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OLD JEWRY.-- English Presbyterian.

The writings of that emment man, upon the subject of religious' liberty, had coincided so fully with the fundamental principles of Protestant Dissent, as to lead to a supposition

Faith explained, and the Happiness of it, represented, on the Death of the Rev. Samuel Chandler, D D. who died May 8, 1766, æt. 73, at the Old Jewry, May 18. Heb. xi, 13. To which are added, the Speech at his Interment, and a Catalogue of his Writings.-18. Twenty two Sermons on various Subjects. 8vo. 1766.- No. 1, 7, 8, and 11, consisting of 18 Setmons, were collected together, and republished in 1758.

MISCELLANEOUS-1 A Letter to a Friend ; suggesting proper Refledtions to remove the Difficulties that often perplex serious Minds engaged in the Study and Practice of Religion, on Account of the many Disputes and Objections that seem to weaken the Evidences of important Truths, and the Opposition from Inclinations, &c. to the Practice of Religion and Virtue. Published in the Literary Journal; or, a Continuation of the Memoirs of Literature, January, &c. 1731 ; in Answer to a Letter from his Friend and Relation, Mr. Theophilus Rowe, Editor of the posthumuus Works of Mrs. Elizabeth Rowe. — 2. A Dialogue on Devotion, after the Manner of Xenophon; in which, the Reasonableness, Pleasure and Advantages of it are considered. To which is prefixed, a Conversation of Socrates, on the Being and Providence of God; translated from the Greek, 8vo. 1733. without his name ---3. Forms of Devotion for the Closet, 1763, 8vo. This was first printed in 1733. These were added to the fourth edition of the Family Prayer-Book, published the same year 4. In the year 1740, Dr. Amory published an Account of the Life, Writings, and Character of Mr. Henry Grove, in a large preface to the four volumes of his posthumous Sermons and Tracts.-5. A Pretace to two additional volumes of Ms. Grove's Sere mons, printed from his manuscript. 1742.-6. He also published, 1747, in four volumes, with a preface, A Collection of all the Sermons, Discourses, and Tracts, published by Mr. Grove in his lifetime.—7. In 1949, he gave to the public, in iwo volumes, 8vo. from the unfinished manuscript, Mr. Grove's System of Moral Philosophy, revised, corrected, and improved, in various parts ; to which were prefixed, Observations on the Principles and Reasonings of that valuable Performance ; and in order to complete that work, Dr. Amory prepared and annexed, seven chapters on Restitution, distributive Justice, relative Duties, the original and extent of Government, and the Power of the Magistrate ; the Measures of Submission, and the Love of our Country ; universal Benevolence, Forgiveness of Enemies ; of Piety, and the Duties we owe to God; and Self-improvement, and the Advantages derived from Revelation in the Study and Practice of Morality.-8. In 1764, he published Memoirs of the Life, Character, and Writings of the Rev. Dr. George Benson, prefixed to that learned writer's posthumous work, catided, The History of the Life of Jesus Christ.-9. He also dre:r

OLD JEWRY.--Engiish Presbyterian.

that, upon a favourable opportunity, he would quit the establishment, and join the Dissenters. This apprehension, however, proved ill-founded; for though the worthy archdeacon was far from being a good churchman, yet some weighty reasons introduced him to decline the proposal. After this, the Rev. Nathaniel White, of Leeds, in Yorkshire, was chosen one of the ministers at the Old Jewry, in conjunction with Dr. Amory.

Nathaniel White was a native of London, and born in Pall-mall, about the year 1730. Being designed for the mmistry, he was sent, after a suitable classical education, to pursue

his academical studies under the celebrated Dr. Doddridge, at Northampton; but he completed them at Daventry, under Dr. Caleb Ashworth. His first settlement in the ministry was at Hinckley, in Leicestershire, where he was ordained at the same time with Mr. Thomas Hirons, and Mr. Hewson, on the 15th of October, 1755. The Rev. Hugh Worthington, of Leicester, delivered the charge upon the occasion, founded on Acts xx. 28. At Hinckley, Mr. White was so popular as greatly to increase the congregation, and render the enlargement of the place necessary. Here, also, he married a sister of William Hurst, Esq. afterwards High-sheriff of Leicestershire, in 1779.

Mr. White continued at Hinckley till the death of King George the Second, in 1760, upon which occasion he published a discourse, adapted to the event. He then removed to Leeds, in Yorkshire. From thence, upon the death of Dr. Chandler, in 1766, he accepted an invitation to London, to be colleague with Dr. Amory, at the Old Jewry.

up an account of the Life and Character of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Chandler, prefixed to four volumes of his posthumous Sermons on various subjects.10. Dr. Amory was also the author of some poetical picces, sacred and moral; and in the year 1724, published a poem on the Praises of Taunton, the place of his birth.-11. A volume of Sermons has been published since Dr. Amory's death : and there are some miscellaneous pieces of his in many. script, which (says Dr. Kippis) might deserve to see the light.

OLD JEWRY --English Presbyterian.

