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who happen to die at this season, go directly Gladiators, why suppressed.

to heaven.”—GEMELLI. BROUGHTon's Dict. “ UNDER the Emperor Honorius, when of all Religions. Prudentius, a Christian poet, had endeavoured to obtain the abolition of the gladiatorian spectacles, Telemachos, a hermit of

Feast of Lights. the East, appeared in the amphitheatre. As “ HANUCA or Channuccah, the feast of soon as the combat had begun, he descend- lights, or feast of dedication, an anniversary ed, with a dignified simplicity, inflamed by festival among the Jews, in memory of Juthe spirit of benevolence and holy zeal, into das Maccabæus's repairing and dedicating the arena, and endeavoured to prevent the anew the temple and altar, which had been combatants from murdering each other. plundered and prophaned by Antiochus EpiThe spectators, enraged, rose and stoned phanes. It was observed on 25th of the him. Perhaps there may be some who will month Cisleu, and was continued eight days. feel inclined to ridicule the simplicity of On the first day they light one lamp, on the this dignified man, though had it been the second, two, and so on to the eighth day, act of a heathen philosopher, they would when they light eight lamps. The occasion have admired and cited it as exemplary of this is as follows.

The enemies having Telemachos, however, was the last sacrifice prophaned the city and temple, were driven to this accursed custom. Honorius was out by Jonathan and his sons. Upon his moved, forbad the games of the gladiators, return, he found there was not oil enough and from that period they were entirely left to light the lamps of the great branch abolished.-STOLBERG's Travels.

for more than one night, but by a miracle This S. has another name, Almachius. it lasted eight."-BROUGHTON.

Death of Ali's Sons celebrated.

St. Peter ad Vincula.Lammas Day.' “ The Persians observe a festival in me

“ The first of August was celebrated in mory of the death of Hassan and his bro

honour of Augustus, who on that day had

been saluted with that name, and so given ther, the sons of Hali, who were killed by Omar

, near Bagdad. It begins on the 23rd occasion to change the name of the month of August, and lasts ten days, during which from Sextilis to August. Eudoxia, wife of

Theodosius, having made a journey to Jeevery square is adorned with lights, and a long banner or streamer, near which a Mul- rusalem, was there presented with the fetlah or priest gets up into a pulpit to preach, ters which St. Peter had been loaded with and makes a most hideous noise. All the in prison. These she presented to the Pope, inhabitants of that quarter go to hear him, who afterwards laid them up in a church clad in red and blue silk gowns, as a token built by Theodosius to the honour of St.

Peter. She also obtained a decree of her of sorrow. The women supply the Mullahs witla sweatmeats and rose-water, to cool husband, that the first of August should be them when they are heated with preaching kept holy in remembrance of St. Peter's On one of the ten days, they set a figure then emperor should have a holy day.”—

bonds, thinking it unreasonable that

heaof straw, which they call Omar, on an ass,

Ibid. and after having led them about the town, they kill the poor ass, and set fire to the

Certainly July and August ought to be

christened. image. They are fully persuaded that dur. ing these ten days, the gates of heaven stand | This day has another remarkable name, the continually open, and that all Mussulmen, | GULE of August. See Spelman in v.-J.w.w.

a

“ This day is called Lammas day, from a till the consummation of all things, when conceit the people had that St. Peter was they were to be thrown into the gulph of patron of the

lambs, because our Saviour fire. Uriel was sent to Noah, to warn and said to him, 'Feed my lambs. Upon which instruct him."-Ibid. account they thought the mass of this day very beneficial to make their lambs thrive.” -Ibid.

River Dee, and Ceirioc.

DEE, a river deep and swift; Egregori of the Book of Enoch. It seems as it would rive the rocks alone, “The Egregori, or watching angels, to

Or undermine with force the craggie clift. the number of 200, having fallen in love To Chester runs this river all along, with the daughters of men, on account of With gushing streame and roring water their excellent beauty, descended on the

strong; top of mount Hermon. Their princes were

On both the sides are bankes and hilles good twenty, Semiazas the chief. In the

store, year

of the world 170, they took themselves wives, And mightie stones that makes the river rore. and committed leudness with them till the

It flowes with winde, although no raine there flood, in which time the women bore to

bee, them three generations. The first was the

And swelles like sea with waves and foamgiants; they begat the Nephilim, they the ing flood; Eliud. Their chief taught them the force

A wonder sure, to see this river Dee of poisonous roots and herbs. Azalzel, the With winde alone to waxe so wyld and wood, art of working metals and precious stones,

Make such a sturre as water would be mad, also of making swords, and other instru- | And shewe such life as though some spreete ments of war. Pharmarus, charms and in

it had. cantations. Chobabiel (astrology, Araciel), A cause there is, a nature for the same, the signs of the earth. Sampsich, those of To bring this flood in such straunge case the sun. Sariel, those of the moon; and in

and frame. like manner each of them revealed certain And still on rocke the water runnes, you see, secrets to their wives and children. But A wondrous way, a thing full rare and impiety and all manner of corruption in

straunge, creasing upon the earth, the four archangels, That rocke cannot the course of water by the command of God, bound the princes

chaunge. of those transgressors, and threw them into For in the streame, huge stones and rocks the abyss, there to remain till the day of remayne, judgement."-Ibid.

