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(Tam.). IId District-Charles F. Allen 3. Moses J. Wafer (D. and J. D.). (Tam.), Frank J. Goodwin (Tam.), Pat- 4. David S. Stewart (R., C. U. & N. D.). rick J. Ryder (Tam.). IIId District 5. James F. Elliott (D.). veorge B. Christman (Tam.), Harry C. 6. John Diemer (R. and C. U.). Hart (Tam.), John J. Murphy (Tam.). 7. William Keegan (D., J. D., and U. D.). i Vth District-Stewart M. Brice (Tam.), 8. Francis P. Kenney (D., J. D. & U. D.). Herman Sulzer (Tam.), Eugene A. Wise 9. Frank Hennessy (D., J. D. and U. D.). (Tam.). Vth District-Adolph C. Hotten- 10. Francis J. Byrne (D., J. D., N. D. roth (Tam.), William J. Hyland (Tam.),

and U. D.). Bernard C. Murray (Tam.).

11. Stephen W. McKeever (D. and J. D.). BOROUGH OF BROOKLYN.

12. Matthew E. Dooley (D. and J. D.).

13. Hector McNeille (R., c. U. and N. D.). VIth District-Francis F. Williams (R.

14. Edward S. Scott (D. and J. D.). and C. U.), Charles H. Francisco (R. and 15. Jacob J. Velton (D. and J. D.). ('. U.), Conrad H. Hester (D. and J. D.). 16. William Wentz (R. and C. U.). VIIth District- Adam H. Leich (R. and 17. Jacob D. Ackerman (R. and C. U.). C. U.), Henry French (D.), Charles H. 18. Jas. H. McInness (R., C. U. & N. D.). Ebbetts (D.). VIIIth District-John J. 19. Bernard Schmitt (D. and J. D.). McGarry (D.), William A. Doyle (D.), 20. John T. Lang (D, and J. D.). Martin F. Conly (D.).

21. Elias Helgans (D.).
BOROUGH OF QUEENS.

BOROUGH OF QUEENS.
Eastern District-Joseph Cassidy (D.). 1. Joseph Geiser (D.).
Western District-David L. Van Nostrand 2. William T. James (R. and C. U.).
(D.).

BOROUGH OF RICHMOND.
BOROUGH OF RICHMOND.

1. John J. Vaughn, jr. (D.).
Benjamin Bodine (D.), and Joseph F.
O'Grady (D.).

PRESIDENTS OF BOROUGHS,

(Term, four years.) ALDERMEN ELECTED.

MANHATTAN-Augustus W. Peters (Term, 2 years. Salary, $1,000.) (Tam.); salary, $5,000. “R.,” Republican; “Tam., Tammany; BRONX-Louis F. Haffen (Tam.);

Democrats; "C. Ú.,” Citizens salary $5,000. Union; "N. D.," National Democrats; “J. BROOKLYN-Edward M. Grout (Dem.); D.," Jefferson Democrats. *Nat. Dem. in- salary, $5,000. dorsement.

QUEENS-Frederick Bowley (Dem.); BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN.

salary, $3,000. Dist.

RICHMOND-John L. Feeny (Dem.); 1. Jeremiah Kennefick (Tam.).

salary, $3,000. 2. Jeremiah Cronin (Tam.)*. 3. Joseph E. Welling (Tam.)*.

COUNTY OFFICERS. 4. Bernard Glick (Tam.)*.

NEW-YORK COUNTY. 5. Joseph A. Flynn (Tam.). 6. Frederick F. Fleck (Tam.).

Sheriff-Thomas J. Dunn (Tam.). 7. Patrick H. Keahon (Tam.)*.

County Clerk-William Sohmer (Tam.). 8. Louis Minsky (Tam.)*.

Register-Isaac Fromme (Tam.). 9. Henry Siefke (Tam.)*.

