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alienated already amount annual APPENDIX authority average barons bear become bill burden called capital carried cent century charge claim clearly comes common continued Corn cost Crown Crown lands customs debt difficulty direct duties effected England equal estates excise exists export fact falling feudal Free funds further House House of Commons hundred Imperial Taxation imposed income tax increased indirect industry injustice John king king's kingdom labour Land Tax landed interest landholders landlords levied lord millions natural owners paid Parliament passed people's period personal property Pitt poor portion possession pound present productive profits purchase question raised real property redeemed redemption Reform reign remained rent of land revenue says soil square miles standing supplied taken tenants tenure term towns trade wealth whole
Página 30 - As soon as the land of any country has all become private property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce. The wood of the forest, the grass of the field, and all the natural fruits of the earth, which, when land was in common, cost the labourer only the trouble of gathering them, come, even to him, to have an additional price fixed upon them.
Página 30 - He must then pay for the licence to gather them, and must give up to the landlord a portion of what his labour either collects or produces. This portion, or, what comes to the same thing, the price of this portion, constitutes the rent of land, and in the price of the greater part of commodities makes a third component part.
Página 8 - An act for taking away the court of wards and liveries and tenures, in capite and by knights service, and purveyance, and for settling a revenue upon his majesty in lieu thereof...
Página 30 - They are the only one of the three orders whose revenue costs them neither labour nor care, but comes to them, as it were, of its own accord, and independent of any plan or project of their own. That indolence, which is the natural effect of the ease and security of their situation, renders them too often, not only ignorant, but incapable of that application of mind which is necessary in order to foresee and understand the consequences of any public regulation.
Página 37 - Smith in hand, and I would have a League for free trade in Land just as we had a League for free trade in Corn. You will find just the same authority in Adam Smith for the one as for the other ; and if it were only...
Página 30 - ... of the inhabitants of some particular place, enables them to pay so much more than its real value for the ground which they build their houses upon ; or to make to its owner so much more than compensation for the loss which he might sustain by this use of it. Nothing can be more reasonable than that a fund which owes its existence to the good government of the state, should be taxed peculiarly, or should contribute something more than the greater part of other funds, towards the support of that...
Página 30 - Every increase in the real wealth of the society, every increase in the quantity of useful labour employed within it, tends indirectly to raise the real rent of land.
Página 24 - ... ever a new land-tax is imposed, it shall not be imposed upon those who have redeemed in any different proportion from that on those who have not redeemed. It would be necessary to provide that the amount of what may have been redeemed should be deducted from any new impost.