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the window, the murmuring of their young A path but little frequented—the grass is pleasant-a placid sound, according with a darker green, not worn away. the quietness of all around.
July 20. Over the western hill it is like a sea of glory, the mist that terminates it
Poem of Tarafat. graduates into clouds of illuminated dark
P.8. “She smiles and displays her bright ness, the sun shines full forth. A moun
teeth rising from their dark-coloured basis, tainous ridge of cloud spreads southwards, like a privet plant in full bloom, which their summits whitened. July 22. I see the distant hills through the pierces a bank of pure sand, moistened with
42. “ I shake the lash over my camel white church. The green predominates, and she quickens her pace, while the sultry and then the faint reddishness. It travels with the clouds . I first saw it tinging Wal- vapour rolls in waves over the burning
cliffs." ton Castle, and it has now passed completely
64. “I see no difference between the
tomb of the anxious miser gasping over his A line of dark cloud, a blue gray, the sun
hoard, and the tomb of the libertine lost in sinks behind it, the streaks above glowing, the maze of voluptuousness. You behold their remoter sides a brownish red.
the sepulchres of them both raised in two July 23, nine o'clock. I never saw an
heaps of earth, on which are elevated two evening sky more beautiful. It rains. The broad piles of solid marble, among the clouds are of the darkest gray; but through tombs closely connected." one long opening the sky appears of the
101. “The muscles of our chargers quake clearest light, a yellow whiteness.
as soon as they mingle in battle." July 30. The with-weed, or white con
103. “Time will produce events of which volvulus, is now in blossom. Pestilent as it thou canst have no idea ; and he, to whom is in gardens, I cannot but like it, it so
thou gavest no commission, will bring thee clothes the bush on which it seizes, and its
unexpected news."2_MOALLAKAT. white bell flower is so graceful.
I see fern growing amid the moss and ivy of an old wall. Greenness of the young ivy.
Poem of Zohair. A fine red dwarf hollihock is now in blos
The canal around the tent mentioned. som by the ruined cottage in the glen be
P. 41. “ He made a fierce attack, nor low K. Weston hill. A beautiful relic of
feared the number of tents, where Death, cultivation among nettles and weeds.
the mother of vultures, had fixed her manThe roots of the elms at Stapleton are
sion." prodigiously fine. They run into each other,
59. “Experience has taught me the events and emboss the ground like some cathedral
of this day and yesterday; but as to the roof. Their long flutings near the ground look like the clusters of a Gothic column.
events of to-morrow, I confess my blind
ness."—Ibid. Night. The light-leaved poplars now dark as a cypress grove. It has been a wet day: the clouds still
Poem of Lebeid. hang heavy, though whitely shining in parts. The distant hill is a mass of dark blue.
P. 11. “ IN the plains which now are
naked a populous tribe once dwelt; but they · The names here shew us where Southey decamped at early dawn, and nothing of was at this time residing. Pill is a chapelry in the parish of Easton in Gordano, and Union of 9 This is the motto to the third book of Tha. Bedminster, six miles from Bristol.-J. W.W. laba.-J. W. W.
them remains but the canals which encircled their tents, and the Thumaam plants with
Poem of Hareth. which they were repaired."
P. 64. “They surprised you not indeed 15. “ They hastened their camels
, till the by a sudden assault, but they advanced, and sultry vapour gradually stole them from the sultry vapour of noon, through which thy sight."
you saw them, increased their magnitude.” 34. “ They divide the waters of the full 74.“ We thrust them before us till the stream, whose banks are covered with the muscles of their thighs were breeched in plants of Kolaam. Banks which a grove of
gore." reeds, part erect and part laid prostrate, overshades or clothes us with a mantle." 53. " When the flashes of the noon-tide
Run, Madoc's Brother's Death. vapour dance over the plain, and the sultry
A.D. 1143. “ SHORTLIE after died Run, mist clothes the parched hills."
the sonne of Prince Owen of North Wales, a 62. “ On many a cold morning, when the faire and a goodlie yoong man, whose death freezing winds howl, and the hand of the when it came to his father's eares did so North holds their reins, I turn aside their trouble him, that no kind of plesure could blast from the travellers whom I receive in comfort his heavie hart, so that he led the my tent."
night in teares and the day in heavinesse." 76. “ To the cords of my tent approaches - Powell's History of Cambria. every needy matron."—Ibid.
Character of Hoel.
A. D. 1145. “At this time Cadelh, MereP. 29. “ She turns her right side, as if dyth and Rees, the sons of Gruffyth ap Rees she were in fear of some large headed ap Theodor, did lead their powers against screamer of the night.”
the castell of Gwys, which after they saw 70. “ Then I knew with certainty, that, they could not win, they sent for Howel, in so fierce a contest with them, many a
the sonne of Owen Prince of North Wales, heavy blow would make the perched birds to their succour, who for his prowesse in of the brain fly quickly from every skull." the field and his discretion in consultation -Ibid.
was counted the floure of chivalrie, whose presence also was thought onlie sufficient to
overthrowe anie hold."-Ibid. Poem of Amru. P. 40. “ Our dark javelins exquisitely wrought of Karthlaran reeds, slender and
Cynetha. delicate." 79. “ We have coats of mail that glitter
“ In the year 1151, 0. Gwyneth tooke like lightning, the plaits of which are seen
Cunetha, his brother Cadwalhon his sonne, in wrinkles above our belts. When at any he should have children to inherit part of
and put out his eies and gelded him, least time our heroes put them off, you may see their skin blackened with the
pressure of the steel."