His labours in that place being confined to the morning service, he was chosen, in 1770, afternoon-preacher to the Presbyterian congregation at the Gravel-pit meeting, Hackney, at the same time that Dr. Price was elected morning preacher at the same place. Upon the death of Dr. Amory, in 1774, he relinquished the afternoon service at Hackney, and was chosen to preach both parts of the day at the Old Jewry; in which situation he continued till his death. He was, also, chosen into the Merchants' lecture upon a Tuesday morning, at Salters'-Hall. A complaint, to which he had been long subject, increasing upon him, at length issued in a consumption, and brought him to the grave in his 54th year, on the 3d of March, 1783. His funeral sermon was preached (but not published) by Dr. Price, who was prevented delineating his character, by the express injunction of the deceased.

Mr. White possessed excellent natural abilities, and was a very acceptable preacher; having a melodious voice, and pleasing elocution. He had an uncommon facility in composition; and his sermons, at the same time that they were ingenious, were serious, practical, and evangelical. In prayer he was unusually fluent, and equally methodical, pertinent, and devotional. In the early part of his ministry, his sentiments upon the leading doctrines of the gospel were moderately calvinistical ; but as he advanced in life, they underwent some alteration, and before his death he became an Arian. His discourses, however, are said to have retained an evangelical savour to the last. Mr. White was a man of an amiable temper, of a genteel deportment, and very exemplary in the whole of his life and conduct.

Mr. White's publications consist only of a few single sermons. These are, 1. On the death of George the Second, preached at Hinckley, Nov. 5, 1760, on Psalm cxlvi. 3, 4. 2. For the benefit of the Gravel-lane Charity-school. S. On the affecting deaths of Mrs. Anna-Maria Poole, aged 50; Mr. Nicholas Poole, jun. aged 26; Mrs. Martha Poole,

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aged 21; and Master Lionel Poole, an infant; who all died in the space of five days. Preached at the Old Jewry, Oct. 27, 1771, on Job i. 21. 4. An Address at the Interment of Dr. Amory, subjoined to his Funeral Sermon, by Dr. Flexman. 1774. 5. A Charge at the Ordination of the Rev. John Prior Estlin, at Bristol. Mr. White was the editor, and wrote a preface to Dr. Chandler's “ Paraphrase on Galatians, Ephesians, and Thessalonians.” 4to. 1777.

ABRAHAM Rees, D. D. the present minister at the Old Jewry, is a native of Llanbrynmair, Montgomeryshire, North Wales, and son to a Dissenting minister of the Independent denomination, first at Llanbrynmair, and afterwards at Mynyddbach, Glamorganshire, in the southern part of the principality. The Doctor being intended for the ministry, was sent for academical studies to London, and placed under the tuition of the learned Dr. David Jennings. In the early part of his ministry, he preached once a fortnight, regularly at Clapham, to the congregation under the care of the eminent Dr. Philip Furneaux. Upon the resignation of the Rev. Henry Read, a few years previous to his death, Dr. Rees was chosen to succeed him as pastor of the Presbyterian congregation at St. Thomas's, Southwark. From thence, upon the death of Mr. Nathaniel White, in 1783, he removed to the Old Jewry, and has continued pastor of the congregation in that place ever since. Unlike the generality of those called Presbyterian congregations, the Doctor undertakes the whole service on both parts of the Lord's-day.

Upon the death of Dr. Jennings, in 1762, Mr. Coward's academy being removed to Hoxton, Dr. Rees was appointed one of the tutors, in conjunction with Dr. Savage, and Dr. Kippis. The departments assigned him were the mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy; and he undertook to board the students. In this honourable station he continued till the year 1785, soon after which the academy was dis

OLD JEWRY.-English Presbyterian.

solved. Upon the iustitution of a new seminary at Hackney, in the following year, Dr. Rees was requested to become one of the tutors; but, after subsisting about ten years, this new institution also dropped. About the year 1773, Dr. Rees was chosen one of the Lord's-day evening lecturers at Şalters'-Hall, in the room of Dr. Prior; as was Mr. Worthington soon afterwards, in the room of Dr. Furneaux. He also became one of the Merchants' lecturers upon a Tuesday morning, at the same place; and preached in his turn till the lecture dropped, in 1795. Upon the accession of the whig ministry, after the death of Mr. Pitt, the Regium Donum, or money granted by government to the Dissenters, was placed at the disposal of Dr. Rees, who distributes the share apportioned to the Presbyterians.

Dr. Rees is well known in the literary world by his learned and indefatigable labours, in preparing an improved edition of Mr. Chambers's Cyclopædia, or, Dictionary of Arts and Sciences; which made its appearance in four very large volumes folio, in the year 1786, and was dedicated, by permission, to his present Majesty. This work, met with a very favourable reception from the public ; but, however complete it might be at the time of publication, the many recent improvements in different branches of science, have rendered a new work, upon a similar plan, highly expedient. This has been accordingly atteinpted by several hands; and the present age abounds in Dictionaries of Arts and Sciences. As these are undertaken from different motives, it may be supposed that they differ very widely in their degrees of merit; and it may be safely affirmed with respect to the most, that they are compilations of a very ordinary kind. Among the few that deserve to be excepted from this general character, is the Cyclopædia now publishing in quarto, under the able management of Dr. Rees. The publication commenced about seven years ago, and when completed, will probably rank highest among works of a similar nature.

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