosa, last campaign, that he took this manner of treat- | [Cotton Cloths as a Defence against Indian ment from Spain as a great honour to him;

Arrows.] for he was very sure, at a time wherein the FR. FRANCISCO DE ORTEGA says, in his least step he should make awry was of so great Aprovacion to the Milicia de las Indias, of moment to that crown, they would not use D. Bernardo de Vargas Machuca, that in him so, if they did not think him a man of Mexico the Spaniards travelled in large too much honour to prefer his own resent parties, they and their horses covered with ments before the public interests he was en- cotton cloths, three fingers in thickness, for gaged in.” And he added upon it that they defence against the arrows of the Chichiknew him, for he should not do it. — Ibid. vol. 2, p. 378.

[Bells to frighten the Indians.] [Popular Groan at the Execution of Charles “ Bells at the portral are recommended the First.]

for frightening the Indians, and animating

the horse." BERNARDO DE VARGAS MAPhilip Henry, who saw the execution of King Charles, used to say, " that at the

CHUCA, Milicia Indiana, ff. 46. instant when the blow was given, there was such a dismal universal groan among the thousands of people that were within sight [Recommendation of short Swords.] of it, (as it were with one consent,) as he

Some Spanish captains in the Indies alnever heard before; and desired he might lowed the harquebussiers to go without never hear the like again, nor see such a

swords, the sword being a great incumcause for it. DR. WORDSWORTH's Eccl.

brance when not in use. Bernardo de VarBiography, vol. 6, p. 144.

gas censures this as a perilous indulgence, and recommends short swords.

· Digo que

en su lugar lleven unas medias espadas, al[Want of Lighting in London, 1685.] fangetes, o cimitarras, machetones, o cuchil“THERE is wanting a law wherein, although

los largos de monte, de tres o quatro palmos.

-Ibid. ff. 45. not all England is concerned, yet a great part thereof is, that, in the capital city of England, not only all the streets and lanes should be kept clean, that all sorts of per

[Long Hair a Hold for the Enemy.] sons might walk as commodiously in winter “ The long-haired Indians afforded a as in summer, which is of late years brought good handle to the Spaniards in war not to pass in that great and populous city of so those who were shorn. Porque se escuParis, in France; but also, as is done in san quando vienen a las manos con los Espathat city all the winter nights, in the mid- ñoles de que les hogan presa dallos, y como dle of all the streets there should be hanged no lo tengan y esten en cueros, se deslizan sin out so many candles or lamps, as that all que se puedan asir a manos.”—Ibid. ff. 3. sorts of persons in this great trading city




years. If, however, it is kept in large quan[The Sayo, or Coat of Cotton.]

tities, it is disposed to ferment in the spring, “The sayo or coat of cotton which was when it must be exposed to the air, or it found the best armour against arrows, will soon decay. The fat is melted down served also as a good bed, and kept the and mixed when boiling, with the pounded wearer from feeling the dampness of the meat in equal proportions, then put in basground. Machuca recommencls that it be kets or bags for travelling, and eaten withstuffed lightly, and says five pounds of cot- out further preparation. It is a nutritious ton are sufficient, but if the coat is to come food. A superior kind is made with the as low as the knees, then it should have addition of marrow and dried berries." — eight. If this were wetted, the cotton be- MACKENZIE, p. 121. came close and in luinps, and was easily pierced.”—Ibid. ff. 43.

[No Evergreen Creepers in America.]

“We have no creeping plants in North (Ear-pieces of the Morion hinder the Word America which preserve their verdure in of Command.]

winter," says M. Simon, “and the effect of Machuca recommends (ff. 47) that the

the profusion of ivy in England is very inorion should be without car-pieces, son striking." orejeras, as being uneasy to the wearer, and hindering liim from hearing the word of command in action. But he says they are

[Use of the Faca in killing the Cobra-Vennecessary where slings are used.—Ibid.

dos, or, Boa Constrictor.] RENNEFORT accounts in a ridiculous manner for the universal use of the faca. “The

inhabitants of this country, even the chil[Excess of Females the Effect of Polygamy.] dren, never go abroad in the country withOn dit


s'il y a rareté de mâles, la out carrying large naked knives, edged on procreation abonele en femelles.(Azara. both sides, to cut the snakes called CobraQuadrupedes, vol. 2, p. 363.) If this ob

Vendos (the Boa Constrictor) who leap upon servation be well founded, it tends to con

them froin the trees, twist round, and would firm the probable opinion that an excess of stifle them, if they did not quickly cut them females, where it exists in polygamous na

in half. One sees many persons with scars tions, is the effect of polygamy, and not the upon their bodies, from the wounds which

they have given themselves in thus cutting the snake !"- Pt. 2, ch. 5, p. 293.