District-Attorney - Asa Bird Gardiner 10. John P. Koch (Tam.) *

(Tam.). 11. William H. Gledhill (Tam.)*.

KINGS COUNTY 12. James J. Smith (Tam.)*.

Sheriff-Frank D. Creamer (Dem.). 13. Charles Metzger (Tam.).

County Clerk-William P. Wuest (Dem.). 14. James P. Hart (Tam.).

Register-Henry F. Haggerty (Dem.). 15. Robert Muh (Tam.).

Treasurer-John W. Kimball (Dem.). 16. Emil Neufeld (Tam.)*.

District-Attorney --Josiah

Marean 17. Dennis J. Harrington (Tam.).

(Dem.). 18. James E. Gaffney (Tam.)*.

QUEENS COUNTY. 19. John S. Geager (Tam.).

Sheriff-Wm. C. Baker (Rep.). . 20. Thomas F. Woods (Tam.)*. 21. John S. Roddy (Tam.).

County Clerk-John H. Sutphin (Dem.). .2. Michael Ledwith (Tam.).

RICHMOND COUNTY. 23. Collin H. Woodward (R., C. U. & J. D.). Sheriff-Augustus Acker (Dem.). 24. Frank Dunn (Tam.)*.

County Clerk-John R. Ellsworth (R.). 25. P. Tecumseh Sherman (C. U.). 26. E. F. McEneaney (Tam.)*. 27. Joseph Oatman (c. U.).

TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPOSITION. 28. John T. McCall (Tam.)*.

The Trans-Mississippi and International 29. Homer Folks (C. U.)*.

Exposition will be held in Omaha, Neb., 30. George A. Burrell (Tam.)*.

from June 1 to November 1, 1898. The 31. Elias Goodman (R.).

exposition had its origin in resolutions 32. William F. Schneider (Tam.)*.

adopted by the Trans-Mississippi Commer33. T. F. McCaul (Tam.)*.

cial Congress at Omaha, in 1895, repreBOROUGH OF BRONX.

senting twenty-four States and Territories.

It is controlled by an organization known 34. Lawrence W. McGrath (Tam.)*. 35. Henry Geiger (Tam.)*.

as the Trans-Mississippi and International Anrex-Frank Gass (Tam.)*.

Exposition, with a capital of $1,000,000.

The management is vested in a directory BOROUGH OF BROOKLYN.

of fifty members, with an Executive Com1. John L. Burleigh (R., C. U. & N. D.). mittee of six department managers.

Each 2. James J. Bridges (D. and J. D.). department is divided into appropriate

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bureaus, in charge of experts in their Frank P. Graves, Laramie; Alaska, respective branches. In addition to

James Sheakley, Sitka; Arizona, Charles stock subscriptions, revenues aggregating R. Drake, Tucson; New Mexico, L. Bradnot less than $1,000,000 from various ford Prince, Santa Fe, Oklahoma, Eugene sources have been assured. Under an act Wallace, Oklahoma City. of Congress the enterprise is granted recognition as a national and international exposition, with privileges for the admis

DEPTHS OF THE OCEAN. sion of foreign exhibits free of duty, the The greatest known depths of the differright to strike memorial medals through ent oceans that have been reliably soundthe United States Mints, and all other ed are the following, the data having been privileges heretofore_granted to interna- obtained from the Bureau of Navigation, tional expositions. The Government will Navy Department. (Six feet equals a have a large building and place therein fathom).

Government exhibit. The bill carried an appropriation of $200,000. The Secretary of the Treasury has issued official Location of sound. orders covering the regulations under

ings. which foreign exhibitors may participate. By direction of President McKinley, the State Department has extended invitations to the rulers of foreign nations soliciting N. Atlantic Oceap 19 39 N. 66 26 W. 4,561 them to participate.

S. Atlantic Ocean, 19 55 S. 24 50 W.13,284 Nebraska has appropriated $100,000, North Sea..

58 12 N. 9 30 E. 442 Illinois $45,000, Montana $30,000, and Baltic Sea...

