Imágenes de páginas

Ormisinda a noble Virago, she refuses to mortality ought only to be sought by a bad marry unless her children can be free, the man, and then Vathek would stand in the end then is her giving her hand to Alonso. way of invention.

There may be a scene at her mother's grave. Munuza wants her in marriage, this the

Jewish Stories. necessary deviation from historical legend. The deluge. Joshua. The first destrucThe demand a little rouses Pelayo, for Mu- tion of Jerusalem. The second. The Maccanuza was becoming powerful by early sub- bees. mission.

Judith is too short an action. Moses does too little himself;—besides, the end of this

action is under Joshua. Epic writers have usually been deficient Savage superstitions will balladize well. in learning. Homer indeed is all miracle, he knew every thing, and Milton has orna

Grecian. mented with the whole range of knowledge a story which admitted the immediate dis- WHOEVER reads Pausanias or the Mythoplay of none. But the manners in Tasso are logists will find that much of the best clasmixed, in Virgil they are of no time and no sical ground is yet unbroken. A hero is country; another deadly sin! I know no indeed wanting. Aristomenes? a hero in poet so accurate as Glover.

misfortune offers the best lesson; but a long The following nations offer a rich field of and disjointed story, and Sparta in the civil and religious costume:

wrong, that must not be! Lycurgus ? the The Jews.

conqueror of human nature, perhaps the The Scandinavians.

amender. The great Alexander ? alas all The Persians.

perished with the mighty Macedonian. Celtic superstition is too little understood,

Better some lesser story, imaginary, or of and the documents of Celtic manners are obscure record. The Pythoness, Endymion, scanty. Still there is an outline. The Bri- not ill handled by Gombauld, but of much tish Brutus has been too often thought upon, promise. to remain for ever without his fame.

The Hindoo is a vile mythology, a tangle Stories connected with the Manners of of thread fragments which require the touch

Chivalry. of a faery's distaff to unravel and unite

Feudalism. Robin Hood. The establishthem. There is no mapping out the country, no reducing to shape the chaotic mass.

ment of the Inquisition, St. Domingo's the It is fitter for the dotage dreams of Sir prominent personage. William Jones, than the visions of the poet.

The superstitions of the dark ages would Let the wax-nose be tweaked by Volney body well. Saints and angels through the

whole hierarchy, and every order of deon one side and Maurice on the other ! The Greenlanders are stupid savages, or

monology. They have rarely been used well, there is a favourable wildness in their belief

or never, the cursed itch of imitation has and in their country.

made them parodies of the Greek gods. The Amortam might be the groundwork of a Hindoo poem, but the draught of im


The conquests of Odin were suggested by " It is hardly necessary to say that here are the first ideas for Roderick, the Last of the Since published-a Fragment-by Mrs. Goths.-J. W. W.

Southey, who took a part in it.-J. W.W.

Gibbon ; but Odin must be the god, not of immortality, and immortalizes him in a the hero. The story must be wholly imagi- more natural way. nary. The history of savages is never im- On the coast of Malealon, Cartamen may portant enough to furnish an action for meet Parassourama, who still exists there. poetry.

The God for the sake of his mother Mariatale, may befriend the Paria.

Stung by some violent provocation, CarPersian.

tamen kills the brother of Keradon. MariaZOROASTER was a bad and bloody priest. tale, the despised goddess, protects the deOther personage their history offers not, for spised Paria, and preserves him from death. Cyrus is anterior to the system of the Zen- He is condemned to bear about the Bradavesta.

min's skull, and eat and drink out of it; Thus then :- A Persian Satrap, persecu- but his punishment is his glory. ted by the powers of darkness. Every ca- The Hindoos admit the truth of all relilamity that they inflict developes in him gions,—Turk, Christian, Jew, or Gentile some virtue which prosperity had smothered, may therefore be introduced. and they end in driving him to emigrate with A daughter of the Paria shall be a proa Greek slave, and becoming a citizen of minent character,-a Grindouver descends Athens. Here then the whole mythology, for her love. Seevajee claims her for the and the whole hatefulness of oriental ty- wife of the god, that is, a temple-prostitute. ranny come into the foreground. The Athe- Cartamen in vain alleges that their god is nian slave, who chuses his master, for his not the god of the Parias, hence the murder. pupil and son-in-law, may be as Jacobinical She has nurst a young crocodile, to save as heart could wish.

herself she leaps into the river, the beast receives her.

