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SIR WILLIAM TEMPLE – CUNNINGIIAM.

663

thereof,) knowing that King Henry VI. | the trial, and so are found to have been illwas reputed in the world abroad but for a conceived. But if it should prove (as I simple man, was afraid it would but dimi- find some men think) that we live only by nish the estimation of that kind of honour, the day; and content ourselves to patch if there were not a distance kept between up things as they break out, and fly at the innocents and Saints.”—Ibid. p. 227. game as it rises; it is at the best but like

birding or hawking ; which may furnish a dish or two, but can never keep the house."

-SiR WILLIAM TEMPLE's Works, vol. 2, p. [English Manners in 1659.]

206. In a satirical account of English manners written in the assumed character of a

[Cromwell's dying Advice.] Frenchman, 1659, (Scott's Somers' Tracts,

“When Cromwell found death approachvol. 7, p. 176,) the writer says, “how new a thing it appeared to me to see my confi-ing, whether he dreamed, or conjectured, dent host set him down cheek by joul with

-or judged from some certain symptoms me, belching and pulling tobacco in my

that his son Richard would prove but a

very weak Governor of the Commonwealth, face, you may easily imagine; and that the gentlemen who lodge at their inns entertain

he is said to have expressed himself in bro

ken words, as if it had been revealed to him themselves in their company, and are much pleased with their impertinences." This by the Lord, with whom he is said to have

been very conversant, that Charles Stuart passage seems to prove that the writer was an Englishman, unacquainted with foreign that he would utterly ruin the republican

would certainly be restored to his kingdom, customs.

party, and that a dreadful storm was hang

ing over their heads. It is reported also, [Gold and Silver Crosses.]

that he exhorted them as soon as the breath “ Gold and silver pendant crosses, an

should be out of his body, to embark them

selves on board as well-provided a fleet as article of female dress disused since the

ever England had fitted out, and to translatter end of Queen Anne's reign, are since

port themselves to the Indies, where by the passing of the Quebec Bill, much worn by the ladies at Court.”Gospel Magazine, be of much more service to their country,

preserving their lives abroad, they might July, 1774.

than by staying at home to be massacred by kings. But either the love of their na

tive country, and the hopes of pardon, or [English Politics that live only by the Day.] the desire of ease, or a commendable affec“I am confident every man that thinks

tion for the royal family, restrained them at all must think it were not amiss if his

from following that advice." — CUNNINGMajesty and his Ministers would once for Han's History, vol. 1, p. 6. all consider and agree upon a general draught of those ways and counsels, both at home and abroad, as they judge will best

[Apostles' Spoons, &c.] answer the great ends of the King and king- Among the plate which Archbishop Pardom's safety, honour, and quiet. For when ker presented to Benet College were “ thirsuch a scheme is once agreed upon, all the teen Spoons gilt, with Knops of Christ and

may be pursued in their order, his twelve Apostles ; for the use of the and with constant application, till they are Master and elve Fellows for the time brought to pass, at least such as fail not in being, weighing 26 ounces. Qr. di. qr.

parts of it

664

ARCHBISHOP PARKER

SOBER INSPECTIONS.

Of Duties to God.

[Enrolment of Soldiers.] “1. First, let no man presume to blas

“ No man that carrieth arms, and prepheme the Holy and Blessed Trinity, God tends to be a soldier, shall remain three the Father, God the Son, and God the days in the army without being enrolled in Holy Ghost ; nor the known Articles of

some company, upon pain of death."- Lates our Christian Faith, upon pain to have his and Ordinances of Warre. tongue bored with a red-hot iron.

2. Unlawful oaths and execrations, and scandalous acts in derogation of God's honour, shall be punished with loss of pay,

[Former Moderation and Honesty of the and other punishment at discretion.

House of Commons.] 3. All those who often and wilfully absent “ Such was the moderation and modesty themselves from sermons and public prayer, of the House of Commons in former times, shall be proceeded against at discretion : that they declined the agitation and cogniand all such who shall violate places of pub- zance of high state affairs, specially foreign, lic worship shall undergo severe censure.” | humbly transferring them to their Sovereign

Lawes and Ordinances of Warre, esta- and his Upper Council. A Parliament man

blished for the better Conduct of then (I mean a member of the Commons the Army. London, printed for John House) thought to be the adequate object Wright, at the King's-head in the of his duty, to study the welfare, to complain Old Bailey.

of the grievances, and have the defects supplied, of that place for which he served.

