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With Dr. Fleming the old Independent congregation at Pinners'-Hall became extinct.
Sermon on the Death of the Rev. Dr. James Foster. 1753.–31. An Apology for a Protestant Dissent, occasioned by the Prosecution of certain Gentlemen, who have refused to serve the Office of Sheriff. 1755.—32. Three Letters on Systematic Taste, against the Centaur not Fabulous, &c. 1755.33. A Scale of first Principles, religious and moral, proper to the Senti. ments and Life of Man; chiefly calculated for the Service of Youth: designed upon the Model of Dr. Worthington's Form of Sound Words. 1755.-34. No Protestant Popery : a Letter to Mr. Pyke, occasioned by his Assemblies' Catechism analysed, explained, &c. 1756.-35. A Letter to Mr. Joha Wesley, occasioned by his Address to the Clergy. 1756.-36. Three Questions resolved against Popery, 1757.-37. Necessity not the Origin of Evil, against Mr. Soame Jenyns. 1757.-38. A Survey of the Search after Souls, by Dr. Coward, Dr. Samuel Clarke, Mr. Baxter, Dr. Sykes, Dr. Law, Ms. Pickard, and others, wherein the principal Arguments for and against the Materiality are collected, &c. 1758.---39. A Defence of the Survey. 1759.40. A Sermon on St. Paul's Orthodoxy, at Pinners'-Hall, July 24, 1759, on Titus ii. 15. 1759.–41. The Nature, Design, and End of Christ's Death : addressed to those Deists who disbelieve in Revelation. 1760.-42. The Equality of Christians in the Province of Religion. 1760.-43. The Merits of Christ exemplary ; or, an Interpretation of Peter's Account of Christ's bearing our Sins in his own Body on the Tree. 1761.-44. The Palladium of Great Britain and Ireland ; or, historical Strictures of Liberty, from before the Reformation down to the present Time. 1762.-45. The Doctrine of the Eucharist. 1763.-46. Christ's Temptation in the Wilderness, a Proof of a Divine Mission, &c. 1764.–47. The Claims of the Church of England seriously considered. 1764.-48. An Antidote for the Rising Age. -1765.-49. The Friendship and Virtue of David and Jonathan. 1765.-50. Another Defence of the Unity. 1766.-51. The Root of Protestan: Errors examined, against Mosheim. 1767.-52. Civil Establishments in Religiou a Ground of Infidelity.---53. A Letter from a Prostestant Dissenting Minister to the Clergy of the Church of England, occasioned by the alarming Growth of Popery in this Kingdom. 1768.–54. A Supplement to Dr. Chauncy's Letter to Mr. T. B. Chandler. 1768.-55. The Open Address of New Testament Evidence, or three plain Monuments, &c. 1771.-56. Free Thoughts on a Free Inquiry into the Authenticity of the two first Chapits of St. Matthew's Gospel. 1771.-57. Discourses on the three essential Principles of the Gospel Revelation, which demonstrate its Divine Original. 1972.--58. Religion not the Magistrate's Province, occasioned by the late Application to Parliament. 1773.-59. A Dissertation on Self-Murder, 1773.-60. The Ingratitude of Infidelity. 1775. Vol. II.
Dr. Fleming was interred in Bunhill-fields, where upon his tomb-stone is preserved the following inscription :
Under this stone are interred the Remains
of the Rer. CALEB FLEMING,
in this Metropolis.
He was a steadfast assertor of the right of private judgment,
in matters of religion,
He was equally influenced by a firm attachment
He died July 21st, 1779,
Carpenters'-Hall is situated in London Wall, opposite the noble building for the reception of lunatics, called Bedlam. About seventy years ago, it was hired by a lunatic of a more dangerous description, who exhibited here, for some considerable time, till the strong arm of the civil power interfered, and some officious magistrate read him a lecture of a less palatable nature, than those which he had been accustomed to deliver. Of this strange adventurer we shall present the reader with some curious particulars, which will supply the want of further particulars respecting Carpenters'-Hall.