[Pemican.] “The provision called Pemican, on which the Chepewyans and other savages in the

[Use of Ducks in Turnip Fields.] N. of America chiefly subsist in their jour- MR. Coke cleared a crop of turnips from neys, is thus prepared. The lean parts of the black canker by turning ducks in. They the flesh of larger animals are cut in thin cleared a field of thirty-five acres completely slices and placed on a wooden grate over a in five days, marching at last through it on slow fire, or exposed to the and some- the hunt, and eyeing the leaves on both time to the frost. Thus dried it is pounded sides with great care, to devour every one between two stones, and will keep several they could see.-Annals of Agriculture.





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[The Turkish Booza.]

[The Sultan's Lion Keepers.] Tue Turks make a liquor from barley The keepers who lead the lions in prowhich is called Booza, and which although cession before the Grand Seignior, are defermented is not prohibited like wine," be- scribed by Evlia as carrying in their cause,” says Evlia, “ it gives heat and hands conserves of Gazelles' meat, seasoned strength to the body of Moslem warriors, with opium and other spices, holding large and goes for hunger. Excess in drinking cudgels, and leading each lion in four iron it brings on gout and dropsy; and the pro- chains plated with gold or silver. If one verb

says that dogs are no friends to Booza of these lions enraged is going to assail the drinkers ; the reason of which is that Booza spectators, the lion-keepers hold under his drinkers being liable to these diseases, al- nose the confiture of Gazelles' meat with ways carry a stick in the hand, which is no opium, which renders the beast tame and means of recommending themselves to the quiet, and in that way they keep and rule favour of dogs. The Booza makers are a it.” very necessary corporation in a camp: they are for the most part Tatar Gipsies."

[Owl, or, Eagle Pellets.] “ UPON a rock on the side of a hill, I

found a large nest, very similar to those [Sweet Booza of the Turks.]

seen in King George's Sound. There were The Turks have also a sweet Booza, in it several masses resembling those which which is much less in request,—there being contain the hair and bones of mice, and are only forty shops in Constantinople where it disgorged by the owls in England after the was sold, and 300 of the other. I am not flesh is digested. These masses were larger, certain whether the sweet kind be what and consisted of the hair of seals and of Evlia immediately describes as “ a kind of land animals, of the scaly feathers of pinwhite Booka made of the growing millet guins, and the bones of birds and small (probably the grain before it is ripe) which quadrupeds. Possibly the constructor of resembles a jelly. They put it sometimes the nest might be an enormous owl; and if for a trial into a handkerchief without a so, the cause of the bird being never seen, drop of it going through. Women who are whilst the nests were not scarce, would be with child take it, that the child may be- from its not going out until dark; but from come sound and stout, and when delivered, the very open and exposed situations in they take it to increase the milk. The sur- which the nests were found, I should rather face of it is covered with a kind of cream judge it to be of the eagle kind; and that which gives new vigour and life, without its powers are such as to render it heedless intoxicating, or producing colic, because of any attempts from natives upon its they compose it of must of Zenedro, cinna- young.”—FLINDERS, vol. 1, p. 81. mon, cloves, ginger, and Indian nuts. They sell it in great tubs which could contain a man's body. I who spent so much time in coffee houses, Booza houses, and wine houses,

[Balsamic Oil of Kentucky and Tenessee.] can call God to witness that I never drank “MR. REYNEY, in relating his travels in any thing during all my travels but this Kentucky and Tenessee, described to us sweet Booza of Constantinople preserved in a remarkable rock, which continually yields boxes, that of Egypt made of rice-water, a balsamic oil. The oil, of which he shewed and that of Crimea called Makssama."

us a specimen, is exactly like balsam of sulphur, both to the sight and smell. It rises

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p. 450.

their young."

from the bottom of a fountain, and covers of


Holiness. But without doubt this the surface of the water, from whence the heresy of theirs seems to us more sufferable inhabitants skim it off. They say it cures than that of Luther; and the reason is plain; the tooth ache immediately, and is an ex- for these Marani, though they believe nocellent remedy for rheumatic pains.”—DR. thing of Christ, or a future state, are yet Coke's Journal. Methodist Mag. vol. 21, wont to hold their tongues, or at most laugh

amongst themselves, and in the meantime are not at all wanting in their duty to the

Roman church." - Advice given by some [A She-Bear with Young never killed in

Bishops assembled at Bononia to Pope JuAmerica.]

lius III. The tract is ironical, but this

part nevertheless is seriously meant. It is said in Thomas RANKIN's Memoirs, (a Methodist Preacher) that no person in America, “ either white man or Indian, ever killed a she-bear with young. They are