58 37 N. 18 30 E. 233 Colorado, Utah, Iowa and other Western Mediterranean Sea (35 45 N. 21 46 E. 2,405 States have made appropriations and are Black Sea.

42 55 N. 33 18 E. 1,431 preparing extensive exhibits. The city of Caribbean Sea. 19 ON. 81 10 W.13,427 Omaha has contributed $30,000, through Indian Ocean. 11 22 s. 116 50 E. 3,393 its Park Commission, and will doubtless N. Pacific Ocean. 44 55 N. 152 26 E. 4,655 increase this sum to a total of $100,000 S. Pacific Ocean. . 124 37 s. 1175 08 W. 4,428 by expenditures for beautifying and im- Behring Sea... 54 30 N. 175 32 W.2,146 proving the Exposition grounds and ap- Sea of Japan. 38 30 N. 135 0 W. (1.640 proaches thereto before the opening day China Sea.

17 15 N. 1119 50 E.2.350 of the Exposition, while Douglas County, Sulu Sea..

8 32 N. 121 55 E. 2,549 of which Omaha is the seat, will issue Celebes Sea

4 16 N.|124 02 E. 2,794 $100.000 in Exposition bonds.

Banda Sea..

5 24 S. 130 37 E. 2.799 The great buildings of the Exposition Flores Sea...

7 43 s. 120 26 E. 2,799 include the Agriculture, Fine Arts, Elec- Arctic Ocean. 78 05 N. 2 30 W.12,469 tricity and Machinery. Mines and Mining. Antarctic Ocean..162 26 s. i 95 44 E. (1,975 Manufactures and the Auditorium. There are various smaller buildings in course

In many respects the North Pacific of construction. The grounds are within Ocean resembles the North Atlantic. A the city limits, on the north side. A great warm current, much like the Gulf large number of National bodies will hold Stream and of equal magnitude, called annual meetings in Omaha this year. The the Black Stream or Japan current, runs

rdon W. Wattles, principal officers are: G

northward along the eastern shore of president; Aivin Saunders, resident vice- Asia. Close to the east coast of Japan president; Herman Kountze, treasurer; it flows through a marine valley, which John A. Wakefield, secretary; Carroll S. holds the deepest water in the world. It Montgomery, general counsel. Executive was sounded at a depth of five and a CommitteeZachary T. Lindsey, chairman quarter miles by the United States steam

er and manager Department of Ways and Tuscarora in 1875, while surveying Means; Edward Rosewater, manager De- for a projected cable route between the partment Publicity and Promotion;

United States and Japan. The heavy Freeman P. Kirkendali, manager Depart- sounding-weight took more than an hour ment of Buildings and Grounds; Edward

to sink to the bottom. But trial was E. Bruce, manager Department of Ex- made of a chasm yet more profound, hibits; Abram L. Reed, manager Depart

where the lead did not fetch up at all. In ment of Concessions and Privileges; Will- November, 1895, a depth of 29,400 feet was iam N. Babcock, manager Department of attained without touching the bed of the Transportation. State Vice-Presidents ocean, in latitude 23 degrees 40 min, S.; Arkansas, W. G.

Vincenheller, Little longitude 175 degrees 10 min. W.
Rock; California, George W. Parsons, Los
Angeles; Colorado, Henry P. Steele, Den-
ver; Idaho, B. P. Shawhan, Payette; Iowa,