81. “ The plaits of our hauberks resemble the surface of a pool, which the winds
Owen Cyveilioc. have ruffled in their course."
“OWEN CYVEILIOC married Wenlhian the daughter of O. Gwy."-Ibid.
the end, the King was compelled to returne Battle of Ceireoc.?
home without his purpose, and that with A. D. 1165. “ The King gathered another great losse of men and munition besides armie of chosen men through all his domi- his charges. Therefore in a great choler he nions, as England, Normandie, Anjow, Gas- caused the pledges eies, whom he had recoine and Gwyen, sending for succours from
ceived long before that, to be put out: Flanders and Brytaine, and then returned which were Rees and Cadwalhon the sonnes towardes North Wales, minding utterlie to of Owen, and Cynwric and Meredyth the destroie all that had life in the land, and
sonnes of Rees and other."—Ibid. comming to Croes Oswalt, called Oswaldstree, incamped there. On the contrarie side, Prince Owen and his brother Cadwal
Dogs know the Dog-killer. lader, with all the power of North Wales, “ It is a common experience that dogs and the Lord Rees with the power of South know the dog-killer; when as in times of Wales, and 0. Cyverl and the sonnes of infection some petty fellow is sent out to Madoc ap Meredyth with the power of kill the dogs ; and that though they have Powys, and the two sonnes of Madoc ap never seene him before, yet they will all Ednerth with the people betwixt Wye and come forth and barke and flie at him." Seaverne, gathered themselves togither and Lord Bacon's Sylva Sylvarum. came to Corwen in Edeyrneon, purposing to defend their countrie. But the King understanding that they were so nigh, being
Ladies drawn by Cows. wonderfull desirous of battell, came to the
“ PIACENZA. I observed in this town a river Ceireoc, and caused the woods to be
of thriftiness used by the genhewen downe. Whereupon a number of the tlewomen, who make no scruple to be carried Welshmen understanding the passage, un
to their country-houses near the town in knowing to their captaines, met with the King's ward, where were placed the piked ther. These will carry the Signora a pretty
coaches drawn by two cowes yoaked togemen of all the armie, and there began a
round trot unto her villa; they afford her hote skirmish, where diverse worthie men
also a dish of their milk, and after collation were slaine on either side ; but in the end bring her home again at night without the King wanne the passage, and came to the mountaine of Berwyn, where he laie in spending a penny."
The Voyage of Italy, by Rich. Lassels, campe certaine daies, and so both the armies
Gent. who travelled through Italy stood in awe each of other; for the King
five times, as tutor to several of the kept the open plaines, and was affraid to be
English nobility and gentry. Printed intrapped in straits; but the Welshmen
at Paris, 1670. watched for the advantage of the place, and kept the King so straitlie, that neither forrage nor victuall might come to his camp, neither
Battle of Montargis. durst anie souldiour stir abroad : and to augment their miseries, there fell such raine " I saw but one extraordinery thing in that the King's men could scant stand upon
the rest of the way to Lyons, an old intheir feete upon those slipperie hilles. Inscription in letters of gold, upon a wooden
fabric, a mile before I came to Montargis, 1“ Dost thou not remember, brother, importing, that the English being encamped How in that hot and unexpected charge On Keiriog's bank, we gave the enemy
here, had been forced to raise their siege Their welcoming.”
before Montargis, by reason of great raynes Madoc in Il'ales, part i. ii.-J. W. W. and sudden inundations. Some of the
French historians will have it, that it was
Cock-roaches exorcised. the C. de Dunois that forced the English to raise the siege here; but I had rather
“ We found millions of cock-roaches in believe publick inscriptions than private the bread room; it is necessary a man flattery, and it was more honourable for the should have seen them with his own eyes, English to be overcome by God than by to have an idea of the number of these inmen."-LASSELS.
sects. These pests had so much infested the ship, that the holy father, who officiated as
chaplain, was obliged to have recourse to Battle of Murat. Duke Charles the exorcisms more than once." —Journal of Warlike.
