Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

98

USIIER — JEREMY TAYLOR.

from the mortalitie of that infection. Else | walked in those times of darknesse, and how should he have said, Come out of her, the destruction that now wasteth at noon my people; that yee bee not partakers of her day.”—USHER, in his Sermon on the Unisinnes, and that yee receive not of her plagues. versality of the Church, p. 30. If the place had not been infectious, he should not have needed to forewarne them of the danger wherein they stood of par- [The Day of Miracles gone by; vain Claim taking in her sinnes, and if the infection

of the Romish Church.] had not been mortall, hee would not have

JEREMY TAYLOR speaks “of their known put them in mind of the plagues that were

arts of abusing the people by pretended to follow : and if in the place thus mortally

| apparitions, and false miracles, for the esinfected, God had not preserved a people

tablishing of strange opinions. Non obscualive unto himselfe, he could not have said :

rum est quot opiniones invectæ sunt in orbem Come out of her, my people. “ The enemie indeed had there sowne his

per omnes ad suum questum callidos, conficto

rum miraculorum presidio, said Erasmus. tares, but sowne them in the Lord's field,

| These doctrines must needs be things that and among the Lord's wheate. And a field,

come over the walls, and in at the window; we know, may so be overgrowne with such

they come not the right way. For besides evill weeds as these, that at the first sight

that, as St. Chrysostom says,' It was at a man would hardly thinke, that any corne

first profitable, that miracles should be were there at all; even as in the barne

done, and now it is profitable that they be itself the mixture of the chaffe with the

not done: for then our faith was finished weate is sometime such, as a farre off

by miracles, but now by the Divine Scripman would imagine that he did see but a

tures: miracles are like watering of plants heape of chaffe, and nothing else. Those

to be done when they are newly set, and worthy husbandmen that in these last six

before they have taken root. Ilence the hundred yeeres have taken paines in pluck

| apostle saith, “Tongues are for a sign to ing up those pernicious weedes out of the

| them that believe not, and not for them Lord's field, and severing the chaff from

that believe.' So St. Gregory,' our anceshis graine cannot be rightly said in doing

tors followed after signs; by which it came this, eyther to have brought in another field or to have changed the ancient graine.

to pass that they should not be necessary

to their posterity ;' and 'he 3 that yet looks The field is the same, but weeded now,

for miracles that he may believe, is himself unweeded then : the graine the same, but

a miracle.' Nay, to pretend miracles nowwinnowed now, unwinnowed then. Wee

a-days is the worst sign in the world. And preach no new faith, but the same catholique faith that ever hath been preached; neyther

here St. Austin,' in great zeal, gives warn

ing of such things as these : let not a man was it any part of our meaning to begin a

say this is true, because Donatus Pontius, new church in these latter dayes of the

or another, hath done wonderful things; world, but to reforme the old. A tree that

or because men praying at the memories hath the luxurious branches lopped off and the noxious things that cleave unto it taken

of martyrs are heard, or because such, or

such things there happen, or because that away ; is not by this pruning and purging

brother of ours, or that sister of ours wakof it made another tree than it was before: neyther is the church reformed in our

1 In 1 Cor. ii. tom. vi. Kai ydp kai Tóre xpn. dayes, another church than that which was

σίμως εγίνετο νύν χρησίμως ου γίνεται. deformed in the dayes of our fore-fathers;

2 Homil. 29, in Evangel. though it hath no agreement, for all that, | 3 St. August. de verà Relig. c. 25. with poperie, which is the pestilence that " Ib. de civit. Dei, lib. xxii. c. 8.

JEREMY TAYLOR - LIGHTFOOT.

99

ing saw such a vision, or sleeping dreamt our creed, or the necessity of Divine comsuch a dream: let those fictions of lying mandment or the divinity of the eternal men or wonders of deceitful spirits, be Son of God, there is now no need of miraremoved. For either those things which cles, and for this way of proving these, and are spoken, are not true; or if any mira- such articles as these, they trouble not cles of heretics be done, we ought to take themselves; but for transubstantiation, heed the more, because when our Lord said, adoration of the consecrated bread and some deceivers should arise, which should wine, for purgatory, invocation, and wordo signs, and deceive, if it were possible, ship of saints, of their relics, of the cross, the very elect;' he, commending this saying, monastical vows, fraternities of friars, and vehemently added, Behold, I have told monks, the pope's supremacy, and double you of it before. The same is also taught monarchy in the church of Rome, they by the author of the imperfect work on never give over to make, and boast proSt. Matthew, imputed to St. Chrysostom, digious miracles."—Vol. x. pp. 489-91. who calls the power of working miracles (after the first vocation of the Gospel) ' seductionis adjutoria,' the helps of seduction; as at first they were by Christ, and

