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Foreign Stamps in Primary


While not differing greatly from the Pull Away, the interest Big People and Little People of Other Lands Shaw. was high, as Wretched Flea had played it.

Strange People Starr. The special work in Nature consisted of the study of the PRIMARY EDUCATION, September, 1911. silk worm and tea. These, of course, furnished material for language, clay modeling and drawing. The real silk worms were obtained and fed osage orange leaves as well as the mulberry, as the latter were rather hard to procure. Booklets, with covers of painted matting and tied with raffia, were made

Work and the development from worm to moth was recorded and illustrated. The story of “Si-Ling-Chi” that appeared in

ARTHUR IRWIN SMITH PRIMÁRY EDUCATION, May, 1911, was told and reproduced.

There is something about these little bits of paper Any reputable tea company will furnish plates and samples that is fascinating even to grown-ups, so cannot suitable for school work upon the study of Tea. It was at this

wonder at boys becoming so enthusiastic in forming point of the work that the teacher carried out a long cherished collections of them. There is as much material of an plan for a "Mothers’ Afternoon.” The mothers of the pupils educational value in a double handful of mixed foreign were invited to visit the school for the last Friday of the month. stamps, costing ten cents, as in a dollars' worth of charts, The invitations were prettily decorated with brush work by stencils, and stuff of that nature. the children. The regular work in story telling and dram- For instance, in our primary geography we are studying atization and a short program. consisting of Japanese fairy Europe and just at present we are interested in Belgium. tales, the singing of Eugene Field's “Little Blue Pigeon” and Have we any Belgian stamps in the collection before us? other numbers Japanese in character were given. A table had Certainly, here is a long pink one marked Belgique with the been set up in one corner and was gay with pink tea roses and

picture of an ugly, beardcd king. That is King Leopold who cherry blossomas. Pink and white baskets had been made by

died a short time ago. It is postmarked at Brussels, the the children for candies, and the teacher had brought her dain- capital. By looking carefully through the lot we find others tiest china and silver. A copper kettle was used and the chil- postmarked Antwerp, Liege, and other principal cities. dren were especially interested in the brewing of the tea after But the Belgian stamps are the ugliest and dullest of the lot. the study of the subject. Little girls in Japanese attire served Here is an oblong five-cent stamp with the picture of the the small cakes and tea.

sphinx and a pyramid in the background. Who can guess

where it is from ? Here is one from Mauritius — who knows BIBLIOGRAPHY

where that is ? Then we find dozens of different ones from

France, Spain, Australia, South America, and, in fact, from Seven Little Sisters Andrews.

practically every country in the world. Each and All Andrews.

But that is enough to show the possibilities in geography. The Story of Wretched Flea Miller.

Take history: much of our own is portrayed on our stamps. Earth and Sky, III Stickney.

Almost every one of our great men is on some one of our

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stamps. Washington is most frequently seen and probably American and Louisiana Purchase stamps are of equal Franklin next. The issue of 1902 shows the dates of the interest. The ten-cent stamp of the latter issue has a map of birth and death of the great men portrayed. It is the custom the United States, showing the Louisiana Purchase territory

. to use only the pictures of deceased statesmen, so it will As busy work for the little fellows they are hard to beat. probably be some time before we have the pictures of Roose- Have them form collections of them in little blank books, velt or Taft on any of our stamps.

pasting them in flat. Or better still, you can get gummed There have been commemorative issues of stamps for all tissue paper hinges for ten cents a thousand and the stamps our biggest expositions and many of these show scenes of can be changed and mounted at will. Cut out all the differimportance in our history. The Columbian issue of 1893 ent portraits of rulers and form a picture gallery of kings, gives views of the landing of Columbus, his flagship and fleet, If the children get sufficiently interested in them they can his welcome back to Spain, his presentation of the natives be used as premiums for perfect lessons. at court, and several other historical occurrences in his life. Now, this little article is only intended to give you the The Omaha issue of 1898 shows Marquette on the Mississippi suggestion and set you thinking. You can readily tell River, hunting and farming scenes in the west, the Mississippi whether anything along this line would suit your particular River bridge at St. Louis, and several others. The Pan- case and work it out in detail for yourself.

The Soldier's Flower and the Soldier's Flag


The Soldier's Flower

The Soldier's Flag



If I were a flower on a soldier's grave,
Where a soldier's flag would gently wave,
I would try to deck, with a tender grace,
The lowly mound of his resting place.
Together the flag and I would keep
A loving watch o'er his dreamless sleep;
While over us both the sunbeams would play
And the stars smile down from their shining way.
Then, when my silent mission was done,
I would drop my petals one by one,
Like soft, falling tears on the sod below,
And only the flag and I would know.

If I were a flag on a soldier's grave,
It would be glory enough to crave
To know that the flag he loved was there
With a bonnie flower the vigil to share.
Together the flower and I would keep
A loving watch o'er his dreamless sleep;
While over us both the sunbeams would play,
And the stars smile down from their shining way.
Then, when the flower's mission was done,
And her petals were dropping one by one,
They would seem to say to the sleeper below,
Goodbye, dear soldier, for I must go;
But I leave you a comrade faithful and true,
For the soldier's flag will stay with you."


