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abandoned it, for he appears to have entered the family of William Burnet, then Governor of New York and New Jersey. In 1728 Burnet was transferred to Massachusetts, and reached Boston on July 29 of that year, presumably bringing Langloiserie with him. Late in life — exactly when is not known, but certainly after his final departure from Boston in 1774 — Governor Hutchinson drew up a sketch of himself which affords a glimpse of Langloiserie and of an early French Club in Boston:
When he left College ? he went into his father's counting house, and became a Merchant Apprentice, from 17 years to 21. He saw how much he had neglected his studies at College, and applied to his schoolmaster, (who succeeded Mr Bernard, and whose tuition he was under about five years), and desired he would allow him to spend two or three evenings in a week in going over some of the Latin Classicks, which he readily consented to. In a short time he acquired a relish for the Latin tongue, which he never lost. Soon after he put himself under M. Le Mercier,3 the French Minister, and then began to learn the French tongue; but Monsieur Langloiseier,4 arriving at Boston soon after, in Gov. Burnet's family, & M' Lidius 5 of Albany, who had lived and married in Canada, and M: Chardon, a young gentleman of fortune from London, being also in Boston, a French Club was formed, of which the three gentlemen
1 See p. 70, above.
3 Rev. Andrew Le Mercier. The doubt cast in a previous note (p. 120, above) on the statement that he was "probably educated at the University of Geneva," can now be removed. His Church History of Geneva was not published until 1732, but the following advertisement was printed in the New England Weekly Journal of June 2, 1729 (p. 2/2):
There is prepared for the Press. The Church-History of G ENE V A, written by the Rev. Mr. Andrew Le Mercier, Pastor of the French Church in Boston, who formerly Lived & Studied there, ... Also, his name appears in the year 1712, under the heading “Theologice candidati," as “Andreas Le Mercier Cadomensis in Neustria 2 Junii” (Le Livre dv Rectevr: Catalogve des Étudiantes de l'Académie de Genève de 1559 à 1859, Geneva, 1860, p. 208). That Le Mercier was a native of Caen has not, I think, before been noted.
This name has evidently puzzled P. O. Hutchinson, the editor, for he adds in a footnote, “Or Langloise in."
John Henry Lydius, of whom a notice will be found in H. Hall's History of Vermont, pp. 169, 495-497.
6 Peter Chardon, father of Peter Chardon (H. C. 1757).
above named were members, and M+ Gridley, the Lawyer, M' Jo. Greene, Lovell, and two or three more New England young gentlemen were members, & the whole conversation was to be in French.
In these ways he acquired a competent knowledge of the Latin & French, accustoming himself to reading authors in both languages, and at length he found very little difficulty in either.
Governor Burnet died suddenly in Boston on Sunday, September 7, 1729:
This Town was exceedingly surpriz'd on Monday last with the sad News of the Death of His Excellency our Governour WILLIAM BURNET Esq;
He had been very ill all the Week before, but on Fryday the symptoms grew threatning; after which he very little recover'd any Use of his Understanding.
He expir'd about Eleven of the Clock the Lords-day Night; a teaching and monitory Instance to us of the Vanity of Humane Life and Greatness. . ..
Another account states that on “Sunday morning he . . . knew his Physicians distinctly, and some of his Attendants, and spoke in French to M. Langlazerie.” 6 His funeral took place on Friday, September 12th, when “The Chief Mourners were his eldest Son Mr. Gilbert Burnet, his Son and Daughter William' and Mary, the two Sisters of his late Wife, being led by Jacob Wendell and Mr. Langlazerie, attended by his Domesticks.” 9
1 Jeremiah Gridley (H. C. 1725).
9 Political State of Great Britain, xxxvii. 423, 543. This occurs in an “Extract of a Letter from Boston dated September 15. 1729. giving a full Account of the Particulars of the Sickness and Decease of his Excellency William Burnet, Esq; late Governor of the Massachusetts Colony in New-England." Undoubtedly it is taken from the Boston Gazette of September 15, 1729, which I have not seen since the only known copy is at Madison, Wisconsin. The account in the New England Weekly Journal of the same date does not mention Langloiserie.
Gov. Burnet was twice married: first, to Mary, daughter of the Rev. George Stanhope, Dean of Canterbury, who died in 1714; secondly, to Mary, daughter Upon the death of his patron, Langloiserie was thrown on his own resources, and presumably at once went to Europe, as the following advertisement appeared in the New England Weekly Journal of September 29, 1729:
This may Notify all concerned, that Mr. Longlaizere is Bound for London, all Persons Indebted to said Longlaizere are desired to make speedy Payment, or any that hath any Accounts with him are desired to bring in and settle with him (p. 2/2).