That backward might the flood of force con

strayne." “ The angel Raphael was commissioned CHURCHYARD's Worthines of Wales. to heal the earth of the wounds caused by the secrets these Egregori had revealed.

He calls Ceirioc, Keeryock. Gabriel's charge was, to destroy the giants. “A raging brooke when rayne or snowe is Michael waș commanded to bind Semiazas great." and his companions, and to lead them to the uttermost parts of the earth, where they

1,"There is a poole in Meryonethshiere of 3 were to be confined for seventy generations. | myle long, rageth so by storm that it makes

this river flowe,” Enoch, vii. 7. p. 6 –J. W. I See Abp. LAWRENCE'S

edit. of the Book of

W.

tina, ego

pascebat, nescio quid garrire cæpit. Quo Coracles.

audito, mulieris cultellus de manu excidit, Tre Coracles are still used in some parts simul & facies pallescere cæpit, & emisso of Wales. “They are generally 5 feet rugitu, Hodiè, inquit, accipiam grande inlong, and 4 broad; their bottom is a little commodum, hodiéq; ad sulcum ultimum, rounded, and their shape nearly oval. These meum pervenit aratrum. Quo dicto, nunboats are ribbed with light laths, or split cius doloris intravit. Muliere verò percunctwigs, in the manner of basket work, and tata ad quid veniret, Affero, inquit, tibi filii are covered with a raw hide, or strong can

tui obitum, & totius familiæ ejus ex subita vas, pitched in such a mode as to prevent ruina interitum. Hoc quoque dolore mulier their leaking. A seat crosses just above permota, lecto protinus decubuit, graviter the centre, towards the broader end. They infirmata. Sentiensq; morbum subrepere seldom weigh more than between 20 and ad vitalia, liberos quos habuit superstites, 30 pounds. The men paddle them with one

monachum videlicet & monacham per Epishand, while they fish with the other; and tolam invitavit. Advenientes autem voce when their work is completed, they throw singultiente alloquitur. Ego, inquit, o pueri, the coracles over their shoulders, and with

meo miserabili fato dæmoniacis semper arout difficulty return with them home. tibus inservivi. Ego omnium vitiorum sen“ Riding through Abergwilly, we saw se

illecebrarum omnium fui magistra. veral of these phenomena resting with their Erat tamen mihi inter hæc mala, spes vesbottoms upwards, against the houses, and træ religionis, quæ meam solidaret animam resembling the shells of so many enormous desperatam, vos expectabam propugnatores turtles; and indeed a traveller at the first contra dæmones, tutores contra sævissimos view of a coracle on the shoulders of a hostes. Nunc igitur quoniam ad finem vitæ fisherman, might fancy he saw a tortoise perveni, rogo vos per materna ubera ut mea walking on his hinder legs.”—WYNDHAM. tentetis alleviare tormenta. Insuite me de

functam corio cervino, ac deinde in sarcophago lapideo supponite, operculumque fer

ro & plumbo constringite, ac demum lapidem Old Woman of Berkeley.?

tribus cathenis ferreis & fortissimis circun“A.D. 852. CIRCA dies istos, mulier quæ

dantes, clericos quinquaginta psalmorum dam malefica, in villa quæ Berkeleia dici- cantores, & tot per tres dies presbyteros tur, degens, gulæ amatrix ac petulantiæ, missarum celebratores applicate, qui féroces flagitiis modum usque in senium & auguriis lenigent adversariorum incursus. Ita si trinon ponens, usque ad mortem impudica bus noctibus secura jacuero quarto die me permansit

. Hæc die quâdam cum sederet infodite humo. Factumq; est ut præceperat ad prandium, cornicula quam pro delitiis illis. Sed, proh dolor! nil preces, nil lacry

mæ nil demum valuere cathenæ. Primis They are still commonly used on the Severn enim duabus noctibus, cum chori psallenand the Wye. As a boy I could manage one

tium corpori assistebant, advenientes dædexterously in fishing, and have often carried mones ostium Ecclesiæ confregerunt ingenti it across my shoulders. Herodotus first men. obice clausum, extremasq; cathenas negotio tions them, see Clio. c. 194. And it is curious levi dirumpunt. Media

autem, quæ fortior that Captain Keppel ascended the Euphrates in just such another conveyance : See Travels, erat, illibata manebat. Tertiâ autem nocte, vol. i. p. 192. This note is used up in Madoc circa gallicinium, strepitu hostium advenin Wales, xiii. p. 348.-J. W. W.

tantium, omne monasterium visum est à I do not feel justified in omitting such extracts as this, though used up, like others, in

fundamento moveri. Unus ergo dæmonum SOUTHEY'S works. See the ballad, p. 454.