The bourgess of Linn studied to find out [Renewal by Charles I. of Henry VII.'s

something that mought have advanced the Statute against Depopulation.]

trade of fishing; he of Norwich what mought

have advantaged the making of stuffs; he " AMONG the means to which Charles I.

of Rye what might preserve their harbour resorted for raising money, during the years from being choked up with shelves of sand; when he governed without a Parliament, he of Taverston what might have furthered one was the enforcement of Henry the Se- the manufacture of kersies ; he of Suffolk venth's laws against depopulation, or the what conduced to the benefit of clothing; converting of arable lands into pasture. the burgesses of Cornwall what belonged to The Star-Chamber, in order to terrify their stannaries; and in doing this they others into composition, fined Sir Anthony thought to have complied with the obliRoper £4000 for this offence, and above gation and discharged the conscience of £30,000 were levied by this expedient."- honest

men, without soaring to things above HUME, vol. 6, p. 302.

their reach, and roving at random to treat of universals, to pry into arcana imperii, and bring Religion to the bar,—the one belong

ing to the Chief Governor and his interior [Archbishop Parker's Gift to Caius

Council of State, the other to Divines, College.]

who, according to the etymology of the ARCHBISHOP PARKER left to Caius Col- word, use to be conversant and employ their lege one nest of gilt bowls, with a cover, all talent in the exercise and speculations of weighing forty-two ounces, qr. di. qr. And holy and heavenly things." Sober Inspecto Trinity Hall, one other nest of bowls, tions into the late Long Parliament, p. 34. silver and double gilt, with their cover, forty-two ounces, di.

BACON

PAPENHEIM - SIR WILLIAM TEMPLE.

665

p. 59.

ma, quæ tota orbiculariter convexa est la[The true Way to Peace is to put out the

teri soli pectorive tegendo, cum clypeus Seeds of Sedition and Rebellion.]

quadratus atque oblongus majorem corporis Henry VII. said by his Chancellor to partem protegeret, nomen accepit, ut beuParliament, “ that it is not the blood spilt keler Teutonibus, Francis bouclier dicatur. in the field that will save the blood in the Nec admittendus est Kilianus, qui ab hæcity; nor the marshal's sword that will set dinis pellibus quasi bouke-leer dici credit this kingdom in perfect peace. But the sicut Palladis ægeda finxere Græci." true way is, to stop the seeds of sedition and Acta SS. March, tom. 3, p. 339. rebellion in their beginnings ; and for that purpose to devise, confirm and quicken good and wholesome laws against riots and unlawful assemblies of people, and all com

[Tristis-sad ;-their assimilated Use.] binations and confederacies of them, by " Tristis, vulgato Italicismo, non tantum liveries, tokens and other badges of factious mæstum significat; sed etiam improbum et dependence; that the peace of the land nequam. Idem apud Flandros nostros usu may by these ordinances, as by bars of iron, venit circa vocem drouf, quæ aliis Teutonibus be soundly bound in and strengthened, and mæstum significans, ab ipsis vix aliter sumitur all force both in court, country and private quam in deteriorem partem.—PAPENHEIM, houses be supprest.”—Bacon's Henry VII. in Act. SS. Apr. tom. 3, p. 506.

The word sad with us has obtained in

colloquial language the same signification. [Henry VII's Use of secret Spialls

defended.] “ As for his secret spialls, which he did [The Virtues of Ground-Ivy.] employ both at home and abroad, by them ALEHOOF, or ground-ivy, is in my opito discover what practises and conspiracies nion, of the most excellent and most general were against him, surely his case required use and virtues of any plants we have among it; he had such moles perpetually working us. It is allowed to be most sovereign for and casting to undermine him. Neither the eyes, admirable in frenzies, either taken can it be reprehended, for if spialls be law- inwardly, or outwardly applied. Besides, ful against lawful enemies, much more if there be a specific remedy or prevention against conspirators and traitors. There of the stone, I take it to be the constant use was this further good in his employing of of alehoof ale, whereof I have known several these flies and familiars; that as the use of experiences by others, and can, I thank them was cause that many conspiracies were God, allege my own, for about ten years revealed, so the fame and suspicion of them past. This is the plant with which all our kept, no doubt, many conspiracies from be- ancestors made their common drink, when ing attempted."-Ibid. p. 246.

the inhabitants of this island were esteemed the longest livers of any in the known world : and the stone is said to have first

come among us after hops were introduced [Bucula-Umbo clypei,-Boucle.]

here, and the staleness of beer brought into “BucuLa dicitur umbo clypei, istic ubi custom by preserving it long. It is known manus inserenda, convexioris. Francis nunc enough how much this plant has been degenerice boucle protuberantia est, a Teu- cryed, how generally soever it has been tonico beuke, buyke, venter, concavitas, de- received in these maritime northern parts; rivato nomine: unde etiam rotunda par- | and the chief reason which, I believe, gave it 666 HARCOURT-LOZANO - CAZAL – FLECKNO - CARTWRIGHT.

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vogue at first, was the preserving beer upon

[Serro, and Cochilhas,What?]
long sea voyages. But for common health
I am apt to think the use of heath or broom Cazal defines Serro to be a bare, sharp,
had been of much more advantage; though circular summit. “ Chamam-se Serros as
none yet invented of so great and general porçoens mais elloadas das serras, e cochilhas
as that of alehoof, which is certainly the de forma circular, pontuadas, e destituidas de
greatest cleanser of any plant known among vegeta es, de cujas sumidades se descobre
us, and which in old English signified that grande extensam de terrens.” In the pro-
which was necessary to the making of ale, vince of Rio Grande do Sul they have been
the common or rather universal drink here- used as beacons during war: from some of
tofore of our nation."-SIR WILLIAM TEM- these points Cazal says others are visible at
PLE, vol. 1, p. 285.

a distance of twenty leagues,- fourscore
miles.

