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sir, who can understand Arabic?' Yet the oftentimes attend the sermon at church.”— reading of what he did not comprehend Nicholson and Burn's West. vol. 1, p. 524. was supposed to be very meritorious. Thousands of Hindoos and Mussulmans spend incredible portions of time in audibly read

[Heresy of Origen.] ing what they have no apparent wish to

“One of Origen's heresies, for every speunderstand. The writer of the Ug-vaila

culation or conjecture of this extraordinary prescribes attention to the author, subject,

man, was held to be a settled heretical opimetre, and purpose of each Muntru, but the

nion, was, that the coats of skins with which meaning is of less importance."—Ward,

the Lord clothed Adam and Eve, when they vol. 1, p. 313.

were expelled from Paradise, must be understood to mean their human bodies; and

that before their expulsion they had neither [Growth in Grace.]

nerves, flesh, nor bones.”—BERNINO, tom. 1, “For though there be great difference

p. 122. St. Hier. Epist. 61. between the flower of childhood and the ripeness of old age, yet is it the same man that was then young and is now old, and [Monastery of Seelig Michael.] though the parts of children's bodies be nei

“The ruins of the monastery of Seelig Mither so big nor strong as they be in the full |

chael, much more ancient than those of Balgrowth, yet are they the very same, equal

lynascellig, are mentioned by GERALDUS ?, in number and like in proportion, and if

and are yet visible on a flat in the centre any have altered shape unagreeable to the

of the island, about fifty feet above the level former, or be increased or diminished in

of the sea. This flat consists of about three number, the whole body either waxeth mon

Irish acres, and here several cells of stone, strous, or weak, or altogether dyeth. So

| closed and jointed without any cement, imought it to be in Christian doctrine, that

pervious to the wind, and covered in with though by years the same be strengthened,

circular stone arches. Here also are the by time enlarged, and advanced by age, yet

| two clear fountains, where the pilgrims, who always it remains unaltered and uncorrupt

on the 29th of September, visited the island ed. And though the wheat kernel which

| in great numbers, repeated stationary prayour forefathers have sown, by the husband

ers, preparatory to their higher ascent. man's diligence hath sprung to a more am “The island is, as Keating truly states, an ple form, hath more distinction of parts, and

immense rock, composed of high and almost is become an ear of corn, yet let the pro

inaccessible precipices, which hang dreadpriety of the wheat be retained, and no

fully over the sea; having but one very cockle reaped where the wheat was sown."

narrow track leading to the top, and of such -SOUTHWELL.

difficult ascent that few are so hardy as to attempt it. The Druidic pilgrim, however,

[The Saint's Bell.]

i Topogr. Hist. Dist. vol. 2, c. 30, where he

mentions also the sacred wells of the Seelig-Mi“In the old church in Ravenstonedale | chael. It is impossible not to feel the force of there was a small bell, called the Saint's the observation, that at both the Scyllean ProBell, which was wont to be rung after the montories of Greece and Italy, as well as at the Nicene Creed, to call in the dissenters to great Seelig of Ireland, there were sacred foun. the sermon. And to this day the dissent

tains, which were supposed to be enchanted, and ers, besides frequenting the meeting-house, the worship of Baal.

were adored, and that they all have reference to

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having made his votive offering at the sa- | from the pinnacle already mentioned, so as cred wells, proceeded to adore the sacred to form with it the figure of an inverted stone at the summit of the most lofty pre- letter L, projecting horizontally from the cipices of the island.

very apex of the pinnacle several feet, itself “At the height of about one hundred and not being above two feet broad! This ledge fifty feet above the sea, he squeezed through projects so far, as to enable him who would a hollow chasm, resembling the funnel of a venture on it, to see the billows at the dischimney, and named the Needle's Eye, an | tance of four hundred and sixty feet in perascent extremely difficult even to persons pendicular, and the sea here is ninety feet who proceed bare-footed, though there are deep, so that the largest man of war may holes cut into the rock for the purpose of ride in safety at anchor underneath ; and facilitating the attempt. When this obsta- yet to this extreme end the pilgrim procle is surmounted, a new one occurs; forceeded astride upon this ledge, until, quite the only track to the summit is by an hori- at its utmost verge he kissed a cross which zontal flat, not above a yard wide, which some bold adventurer dared cut into it, as projects over the sea, and is named, in Irish, an antidote to the superstitious practices of hic an dochra, the stone of pain. The diffi- pagan times.” — COLUMBANUS' Three Letculty of clinging to this stone is very great, | ters, p. 95. even when the weather is calm ; but when there is any wind, as is commonly the case, the danger of slipping, or of being blown off, united with the dizziness occasioned by

