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reasoning of a senior minister, the Rev. Robert Bragge. I was to this effect: “ There are several reasons for a minister's lawfully leaving his people, and this is certainly one ; when, upon full trial, his labours are too great for his health. Christ does not call his servants to kill themselves in his service ; he is too good a Master to require it, and too great an one to need it." Mr. Guyse, accordingly, removed to London, and was set apart over the people who separated froin Miles's lane, on the 26th of July, 1727. His sphere of activity and usefulness was now greatly enlarged, and he was enabled to exert himself to the most beneficial and important purposes.
Mr. Guyse had not been long settled in London, before he was called to take his part in several lectures, and to conduct various public services among the Dissenters. He annually preached a sermon lo young people, on a Christmas-day; which service was attended with very good effect, and several sermons that he preached upon the occasion were published. Soon after his coming to London, he was chosen into Mr. Coward's Friday lecture, at Little St. Helen's. In the volume of sermons preached at that lecture, and published in 1729, there are two by Mr. Guyse. They are entitled, “ Christ the Son of God the great 'subject of a Gospel-ministry.”. The manner in which Mr. Guyse discussed this subject, gave great offence to some persons ; and Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Samuel Chandler, immediately drew up a reply to the author, which he published under the following title : “ A Letter to the Rev. John Guyse, occasioned by his two Sermons, preached at Little St. Helen's, on Acts ix. 20 In which the Scripture Notion of preaching Christ is stated and defended : and Mr. Guyse’s Charges against his Brethren are considered, and proved groundless. By Samuel Chandler. 1730.” To this Letter Mr. Guyse drew up a reply. It is entitled, “The Scripture Motion of preaching Christ further cleared and vindicated : in a Letter
• Dr, Conder's Sermon on se Death of Dr. Guyse, p. 23–23.
to the Rev. Mr. Samuel Chandler, in Answer to one from him to the Author, in which Mr. Chandler's charitable Temper; his Treatment of Sacred Things, his Misrepresentations, his Notion of preaching Christ, and his Charge of Uncharitableness, &c. are considered. By Jolin Guyse. 1730.” As there is no end to strife, and even good men are sometimes too prone to indulge in it, so these angry
dispotants having drawn the sword, were not sufficiently cooled that it should be laid aside. Mr. Chandler produced, in the same year, H A second Letter to the Rev. Mr. John Guyse; in which Mr. Guyse's Latitude, and Restrictive Ways of preaching Christ, are proved to be entirely the same; the Notion of preaching Christ's Person is examined; the Scripture Account of preaching Christ is further cleared and defended; the Charge alleged against him, of defaming bis Brethren, is maintained and supported ; and his solemn Arts in Controversy are considered and exposed. By Samuel Chandler. 1730.” To this, Mr. Guyse rejoined, not in a separate publication, for he intended to take no public notice of Mr. Chandler's second Letter, but in a postscript to a sermon, which he published in the same year, occasioned by the death of the Rev. John Asty. Here closed the controversy, after many angry words had been used on both sides. It is a satisfaction to observe, that notwithstanding the ill temper with which the debate was conducted, the combatants afterwards met at a friend's house, and were cordially reconciled; a circumstance which reflects the highest honour on the memory of both these gentlemen.
Mr. Guyse's reputation as a scholar and a Divine, occasioned his receiving, in the year 1732, the degree of Doctor in Divinity. It was conterred upon him in the most respectful manner, and with ut his knowledge, by the University of Aberdeen ; " and this title of honour and esteem he accepted, with a modesty and decency becoming the Christian.” In the same year, a society was instituted in London, called the King's Head Society, (from the tavern where the
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it is related, makes it somewhat dubious, we shall insert it in the note.(2)
Dr. Guyse, notwithstanding his great age, and visible decay of strength and vigour, was enabled to persevere in his delightful work, till within a few weeks of his decease. His latter end, to a remarkable degree, was peace. He was enabled to leave the world with great composure, and in hope of a blessed immortality. To some friends who attended him in the last week of his confinement, he witnessed a good confession. He often declared his faith to be fixed upon the Rock of Ages; that his mind was unclouded; and his hopes rested upon the blood and righteousness of the Redeemer. " Thanks be to God (says he) I have no doubt, no difficulty upon my mind, as to my eternal state ; if I had I could not bear what I now feel! I know in whom I have believed ; here my faith rests; the peculiar doctrines of the gospel which I have long preached, are now the support of my soul, I live upon them every day, and thence I derive never-failing comfort.” At another time, “How good is my God to me! how often has he made good to me that promise, As thy days, so shall thy strength be." His last request to those present was, that they would read and pray with him. On reading 2 Cor. chap. v. which yielded to him great satisfaction, he commented upon the words to this effect: ver. 1. For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, 8c. “Oh, when shall it be
(e) “The lare Dr. Guyse (says Mr. Toplady) lost his eye-sight in the pulpit, while he was in his prayer before sermon. Having finished bis prayer, he was, consequently, forced to make no use of his written papers, but to preach without notes. As he was led out of the meeting, after service was over, he could not help lamenting his sudden and total blindness. A good old gentlewoman, who heard him deplore his loss, answered him, * God be praised that your sight is gone. I never heard you preach so pok erfu a sermon in my life. Now, we shall have to more notes: "I wish, for my own part, that the Lord had took away your eye.sight twenty years ago, for your ministry would have been more useful by twenty degrees." Toplady's Posthumous Works, P. 158.