THE FLOODS.
George F. Wright, Council Bluffs; Kansas, The floods that swept down the Missis-
C. A. Fellows, Topeka; Louisiana, C. Har- | sippi Valley in the spring of 1897 were
rison Parker, New-Orleans; Minnesota, declared to be the most remarkable in the
Frank H. Peavey, Minneapolis; Missouri, history of the continent. Not only was
John Doniphan, St. Joseph; Montana, W. I there the highest recorded water in all
H. Sutherlin, White Sulphur Springs; the tributaries of the Mississippi during
Nebraska, William Neville, North Platte: the latter part of March and the middle
Nevada, William J. Westerfield, Reno; of April, but the Mississippi River itself
North Dakota, C. A. Lounsberry, Fargo; had been so dyked and leveed, and its
Oregon, B. S. Cook, Salem; South Dakota, aforetime outlets so stopped up, that the
Thomas_r. Wells, Hot Springs; Texas, stream rose to 49.75 feet, or one and a
Robert Bornefeld, Galveston, Utah, Lewis quarter feet above the highest record of
W. Shurtlife, Ogden City; Washington, any previous year. The back waters,
George W. Thompson, Tacoma; Wyoming, where

the levees were broken, flooded

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lands not before in history known to have been flooded. From Marion, Ark., to Greer ville, Miss., a distance of more than two hundred and fifty miles by river, at least fifty towns and villages were under water, and a territory extending from one hundred miles north of Memphis to two hundred miles south and from five 10 forty miles wide, was submerged. Hundreds of thousands of acres of cultivated lands were submerged, and from 50,000 to 60,000 people had their property destroyed and business suspended.

On April 7 President McKinley sent a special message

Congress urging prompt, generous and intelligent action for the relief of the sufferers. A joint resolution was introduced in both houses of Congress on the same day, and passed by each, appropriating $200,000 to be used for the purchase of subsistence stores and the distribution of them to the relief of the destitute. The President signed the bill on April 17.

The estimated losses by the floods were: Louisiana, $1,750,000; Mississippi, $8,500,000; Arkansas, $4,250,000. The Commission reported that the flood of the Mississippi was the highest of which there is any record.

The total length of the levees on both sides of the river was 1,377 miles, and there were in all thirty-eight breaks by the flood, aggregating eight and seventenths miles. An interesting feature of the breakages is that none of the levees built by the United States Government were broken, but the breaks occurred in those portions which had been built by States or municipalities or private persons.

On April 27 a cloudburst swept over Oklahoma,

and on the following morning a wall of water from six to eight feet high

and

mile wide broke over West Guthrie, crushing sweeping away property and drowning many persons.

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SEAGOING

ETC.

VESSELS: DIMENSIONS, RECORDS,

*LARGEST WAR VESSELS.

-Dimensions.
Nation.

Vessel.

Length. Breadth. Draught. |Displ'm't.
ft. in.
ft. in.

ft. in. tons. United States.

Alabama (B)..

368.00
72. 3
25.00

11,525 United States.

Brooklyn (A).

400. 6
04.00
26.00

9, 250 United States. New-York (A)... 380. 622 64.10

26. 6

8,200 United States. Columbia (C)...

412.00
58. 2
22. 6/2

7,475 Austria. Tegetthoff (B)... 286.11

71. 1
24.10

7,390 Brazil.. Nictheroy (Cr). 400.00 48.00 22.00

7,080 Chili.. Esmeralda

436.00
53. 2
22. 3

7,020 China. Unnamed

40.00
47.00
18. 6

4,500 Denmark Helgoland (T).

257. 6
59. 2
18. 8

5,347 France..

Bouvet (T)..

401. 2
70. 3
27. 6

12, 200 Germany. Fr'd'h der Grosse 377. 4

67.00
25. 8

11,130 Great Britain. Majestic (B)..

390.00
75.00
27. 6

14,900 Greece.. Hydra

320.00
51.10
18.00

4,885 Italy..

Italia

400. 6
74.00
31. 2

14,387 Japan..

New ship.

438.00
75. 6
27. 3

14,850 Netherlands. K. der Nederl'n. 269.00

49. 3
20.00

5,400 Norway.. Harold Haarfagre 280.00

48. 6
16. 6

3,500 Portugal. New ship.