Cochilhas are extensive chains of hills,
[Poultry of the Guiana Tribes.]

with pasture, but without trees-precisely

our downs. — Vol. 1, p. 129, 130. HARCOURT found poultry among the Guiana tribes. “Every house,” he says, “ hath cocks, hens and chickens, as in England.”—

[The Pinto Tree.] P. 208.

FLECKNO (p. 70) mentions “a tree called [Current of the Amazon.]

the Pinto, which though no fruit tree yields

them (the Portugueze at Rio Janeiro) more Harcourt says, in his Voyage to Guiana, profit than all the rest ; growing most comwe fell into the current of the great and monly in moist places like our willow, the famous river of Amazon, which putteth out body growing cane-wise, distinguished by into the sea such a violent and mighty several knots, out of whose poory (?) sides stream of fresh water, that, being thirty the branches issue forth in round, with their leagues from land, we drunk thereof and several falls rendering it so many stories found it as fresh and good as in a spring or high; of a delightful green, body and all; pool."Harleian Misc. 8vo. vol. 3, p. 177. whose leaves being thick and filmy, they

use to sleave and spin to what fineness they

please, the grosser serving for hemp, the [Malocas, or, Slave Expeditions.]

middle sort for flax, and the finer for silk." These expeditions for the purpose of making slaves were called Malocas in Para

[Language of Flowers.] guay, and the persons employed in them

“ Tuese from richer banks Maloqueros. - LOZANO, vol. 6, p. 11.

Culling out flowers, which in a learned order
Do become characters whence they disclose

Their mutual meaning, garlands there and [Great Eared Caribbees, or, Marashe

nosegays waccas.]

Being framed into epistles." HARCOURT heard from an old Indian, that

CARTWRIGHT. Love's Convent. “ towards the high land upon the borders of Waapoco, there is a nation of Caribbees, having great ears of an extraordinary big

[Coffee House.] ness, hard to be believed, whom he called -“ Though their grosser wares are at Marashewaccas.”Harl. Misc.vol. 3, p. 195. home in their storehouses, they have many

T. BROWNE – FULLER — SIR WILLIAM TEMPLE

SORBIERE. 667

things of value to truck for which they al- have been mistaken about the two foremasts ways carry about 'em, as Justice-for fat

every

sculler on the Thames," says capons to be delivered before dinner; a re- SPRAT,“ knows it has but one." prieve from the whipping post for a dozen bottles of claret to drink after it; licenses to sell ale, for a hogshead of stout to his Worship, and leave to keep a Coffee House

[Why the English admire their own Lanfor a cask of cold tea to his lady.”—T.

guage.] BROWNE's Works, vol. 3, p. 31.

SORBIERE says the English are great admirers of their own language, “ and it suits

their effeminacy very well, for it spares [Mortality of Lonilon in Fuller's Days.]

them the labour of moving their lips.” “In the most healthful times 200 and upwards were the constant weekly tribute paid to mortality in London.”—FULLER's Good

[Early Lighting of London.] Thoughts in Worse Times.

TI Duc de Lewis thinks that London was lighted before any other town in Europe, and that the custom originated there

in 1416. [The English Soldier when well fed fearless

of Death and Danger.] Sir Wm. TEMPLE says it is the known [Rare Use of Forks and Ewers by the and general character of the English nation

English.] “to be more fearless of death and dangers

• The English,” says SORBIERE, (writing than any other, and more impatient of la- about the year 1663)

scarce ever make bour or of hardships, either in suffering the

use of forks or ewers, for they wash their want, or making the provision of such food hands by dipping them into a bason of waand clothes as they find or esteem necessary ter." for the sustenance of their lives, or for the health and strength and vigour of their bodies. This appears among all our troops [The Sagamore and his Notch Cane.] that serve abroad, as indeed their only weak “ A SAGAMORE, or petty king in Virginia, side ; which makes the care of the belly the guessing the greatness of other kings by his most necessary piece of conduct in the com- own, sent a native hither who understood mander of an English army, who will never English, commanding him to score upon a fail of fighting well, if they are well fed."— long cane (given him of purpose to be his Miscellanea, part 3, p. 266.

register) the number of Englishmen, that thereby his master might know the strength of this our nation. Landing at Plymouth,

a populous place (and which he mistook for [Ship with two Keels, and two Foremasts,

all England) he had no leisure to eat for a Mistake.]

notching up the men he met. At Exeter “I HEARD them,” says SORBIERE, (speak- the difficulty of his task was increased; ing of the Royal Society,) discourse of a coming at last to London (that forest of ship with two keels, that carried two fore- people) he broke his cane in pieces, permasts, and having two sails, drew more ceiving the impossibility of his employwind, but less water, and consequently must ment.”—FULLER's Good Thoughts in Bad sail faster than others."-Sorbiere seems to Times.

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