D. Francisco Antonio Maurelle, in the Fr. “ MURAT.I was told here that the Duke La Princesa, 1781. In La PEROUSE. of Burgundy, seeing his army defeated, and himself environed on one side by the lake
Death of Bertrand of Clesquin. here, and on the other side by the enemies conquering army, chose rather to trust him- “ BERTRAND of Clesquin died at the siege self to the lake than to his enemies. Where- of the Castle of Rancon, near unto Puy in upon spurring his horse into the lake, one Auvergne; the besieged yielding afterof his pages, to save himself also, leaped up wards, were forced to carry the keies of the behind him as he took water. The Duke, castle upon the deceased body of the capout of fear, either perceived him not at tain.”—MONTAIGNE, book i. ch. 3. first, or dissembled it till he came to the other side of the lake, which is two miles broad. The stout horse tugged through with them
Arabian Horses. both, and saved them both from drowning, but " The Arabian horses are divided into not both from death; for the Duke, seeing two great branches; the Kadischi, whose in what danger his page had put him, stabbed descent is unknown, and the Kochlani, of the page with his dagger. Poor Prince ! whom a written genealogy has been kept thou mightest have given another offering for 2000 years. These last are reserved of thanksgiving to God for thy escape than for riding solely, they are highly esteemed this !”—Ibid.
and consequently very dear. They are said to derive their origin from King Solo
mon's studs. However this may be they Crows-dutiful Children.
are fit to bear the greatest fatigues, and “ Is Exameron it is said that the mildnes
can pass whole days without food. They of the crow is wonderfull : for when the old
are also said to show uncommon courage crowes in age be both naked and bare of against an enemy. It is even asserted, that covering of fethers, then the young crowes
when a horse of this race finds himself hide and cover them with their fethers, and wounded and unable to bear his rider much gather meate and feed them. And some
longer, he retires from the fray, and contime when they waxe olde and feeble, then
veys him to a place of security. If the the young crowes underset them, and reare
rider falls upon the ground, his horse rethem up with their wings, and comfort them mains beside him, and neighs till assistto use to fly, to bring the members that be
ance is brought. The Kochlani are neither diseased into state again."
large nor handsome but amazingly swift. From a book written by BARTHELMEW GLANTVILE, a Franciscan Frier, 1360. Trans- " This is quoted in the notes to Thalabalated by Stephan Batman, Professour in Di- “Lo! at his side a courser stood,” &c. vinitie.
Sixth Book.-J. W. W.
The whole race is divided into several fa- | quent and of considerable bulk. In the milies, each of which has its proper name.
most arid tracts, near the sea, the dews are Some of these have a higher reputation singularly copious. But notwithstanding than others on account of their more an- this humidity, the air is so pure that the incient and uncontaminated nobility.” habitants sleep in the open air.”—Ibid.
Arabian Birds, Beasts, and Plants.? “ The Samiel prevails only on the con- “ On the lofty hills of Arabia Petræa are fines of the great desert, where the agita- rock-goats. The plains are stocked with tion of the air forms a current for the va- gazelles, and this beautiful creature is so pours which are raised by the heat of the common that the Arabian poets draw from sun from that parched territory. The places it many of their allusions and similitudes. the most exposed to this destructive wind | In the sandy tracks are numbers of those are the banks of the Euphrates, and some
little animals called jerboas, Pharaoh's rats, times the environs of Mecca, when the north whose flesh the Arabians eat without any wind blows from the desert. The effects dislike. of the Samiel are instant suffocation to “ In places where there was water, we every living creature that happens to be found a beautiful variety of the plover, and within the sphere of its activity, and imme- sometimes storks. The deserts are not diate putrefaction of the carcases of the without ostriches, which are called by the dead. The Arabians discern its approach inhabitants Thar Edsjammel, the camelby an unusual redness in the air, and they bird.A beautiful lapwing, called Hudhud, say that they feel a smell of sulphur as it is also common on the shores of the Persian passes. The only means by which any Gulph. Some Arabians have been purperson can preserve himself from suffering suaded that the language of this bird may from the noxious blasts, is by throwing be understood, by a fabulous tradition. himself down with his face upon the earth, The vulture is very serviceable, clearing the till this whirlwind of poisonous exhalations earth of all carcases which corrupt very has blown over, which always moves at a rapidly in hot countries. He also destroys certain height in the atmosphere. Instinct the field-mice, which multiply so prodigieven teaches the brutes to incline their ously in some provinces, that were it not heads to the ground on these occasions.”
for this assistance, the peasant might cease NIEBUHR.
from the culture of the fields as absolutely vain. Their performance of these impor
tant services induced the ancient Egyptians Arabian Atmosphere.
to pay those birds divine honours; and “A CLEAR sky seldom obscured by clouds even at present it is held unlawful to kill renders storms very unfrequent in the plains. them in all the countries which they freThe air discharges its electric matter in quent. globes of fire, and by the phenomena The Samarman, or Samarmog," is thought called shooting stars, which are not unfre
2 The reader will find most of this imagery | This is the Shamyela, or wind of Syria, or
worked up in Thulaba.-J. W. W. Simoom. See notes on Thalaba
3 “ And in modern Greek Erpolocáun.os." “ The blast of the desert came;
- . Prostrate in prayer, the pious family
• See notes to the third book of Thalaba Felt not the simoom pass.”
“And yonder birds our welcome visitants,” &c. Book second.-J. W. W.
J. W. W.