Funeral of Seevajee. His ghost appears Hindoo.

to Keradon, and tells him he cannot destroy There is a singular absurdity in this sys

Ledalma till the Amordam has made him tem, prayers and penance have an actual, equal with the gods. Keradon then curses not a relative value; they are a sterling the murderer, commands all the evil powers coin for which the gods must sell their fa- to persecute him, and forbids any good one vours, as the shopkeeper supplies the thief to assist him. for ready money, Some of the most famous When he is on the rocks near Mount Mepenitents have been actuated by ambition rou,—the fine incident of the bitch that left and cruelty.

her whelps for want. By penance and prayer any gift may be It is Kalya who saves herself and her facompelled from the gods ; add immortality, ther, when they are about to be executed, and there may exist an enemy formidable by calling on Mariatale, the mixed power. even to heaven.

She with her father is cast out, but he leaves The search of the Amortam by such a

her when she is asleep, that she may not man, call him for the present Keradon_he partake his sufferings. The Mouni-Willis a Bramin. An injured Paria-Cartamen-o-the wisps-misleads her. She sinks unfollows him, finds him in the very presence

der a manchineel ; then Eelia, the Grindouof Yamen, who alone dispenses the draught ver, sees and saves her.

Parassourama advises Ledalma to appeal i Here again we have the first germ of the Curse of Kehama... Writing to his early and vajee cannot be judged till the term ap

to Bely, the just governor of Padalon. Seevalued friend, CHARLES DANVERS, May 6, 1801, Southey says: “ I have just and barely pointed for his natural life had elapsed. begun the Curse of Keradon.”—J. W. W. Ilis spirit therefore is at leisure to be mischievous. Ledalma may see Bely on the thirst, and the cool element fly from his night when he visits earth, or attempt to touch; he shall hunger, and all earthly food descend by Yamen's throne.

refuse its aid. He shall never sleep, and The Sorgon might be conquered by Ke- never die, till the full age of man be accomradon and Padalon. Yamen calmly awaits plished. him unmoved at his post, and gives him the When the dead Naropi attempts Kalyal, cup, the consummation of his conquests. the eye of Eswara falls upon him and conEenia, after seeking other aid in vain,

sumes him, dares to appeal to Eswara, and complain

Keradon has obtained that none can dethat there is injustice in the world. Eswara stroy him but himself. tells him Death alone can aid Laderlad. After Kalyal has fed her father with the

Eenia takes Kalyal to the Sorgon, and Sorgon fruits, Keradon strikes her with le. shows her all its joys; but she asks to be prosy, that the Grindouver may loath her. restored to her father. He knows not where Then it is that Eenia flies to the throne of he is, but asks Arounin, the charioteer of the Destroyer-God. the sun. Thus Arounin's answer brings up The Cintra cistern might be well painted. the lee-way, and the clumsiness of a revert- Laderlad lying by the water. ing story is avoided.

Kalyal is taken to the Sorgon to be reEenia asks Manmadin to wound Kalyal covered. also. The Love God cannot, her heart is The giants join Keradon to get the Amorfull of stronger feelings.

tam. Kalyal is exposed to violation in a temple. The frozen bay by Parassourama's cave Eenia guards her, and kills whoever attempts of sleep. Thence he may embark for the her. He daily tells her of her father. end of the world, to Yamen.

Keradon takes Laderlad and leads him Thus then the arrangement. Funeral and through Padalon to see with living eyes his curse. Its gradual effects till Laderlad after pain. Sure that Yamen must give the leaves Kalyal asleep. Her adventure with draught, he drags his conquered enemies to the dead Naropi. Eenia bears her to the the spot of triumph, drinks, and dies. The Sorgon. Search of her father. Arounin's wrath-eye of Eswara is on him.

account. The meeting. Keradon smites her When the father and daughter are about with leprosy. First he exposes her in the to be executed at Naropi's grave, Laderlad temple. Eenia defends her. His request despairs, and therefore is abandoned. Ka- to Manmadin. Keradon then taints her Iyal is for piety exempted from the curse. with the leprosy. He attempts to destroy

