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Perhaps the Saxon plural in en may be English Hexameters.

advantageously restored. PHE frequent occurrence of

The fewest possible syllables in a line are monosyllables is unfavour- thirteen, the most seventeen. The first four able to hexameters in our feet vary from eight to twelve. I conceive language. The omission of that any arrangement between these will be

the e in the imperfect and sufficient if they satisfy the ear. participle, the contraction of the genitive, We have in our language twelve feet; the these also by shortening words increase the Greeks and Romans had twenty-eight. difficulty.



Iambic The Saxon genitive, then, must be re


Trochee stored; the pronoun genitive also, “his,”

Lānguid and even “her.” The latter innovation or Dactyl

Lövelilý renovation will remove one hissing sound.


Bělověd The English hexameter will be much Amphimacer

ūndertāke Antibacchius

Hoūsebreākér longer to the eye than either the Greek or Latin, but so many of our letters are use


Lāměntātion less, that I do not think it can be longer to Dijambus Extinguisher, accord

Pæon Secundus the ear. We often express a single sound

ing as it stands in Ionicus Major

the verse. by two characters, as in all letters with the h compounded.


Arquibússiēr A trochee may be used for a spondee, perhaps an iambic, but the iambic must never follow a trochee.

Irregular Blank Verse. Like blank verse, hexameters may run into each other, but the sentence must not,

OF metres that must be the best which I think, close with a hemistich.

being harmonious enough to the reader, fetters least the poet's thoughts.

Those lines are admissible in irregular I The reader will find the question of English hexameters fully examined in the Preface to the blank verse of which none make the half of Vision of Judgment.-J. W. W.

any other; for the Alexandrine is two tacked

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together, and they never fit well unless you COULD trochaic lines be introduced into
see the seam in the middle. So Warner's the rhymeless four-lined stanza ? or would
long line is splittable into the common bal- the change of cadence be too harsh ?
lad metre.
Anapæstic. Iambic. Trochaic.


Of all subjects this is the most magni6.



This is the work with which I would atThe Adonic line, the Dactylic, the Ana

tempt to introduce hexameters into our lancreontic, the Sapphic.

guage. A scattered party of fifty or a hunThe sentence must not too often close on a long syllable. The trochaic line of eight dred do nothing; but if I march a regular is the only double ending. This may be army of some thousands into the country,

well disciplined, and on a good plan, they palliated by running the lines into the de

will effect their establishment. cimal one. And the anapæstic of nine will

My plan should be sketched before I have bear a redundant syllable at the end. There

read Bodmer's poem ; then, if his work be may also be occasionally introduced the tro

not above mediocrity, it may be melted at chaic of six, and the Adonic, perhaps the

my convenience into mine. Sapphic or Phaleucian line.

For the philosophy, Burnett's Theory is Thus are there thirteen usable lines. The

the finest possible; for machinery the Rabmore complicate ones can, however, only be

bis must give it me, and the Talmuds are in inserted in polishing; composition will not

requisition. pause for them.

The feelings must be interested for some

of those who perished in the waters. A Metrical Memoranda.

maiden withheld from the ark by maternal

love, and her betrothed self-sacrificed with How would the galloping dactylic metre suit to be written rhymelessly? rhyme is tude may be deeply affecting. In the des

her. Their deaths and consequent beatieven less essential to harmony here than in the iambic cadence, for the lyric there would made it fit only for destruction, there is room

potism that has degraded the world, and be the four-lined stanza of two twelve, two for strong painting. The Anakim have once nine, with all its changes.

already destroyed mankind !
* 12 12 9 9
9 9 12 12

March 26, 1800.
12 9 9 12

I have read the Noachid of Bodmer; it * 9 12 12 9

is a bad poem. In one point only does it In these long lines there is danger lest the deserve to be followed, in adopting the sysepithets should be too frequent.

tem of Whiston, and destroying the world Of these duodecimo lines there is no frac

by the approximation of a comet. This tion but the 9, for 8 and 9 are convertible, may be ingrafted upon Burnett's Theory. like 11 and 12, and 6 would be halving the long line only. The 7 makes a good line, June 29, 1801. the last half of a pentameter.