360.00
47. 3
17. 6

4,100 Russia... Rossia

480.00
68. 6
25.00

14,000 Spain..

Pelayo

330.00
66.00
24.11

9,900 Sweden.. Thor

270. 4
47.10
16. 6

3,300 Turkey. Mesoodieh

331. 5
59.00 25.11

9,120 (A) signifies armored cruiser; (B) battle-ship; (C) commerce destroyer; (Cr) cruiser; (T) turret-ship.

*Although only one large veesel of each foreign naval power is noted, in several cases there are two or more of the same dimensions.

MERCHANT VESSELS.

Dimensions.
Name.

Nation.

Length. Breadth. | Draught. Displ'm't. ft. in.

ft. in. 1 ft. in. tons. Great Eastern.. British

680.00
83.00
30.00

12,000 K'r Wilhelm der Grosse German

649.00
66.00
26.00

14,000 St. Louis. American

535. 5
63.00
26. 8

11,629 St. Paul. American

535. 5
63.00
26. 8

11,629 New-York.

American

517.00
63. 5
22.00

10,803 Teutonic..

British
565. 8 57. 8 25. 5

9,952 Campania. British

620.00 65. 3 26.00 12,950 RECORDS OF FAST TRIPS OF STEAMSHIPS. St. Paul, American Line-N. Y. to South- -N. Y. to Southampton, November 29, ampton, August 14, 1896, 60. 31m.

1897, 5d. 17h. 8m.; average, 22.35 knots. Northwest, Northern Ss. Co.-Duluth to Fuerst Bismarck, N. G. Lloyd-N. Y. to Two Harbors, 26 miles, July 12, 1897, lh. Southampton, Sept. 23, 1893, 6d. 10h, 55m. 13m., or 21.37 miles an hour.

Lucania, Cunard-N. Y. to Queenstown, Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse, N. G. Lloyd October 26, 1894, 5d. 7h. 28m.

STEAMSHIP RECORDS—(Continued).

La Touraine, French-N. Y. to Havre, July, 1892, 6d. 14h. 26m.

Friesland, Red Siar--N. Y. to Antwerp. August 17. 1894, 8d. 22h. 13m.

Tcutonic, White Star-Queenstown to N. Y., August, 1891, 5d. 16h. 31m.

Fuerst Bismarck, Hamburg-American-N. Y. to Southampton, September 23, 1893, 6d. 10h, 55m.

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PRINOIPAL MOUNTAINS OF THE
WORLD.

Alti-
Name.

Location. tude.
Mount Everest (Him-
alayas)

India

29,002 Mount Dapsang

Thibet

28,278 Aconcagua

Chili

22,422 Chimborazo

Ecuador

21,422 Sorato

Bolivia

21,286 Illimani

Bolivia

21, 149 Demavend

Persia

21,000 Hindoo-Koosh

Afghanistan 20,600 Arequipa

Peru

20,320 Logan

Canada

19,500 Antisana

Ecuador

19, 150 Cotopaxi

Ecuador

18.880 Kilima-Njaro

East Africa.. 18,715 Misti

Peru

18,538 Elbrooz (Caucasus) Russia

18,526 Mount St. Elias.. Alaska

18,100 Popocatapeti.

Mexico

17,784 Mount Roa..

Hawaii

16,000 Pichinca

Ecuador

15,924 Brown (Rocky). Brit. America 15,900 Mont Blanc (Alps). Savoy

15,810 Mount Whitney. California 14,893 Fairweather

Alaska

14,500 Ranier

Washington. 14,528 Shasta

California 14,440 Ararat

Armenia

14,320 Long's Peak (Rocky) Colorado 14,271 Pike's Peak..

Colorado 14,147 Mount Ophir.

Sumatra

13,800 Fremont's Peak (Rocky)

Wyoming 13,576 St. Helen's.