MONTH BY MONTH PICTURE STUDY Two Mothers and and Their and the babe, supposedly asleep in the cradle, make up

the focal group of the picture. Otherwise distinctly separate Families

groups the human mother and her children and the hen

and her chickens--are skilfully united by the artist, who Painting by Elizabeth Gardner (Mrs. William A. Bouguereau)

represents the child as pointing to the chickens as he turns to JENNIE ELLIS KEYSOR

address a childish question to his mother. The mother and The painter of our picture this month is an American

child are so smooth in their flesh texture and so well-kept woman who has made Paris her home for some time and who

that one might almost question their being peasants at all were still lives there. Her husband was the famous and popular

it not for the homely interior--the low cupboard on which painter of religious subjects and everyday scenes, William

is a basket, perhaps of herbs and mushrooms, the ordinary Adolphe Bouguereau, who died in 1905. Elizabeth Gardner,

kitchen utensils near to the open fire, where undoubtedly a New Hampshire woman, was a pupil of Bouguereau and

the family cooking is done, the quaint wooden cradle where became his second wife. The bride-mother in his well-known

the baby is strapped in that he shall not fall out while the picture, “Virgin Consolator," was his first wife and the dead

mother, who is cook and nurse, goes about her household child in the foreground his baby, while the whole picture

tasks. That the chickens find in this living room of the expresses his grief over the loss of them both. His second wife family their common feeding place, gives the crowning touch has probably retained her former name to avoid the confusion

to a pleasant interior in spite of the “furbished-up” appearof her work with that of her distinguished husband. From

ance of the Mother and Child. the picture which we have before us, this precaution was wise,

A satisfactory and entertaining thing to do in connection for at every point it strongly resembles the genre work of

with this picture would be to gather with it several of William Bouguereau: Here are the smooth-skinned, neat peasants,

Bouguereau's genre pictures such as: "Little Mother," "Little the very opposite of Millet's men and women of the fields;

Scholar," "Little Marauders," "The Elder Sister," and note the well-nigh perfect and very attractive child, while the pre

how similar are the faces and

execution — especially the dilection for a woman and child subject is self-evident. “All

drawing, which is very correct and the smooth, faccid flesh

. of these points are markedly characteristic of Bouguereau's

The refinement and prettiness of the faces extend even to the work. But however allied her work is to that of her great

bare feet, which are not truly the callous feet of peasants who husband, we find that she gained honors on her own account,

are wont to go barefooted. for she has taken medals at the Paris Salon, and at the Paris We all love pretty things and children show this fondness Exposition in 1889. The picture reproduced this month was

early, but while they will talk long and interestedly about


pictures, I believe that the majority of children will express painted in 1888.

a preference for the gnarled, labor-hardened peasants of THE PICTURE

Millet. At all events, the comparison or contrast is well worth Our picture is one that readily lends itself to the purpose trying and whatever the verdict the children give, acknowledge of primary art and language instruction, because there is

its points of excellence and correct errors, but leave them free so much in it of natural interest to children.

The two mothers and their respective families – the heavy-armed

in their choice, for, as I have frequently observed in these

articles, “Art (speaks a various language and she speaks to and large-handed woman with the lovely child at her knee, all."



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Second Year


Have the children copy the following poem in their com- Story for Reproduction:
position books:

A little rain and a little sun,
“We give cool shade to the green grass," said the Autrering leaves

. And a little pearly dew,

“We dress the tree in fresh green. Without us it would be brown and And a pushing up and a reaching out,

bare. Then leaves and tendrils all about; “The tired traveler and the weary animals are grateful for our shade

. Ah, that's the way the flowers grow,

Children like to play under our shade. At night the birds come tous Don't you know?

for shelter. We hide the nests with the little birds. The light winds

rustle us gently.”
A little work and a little play,

And the leaves felt that they were very important.
And lots of quiet sleep;

"What you say is quite true," said a voice from the ground. “But A cheerful heart and a sunny face,

don't forget us.” And lessons learned and things in place;

“Who are you? Where do you grow ?” said the leaves. Ah, that's the way the children grow,

"We are deep in the ground, far below you. But we feed the tree and Don't you know?' - Selected

make you grow. We are the roots. You owe all your beauty to usTuesday

“We are not as beautiful as you, but we do not die. When winter

comes you fall. The tree stands firm, for it is held in place by us. Have the children learn the first stanza of the poem, “Grow

"If we should die, the tree would die, and you would die too." ing." Have them tell, in their own words, how the flowers grow. How many have a flower garden? What do they do

Tuesday to help the flowers grow, when the rain does not come?

Have the children tell back to you the story ví," The Leaves (Water the flowers with a watering-pot.)

and the Roots."


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May 1912


Write five sentences about Spring flowers and birds.


The following little poem, to be learned by the children, may be recited, the little folks holding each a daisy:


Conversation on Spring Flowers: What flowers have you found this Spring? Where did you find pussy-willows? Where did you find hepaticas? Where can you find daisies? Where can you find buttercups? Have the cherry trees blossomed yet? What color are cherry blossoms? Have the pear trees blossomed yet? What color are the pear blossoms? What color are apple blossoms? What color are dogwood flowers? Where do we find the dogwood? What kind of a blossom has the horse-chestnut? What can you do with horse-chestnuts? Are they good to eat?

The daisies white are nursery maids,

With frills upon their caps;
And daisy buds are little babes

They tend upon their laps. Sing "Heigh-ho!” while the wind sweeps low, Both babies and nurses are nodding — just so.

The daisy babies never cry,

The nurses never scold;
They never crush the dainty frills

About their cheeks of gold.
They're nid-nid nodding! oh, pretty sight!

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