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be so, either by themselves or others. And since the Posterity of Jacob have utterly lost their Genealogies, it was impossible that Ben Ephraim should know his own Descent, otherwise than by Revelation; or be able to make it out to others, but by the Gifts of Prophesy and Miracles.
And these Gifts, he once and again before very credible Witness, declared, that he knew by Revelation he should shortly be endued with from on High, in as great a Degree as ever the Apostles were, to say nothing more.
These extraordinary Things Monsieur did not broach all at once; but by little and little; the most plausible of them, or rather some plausible Deductions from them, first, and only to such (as to use his own Expression) he found of a teachable Spirit; till at length the Secrets were imparted to too many to remain such any longer.
The Propagator of them now waxed bold* professed the strongest Assurance imaginable of the Divine original of his Dreams and Visions, and of the sacred Truth of those Doctrines and Interpretations of Scripture which he had by these Means been led into; and sometimes went so far as to declare, that if the Event should prove these Things to be Delusions, he should doubt, for his part, whether God ever made any Revelations at all to Men.
We soon perceived, that too great a Respect was paid, by several in our Society, and elsewhere, to his Pretences to Visions and Revelations; that one of his greatest Confidents1 began to be favoured with Visions too, in his own Conceit; and that others were in suspence, whether he might not be a Teacher sent from God; and waited with some Impatience to see him begin to prove his Mission, and were likely to take up with Evidences slight enough.
As the Gentleman's Notions were no longer Privacies, it soon appeared, that they had been industriously spread by some, among their Friends, in Places far and near; that many People's Minds were greatly moved with them; and strange Apprehensions and Expectations raised, of what these Things would come to.
It would be beside our present Business to relate by what Means, thro' the good Providence of God, it was at length made manifest, that these high Pretences to extraordinary Divine Communications were all meer Delusions; and so the Minds of People again quieted.
It would be of more Importance to remark, what was the End of these Things with respect to the Enthusiastick Gentleman himself;
* Longed to suffer Persecution.
1 Is it possible that this is an allusion to Tutor Rogers?
namely, That when he began to be exalted above Measure, with the abundance of his imaginary Revelations, he withdrew himself entirely from the publick Worship of God, which he before diligently (and so far as appeared) devoutly used to attend; and he has since returned to the Idolatries of the Church of Rome, from which he had professed himself a sincere Convert.1
It would seem from the final sentence that Langloiserie was still living in 1745.
The third and last instance known to me of teaching French at Harvard before 1750 is in one respect more obscure than the other two instances. For it is clear that Blair obtained his permission to teach from the President, while it is certain that Langloiserie's permission came from the President and Tutors (or the Faculty). But by whom or by what authority "Mr. Gardner" was allowed to teach French in 1746-1748 does not appear, though that he did so is certain. Under date of January 2, 1746, Edward A. Holyoke,2 then a Senior, wrote: "Dearborn,3 Oliver4 and I went into Mr Gardner to Day to Learn French;" and on February 21st following he recorded that "We did not go in to Mr Gardner."5 On March 15, 1748, John Holyoke,4 then a Freshman, wrote that "Sam7 & I began to learn French of Mr. Gar[dner];" on March 16, "Went in to Mr. Gardener A. M. & P. M.;" on March 31, "We got up to y« other French Scholars & began Telemachus;" and on April 28, "Did not goe to Mr. Gardener this week." s Though there were then living at least four, and possibly five, graduates of the name of Gardner,9 there can be no doubt, I think, that the "Mr. Gardner" of these extracts was Nathaniel Gardner of the Class of 1739. There
1 Letter To the Reverend Mr. George Whitefield, etc.,. pp. 3, 6-8. This Letter is advertised as "This Day Published" in the Boston News Letter of May 30, 1745, p. 2/2.
1 Dr. Edward Augustus Holyoke (H. C. 1746), a son of President Holyoke.
'Benjamin Dearborn (H. C. 1746).