Washington . 13,400 Logan's Peak (Uintah)

Utah

13,250 Peak of Teneriffe. Canary Isl'ds 12,182 Mount Hood.

Oregon

11,934 Black Mount (Rocky) Colorado 11,626

TROOPS ENGAGED IN WARS OF
UNITED STATES.

Total
Wars.

Years. troops. Revolution

(1775–1783 309, 781 Northwest Indians. 1790-1795 8,983 With France.

| 1798-1800 *4,593 With Tripoli.

1801-1805 *3,330 Creek Indians

1813–1814 13,781 War of 1812..

1812-1815 556,622 Seminole Indians.

1817-1818 7,911 Black Hawk Indians... (1831-1832 6,465 Creek Indians

1836-1837 13,418 Cherokee troubles.

1836-1837 9,494 Florida Indians.

1835-1843 41,122 Aroostook troubles. 1838-1839 1,500 Mexican

1846-1848 112,230 Apache, Navajo & Utah 1849-1855 2,561 Seminole Indians.

1856-1858 3,687 Civil War....

1861-1865 2,778,304

Naval forces.

NEW-YORK CANALS. The canals of the State were opened for traffic for the season of 1897 on May 9, and were closed on December 1. For data of previous years see Almanacs of 1896 and 1897.

FOREIGN COMPLICATIONS.

HAWAII: ANNEXATION TREATY. On June 16, 1897, President McKinley treaty an object so important to their sent to the United States Senate the fol

mutual and permanent welfare. To this lowing treaty for the annexation of the

end, the high contracting parties have Republic of Hawaii to the United States, conferred full powers and authority upon accompanying it with a message, and a their respectively appointed plenipotenreport of the Secretary of State briefly tiaries, to wit, the President of the United reviewing the negotiation which led to States, John Sherman, Secretary of State the signing of said treaty:

of the United States; the President of the The United States of America and the Republic of Hawaii, Francis March Hatch, Republic of Hawaii, in view of the natu- Lorin A. Thurston and William A. Kinney. ral dependence of the Hawaiian Islands Article I.-The Republic of Hawaii hereupon the United States, of their geographi- by cedes absolutely and without reserve to cal proximity thereto, of the preponder- the United States of America all rights of ant share acquired by the United States sovereignty of whatsoever kind in and over and its citizers in the industries and trade the Hawaiian Islands and their depenof said islands, and of the expressed desire dencies; and it is agreed that all the terriof the Government of the Republic of tory of and appertaining to the Republic of Hawaii that those islands should be in- Hawaii is hereby annexed to the United corporated into the United States as an States of America under the name of the integral part thereof and under its sov- Territory of Hawaii. ereignty, have determined to accomplish by Article II.-The Republic of Hawaii also cedes and hereby transfers to the United who shall as

soon as reasonably practiStates the absolute fee and ownership of cable recommend to Congress such legislaall public, Government or Crown lands, tion concerning the Territory of Hawaii as public buildings or edifices, ports, harbors, they shall deem necessary or proper. military equipments and all other public Article VIl.-This treaty shall be ratified property of

every kind and descrip- | by the President of the United States, by tion belonging to the Government

of and with the consent of the Senate on the the Hawaiian Islands, together with every one part, and by the President of the Reright and_appurtenance thereunto apper- public of Hawaii, by and with the advice taining The existing laws of the United and consent of the Senate, in accordance States relative to public lands shall not with the Constitution of the said Republic, apply to such lands in the Hawaiian Isl- on the other; and the ratifications hereof ands, but the Congress of the United shall be exchanged at Washington as soon States shall enact special laws for their as possible. management and disposition. Provided : In witness whereof the respective pleniThat all revenue from or proceeds of the potentiaries have signed the above articles same, except as regards such part thereof and have hereunto affixed their seal. as may be used or occupied for the civil, Done in duplicate at the city of Washmilitary or naval purposes of the United ington, this sixteenth day of June, one States or may be assigned for the use of thousand eight hundred and ninety-seven. the local government, shall be used solely

JOHN SHERMAN. for the benefit of the inhabitants of the

FRANCIS MARCH HATCH, Hawaiian Islands for educational and other

LORIN A. THURSTON, public purposes.