Naropi's spirit, animating his corpse, per- her. Mariatale saves her. After the dissecutes Laderlad and his daughter. When ease Eenia goes to Eswara, as he is leading alone, she is led into a house where the both to Yamen. The giants seize them. spectre awaits her, and escaping from his Parassourama wakes to their rescue. Their Incubus attempt sinks at the foot of the voyage. On the shore Keradon captures manchineel tree.

them. His triumph in Padalon, and the end. Keradon's curse.—May he be shunned by

1. The curse.

2. The manchineel. 3. all his own cast, and be in the same abomi- The Sorgon. 4. The meeting. 5. The nation to them that they are to the rest of the prostitution. 6. The leprosy. 7. The apworld; the sun shine to scorch him; no wind peal to Eswara. 8. Parassourama. 9. The cool him ; no water wet his lips. He shall captivity. 10. The catastrophe.

Eenia's appeal to Eswara. An allusion to The reader will observe that in this early the fruitless attempt of Brahma and VicheMS. the characters are variously spelt. In the poem itself we have Kalyal and Glendoveer- non to measure the greater god. The Grinnot Kalya and Grindouver.-J. W. W. douver finds him soon. Allegory, whom


curious presumption cannot discover, af- | ballads, double rhymes the more the better. Alicted earnestness instantly finds.

Anaranya, like Crispin the Conjurer, folThe meeting with Bely might be in his lows them on the water. ruined city Mavalipuram. Its sea scenery

The Wrath Eye is reserved for the cataswould be impressive.

trophe. As Keradon drinks, it falls upon Kalyal comes to the Lake Asru-tirt'ha, him, and fills him with fire, red hot. by bathing there she would lose all worldly Eenia will be better winged, like the affections and go to Vishu's paradise ; for Glums, than with feathers. His application her father's sake she refuses, and thus is re- to Cama must be in the Sorgon. served for a higher bliss. .

Living Careatades might support the I shall write this romance in rhyme, thus throne of Yamen. to avoid any sameness of style or syntax or After Anaranya’s body is by Mariatale expression with my blank verse poems, and destroyed, he might still persecute a shadow to increase my range and power of lan- dark in the evening light; but his eyes were

bright, like stars in the haze of mist. The But the chain must be as loose as possible, moon was gone; the clouds moved on. Then an unrhymed line may often pass without the shadow he grew light in the darkness of offending the ear. Like the Emperor of the night, and his eyes like flame were red.” China's lying fiddler, he may be silent in the Indra will not allow Eenia to bring Lanoise of his companions. A middle rhyme derlad to the Sorgon, fearing sooner to exmay be used, not merely to its own termi- asperate Keradon. But Kalyal builds her nation but to that of another verse. The father a cane hut, and Eenia daily brings octave line is of more hurrying rapidity than him the fruits of the Sorgon. At last he the decimal, and may be varied at pleasure comes not, and a hurricane tears up the hut. with that of six, and with the fuller close Kehama orders her to be thrown into the of ten or twelve. In short lines a repetition river at once. May not the very curse save of rhymes is pleasant; even in long ones, as her, by enabling Laderlad to get her out of Warner proves to my ear, and the Spanish the river ? This idea strikes him, and he

runs instantly as he is freed. 1“ It is begun in rhymes, as irregular in Derla and Vedilya, wives of Arvelan, length, cadence, and disposition as the lines of burnt; one patiently, and with no love of Thalaba. I write them with equal rapidity, so life, which never had been happiness; the that on the score of time and trouble that is neither loss nor gain. But it is so abominable other younger, and with strugglings. They a sin against what I know to be right, that my also wander in spirit, being untimely slain ; stomach turns at it. It is to the utmost of my and in the Jaggernat temple save Kalyal power vitiating, or rather continuing the cor

from the force of their tyrant, for Arvelan ruption of public taste-it is feeding people on

there French cookery, which pleases their diseased


in body. and pampered palates, when they are not healthy

Kohalma discovers that of Kalyal an imenough to relish the flavour of beef & mutton. mortal babe shall be born; hence he may My inducements are-to avoid any possible

save her at last, deeming that by him it sameness of expression, any mannerism, and to make as huge an innovation in rhymes as

must be begotten. Thalaba will do in blank verse. But I am almost

Lake of Crocodiles. She is throned on induced to translate what is already done into one ; before the espousals with the idol, the the Thalaban metre.”—MS. Letter to C. Dan. angelic increase of beauty given by the Sor. vers, Lisbon, May 6, 1801.