« Andrew Oliver (H. C. 1749).
6 Holyoke Diaries, pp. 37, 38.
• John Holyoke (H. C. 1751), also a son of President Holyoke. 'Samuel Epes (H. C. 1751).
• Holyoke Diaries, p. 45.
• These were: Rev. Andrew Gardner (H. C. 1712), the date of whose death is unknown; Rev. John Gardner (H. C. 1715); Samuel Gardner (H. C. 1732); Rev. Joseph Gardner (H. C. 1732); and Nathaniel Gardner (H. C. 1739).
are several allusions to him in the Corporation Records,1 and he remained in residence for eleven years after graduation, as appears from an entry in the Faculty Records: "Mem" Sept. 3. 1750. Mr. Gardner resign'd his Chamber." 2
Mr. Frederick L. Gat spoke as follows:
In Sibley's account of the Catalogues of Harvard University, written in 1864,3 two only are mentioned as having been issued before 1700, namely, those of 1674 and 1682. Whether the preceding were all the catalogues which were printed in the seventeenth century is uncertain, he says. After the lapse of fifty years we can add one more to his list. Although we can show printed proofs of its existence, no copy of it has yet turned up to gladden the bibliographical eye of a cataloguer of Catalogues.
I have here a quarto volume printed in Riga in 1691. It was written by Henning Witte, a German divine, who wrote biographies of contemporary European scholars. He died in 1696. On the last page he prints what he calls a "gleaning" to fill up a blank page. Luckily for us, it is a short notice of Harvard College, and of the printing of a Catalogue by Increase Mather in 1685. The first fifteen lines are a condensed abstract of Mather's De Successu Evangelii apud Indos in Nova-Anglia, published at Boston in 1687. The last three lines refer beyond question to a distinct Catalogue issued in 1685.
The title to Witte's volume reads:
DIABII / BIOGRAPHICI / TOMUS SECUNDUS, / IN QUO [ NON NULLA ETIAM EX PRIORI TOMO / EMEND ANTUR ET ILLUSTRANTUR. / ACCE8bIT / INDEX QUINTUPLEX, / ET / RECENsIO PROFESSORUM / HODIE VEL NUPER / IN INCLUTIb ALIQUOT
Lyceis / Docentium, / Ofera Ac STUDio / Henningi Witte. / [Printer's cypher] / mas., I Typis ac sumptibus Georgii Matth. Nolleri. / AN. M.DC.XCI.
1 College Book, iv. 212, 221, 284, 289, 302; Publications of this Society, rvi. 683, 693, 781, 788, 804.
1 The following notice appeared in the Boston Evening Post of Monday, March 31, 1760:
Last Wednesday morning died here, after a very short illness with a fever, Nathaniel Gardner, jun., M.A. Several years usher to the South Grammar School in this town. His remains were decently interred on Friday last (p. 3/2).
On August 27, 1750, the Selectmen "Voted, That mr. Nathaniel Gardner, junr. be appointed usher of the said [South Grammar] School, until further orders" (Boston Record Commissioners' Reports, xvii. 246).
! 1 Proceedings Massachusetts Historical Society, viii. 9.
The "Gleaning" and a translation follow:
Spicilegium. Ad supplendum chartie vacuum. Relatio de Academia Bostoniensi sive Neo-Cantabrigiensi in America.