[Uncertainty of the Oath of Allegiance.] the immense perpendicular height above “In the secret synods of 1809 and 1810, the level of the sea, is such as imagination the domineering maxims of an Algerine only can picture. When this projecting form of church government were unblushrock, about twelve feet in height, is sur- | ingly avowed! If I had not seen the acts of mounted, the remaining way to the highest these synods, such was the confidence I repeak is less difficult. But then, two stations posed in some of our bishops, that they of tremendous danger remain to be per- might have with the greatest ease succeeded formed. The first is termed, the station of in imposing upon me, as upon all Ireland, the Eagle's nest, where a stone cross was any system of Church discipline they pleased. substituted by the monks for the unhewn But the bishops of Tullow unsheathed the stone, the object of Druidic worship, which sword of spiritual domination against the required the previous lustrations and ablu- emigrant clergy and laity of France, in a tions of the sacred wells. Here, if the reader style which plainly indicated, how unrewill fancy a man perched on the summit of servedly they would proceed, in similar cira smooth slippery pinnacle, and poised in cumstances, against the laity and clergy of air about four hundred and fifty feet above their own communion at home! Not conthe level of the sea, beholding a vast ex- tent with laying the most venerable laws of panse of ocean westward, and eastward the the Catholic church prostrate at the mere Kerry mountains, which he overlooks, he will, and absolute disposal of the Pope, they may form some idea of the superstitious declared the solemn coronation of Buonaawe, which such tremendous Druidic rites parte a holy act; they concurred in the abwere calculated to inspire; and yet many solution of the French emigrants from their pilgrims have proceeded from this frightful allegiance to the Bourbons, in less than one pinnacle to the second, the most whimsical, year after the Pope had acknowledged as well as the most dangerous that even Dru-Louis XVIII! and they thus unequivocally idic superstition ever suggested. It consists betrayed the secret, that our oath of alleof a narrow ledge of rock which projects giance may in the short period of one year,

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become problematical, so that they may ab- | power of foreign influence, that when the solve us from its obligation, according to Duke of Ormond, then lord lieutenant, reexigencies of times !” — COLUMBANUS ad quested that they would give some assuHibernos, No. 6, p. 6.

rance of future obedience, in case of the King's excommunication by the Pope, they

absolutely refused to comply." — COLUM[Irish Disobedience.]

BANUS ad Hibernos, No. 3, p. 107. “When the celebrated Irish Remonstrance was subscribed by seventy of our second order of clergy, and one hundred [Tale of St. Nicholas, from the Roman Breand sixty-four of our principal nobility, of

viaryan Illustration.] whom twenty-one were peers, in the years “It is only when the professors of Ca1661 and 1662, the subscribers were tra- tholicity arrogate to themselves political duced as having renounced the Pope. The command, under the mask of religion, that nuncio at Brussels, De Vecchi, declared that an attempt is made by them to extinguish loyal Remonstrance, which had already dis the lamp of learning, to introduce the serarmed persecution, to be sacrilegious and vitude of blind compliance, and by the help detestable. Monitories, citations, depositions, of bulls, which enjoin obedience to unjust &c. were denounced against the subscribers censures, to establish ignorance and politifor the space of twelve years, from 1661 to

cal Popery, by which the energies of men, 1673;' and four archbishops and nine bi- shackled through their minds, may never be shops, who were appointed by Rome in the | convinced! Then, whatever reading it reshort interval from 1666 to 1671, contrived commends, is not only mixed up with the to assemble a synod in Dublin, which agreed | fabulous, but it is interlarded with that spein a counter address, undid all that had been cies of the fabulous, which is best calcudone, and rekindled the animosities of for- lated to degrade the understanding, and to mer times!