It is unfortunate that Shem and Ham can

not be christened. With rhyme a correspondent metre to Japhet, the European inheritor, must be that of the ebb tide would have a good ef- the prominent personage, and brimful of fect, rhyming alternately thus,

patriotism he should be. Some visit, per9 12 12 9

haps, to Enoch in paradise. The th of one of the just may tell well. A father of humanity in only destroying half,—when one of the wives; his son should be the love Noah threatens all with extermination. victim. A martyrdom also ;—some hero, At length-the doom voice was uttered, burnt offering to the god-tyrant,-a rank and the Lord God Almighty turned from Romish priesthood. Why not an Atheist mankind the eyes of his mercy, friend of Noah? one who reasons from the The statue omen. They should fear Noah, wickedness of the world, a good man, but and attempt to destroy him so; but the blow not stiff-necked, who has never swallowed harms not the statue's head, it shivers the the poker of principle, nor laced on the mallet, and palsies the arm that struck. strait waistcoat of conscience, an incense- The peace-virtues of the holy family, viburner to the idols whom he derides.

olet virtues more sweet than showy. The Anguish of Noah when the sentence of young hopes and heat of Japhet may force the world is past. The spirit of Adam him into a livelier interest ; he should be for might announce it, on his own grave.

isocratizing. The chief tyrant? some beef-headed boo- The general embarkation must be kept by brute.

out of sight; it savours too much of the The universal iniquity will be difficultly ridiculous. made conceivable. There must be an universal monarchy to account for it, and focus it. How to heighten the crimes ? to bring

MANGO Capac. about the crisis of guilt ? all must be bad, I have completely failed in attempting to even those who see the evil must seek to identify Madoc with Mango Capac. Hegoes remedy it by evil means ; some United Irish indeed to Peru, but this

is all — The histoviolence.

rical circumstances totally differ, but he has The burnt offering the outstanding fi

a fleet of companions, and assumes no divine gure; a young man full of all good hopes authority ;- therefore will I remove the and arrogance, who would revolutionize the Welsh adventurers to Florida, and celeworld ; his error, the working with evil brate the Peruvian legislation in another means, and his ruin. The final wickedness;

poem. his death, after an Abbe Barruel-Bartholo

From whence was Mango Capac ? he

could not have grown up in Peru, nor inIs language equal to describe the great deed in any part of America. There is no crash ? one line of comfort must be the ter- instance, no possibility of any such character minating one- lo, yonder the ark on the growing up among savages ; it is a miracle

more unbelievable than bis inspiration ; but The great temple-palace should be some

whence or how came he to Peru. Europe Tower of Babel building, made in despite

was too barbarous to furnish a civilizer for of prophecy, and mockery of God's venge. America ; and from Europe he must have ance. It should resist the water weight, and taken the impossible way up the Maragnon, overlive all things, till the vault of the earth where I had led Madoc. But a European bursts.

would have been a Christian. From the Arbathan the self-confident hero. Some East his opinions might have proceeded; but act of solitary goodness seen by Japhet the voyage from Persia! its impassable should win his affections, which the darkness of conspiracy had shocked. Arbathan would act like Omniscience. He would dare do ill

Reales, escritos por el Ynca Garcilusso de la Vega. for the good event. Thus, too, he should

The copy before me was SOUTHEY's. Lisboa, argue, and assume to himself the praise of | Año de M.DCIX.-J. W. W.



1 The reader is referred to the Commentarios

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length—and New Holland and all those islands just in the course! This could not

Images. have been; the way from China is more

AFTER a battle the bank weeds of the practicable—but how could Mango Capac stream bloody. conceive such designs in that country? in. Tameness of the birds where gunpowder spiration seems the solution most easy to is unknown. credit as well as to adopt.

The sound of a running brook like disReasoning as a necessarian, and so I

tant voices. must reason, all effects proceed from the

There is a sort of vegetable that grows first cause. The belief of inspiration is as

in the water like a green mist or fog. much produced by that first cause, as what

Christ Church, Oct. 8, 1799. I crossed the is acknowledged to be real ; where then is the difference ; or does it result that he who bridge at night; the church and the ruins

were before me, the marshes flooded, the believes himself inspired, is so ? Crede quod sky was stormy and wild, the moon rolling habeas et habes ? this rather puzzles than

among clouds, and the rush of the waters satisfies me.

now mingling with the wind, now heard But in another light why should inspira- | alone, in the pauses of the storm. tion be confined to Judea? Mohammed has

Perfect calmness—a spot so sheltered produced evil assuredly; but Zoroaster, that the broad banana-leaf was not broken but Confucius, above all Mango Capac? he by the wind. at least produced extensive good; there is

Bubbles in rainwa watry dome. therefore a cause for divine revelation; or

Gilt weathercock-bright in the twilight. if it be deemed undeserving of such agency, Holly-its white bark. intermediate beings may have produced Beech in autumn-its upmost branches the same effect. Their existence is every stript first and all pointed upwards. way probable, perhaps even their interpo

Moss on the cot thatch the greenest obsition.