A year later, however, he was again in Boston, and applied to the Selectmen for permission to open a French school. This was granted on October 21, 1730:
In answar to the Petition of m’ Lovis Langlaserie Liberty is Granted to Him to Reside and Inhabit in the Town of Boston and to keep a School
of Abraham Vanhorne of New York. The mother of Gilbert Burnet was the Governor's first wife. Gov. Burnet is briefly noticed at the end of the sketch of his father Bishop Burnet in the Dictionary of National Biography, but his second wife is not mentioned. His marriage to Miss Vanhorne took place in the spring or early summer of 1721. (Cf. Memorial History of New York, ü. 155, 175; Historical Magazine, viï. 398, ix. 34, 129; New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, vi. 6.) The following notice appeared in the American Weekly Mercury (Philadelphia) of April 26, 1722: “New-York, April 21. About three in the Morning Mrs. Burnet, our Governor's Lady, was delivered of a Son, upon which all our Vessels in the Road displayed their Ensigns, Pendants, etc.” (p. 2/1). The child — William — then born graduated at Harvard College in 1741, his residence at entrance being given as New York and the date of his birth as April 21, 1722 (Faculty Records, i. 104). On June 23, 1738, William Burnet, "a minor aged about sixteen years," appointed his brother-in-law William Browne of Salem his guardian (Suffolk Probate Files, no. 7166). A son was born to Mrs. Burnet on August 7, 1727, but both mother and child died between that date and December 6. In his will, dated December 6, 1727, Gov. Burnet speaks of “my children, William, Mary and Thomas, by my late dearest wife Mary Vanhorn" (New England Historical and Genealogical Register, xlvii. 124). Among the deaths said to have occurred in December, 1727, as recorded in the Historical Register for 1728, is that of “Mrs. Burnet, Wife of William Burnet, Esq; Governor of Neu-York” (xiii, Chronological Diary, p. 3). In the New England Weekly Journal of January 8, 1728, was printed "An Elegy upon Mrs. BURNETT,” preceded by this note: “ The following lines being publish'd in the New York Gazette, on the death of the Vertuous Consort of His Excellency Governour BURNETT, we take Leave to insert them here” (p. 2/1).
This advertisement was repeated in the issue of October 6, p. 2/2.
for Teaching and Instructing in the french Tongue, He Having given
*** Mr. Louis Langloiserie having leave from the Gentlemen SelectMen of the Town of Boston, to keep a School for the Teaching the Rudiments of the French Tongue: These are therefore to acquaint all Persons that are inclined and such as are disposed to send their Children to learn that Language, that the said Louis Langloiserie now dwells at Mr. Timothy Green's Printer in Queen-Street Boston, where he Teaches School (p. 2/2).2
Three years later he asked the College authorities to be allowed to teach French to the students, and under date of September 1, 1733, the Faculty granted the request with conditions: French School Eodem tempore, Upon a motion made by mi Lon
glaserie, asking Libertie to teach ye French Tongue to such Undergraduates as are desirous to attend his Instructions. — Agreed, yt he be allowed so to do, provided yt he teach none but such as have the Consent of their Parents or Guardians therefor, signifi'd to their respective Tutors under their hands; and yt he take such times for his Instructions, as shall not Interfere with
any of ye College Studying hours or Exercises.3 In 1734 another advertisement was printed in the New England Weekly Journal: THIS is to Notify any young Gentlemen who are desirous to learn
1 the French Tongue, that Mr. Langloiserie will keep his French School, three days in the Week at Cambridge, and three days at Boston, at the House of Mr. Benj. Bridge in King-street; where he will give his Attendance to as many as will please to come to him.
If any young LADIES are curious of learning that Language, they will
i Boston Record Commissioners' Reports, xiii. 201.
3 Faculty Records, i. 56. Though these volumes are labelled on the back of the covers “Records of the College Faculty,” it should be pointed out that the binding is not old and that the word “Faculty” was not used at Harvard until 1825. On the recto of the first leaf in vol. i is written: "A booke for Recording the Acts & Agreemts of The President & Tutis in Harv. College 1725.” Cf. Publications of this Society, xiv. 315-316.
find him ready to wait upon them at said House, at what hours they please, and a Room purposely provided for them. And he will endeavour such a method as may not only bring the Learners into as speedy an Acquaintance as possible with the French Tongue, but at the same time lead them into the Knowledge of some agreeable parts of History."
Things appear to have gone smoothly with Langloiserie at Harvard for a year and half, when suddenly he found himself in deep waters. At a Corporation meeting held April 1, 1735, we read:
Whereas there are general Rumours abroad, as if m? Longlazeree (yt has been permitted by ye President & Tutors to teach ye French tongue to such Undergraduates, as their Parents or Guardians shall desire may be instructed by him) holds and delivers some unsound & dangerous Doctrines, voted; yt ye President & Tutors be desired to examine into yt affair, and do what they shall think proper upon it.
Immediately the Overseers took action, and on April 8, 1735, voted —
6 That a Committee be appointed to Enquire into the present State of the College The Committee appointed were the Honble Ezekiel Lewis 3 Josiah Willard 4 Jacob Wendel 5 Esq's with the Revd Dr Sewal 6 Mr Webb? MCooper 8 & Mr Gee.'
7 The following Vote was passed viz Whereas there has been a complaint entered at this board that certain dangerous Errors have been vented by Mi Longloissorie at the College it be an Instruction to the Committee to Enquire how far these principles have been propogated & received and make a report to this board.10
The report of the committee and the action thereon by the Overseers are recorded in the meeting held May 13th:
1 July 15, 1734, p. 2/3; repeated in the issues of July 22, 29, and August 12. : College Book, iv. 179; Publications of this Society, xvi. 632. 3 Ezekiel Lewis (H. C. 1695). 4 Secretary Josiah Willard (H. C. 1698).
5 Jacob Wendell. He was baptized August 5, 1691 (New England Historical and Genealogical Register, xxxvi. 246); and his death, the date of which has apparently not hitherto been noted, occurred on September 7, 1761 (Boston Gazette of September 14, 1761, p. 3/1).
6 Rev. Joseph Sewall (H. C. 1707).