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SOUTH - COTTON MATHER

BASNAGE.

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feet, its height ten, its circumference thirty- | Aaron, they say, had a dispute with the one feet two inches. The clapper is nine Jews. These last would have them return feet and a half long.

to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple, and the others asked that Mount Gerizim should be

preferred to Mount Sion. Zerubbabel, [Pain felt differently by different Consti

pleading for the Jews, maintained that Jetutions.]

rusalem was marked out in the writings of

the Prophets; but Sanballat pretended that " It is not to be doubted," says Souti, the book whence these prophecies were "but a dull fellow can endure the paroxysms taken was corrupted; so that they were of a fever, or the torments of the gout or forced to try the thing by fire. Zerubbabel's stone, much better than a man of a quick

copy was immediately burnt, but Sanbalmind and an exalted fancy; because in one, lat's book was three times thrown into the pain beats upon a rock or an anvil, in the

flames without receiving any harm: which other it prints itself upon wax. One is even

induced the King to honour Sanballat, to born with a kind of lethargy and stupefac- make him presents, and to send him at the tion into the world, armed with an iron head of the ten tribes who went to take body and a leaden soul, against all the appre- possession of Mount Gerizim and Sawana." hensions of ordinary sorrow; so that there -BASNAGE, book 2, c. 1. is need of some pain to awaken such a one and to convince him that he is alive." Sermons, vol. 3, p. 356.

[The Brazen Bird on Mount Gerizim.]

“The Samaritans, according to the Chro[Indian Superstition of sacrificing to the

nicle, were so hotly persecuted by Adrian, Devil.]

that the figure of a brazen bird was set up on

Mount Gerizim to hinder them from wor“ When they have any weighty under

shipping there; and some forces were posted taking before them, it is an usual thing for

at the foot of that mountain, to seize upon them to have their assemblies, wherein after and put to death all those that would atthe usage of some diabolical rites, a devil tempt to go thither notwithstanding the appears unto them, to inform them and ad

prohibition. Some having zeal enough to vise them about their circumstances : and

endeavour it, and cunning to escape the sometimes there are odd events of their sentries, were discovered by the bird, who making these applications to the devil. For spoke and named the Hebrew. The solinstance, it is particularly affirmed that the diers waking, fell upon those that ascended Indians in their wars with us, finding a

and cut their throats.”—Ibid. b. 2, c. 2. sore inconvenience by our dogs, which would make a sad yelling if in the night, they scented the approach of them, they sacrificed a dog to the Devil; after which no [The Sepharad of Spain - transported there English dog would bark at an Indian for

in the first Captivity.] divers months ensuing."-Cotton MATHER,

“ The rabbins affirm, that the considerbook 3, p. 192.

able families were, at the time of the first captivity, transported into Spain, which

they called Sepharad, in which country are [Samaritan Fable.]

still the remains of the tribes of Benjamin The Samaritans have a similar fable. and Judah, and the descendents of the “ The Samaritans, sons of Joseph and of house of David."— Ibid. b. 3, c. 1.

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FULLER

- SCOTT

BUTLER

- WESLEY - ST. PIERRE.

[The Great Turk, and the English Musi

[Fish waiting for their Prey.] cians.]

Dr. Coke, in one of his Journals, des“ Tue English ambassador, some years cribes a water-logged wreck, to which the since, prevailed so far with the Turkish crew were clinging. “ The abundance of Emperor, as to persuade him to hear some fish,” he says, “which were swimming round of our English musick, from which, (as from it, and apparently waiting for their prey, other liberal sciences,) both he and his na- was astonishing." - Methodist Magazine, tion were naturally averse. But it hap- vol. 21, p. 315. pened that the musicians were so long in tuning their instruments, that the great Turks, distasting their tediousness, went away in discontent before their music began."

[Curious Instance of a new Sight.] -FULLER's Good Thoughts in Bad Times. I PREACHED at Wickham, before Mrs.