“ If, after all, you like better to write in gon fruits occasion her election. rhyme, what is done may be easily translated. An hour passes in the Sorgon, but it is In proof of the practicability, the first seventy pages of Kehama underwent this metamorpho- ? As it is so written in the original MS. I sis.” MS. Letter to Caroline Bowles, 10th May, have not thought it necessary to divide the 1824.-J. W. W.

lines.-J. W. W.

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an hour of the blessed ; and Laderlad has Oronoco Indian's trial.—MARIGNY Revol. had a year's wandering.

vol. 1, p. 52. Also the case of Judkin FitzOnly into Laderlad's hand may the cup gerald, Esq. of Amreeta be given. Thus hath it been Ashes of the kings.—Ibid. p.

99. So the decreed, and that not for himself is he to flight from Almanzor. receive it. A reason for his presence. La- “ L. Martio et Sex. Julio consulibus in derlad's must pass through the dark portal. agro Mutinensi duo montes inter se concur

Crocodiles are kept in a moat or tank that serunt, crepitu maximo assultantes et recesurrounded a town in the East Indies, as dentes, et inter eos flamma fumoque exguards. So I heard from a man who had eunte. Quo concursu villæ omnes elisæ sunt, been an officer in that service; and so it was animalia permultæ quæ intra fuerant, exaat Goa.-ALBOQ. BARROS.

nimata sunt.”—Textor's Officina, 210 ff. Laderlad might at last rise in open

hostility to Kehama.

“For my harp is made of a good mares skyn, Among the ornaments of Major Cart. The strynges be of horse heare, it maketh a right's magnificent temple is the self moved good dyn." vessel of the Phæacians. The body of the

Borde's Introduction to Knowledge, living bark is like a scollop shell; instead of

quoted in WALKER's Bards. a helm, it grows into a human head, to see and direct the way.

“Cortes made the Zempoallans pulldowne She is thrown under the wheels of Jagre- their idolls, and sepulchres of their Cassikz, nat's car to be destroyed; but he who lies which they did reverence as Gods."-Connext her is Laderlad, and Death knew Ke-quest of the Weast Indies. hama's Curse.

Apple blossoms in Hoel's poetry-so an Irish sonnet, of which Walker has foolishly given only a rhyme version.


Notes for Madoc.

“Blest were the days when in the lonely shade SILENT, apart from all and musing much.

Join'd hand in hand my love and I have -VIEIRA LUSITANO, canto 8, p. 278.

stray'd. Bird Omen.—Carlos Magno, p. 23. But Where apple blossoms scent the fragrant air

I'vesnatch'd soft kisses from the wanton fair. not understandable, like the Mexican prodigy.

“ Once more, sweet maid, together let us Priests running into the battle.—Corte


And in soft dalliance waste the fleeting day.
Real. Seg. Cerco de Diu. canto 11, p. 143.
Canto 18, p. 289.

Through hazel groves, where clust'ring nuts
Sunless world, a phrase correspondent to

invite, mine, p. 2.

And blushing apples charm the tempted Endymion de Gombauld.

sight.” Early navigator. Capt. James's poem in

Tue Irish horsemen were attended by danger.—2 c. 98. Death of Coatel. Water of Jealousy armed only with darts or javelins, to which

servants on foot, commonly called Daltini," Tale in Niebuhr. Pierre Faifen, cap. 22, thongs of leather were fastned, wherewith p. 58. John Henderson at Downend.

to draw them back after they were cast.

SIR JAMES Ware's Antiquities of Ireland. By referring to the notes on Madoc, the reader will see how small a portion of his great collections Southey was in the habit of using · Du CANGE quotes Ware and Stanihurst in up. See Life and Correspondence, vol. v. 172.- v. SPELMAN in his Gloss. gives the explanation

J. W. W. at length.-J. W. W.

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