& vultu cæteris terribilior, & staturâ emiJ. W. W. nentior, januas Ecclesiæ impetu violento concussas in fragmenta dejecit. Direxerunt licentiâ à rege impetratâ, profectus est in clerici cum laicis, metu steterunt omnium Hyberniam ad natale solum, ut parentes vicapilli & psalmorum concentus defecit. Dæ- sitaret. Qui cum aliquandiu in regione illâ mon ergo gestu ut videbatur arroganti ad | demoratus fuisset, cepit ad mentem redusepulchrum accedens, & nomen mulieris cere vitam suam adeò flagitiosam ; quod ab modicum ingeminans, surgere imperavit. ipsis cunabulis, incendiis semper vacaverat Quâ respondente, quod nequiret pro vincu- & rapinis, & quod magis dolebat, se ecclesilis, Jam malo tuo, inquit, solveris; & pro- arum fuisse violatorem, & rerum ecclesiastinus cathenam quæ cæterorum ferociam ticarum invasorem, præter multa enormia, dæmonum deluserat, velut stuppeum vin- quæ intrinsecus latebant peccata. Miles culum rumpebat. Operculum etiam sepul- igitur pænitentiâ ductus ad episcopum quenchri pede depellens, mulierem palam omni- dam illius regionis accessit; cui cum pecbus ab ecclesiâ extraxit, ubi pro foribus cata sua devotus per ordinem detulisset, inniger equus superbè hinniens videbatur, crepavit eum graviter Episcopus, asserens uncis ferreis, & clavis undique confixus, illum nimis divinam clementiam offendisse ; super quem misera mulier projecta, ab ocu- unde miles multum contristatus, Deo conlis assistentium evanuit. Audiebantur ta- dignam facere pænitentiam cogitavit. Cum men clamores per quatuor fere miliaria hor- autem Ep. ut justum sibi videbatur, vellet ribiles auxilium postulantes. Ista itaq; quæ ei injungere, pænitentiam, miles respondit, retuli incredibilia non erunt, si legatur beati Dum igitur ut asseris, factorem meum tam Gregorii dialogus, in quo refert

, hominem graviter offendi, pænitentiam assumam. Omin ecclesiâ sepultam à dæmonibus foras ejec- nibus pænitentiis graviorem, ut peccatotum. Et apud Francos Carolus Martellus rum meorum merear remissionem accipere, insignis vir fortitudinis, qui Saracenos Gal- Purgatorium S. Patricii volo intrare. De lias ingressos, Hispaniam redire compulit, hoc quoq; Purgatorio & ejus origine quod exactis vitæ suæ diebus, in Ecclesiâ beati sequitur tradunt veteres historiæ IlyberDionysii legitur fuisse sepultus. Sed quia nenses. patrimonia, cum decimis omnium fere Ec- Magnus Patricius dum in Hyberniâ clesiarum Galliæ, pro stipendio commilito- verbum Dei prædicaret, & multis ibi miranum suorum mutilaverat, miserabiliter a culorum signis choruscaret, bestiales illius malignis spiritibus de sepulchro corporaliter patriæ homines, terrore infernalium toravulsus, usque in hodiernum diem nusquam mentorum, ac Paradysi amore gaudiorum, comparuit.”Flores Historiarum, by Mat- à mortuis studuit revocare. Sed ipsi plano THEW OF WESTMINSTER.

sermone affirmabant, se non conversuros ad

Christum, nisi oculatâ fide prius conspiceThe story of Guntram' is in this book, rent quæ promisit. Unde dum B. P. pro and it adds, that he applied the treasures salute populi in jejuniis, vigiliis & orationiso found to the uses of the Church.

bus positus, Dominum precaretur propensius, pius Dei filius apparens ei, duxit eum

in locum desertum, & ostendit illi speluncam St. Patrick's Purgatory.?

rotundam & obscuram intrinsecus, & dixit, “ Miles quidem Hoenus nomine qui mul- Quisquis veraciter pænitens & in fide contis annis sub Rege Stephano militaverat, stans, hanc speluncam ingressus fuerit, spa

tio unius diei ac noctis ab omnibus in eâ "See the story quoted in note to “ The Vi. purgabitur peccatis, quibus in totâ vitâ sua sion of the Maid of Orleans," p. 76.

Deum offendit; atq; eam ingrediens, non

J. W. W. ? See ballad, “ St. Patrick's Purgatory,”p.

solum tormenta malorum, sed si in Dei di425, where, in “Sir Owen,” the reader will easily

lectione constanter perseveraverit, videbit recognize“ Hoenus.".-J. W.W.