Armstrong's door. I was a little surprised at the account she gave of God's late deal

ings with her. Her ancient husband, with [" To take it in snuff;" i.e. to be angry. '] whom she had lived from her youth, was,

“ I GRANT,” says Bishop Croft, “ in a on account of a debt contracted by his metaphysical way of abstraction, the supe- son, hurried away, and thrown into Durrior species contains the inferior genius. A ham Gaol, which soon put an end to his man, a rational creature, contains the ani- life. When she was likely to lose all she had, mality of a horse, the inferior creature, but and to be turned out of doors at fourscore doth not contain a real horse in his belly; years of age, still the oracles of God, which nor can you truly say, a man is a horse. I she had loved from a child, were her delight believe

my schoolmen would take it in snuff, and her counsellors. But one day, when should I affirm any of them to be horses." she put on her spectacles to read, she could Scott's Somers' Tracts, vol. 7, p. 297.

not see a word. She was startled at first; but soon said, It is the Lord : let him do what seemeth him good. She laid her spec

tacles down, casting her eye on the corner [Fate of the MSS. used in the Ximenian of the Bible, thought she could discern Polyglott.]

some letters. Taking up the book, she read * In 1784, when Professor Birch was

as well as her daughter could. And from

that hour, she could not only read without engaged in his edition of the Bible, Professor Moldenhawer went to Alcala, for the spectacles, but sew or thread the finest nee

dle, with the same ease as when she was purpose of discovering the manuscripts used in the Ximenian Polyglott. After thirty years of age.” — Wesley's Journal,

p.

19. much enquiry he discovered, that about thirty-five years before, they had been sold to a rocket-maker, of the name of Toryo, and the receipt given to him for his pur- [Wesley's Opinion of Farmers.) chase was produced." BUTLER's Hora Biblice, p. 92.

Virgile, qui a si bien connu les travaux champêtres et ceux qui les exercent, donne plu

sieurs fois au laboureur l'épithète de dur et I See Nares' Gloss, in v.-J. W.W.

-Durus arator, avarus arator." ST. PIERRE, Harmonies de la Nature, t. 1,

vol. 9,

d' avare.

p. 343.

ROGER WILLIAMS

HIGGESON

WESLEY - GOOKIN.

655

[Indian Hopes.]

art, depending on nature, and mathemati

cal principles, had gained no ground, the “ They are easily persuaded,” says Ro- present masters having no fixed princiGER WILLIAMS, “ that the God that made ples." — Wesley's Journal, vol. 7, p. 82. Englishmen is a greater God (than their's,) because he hath so richly endowed the English above themselves. But when they hear that about sixteen hundred years ago, Eng

[Massachusett Wiguams.] land, and the inhabitants thereof, were like “ Their houses, or wigwams, are built unto themselves, and since, have received with small poles fixed in the ground, bent from God clothes, books, &c. they are and fastened together with barks of trees, greatly affected with a secret hope con- oval or arbour-wise on the top. The best cerning themselves.”

sort of their houses are covered very neatly, light and warm, with bark of trees,

slipped from their bodies at such seasons [Pigs in Italy, Destroyers of the Locust

when the sap is up, and made into great Larve.]

flakes with pressures of weighty timber,

when they are green; and so becoming dry, Pigs are very useful in Italy in destroy they will retain a form suitable for the use ing the larvæ of locusts, for which purpose they prepare them for. The meaner sort they are turned into the infected fields early of wigwams are covered with mats they in the morning. — Mrs. Graham's Three | make of a kind of bulrush, which are also Months near Rome, p. 58.

indifferent light and warm, but not so good as the former.”—Gookin, Mass. Hist. Coll.

vol. 1, p. 149. [Ears of Corn in New England.] “ There is not such great and plentiful ears of corn, I suppose, anywhere else to be