[Doctrine of Purgatory.] Christ's servants, as instrument of vocation;

“The doctrine of which business is this, and affirms, these helps of deceit were to that some dying not so bad as to be damned, be delivered to the devil. It was the same yet not so absolutely good as to go to in the Gospel, as it was in the law of Moses

heaven, are sent to purgatory, and there after God had by signs and wonders in the

their sins scoured away by fire and torhand of Moses, fixed and established his ment; yet some after a hundred, some law, which only was to be their rule; and after two hundred years, &c. go to heaven : caution was given, (Deut. i. 13.) that but that the pope by his power, and the against that rule no man should be believed, priests, by their singing masses, and dirges, though he wrought miracles. Upon which can bring them out sooner, than otherwise words Theodoret says,2 • We are instructed their time should be. And hence so vast that we must not mind signs, when he that revenues have been bestowed upon their works them teaches any thing contrary to

monasteries, chapels, and chantries, upon piety.' And therefore these things can be

this reason, that the priests there should to no purpose, unless it be to deceive; say masses, and use dirges and prayers for except this only, that where miracles are

the souls of the founders, to deliver them pretended, there is a warning also given,

| out of purgatory. that there is danger of deception and there

“And thus, they make this article of is the seat of antichrist, who is foretold

Christ's descent a matter, rather of profit,

than of faith ; of money, rather than of ders.' Generatio nequam signum quærit,'

edification. And were not profit or worldly said Christ. But it is remarkable by the advantage in the wind, there would never doctrines, for which in the Church of Rome3 be such struggling with them to maintain miracles are pretended, that they are a points against reason, and religion, as there cover fitted for their dish; new miracles to | 18. destroy the old truths, and to introduce

“ They conclude hell to be under the new opinions. For to prove any article of earth, or within it; which is a fancy of the

heathen poets and others, that concluded 1 Aug. Tract. 13, in Evang. Joh. Hom. 49.

both the place of torment, and of happiness, 2 Quæst. in Deuter.

to be down in the earth. These men have 3 Hic. 11, 19. Vide Stellam, ibid.

| learned from Scripture, that the place of

100

LIGHTFOOT – WILSON.

the blessed is above in heaven, and so they not knowing the nature of it, sent informarefuse that part of the heathen's opinion; tion to his Court, and particularly described but retain the other, that hell is under Capt. Glas as the great promoter of the ground. Upon what ground, who can scheme, which he suspected would interfere show? it is neither agreeable to reason, with their fishing trade. In consequence nor at all to Scripture. Not to reason, to of this, the court of Madrid sent orders to imagine a place under ground to be a place the Governors of those Islands to confine for souls and spirits, which are so far from the Captain if he came there. In the mean an earthly substance. Not to Scripture time the men whom he had left in Africa which tells us,' that the devil is the prince were murdered by some Arabs, and the of the air,' and not dwelling under ground: ship pillaged. After some years of conthat tells us that the damned are tor- finement, the Captain found means, by enmented before the angels, and before the closing a bit of paper (written with his penthrone of the Lamb;' not in the bottom of cil) in a loaf of bread, to inform the British the earth, or under ground. And time Consul of his situation; and after several will be, when there will be no earth at all; letters had passed between the British and and where will hell be found then; May Spanish Ministers, he was, with his family, we never know where the place of hell is! | liberated. They took their passage in a but, certainly, it is a most senseless and trading vessel bound to London, and their irrational thing to hold it to be within this friends in Scotland were informed of it. At earth.”—LIGHTFOOT, vol. 6, pp. 4, 5. length the newspapers announced the arri

val of the ship in the Irish channel; and at the very time when their aged father and

many friends were looking daily for their [Retributive Justiceexemplified in the Erecution of the Murderers of Captain Glas.]