ject. About A.D. 1150 Mango Capac and Mama

Redness of the hawthorn with its berries. Oella, his sister-wife, appeared by the Lake

Water, like polished steel, dark, or splenTitiaca. At that time the Mohammedan su

did. perstition had triumphed in the East; and

Ice-sheets hanging from the banks above the few followers of Zoroaster were perse

the level of the water, which had been cuted, or safe only in obscurity. Here then

frozen at flood. the poem roots itself well. The father of

Willows early leaved, and their young these children is a Guebre, rather a Sabean, leaves green. one driven into mountain seclusion; the

The distant hill always appears steep. children necessarily become enthusiasts ; if

As we were sailing out of Falmouth the they see other human beings they at least ships and the shore seemed to dance-like find none who can feel as they feel or com

a dream. prehend them-hence they love each other.

At sea I saw a hen eating the egg she The spirit of the sun, whom they adore, had just laid ! may drop them where he pleases. The rest

An old sailor described a marvellously is I doubt more philosophical than poetical fine snow-storm to Tom. The sun rising —the influence of intellect over docile and remarkably red, a heavy gale from the opawed ignorance.-Anno, 1799.

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See libro iii. de los Commentarios Reales, c. xxv. tom. i. f. 80.-J. W. W.

I This is the late CAPTAIN THOMAS SOUTHEY, R.N. He was an acute observer of nature, and many references are made to his letters.

J. W. W.

posite point of the horizon driving the large rising to the surface. Trees, like men, grow tlakes, which, tinged by the sun, looked like stiff with age; their brittle boughs break falling fire--so strikingly so that the men in the storm-a light breeze moves only remarked it, and thought it ominous. their leaves.

May 14, 1800. A singular and striking Glitter of water at the bottom of reeds. evening sky. The horizon is perfectly clear Storm from the south-east at the Cape. and blue; just in the west runs a ridge of The appearance of the heavenly bodies, as black clouds, heavy, and their outline as observed by the Abbé de la Caille, is strange strongly defined as a line of rock-a low and terrible, “ The stars look larger and ridge—the sky behind has the green tinge, seem to dance; the moon has an undulating the last green light. I well remember tremor; and the planets have a sort of when a six years' boy drawing such un- beard like comets."-BARROW. couth shapes, making blotches of ink in the Where the ship breaks its way, the white same jagged formlessness, and fancying dust of the water sinks at first, with a histhem into the precipices and desert rocks sing noise, and mingles with the dark blue; of faery romance.

soon they rise again in air-sparkles. The trunk of the palm seems made by the

Sound of a river-a blind man would ruins of the leaves.

have loved the lovely spot. The inside of the banana leaf feels like Waterfall, its wind and its shower, and satten.

its rainbow, where the shade and the sunA gentle wind waving only the summit shine met, and its echo from the rock, inof the cypress.

creasing the inseparable sound. At the bull fight I saw the sweat of Insects moving upon smooth water like death darken the dun hide of the animal ! rain.

The cypress trunk is usually fluted. The wind sweeping the stream showers

July 1. The chesnut tree, now beginning up sparkles of light. to push out its catkin, and in full leaf; has The mountains and the mountain-stream a radiant foliage. Whiter than other trees had a grey tinge, somewhat blue, like the from its young catkin, and perfectly starry last evening light. in shape.

At Mafra, the sound of the organ when The Indian corn flowers only at the top; ceased-like thunder ; the rise of the the seed is in a sheath below, near the root; congregation like the sea. from the point of the sheath hangs out a Finland. “The only noise the traveller lock of brown filaments, like hair, green in hears in this forest is the bursting of the its earlier stage. The flower is of light bark of the trees, from the effect of the brown, somewhat inclined to purple. frost, which has a loud but dull sound."

A thunder-storm burst over Cintra. | Acerbi. Koster saw the eagles flying about their Trees seen from an eminence lie grouped nest, scared by the lightning from entering below in masses, like the swell of heavy to their young, and screaming with terror. clouds.

From the Peniña I saw the sea so dap- Flags. I saw the colours in a bright pled with clouds and slips of intermediate sky flowing like streams of colour with dazlight, as not to be distinguishable from the zling vividness. sky.

View from above of a wooded glen, after I The reader of SOUTHEY's works will find describing the visible objects—the billowy many of these ideas worked up. These words wood that hides all-below is the sound

occur in Madoc without alteration, part ii. xxiji.

and were quoted to me by SOUTHEY, 1829, in that tells of water, &c.

one of the loveliest spots of all Cumberland. Water, only varied by the air bubble

J. W. W.

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