JACOB ILIVE.—This singular man was the son of a printer, and himself bred to the same profession; but ap
plying himself to letter-casting, he conducted, at the same time, the joint-concern of a foundery and a printing-house. It is said that he knew the letters by the touch; which remarkable circumstance renders it less surprising that he was an expeditious compositor. It was not, however, as a mechanic that he became known--his ambition led him to be a writer as well as printer of books; and not being sound in his mind, he produced some strange works. In 1733, he published an “ Oration,” designed to prove, The Plurality of Worlds,--That this earth is Hell,
That the Souls of men are the apostate Angels,That the fire which will punish those who shall be confined to the globe after the day of judgment, will be inımaterial,-And that future punishment will not be eternal. It appears from the preface to this piece, that it was written in the year 1729, without any design of being made public ; but the author having read it at various times to his mother, Mrs. Jane Ilive, (e) she ordered in her will, that he should read it publicly, as soon as convenient after her decease. He accordingly pronounced it at Brewer's-Hall, September the 10th, and at Joiners’-Hall, September the 24th, 1783. In this strange performance, the author unveils his deistical principles, and takes' no small liberty with the sacred scriptures, especially the character of Moses. Emboldened by this first adventure, our author determined, henceforward, to become the public teacher of infidelity, or, as he calls it, “ The religion of Nature.” For this purpose, he hired the use of Carpenters'-Hall, where, for some considerable time, he delivered his Diatribes, which consisted chiefly of scraps from Tindal, and other deistical writers. In the course of the same year, our author published a second part
(E) Mrs. Ilive was the daughter of Thomas James, a bencfactor to Sion College Library, and descendant of Dr. Thomas James, Librarian of the Bodleian. She died August the 29th, 1733, aged 63 years. It appears from the above oration, that she held sentiments very similar to those of her son.
of the above performance, which he entitled, “A Dialogue between a Doctor of the Church of England, and Mr. Jacob Ilive, upon the Subject of the Oration.”
The year 1756, proved fatal to Mr. Ilive's liberty, as well as to his lectures. For, publishing “ Modest Remarks upon the Discourses of the Bishop of London,” (Dr. Shera lock,) which proving not quite so modest as the author promised in his title, he was sent to Clerkenwell-Bridewell, where he was confined from June 15, 1756, till June 10, 1758; after which he attempted no more public lectures During his confinement, he published, “ Reasons offered for the Reformation of the House of Correction in Clerkenwell, &c. 1757." He also projected several other reforming treatises, enumerated in Gough's British Topography. It appears that Mr. Ilive, also, attempted to restore the company of Stationers to their primitive constitution. Besides the above treatises, he published in 1757, a pretended translation of, “ The Book of Jasher;" said to have been written by one Alcuin, the name of a British monk, of considerable note. The account Mr. Ilive gives of the translation, is full of glaring absurdities; but the publication, in fact, was secretly written by him, and printed off by night. Mr. Ilive died in the year 1763.*
• Gough's British Topography, vol. i. p. 637,-Reed's Rise of the Infidel Societies,-and Biographical Dict. Art. ILIVE.
Tuis place is scarcely worth notice, but having inserted it in our list, we shall just observe, that the Society of Rellyan Universalists, which now meets in Windmill-street, occupied some years ago, a large room on the first floor of a house in Capel-court, Bartholomew-lane. Of the rise of this Society an account has been already given in the life of its founder, Mr. Relly, under the article Crosby-SQUARE; and we shall have occasion again to mention them when we come to speak of Windmill-street,
The meeting-house at Founders'-Hall is of ancient date, and was occupied for nearly the period of a century, by a Scots Presbyterian congregation, which was the earliest of that denomination in London. It was collected in the reign of Charles the Second, and continued to assemble at Founders'-Hall, till the year 1764, when they built a new meeting-house, in London Wall. After this, a lease of Founders'-Hall meeting was taken by the Independent congregation under the pastoral care of the Rev. Joseph Barber, then assembling at Little St. Helen's. This church, it is well known, originated in a separation from the church a