personal appearance, another newspaper

brought the melancholy tidings that they “He was using his utmost endeavours to were all murdered! some villains in the open a new channel for the trade of Great ship, knowing that there was much treasure Britain to the interior of Africa, and aimed in her, combined together to secure it, and (if the Government approved of it) to erect resolved to kill the Captain and crew. Capan establishment on that coast, near some tain Glas hearing a noise on deck, went up large navigable river, which he had dis | with his sword; but one of the fellows, fearcovered as suitable, on the west of Senegal. ful of his bravery, lurked below, and on his He first went out in the employ of some going up thrust him through his body from London merchants, in pursuit of a plant his back. Poor Mrs. Glas with her sweet used in dyeing.

daughter, clung together begging for mercy, “On his return to London, he laid his but the cruel wretches heaved them overplan before the Ministry, who furnished him board, fast locked in each other's arms ! with a ship of some force, and powers to fix | The murderers got to land, secreted the a settlement. He arrived safe at the place, chests of money in the sand, and went to an but, wanting some corn for his little colony, alehouse to enjoy themselves. They were he set out with wife and daughter, and some soon taken up on suspicion, confessed all, men, in a small vessel, to the Canary Is and were hanged in Ireland. When this lands, where they were all seized, and put sad news reached Perth, the friends of Mr. in separate prisons. The cause was this : | Glas were shocked exceedingly, and knew the Spanish Minister in London, hearing of not how to communicate this unexpected a new settlement on the coast of Africa, and event to his poor father. One of them took

the paper, and pointing to the paragraph, 1 Eph. ii. 2. Rev. xiv. 10.

with solemn silence waited the perusal. Mr.

WILSON – EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE.

101

Glas bore the shock with great composure wise; considering ourselves as valiant and resignation, and in a few hours attended champions for the truth, on account of the church assembly that evening, where all which we had indeed to suffer much rewere astonished to see him. He took his proach ; but we sustained it courageously, part as if nothing had happened. On hear- persuaded that this was the very stamp w ing afterwards that those murderers were were to bear.–O God, what a wretched executed, he made the following uncommon society were we!”—Evangelical Magazine, remark, 'It would be a glorious instance of March, 1812. Divine mercy, if George Glas and his murderers should meet together in heaven.'”— Wilson's History and Antiquities of Dissent

[God's Judgments on a Land for its Wicking Churches.

edness.] “See ye not the vyllayne beggars and

valiant vagaboundes whom God plageth [An Insight into the Human Heart.] with poverte, and myserye for theyr abo

The Princess Henrietta-Caroline-Lou- | mynable lyvyng, dysposed to no goodnes, isa, daughter of Ferdinand Count of Lippe- | how hartely they wyshe for a ruffelynge Biesterfeld and wife of Prince Albert of daye? Beholde every state allmost in every Anhalt-Dessau, writes thus in a short me

christen realme, as husbandmen, artyfycers, moir of herself:

marchaunts, courtyers, with all other de" In the year 1776 an entirely new period grees as well spyritual and temporal, and I in my views of Christianity commenced. fere me that ye shall saye, but if God of I became acquainted with a newly formed his goodnes amende us not the sooner, there society which was to consist of none but shall come to passe amonge us the ferefull sentimental, virtuous, noble souls. They | jugement of God spoken by the prophet talked much of the Father of all, and of Osee to the people of Israhell and inhaJesus Christ, who was held forth as the byters of the lande; There is no truthe, no great pattern of virtue. We strenuously mercye, nor scyence of God in the yerth. endeavoured to attain to the height of moral | Cursynge and lyenge, manslaughter, theft, excellence. We had a certain sign by and advowtrye hathe overflowen, and bloode which we knew one another, assumed the hath towched bloode: for the which the name of brothers and sisters, and as much yerth shall wayle and every inhabyter in it as possible, observed a uniformity of dress. shall be feebled. And this as I have sayde We also affected an independence on the not one contrey fawty, and another fawtles, rest of mankind, whom we did not consider one estate fowle and deformed and another as noble, excellent, and of superior worth ; | pure and clene, the spyrytualtie synful, and and had conceived a very exalted idea of the temporaltie set all on vertue, the heades the dignity of man when his powers are in and rulers culpable, and the people oute of proper exercise. We fancied to have at- | blame, nor that any estate maye laye the tained to an uncommon degree of sanctity hole weight of Goddes wrath unto the and purity of morals, but in the very heart, other, and therof discharge themselfe, but we were exactly what our Saviour pro- eche of theym is cause both of theyr own nounces the Pharisees to be, like unto harme and other folkes to. And the peowhited sepulchres, which indeed appear ple are nothynge lesse fawtye, provokynge beautiful outwardly, but are within full of the wrathe of God, than theyr heades or dead men's bones, and of all uncleanliness." | governours, nor one state partyculerlye But this depth of wickedness we were ut- | cause of anothers calamytie. But all we terly averse to dive into. Mere pride lorded together have synned, and have deserved it over us, though we conceived quite other- | the vengeaunce of God, which hangeth be