& gaudia beatorum. Sic Domino dispa

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rente S.P. tam pro domini apparitione quam grediens, lumen paulatim totius claritatis pro speluncæ ostensione lætus, sperabat mi- amisit, sed tandem parvo lumine apparente serum Hyberniæ populum se ad fidem Ca- ad campum prædictum pervenit & aulam. tholicam conversurum; et in loco illo con- Lux ibi non erat, nisi qualis in vesperâ hic festim oratorium construens, speluncam quæ habetur. Aula parietes non habebat, sed in cemiterio est, ante frontem ecclesiæ cir- columnis erat per gyrum subnixa, ut clauscumdedit, & januam cum seris apposuit, ne

trum solet monachorum: ingressusq; eam & quis eam sine ejus licentiâ introiret. Ca- intus sedens, oculos studiosè huc illucq; connonicos regulares loco illo introduxit, & vertit, admirans illius pulchritudinem & Priori ecclesiæ clavem custodiendam com- structuram. Ubi cum paululum solus semisit, statuens ut quicunq; Purgatorium in- disset, ecce quindecim viri quasi religiosi & gredi voluerit, ab episcopo loci licentiam nuper rasi, albisq; vestibus induti, regiam habeat, & cum literis episcopi accedat ad intraverunt, & salutantes eum in nomine Priorem, & ab eo instructus Purg. intret. Dei consederunt. Tunc aliis tacentibus, Multi autem in diebus Patricii Purg. intra- unus loquebatur cum ipso, dicens, Benedicverunt, qui reversi, testati sunt se tormenta tus sit Deus Omnip. qui bonum tibi propogravia pertulisse, & gaudia magna ibidem situm inspiravit, ut pro peccatis tuis Purg. & inenarrabilia conspexisse.

hoc intrares. sed nisi te viriliter habeas, cor“Milite itaq; supradicto, angustiosè nimis pore & animâ simul peribis. Mox enim, ut ab episcopo licentiam postulante Purg. ex- hanc domum fuerimus egressi, multitudo periendi, cum illum cognovisset Ep. inflexi- aderit spirituum immundorum, qui tibi grabilem, tradidit ei literas suas ad Priorem via inferentes tormenta, minabuntur inferre loci, mandans ut cum illo ageret, sicut fieri graviora. Promittent se ducturos te ad porsolet cum illis qui purgatorium ingredi de- tam quâ intrasti, si te decipere possint ut poscunt. Prior autem visis literis, militem revertaris : sed si tormentorum afflictione in ecclesiam perduxit, ubi per dies quinde- victus, vel minis territus, seu promissione cim orationibus devotus instabat; & illis sic deceptus, assensum eis præbueris, in cordiebus elapsis, manè Missâ à Priore cele- pore pariter & animâ peribis. Si vero fortis bratâ, sacrâ communione militem commu- in, fide, spem totam in Domino posueris, ut nivit, adductumque ad speluncæ introitum, nec tormentis nec minis, nec promissionibus aquâ eum benedictâ aspersit, & aperto ostio eorum adquieveris, sed corde integro eos condixit, Ecce nunc intrabis in nomine Jesu tempseris, ab omnibus purgaberis delictis, & Christi, & per concavitatem speluncæ tam tormenta malorum videbis, & requiem simidiu ambulabis, donec in campum exiens, a- liter bonorum. Et quotiescunq; te cruciaveviam invenies artificiosissimè fabricatam, rint invoca Dom. Jes. Christum, & per invoquam cum ingressus fueris, statim ex parte cationem hujus nominis statim liberaberis à Dei nuntios habebis, qui tibi piè quod facies quocunq; tormento, in quo eris, tecum hic indicabunt. Vir autem ille virilem gerens amplius esse non possumus sed Deo te Omanimum, ad pugnam demonum audacter nipotenti commendamus. prorupit, atq; omnium se orationibus com- “ Miles itaq; à viris solus relictus ad nomendans, frontem suam vivificæ Crucis signo vi generis militiam se instruere cæpit. cumq; munivit, & intrepidus portam intravit ; & intrepidus pugnam dæmonum expectaret, ostio post eum obserato, Prior cum proces- subito cæpit circa domum tumultus audire, sione ecclesiam repetivit.

ac si omnes homines qui in mundo sunt, cum Miles itaq; per speluncam audacter pro- animalibus ac bestiis strepuissent, & post hor

ridum sonum sequitur terribilior visus dæNeither Spelman nor Du Cange explain mium innumera multitudo in aulam irruere,

monum; cæpit enim undiq; demonum deforthe word, nor am I sure that they refer to it in the sense it is here used. See in v.-J. W. W. 1 & militem deridendo salutare. Alii homi

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