dissolved indeed! When shall this mortal put on immortality!" Ver. 2. In this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clathed upon, &c. “ This, this is my earnest desire ; and what I am waiting for.”. Ver. 4. For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened; “ For this I groan daily, and ere long shall groan no more.” Ver. 5. Now he that hath wrought us for the self-sume thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of his Spirit..“ This I have, this I do enjoy, and therefore I am confident. I am pot afraid of death, I am afraid I should orr on the other hand, in being too desirous of it.” Thus, on the morning of the Lord's-day in which he died, it still was the language of his heart and lips, “ When shall I get through this walley?" And some of the last words he was capable of pronouncing, so as to be understood, were, “Oh my God, thou who hast always been with me, wilt not leave me."* In this confidence of faith he departed to the world of spirits, on the 29d of November, 1761, in the 81st year of his age. Mr. Brewer delivered the address at his interment in Bgnhillfields : and his funeral sermon was preached by Dr. Conder, on Psa. xxxvii. 37. Mark the perfect man, &c.
Dr. Guyse's character and conduct were in every point of view uniform and amiable. In the avowal of his religious principles he was open; in his adherence to thein steady and consistent; and he was never ashamed to own or vindicate them, when opposed. His ministerial talents were distinguished and popular. His compositions were deemed solid, regular, well digested, and highly scriptural. His knowledge and reading in the scriptures were remarkabie ; as evidently appeared after the loss of his sight. As a pastor, he was active, faithful and affectionate ; an example to the Aock, both in faith and godliness ; aud as he had the welfare of his people greatly at heart, so there were few ministers more highly esteemed and honoured by their people. His
• Dr. Conder's Sermon on the Death of Dr. Guyse, 2. 29-31.
natural temper was exceedingly sweet and engaging, and he filled up the several relations of life in the most happy and exemplary manner. It has been observed, that, “ the tempers of some good people are such, that they will not well bear to be followed home; but it was greatly the reverse here : Dr. Guyse was always best beloved by those who had the opportunity of knowing the most of him." This escellency of natural disposition, improved by a spirit of real religion, excited him to an activity which rendered his life very important and desirable. A great number of poor ministers and others, applied to him as their constant friend and patron, and received liberal supplies from the funds of which he had the disposal. Religious young men, designed for the ministry, found him a kind and faithful' adviser ; and to the poor in general he was an active friend, laying aside, annially, a tenth part of his income for charitable ušes.* Dr. Guyse was the intimate friend and correspondent of
Dr. Doddridge, who bequeathed him a ring as a token of his esteem. A list of his publications will be given below. (R)
• Dr. Conder's Sermon, ubi supra, p. 27, 28.
(r) Works.-1. The Evil of Self-seeking; preaclied at a Meeting of Ministers, at Royston, 1718. Phil. ii. 21.-2. Jesus Christ, God-Man: or, the Constitution of Christ's Person, with the Evidence and Importance of the Doctrine of his true and proper Godhead; considered in several plain and practical Sermons, on Rom. i. 3. 1719.--3. A Sermon on the Plague at Marseilles. Amos iv. 12. 1720.--1. The Holy Spirit a Divine Person ; or, the Doctrine of his Godhead represented as evident and important, in several practical Sermons, on i Cor. xii. 11. 1721.--5. The standing Use of the Scripture to all the Purposes of a Divine Revelation; and more particularly to Patience, Comfort, and Hope: with the Method, Wisdom, and Advantage of understanding it, and giving it due Entertainment; in several Sermons, on Rom. xv. 4. Col. iii. 16.–6. Remarks on a Catechism, published under the Title of “ The Assemblies' shorter Chatechism revised, and rendered fit for general Use."—7. A Religious Education recommended, on Prov. xxii. 6. for the Charity-School in Horsleydon, Southwark. 1727-8. -8. Youths' Obstructions in their way to Christ, und eternal Life, May 1, 1728.-9. Youth reminded of a Judgment to come. Dec. 25, 1728. Eccles.'