102

TAYLOR - PICOLO - GREGORY NAZIANZEN – VIEYRA.

fore our eyes, redy to fall ere we be quæ mortis recipiendæ capacia non sunt.” aware."-Quære.

1-Ibid.

[Plain Preaching.] [Romanist Unity.] “It is strange,” says JEREMY TAYLOR,

“SUFFICERE quippe nobis debet simpli" that the Dominicans should be of one

cissimus etiam de fidei nostræ rebus sermo,

| sufficere debet nuda fides, cum quâ, absque opinion in the matter of predetermination and immaculate conception, and all the Fran

ullo sermonis ornatu, majorem fidelium

partem ad desideratam beatitatem Deus ciscans of the quite contrary, as if their

perducit. Etenim, si apud solos eruditos understandings were formed in a different mold, and furnished with various princi

sedem sibi fides deligeret, nescio sane an ples by their very rule.”Liberty of Pro

Deo pauperius aliquid reperiri facile posset.

“Si tamen tantâ dicendi cupiditate flaphesying, p. 511.

gras, si tanto zelo accenderis, si grave adeo

ac molestum tibi sit nihil à te proferri in [The Devil's Dislike to Interference.] publicum, (humani certe quiddam hâc in " The Devil," says F. PICOLO, “whom parte pateris; nec est cur voto isti tuo non we were going to disturb in that peaceable faveam;) loquere sane et adhortare; verum possession which he had enjoyed during so non sine adjuncto metu, nec semper ac jumany ages, made all his efforts to impede giter, nec omnia, nec quâvis occasione, nec our enterprize and prevent our success.”— apud omnes, nec sine locorum delectu, sed Lett. Edif. tom. 8, p. 53. Edit. 1781. quando, et quantum, et quo loco, et apud

quos potissimum decet, loquendum scias.”

-Ibid. Chap. 5. Gregory Nazianzen. Carmen de Vita Sua.

“Est namque hominibus istis hoc in more positum, ut malè à se actorum causas

[Saint Bernard's Device.] in eos ipsos regiciant quos læserunt; atque “S. BERNARD took for his device a harp ita majorem noxam per conficta nequiter with this motto Quid erit in Patria ?-almendacia sibi adversantibus inferant, se luding to those which the Israelites in Bavero ipsos sceleris veluti omnis puros exhi- | bylon hung upon the willows, and to the beant.”—At the end of the Prologue. state of his own immortal here in this

“Est enim metus magister longe optimus world, compared with what it was to be in maximeque opportunus ;"-spoken of men | its heavenly country.”—VIEYRA, Serm. t. 4, in a shipwreck brought by danger to con- | p. 203. version. — About the middle of the first chapter.

[Want of Clergy.] “SICARII deinde adinstar, judicibus me | “The number of our clergy is too few, sistunt, hominibus torvo elatoque supercilio They are not able to attend such vast metuendis, et unam dumtaxat legem, populi gratiam

charges as they ought, especially in London et favorem, sibi propositam habentibus.”Chap. 3.

and other great towns, where it is impos

sible for some ministers, if they should do “Non hic recensebo lapides quibus me

nothing else, to visit all the families, much ierunt, et quorum tempestate non less every particular person who is under

ac instructissimo convivio me præbui. | their cure: and the like in many country De quibus unum tamen est quod querar : 1 parishes. This is one great cause of the non enim recta satis in me involarunt, ac increase of dissenters amongst us, of all in ea solummodo suum fregerunt impetum, sorts.

« AnteriorContinuar »