[The Shard-borne Beetle with his drowsy supposed to hide themselves in the most

Hum.-MACBETH.] secret places till they have brought forth

6. THE Scarabe flies over many a sweet flower, and lights in a cowshard.” (STEPHEN Gosson's Schoole of Abuse. Scott's So

mers' Tracts, vol. 3, p. 552.)—Here is the [Cure for Foot-soreness.]

explanation of Shakespere's epithet, ShardWHEN NICHOLAS FERRAR was walking

born. through Spain“ one night his hostess where he lodged, seeing he was a young foot traveller, and that he suffered greatly from the

[Interchange of O and Z.] torinent of his feet, prescribed to him to THE reading of Θαρά for Ζαρα in some bathe and steep his feet for a considerable | manuscripts of St. Matthew's Gospel, shows time in a bowl of sack, which she brought that in other countries besides Spain, the for that purpose.


him immediate sound of the theta has been given to the Z. ease, and enabled him to proceed comfortably on his journey the next morning, and by future applications prevented all future inconveniences of that sort.”

[Magnetic Influence.] “Our own countrymen among their mag. neticall experiments tell us, that a rod or

bar of iron having stood long in a window, [Bishop's Advice to Pope Julius III.]

or elsewhere, being thence taken and by the “Spain does most religiously observe all help of a cork, or the like thing, being bayour laws and constitutions, does not change lanced in water, or in any other liquid subor innovate in any thing. And as for that stance, where it may have a free mobility, nation you need not be solicitous, for you will bewray a kind of unquietude and discan find but few amongst the Spaniards contentment till it attain the former posiwho have not an abhorrence for the doctrine tion.”—Sir H. Wotton's Remains, p. 79. of Luther. But if there are any heretics among them, they are such as rather deny that the Messiah is yet come, or that men's

| Nares says in his Glossary“ Cowsheards ap

pear to mean only the hard scales of dried coi. souls are immortal, than question the power 1 dung."- In v. Suard. J. W. W.

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[Leaves of the Vine a Substitute for Tea :- but the former seems to be a genuine word,

and the Prunings good for making Vinegar derived from Porreau, a leek. Leek-poror Wine.]

rage is therefore a pleonage which obtained “ The leaves of the vine on being dried,

as the meaning of the French word was forwhich should be done in the shade, maké gotten. an excellent and extremely wholesome tea, though somewhat different, both in taste

[Turkish Drink of Mint and Pimento.] and flavour, from that commonly used, besides being admirably calculated for making beverage made with mint and pimento in

“The Turks are exceedingly fond of a vinegar. The prunings of the vine, on being fused in cold water, I must say that I never bruised and put into a vat, or mashing-tub, tasted anything more powerful

. It is like and boiling water poured on them, the same way as done with malt

, produce a liquor of swallowing an alcohol the most concena fine vinous quality; which being fer

trated.”—POUQUEVILLE, p. 186.
mented, forms an excellent substitute for
beer; and which, on being distilled, pro-
duces a very fine spirit of the nature of

[Jougourth.- What ? ]
brandy."— Quære?

Jougourth is a sort of curdled milk,

turned by heating the milk over the fire [Story from the Talmu.]

with some of the old jougourth in it, or for

want of that the flower of an artichoke. “ The Talmud relates a trick which a

Thus the original fermentation proceeds Rabbin put upon God and the devil; for he entreated the devil to carry him to heaven

from this plant, and this the Greeks know gate, that having seen the happiness of the

perfectly well, resorting to it whenever saints he might die with more tranquillity.

their stock of curd is entirely exhausted.”

Ibid. p. 185.
The devil granted the Rabbin's request, who
seeing the gate of heaven open, threw him-
self headlong in, swearing by the great

that he would never come out again.—God [The Sycamore Treea Harbour for Flies.]
who would not suffer him to be guilty of a In Defoe's Tour through Great Britain,
perjury, was obliged to leave him there,

an avenue of trees near Dorchester is praised while the devil being tricked slunk away for its beauty, “though," the writer adds, in great confusion.” — BASNAGE, book 3, “ being common sycamores, they are inconch. 6.

venient by harbouring flies.”—Vol. 1, p.

321. [Ali, the Patron of the Lion Keepers.]

“Ali, the Lion of God, is the patron of the keepers of the imperial lions, because

[Huge Nests.] all lions and savage animals came to lay

“ NEAR Point Possession were found two down their heads gently before him, and to nests of extraordinary magnitude. They speak with him the language of their con- were built upon the ground, from which dition.”—EVLIA.

they rose above two feet; and were of vast circumference and great interior capacity,

the branches of trees and other matter of [Porridge and Pottage.]

which each nest was composed being enough Porrage or porridge, and pottage, are com- to fill a small cart. If the magnitude of the monly supposed to be mere synonimes,-constructor be proportionate to the size of

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