[Massachussett Couches or Mattresses.] found but in this country: because, also, of “ In their wigwams, they make a kind of variety of colours, as red, blue, and yellow, couch or mattresses, firm and strong, raised &c. and of one corn there springeth four or about a foot high from the earth, first cofive hundred. I have sent you many ears vered with boards that they split out of of divers colours, that you might see the trees ; and upon the boards they spread truth of it.” — Higgsson's New England's mats generally, and sometimes bear-skins Plantation.

and deer-skins. These are large enough

for three or four persons to lodge upon; [Loss of the Art of Music.]

and one may either draw nearer, or keep at

a more distance from the heat of the fire, “I SPENT an hour or two with Dr. Pe

as they please, for their mattresses are six pusch. He asserted, that the art of music is

or eight feet broad.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p.

150. lost : that the ancients only understood it in its perfection: that it was revived a little in the reign of King Henry VIII., by Talbys and his contemporaries; as also in

[Fertility of the Soil in New England.] the reign of Queen Elizabeth, who was a “ The fertility of the soil is to be adjudge and patroness of it: that after her mired at, as appeareth in the abundance of reign it sunk for sixty or seventy years, grass that groweth everywhere, both very till Purcell made some attempts to restore thick, very long, and very high, in divers it: but that ever since, the true, ancient places. But it groweth very wildly with a

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HIGGESON – COTTON MATHER — LORD CLIVE.

great stalk, and a broad and ranker blade, because it never had been eaten with cattle,

[Lord Clive, and the Chest of Gold.] nor mowed with a scythe, and seldom tram- LORD CLIVE once showed Capability pled on by foot.” Higgsson's New Eng- Brown a large chest at his bed-room door, land's Plantation.

which he said he had once had full of gold; upon which Brown observed, “ I am glad

you can bear it so near your bed-chamber.” [Mr. Higgeson's Account of the Aboriginal

Religion of New England.] HIGGESON, though “a reverend divine,"

[Isle of Ushant.] gives a very summary account of their faith. “For their religion, they do worship two

“ Ossa, (Ushant) Oceani maris quædam gods,

est insula, quæ a continente Armoricanæ rea good god, and an evil god : the good god they call Tantum, and their evil god,

gionis terrâ, quam Cornugalliæ nominant, whom they fear will do them hurt, they call

pelago sexdecim passuum in transversum Squantum.” —(Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. 1,

porrecta, sejungitur.”—ARMoin. MIRAC. S. p.

BENEDICTI, Acta SS. March, t. 3, p. 330. 123.) An equal degree of knowledge, on the part of the Indians, might have made them describe Mr. Higgeson himself as a Squantumite.

[The Expression, “My Crd."]

I was reminded of the peculiar manner [Valverde, the Dominican.] in which the Cid is called My Cid, by an VALVERDE, the Dominican, who accom

observation of Bolland's, in his Prolego

mena to the Life of the Irish Saint Ida. panied Pizarro, and has left no desirable name in history, was born at Oropesa. “ Quia minibus præponere M. literam vel Me aut

Mida quoque appellatur, nam propriis nozas," says the Dominican historian Melendez,

Mo solent Hiberni, quod meum significat, atnos quizo decir el Cielo en su nacimiento el oro de sur virtudes avia de pes

que amorem reverentiamque indicat, ut sit

Mida idem quod mea Ida ; sic Medocus, sar mucho en el aprecio de Dios." — Teso

alibi Medanus, Molua, Mocholmoc, MolasROS VERDUDEROS DE LAS YUDRAS, t. 1, p.

sus."— Acta Sanctorum, 15 Jan. p. 1062. 144.

que

[Indian Regard for the Graves of their Illustrious Dead.]