Annis ab hinc, & qvod excedit, XL. Johannes Eliotus, Pastor Anglus, linguam incepit Indicam addiscere, eosq; in ea fecit progressus, ut integra Biblia, Catechismum, & varios libros alios, in istam transtulerit linguam ac deinceps ediderit. Idem, anto annos circiter triginta, concionari coram Indis in idiomate illo orsus est. Hujus viri laboribus Deus ita benedixit, ut Anno 1685. in variis locis viginti qvatuor Ecclesise, non nullse etiam numerosse, extiterint. Hisce preeponuntur XXIV. Pastores Indi, & IV. Angli, qvi Evangelium Christi bis singulis diebus domi, in freqventi ccetu, lingua Indis populari, promulgant. Omnes hi per suffragia ab ipsis Ecclesiis barbaris eliguntur, qvibus postea a Job. Elioto & Joh: Cottono, Pastoribus Anglis, coram Ecclesia solenniter manus imponuntur. Hsec autem conversio in nova Anglia tam feliciter succedit, propter erectam Bostonise sive Neo-Cantabrigise Academiam, in qva Angli pariter ac Ladi erudiuntur, edocti examinantur, ac deinceps rite ad munus Ecclesiasticum exornandu vocantur. Crescentius Matherus, Mr. Dubl. Hib. Academite dictte socius, & tum Prseses, catalogum eorum vulgavit, qvi ab anno 1642. ad an. 1685. in Collegio Harvardino, alicujus Gradus Laurea donati sunt, numerumq; CCCXIX. constituunt. Finis.
Forty years ago and more John Eliot, an English clergyman, began to Iear n the Indian tongue, and made such progress therein that he first translated into that language and then published the whole Bible, the Catechism and various other books. About thirty years ago he likewise began to preach before the Indians in that idiom. God so blessed the labors of this man that in the year 1685 there were in different places twenty-four Churches, some in fact composed of great numbers. In charge of them are twenty-four Indian pastors and four English, who make known in the Indian dialect the Gospel of Christ twice daily in their homes in well attended assemblies. These are all elected by votes of the barbarian Churches alone, and on them afterwards the imposition of hands by John Eliot and John Cotton, the English pastors, takes place solemnly before the Church. Now this conversion prospers so fruitfully in New England because of the Academy built at Boston or New-Cambridge, in which the English as well as the Indians are taught, when well instructed are examined, and then duly called to adorn the clerical office. Increase Mather, Master of Arts of Dublin, Ireland, Fellow of the aforesaid Academy, and then its President, published a catalogue of those who were given a degree of any kind in Harvard College from the year 1642 to the year 1685, and they amount to 319 in number.1
Mr. John W. Farwell exhibited a copy of the fourth edition of a curious temperance tract printed at Boston in 1750, and spoke as follows:
I wish to call attention to a rare and early temperance tract, which is interesting because of the peculiar form of the argument and its unusual popularity for a publication of its character. Its title reads:
At a Court held at Punch-Hall, / in the colony of Bacchus. / [Rule] / The / Indictment and Tryal / of / Sr. Richard Rum / A Person of noble Birth and Extraction, / well known both to Rich and Poor, / throughout all America. / Who was accused for several Misdemeanours / against his Majesty's Liege People, viz. / Killing some, Wounding others, bringing / Thousands to Poverty, and many good Fa- / milies to utter Ruin. / [Rule]2 / It is not the Use, but the Abuse, of any good Thing, that / makes it hurtful. / [Rule] / The Fourth Edition, with a Preface, and a Song, / compos'd by Sir Richard, immediately after his Dis- / charge, not in the former Editions. / [Rule] / Boston: Printed and sold at the Heart / and Crown in Cornhill. 1750.3
The first record I find concerning it is an advertisement in the New England Courant of March 2, 1724, which reads:
1 There is an error in this figure, which should be exactly 50 less, or 269, the number actually graduated. It seems to be a printer's error: CCCXTX should be CCLXIX.
* To this point, the title to the third edition (1724) is identical with the title to the fourth, except that in the former the word "Families" is on the same line with the words "to utter Ruin." Beyond this point, the title to the third edition reads:
The Third Edition, with a Preface, and a Song / compos'd by Sir Richard, immediately after his / Discharge, not in the former Editions. / [Rule] / Non per Jovem potum boni sed Demonis. / [Rule] / Printed in the Year 1724.
* It is an octavo and has 24 pages, including the title.