substitute the vilest credulity, the most ab“ In justice to these bishops, they never ject oriental servitude and subserviency of dreamt of excluding the second order of mind, for the manly energies, and the forclergy from our national synods. They knew titude of religion.” I _ COLUMBANUS ad Hithat nothing could be canonically transacted | bernos, No. 6, p. 56. relating to faith or discipline without their concurrence. They therefore took care to ensure a great majority, and then they called

Transubstantiation. together a National Synod of the Roman Catholic clergy, secular and regular, archbishops, “The error might be some excuse, if it bishops, provincials of orders, vicars-general, were probable, or if there were much tempand other divines of Ireland, who continued in synod from the 11th to the 25th of June, One of the tales of the Roman Breviary, 1766.

which I have read of in the office of this day, the

6th of November, informs me, that St. Nicholas “ This was the only synod which, with the

was a pious faster, even from his birth; for on connivance of the civil power, had been held

Wednesdays and Fridays, he abstained from his in any part of the British dominions since mother's milk; with a spirit of holiness worthy the reign of Queen Mary ; but such was the the imitation of all the students of Maynooth, he

turned his little pious lips from the profane spring I See the Hibernica of Valerius, part 3. of maternal nourishment; and surely how can any

2 See Pope Bened. XIV. De Synodo, vol. 1, pious Maynoothian complain, if he fares on Wedp. 3. De vocandis ad Synodum, ordine sedendi, nesdays and Fridays not more sumptuously than &c. juxta proprium cujusque gradum.

St. Nicholas ?

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tation to it. But when they choose this supply more than all our needs, to what persuasion, and have nothing for it but a purpose is it to add the little minutes and tropical expression of scripture, which ra- | droppings of the saints? They cannot tell ther than not believe in the natural, use- whether they may be given if the receiver less, and impossible sense, they will defy all do nothing or give nothing for them; and their own reason, and four of the five ope though this last particular could better be rations of their soul, seeing, smelling, tast resolved by the Court of Rome than by the ing, and feeling, and contradict the plain Church of Rome, yet all the doctrines which doctrine of the ancient church, before they | built up the new fabric of Indulgences were can consent to believe this error, that bread so dangerous to determine, so improbable, is changed into God, and the priest can so unreasonable, or at best so uncertain and make his Maker : we have too much cause invidious, that according to the advice of to fear that the error is too gross to admit the Bishop of Modena, the Council of Trent an excuse; and it is hard to suppose it in- | left all the Doctrines, and all the Cases of vincible and involuntary, because it is so Conscience quite alone, and slubbered the hard, and so untempting, and so unnatural whole matter, both in the question of Into admit the error, we do desire that God dulgences and Purgatory, in general and may find an excuse for it, and that they recommendatory terms, affirming that the would not."-JEREMY Taylor. Dissuasive power of giving Indulgences is in the church, from Popery, part 1, p. 438.

and that the use is wholesome; and that all hard and subtle questions (viz.) concerning Purgatory (which although, if it be at all,

it is a fire, yet is the fuel of Indulgences, Indulgences.

and maintains them wholly), all that is sus" Though the gains which the Church of pected to be false, and all that is uncertain, Rome makes of Indulgences, be a heap al and whatsoever is curious and superstitious, most as great as the abuses themselves, yet scandalous or for filthy lucre, be laid aside. the greatest patrons of this new doctrine And in the mean time, they tell us not what could never give any certainty, or reasonable is, and what is not superstitious; nor what comfort to the conscience of any person that is scandalous; nor what they mean by the could inquire into it. They never durst general term of Indulgence; and they esdetermine whether they were Absolutions tablish no doctrine, neither curious nor inor Compensations; whether they only take curious, nor durst they decree the very off the penances actually imposed by the foundation of the whole matter, the Church's Confessor, or potentially, and all that which Treasury; neither darst they meddle with might have been imposed; whether all that it, but left it as they found it, and continued may be paid in the Court of men, or all that in the abuses, and proceeded in the praccan or will be required by the Laws and tice, and set their doctors as well as they severity of God. Neither can they speak can, to defend all the new and curious and rationally to the Great Question, whether scandalous questions, and to uphold the the treasure of the church consists of the gainful trade." - JEREMY TAYLOR. Dissatisfactions of Christ only, or of the saints ? suasive from Popery, p. 21. For if of saints, it will by all men be acknowledged to be a defeasible estate, and being finite and limited, all will be spent sooner than the needs of the church can be