[The Protestant Irish Gentleman and the

Virgin Mary.] “It is an odd superstition which the Indians of this country have among them, that

A PROTESTANT Irish gentleman said to they count it (on the penalty of otherwise Father O'Leary, that he hated to hear the never prospering more,) necessary for them

Virgin Mary treated with irreverence, that never to pass by the graves of certain fa

“she was truly a respectable venerable womous persons among them, without laying man, just such a woman," said he, “ and leaving some token of regard there- mother.” “ Yes," replied O'Leary, “ but upon. Cotton MATHER, book 3, p. you must allow there is some difference in 171.

the children."

as my

i So the ancient Scythians. See the beautiful answer of Idanthyrsus to Darius, in HerodotUS, lib. iv. c. 127. So also the Scotch. See Scott's Letter to Bliss Edgeworth, Life, vol ix, p. 293,

[Smokeless Lamps.] " ARDENT ibidem continuo duodecim lampades, quarum fumo nullatenus infici

2nd edit.

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worlds. He says,

decorem fornicis, ceruleo colore stellisque | reasons upon a subject which his own judg-
aureis eleganter picti, scribunt Siguença et ment cannot resolve him. He is a lover of
Murillus. Eæ ad triginta excreverant cum the mathematics, and through want of in-
scriberet Carillus ; qui de fumo earum in- genious persons in those parts, has address-
noxio coloribus fornicis, non nisi ex alieno ed himself to you.
relatu scribit; propriorum ut credo oculo- “ The matter is this. During the late
rum testimonio non ausus eorum dicta af- famous siege of Namur, he found, on seve-
firmare.”—Acta SS. April, t. 2, p. 412. ral assaults there made, that the drum-

beaters usually held their drums before

them, which, on advancing to the attacks, [Punishment of an Englishwoman for over

proved extraordinary good armour; for Freedom with an Indian.]

they received several small shot in the bat“ An Englishwoman, admitting some un

ter heads, which went through, but immelawful freedoms from an Indian, was forced

diately struck out again by the rimes, and

touched not the snare heads, and by this twelve months to wear upon her right-arm

means several of them were preserved. an Indian cut in red cloth.". - John Dun

They held the drums directly before them, ton's Life and Errors, p. 94.

laying their hands on upon the hoops, and keeping the snare head clear from their bo

dies. Your answer herein is earnestly de[Garcilaso the Inca's, Intolerance of those sired, to know the cause of the ball not

who believed in a Plurality of Worlds.] piercing through both heads.
GARCILASO, the Inca, was not very tole-

"- We can but guess at the reason, and rant to those who believed in a plurality of leave others to guess better. 'Tis proba

A los que todavia ima- ble, that the drums being hard-braced, ginaren que ay muchos mundos, no ay para though not proof against the shot, yet might que responderles, sino que se esten en sus he- have strength enough to turn the ball glancreticas imaginaciones, hasta que en el infierno ingly in the inside, not suffering it to go se desengañen dellas.”—L. 1, c. 1.

directly thorough; especially when 'tis likely few of the shot were point blank

against them; but might hit them slant[Rapid Growth of the first Settlers' Or- ingly, as they could scarce do otherwise, chards.]

when the defendants had the higher

ground.”—Athenian Oracle, vol. 3, p. 423. “ The orchards planted by the first settlers flourished greatly. The few ancient trees now remaining, being of a much larger size than any planted within half a century, [The Sea a Tamer of Ferocity.] denote vegetation to have been much more vigorous in former than in later years.

" In New England, they take up wild From this cause the quantity of fruit is

colts out of the woods, and ship them for a greatly diminished.” — Holmes's Hist. of

few leagues to tame them.” — Ibid. vol. 1, Cambridge. Collection of the Massachusett's Society, vol. 7, p. 2.

This is stated in reply to a question, why the beasts in the ark did not devour one

another, as proving, “if there were such [Why are Drums Bullet-proof?]

things as grates, &c. that the

savage

tures could see the water, there would be “I am desired by a friend out of Flan- no need of a miracle to keep them from deders to beg the favour of your answer and vouring one another.”

P. 44.

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