WILLIAM A. KINNEY, Article III.-Until Congress shall pro- The President's Message was, in part, vide for the Government of such islands, as follows: "The incorporation of

the all the civil, judicial and military powers Hawaiian Islands into the body politic of exercised by the officers of the existing the United States is the necessary

and Government in said islands shall be vested fitting sequel to the chain of events which in such persons or persons, and shall be from a very early period of our history has exercised in such manner as the President controlled the intercourse and prescribed of the United States shall direct, and the the association of the United States and President shall have power to remove said Hawaiian Islands. The predominance of officers and fill the vacancies so occasioned.

American interests in that neighboring The existing treaties of the Hawaiian Isl

territory was first asserted in 1820, by ands with foreign nations shall forthwith

sending to the islands a representative cease and determine, being replaced by

agent of the United States. It found such treaties as may exist, or as may be further expression by the signature of a hereafter concluded between the United

treaty of friendship, commerce and naviStates and such foreign nations.

gation with the King in 1826, the first inThe municipal legislation of the Ha- ternational compact negotiated by Hawaii. waiian Islands, not enacted for the ful- It was signally announced in 1813, when filment of the treaties so extinguished, and the intervention of the United States not inconsistent with this treaty, nor con- caused the British Government to disa vow trary to the Constitution of the United

the seizure of the Sandwich Islands by a States, nor to any existing treaty of the British naval commander, and to recognize United States, shall remain in force until

them by treaty as an independent State, the Congress of the United States shall

renouncing forever any purpose of annexotherwise determine.

ing the islands or exerting a protectorate Until. legislation shall be enacted ex

over them. tending the United States customs laws

"In 1851 the cession of the Hawaiian and regulations to the Hawaiian Islands Kingdom to the United States was

forthe existing customs relations of the Ha- mally offered, and although not then acwaiian Islands with the United States and

cepted, this Government proclaimed its other countries shall remain unchanged. duty to preserve alike the honor and digArticle IV.-The public debt of the Re

nity of the United States and the safety public of Hawaii lawfully existing at the

of government of the Hawaiian Islands. date of the exchange of the ratifications of From this time until the outbreak of the this treaty, including the amounts due to war în 1861 the policy of the United States depositors in the Hawaiian postal savings toward Hawaii, and of the Hawaiian sovbank, is hereby assumed by the Govern- ereign toward the United States, were exment of the United States, but the lia- emplified by continued negotiations for anbility of the United States in this regard nexation or for a reserved commercial shall in no case exceed $4,000,000. So long, union. The latter alternative wag at however, as the existing Government and length accomplished by the reciprocity the present commercial relations of the

treaty of 1875, the provisions of which Hawaiian Islands are continued as hereinbefore provided, sain Government shall

were renewed and expanded by the con

vention of 1884, embracing the perpetual continue to pay the interest on said debt. cession to the United States of the harbor

Article V,There shall be no further of Pearl River, in the Island of Oahu. In immigration of Chinese into the Hawaiian 1888 a proposal for the joint guarantee of Islands, except upor: such conditions as the neutrality of the Hawaiian Islands by are now or may hereafter be allowed by the United States, Germany and Great the laws of the United States, and no Britain was declined, on the announced Chinese by reason of anything herein con- ground that the relation of the United tained shall be allowed to enter the United States to the islands was sufficient for the States from the Hawaiian Islands.

end in view. In brief, from 1820 to 1893 Article VI.-The President shall appoint the course of the United States toward the five Commissioners, at least two of whom Hawaiian Islands has consistently favored shall be residents of the Hawaiian Islands, their autonomous welfare, with the ex

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