[Sober and sound Preaching-need of.] served; and if therefore it be necessary to “The truth indeed is, that before the add the merits and satisfaction of Christ; | Reformation, this part of religious worship since they are an ocean of infinity, and can was much corrupted. Nor was it to be



wondered at, where the service was in an | 1, ad Corinth. (chap. 14, v. 19.)”-WORDSunknown tongue, that efforts to please or worth's Ecclesiastical Biography, vol. 1, to astonish the ear by the tricks of art, and p. 171. by passages of a laborious and rapid execution, should take the place of simple, grave, and solemn melodies. Wickliffe expresses

[Wiclif opposed to the Introduction of the himself with great severity on this subject.

New Song.] See Lewis's History, p. 132-135. And in | “ Wiclir opposed the introducing the the same place, says very beautifully, in New Song, which he says, they clepen reply to an argument that might be used on God's service,' and which he describes by the other side, ' And if they seyn that an- | 'deschaunt, countre note, and organ. By gels hearen (praise) God by song in heaven; these,' says he, the priests are letted fro seye that we kunnen (know) not that song; studying and preaching of the Gospel.' So but they ben in full victory of their enemies, I again he observes that Mattins, and Mass, and we ben in perilous battle, and in the and Evensong, Placebo and Dirige, and valley of weeping and mourning; and our Commendation, and Mattins of our Lady song letteth us for better occupation, and were ordained of sinful men to be sung with stirreth us to many great sins, and to for- | high crying to lett men fro the sentence get ourselves. Erasmus, in one of his and understanding of that that was thus Epistles, attributes the ignorance so preva- sung, and to maken men weary and undislent in his times, partly to the want of sober posed to study God's law. For a king of and sound preaching of God's word, and heds, and of short time then more vain partly to the encroachments made upon japes founden deschant, countre note, and Divine service by the unbounded usage in organs, and small breking that stirreth vain churches of elaborate and artificial music. men to dauncing more than mourning. And (Lib. 25, Epist. 64.) And in his Annota therefore ben many proud and lecherous tions on the New Testament, written about losels founden and dowed with temporal the year 1512, he gives a description which and worldly lordships and great cost. But displays the same evil in very striking these fools shulden dread the sharp words terms, We have introduced into the of Austin, that seith, As oft as the song churches, a certain elaborate and theatrical liketh me more than doth the sentence that species of music, accompanied with a tumul- is sung, so oft I confess that I sin grievously. tuous diversity of voices. All is full of | And if these knackers excusen them by trumpets, cornets, pipes, fiddles, and sing- song in the old law, seye that Christ that ing. We come to church as to a play best kept the olde lawe as it shulde be afterhouse. And for this purpose, ample sala- wards taught not ne charged us with such ries are expended on organists and societies bodily song, ne any of his apostles but with of boys, whose whole time is wasted in devotion in heart, and holy life and true learning to sing. These fooleries are be- preching, and that is enough and the best. come so agreeable, that the monks, espe- But who shuld then charge us with more cially in England, think of nothing else. oure freedom and lightness of Christ's law ? To this end, even in the Benedictine monas And if they seyn that angels hearen God teries of England, many youths, boys, and by song in heaven ; seye that we kunnen other vocal performers, are sustained, who, not that song, but they ben in full victory early every morning, sing to the organ the of their enemies, and we ben in perilous mass of the Virgin Mary, with the most battle; and in the valley of weeping and harmonious modulations of voice. And the mourning, and our song letteth us fro betbishops are obliged to keep choirs of this ter occupation, and stirreth us to many sort in their families.' Annotat. in Epist. I great sins, and to forget us selves : but our

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