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Murder of Fergus.
since her elopement, it appeared that she
had been near seven months without seeing “ Fergusius III. periit veneno ab uxore
a human face; during all which time she dato. Alii scribunt, cum uxor sæpe expro- had supported herself very well by snaring brasset ei matrimonii contemptum, et pelli
partridges, rabbits, and squirrels; she had cum greges, neque quicquam profecisset, also killed two or three beavers, and some tandem noctu dormientem ab eâ strangula- porcupines. That she did not seem to have
in , quam ne in gravissimis quidem tormentis discovered, and was in good health and conquicquam fateretur, mulier alioqui ferox tot dition; and I think one of the finest women, innoxiorum capitum miserta in medium pro- of a real Indian, that I have seen in any cessit; ac è superiore loco cædem à se face part of North America. tam confessa, ne ad ludibrium superesset, “ The methods practised by this poor pectus cultro transfodit : quod ejus factum creature to procure a livelihood were truly variè pro cujusque ingenio est acceptum, admirable, and are great proofs that necesac perinde sermonibus celebratum."-Bu-sity is the real mother of invention. When
the few deer sinews that she had an oppor
tunity of taking with her were all expended Dog-ribbed Indian Woman.
in making snares and sewing her clothing, “ On the 11th January (1772) as some
she had nothing to supply their place but
the sinews of the rabbits' legs and feet; of my companions were hunting, they saw
these she twisted together for that purpose the track of a strange snow-shoe, which
with great dexterity and success. The rabthey followed ; and at a considerable dis
bits, &c. which she caught in those snares tance came to a little hut, where they dis
not only furnished her with a comfortable covered a young woman sitting alone. As
subsistence, but of the skins she made a suit they found that she understood their lan
of neat and warm clothing for the winter. guage, they brought her with them to the tents. On examination, she proved to be It is scarcely possible to conceive that a one of the Western Dog-ribbed Indians,
person in her forlorn situation could be so who had been taken prisoner by the Atha
composed as to be capable of contriving or
executing any thing that was not absolutely puscow Indians, in the summer of 1770;
necessary to her existence; but there were and in the following summer, when the Indians that took her prisoner were near this
suflicient proofs that she had extended her part, she had eloped from them, with an in
care much farther, as all her clothing, betent to return to her own country; but the
side being calculated for real service, shewed distance being so great, and having after
great taste, and exhibited no little variety
of ornament. The materials, though rude, she was taken prisoner been carried in a canoe the whole way, the turnings and wind
were very curiously wrought, and so judiings of the rivers and lakes were so nume
ciously placed as to make the whole of her rous that she forgot the track; so she built
garb have a very pleasing, though rather the hut in which we found her, to protect
romantic appearance. her from the weather during the winter, and
“ Her leisure hours from hunting had here she had resided from the first setting
been employed in twisting the inner rind
or bark of willows into small lines, like netin of the fall. “ From her account of the moons past
twine, of which she had some hundred fa
thoms by her; with this she intended to See the “Wife of Fergus,” a Mono-drama.
nake a fishing.net as soon as the spring adPoems, p. 111.-J. W. W.
vanced. It is of the inner bark of willows
twisted in this manner that the Dog-ribbed “The singularity of the circumstance, Indians make their fishing nets.
the comeliness of her person and her ap“Five or six inches of an iron hoop made proved accomplishments, occasioned into a knife, and the shank of an arrow-head strong contest between several of the Inof iron, which served her as an awl, were dians of my party who should have her for all the metals this poor woman had with a wife; and the poor girl was actually won her when she eloped ; and with these imple and lost at wrestling by near half a score ments she had made herself complete snow- different men the same evening. My guide, shoes, and several other useful articles. Matonabbee, who at that time had no less
“ Her method of making a fire was than seven wives, all women grown, besides equally singular and curious, having no a young girl of eleven or twelve years old, other materials for that purpose than two would have put in for the prize also, had hard sulphurous stones. These, by long not one of his wives made him ashamed of friction and hard knocking produced a few it, by telling him that he had already more sparks, which at length communicated to wives than he could properly attend. This some touchwood; but as this method was piece of satire, however true, proved fatal attended with great trouble, and not always to the poor girl who dared to make so open with success, she did not suffer her fire to a declaration ; for the great man, Matonabgo out all the winter.
bee, who would willingly have been thought " When the Athapuscow Indians took equal to eight or ten men in every respect, this woman prisoner, they, according to the took it as such an affront that he fell on her universal custom of those savages, surprised with both hands and feet, and bruised her her and her party in the night, and killed to such a degree, that, after lingering some every soul in the tent except herself and time she died.”—HEARNE's Journey to the three other young women. Among those Northern Ocean. whom they killed were her father, mother, and husband; her young child, four or five months old, she concealed in a bundle of
Trees, &c. clothing, and took with her undiscovered in “The trees are pine, larch, juniper, popthe night; but when she arrived at the place lar, birch, and bush-willow, growing very where the Athapuscow Indians had left their high, and alder. wives, which was not far distant, they began “ Gooseberries spread along the ground to examine her bundle, and finding the like vines, the fruit most plentiful and best child, one of the women took it from her, on the under branches, owing to the reand killed it on the spot.
flected heat from below, and the shelter. “ This last piece of barbarity gave her They thrive in stony and rocky ground, such a disgust to those Indians, that not- exposed to the sun. Cranberries. Heathwithstanding the man who took care of her berries grow close to the ground, a favourtreated her in every respect as his wife, and ite food of many birds that migrate there was, she said, remarkably kind to and even in summer, particularly the grey goose. fond of her; so far was she from being able Dewater-berries best in
swampy ground to reconcile herself to any of the tribe that covered with moss. The plant is not very she rather chose to expose herself to misery unlike the strawberry, but the leaves larger. and want than live in ease and affluence Out of the centre of the plant shoots a single among persons who had so cruelly murdered stalk, sometimes seven or eight inches high, her infant. The poor woman's relation of and each plant only produces one berry, this shocking story, which she delivered in which at some distance resembles a strawa very affecting manner, only excited laugh- berry; but not so conical. Some have three ter among the savages of my party. or four lobes, some nearly twenty. Currans
red and black, in moist not swampy ground, knowing it to be the common misfortune best in small vallies, between the rocks. attendant on old age; so that they may be Strawberries very fine, and raspberries best said to wait patiently for the melancholy where the soil has been burnt. Blueberries hour when, being no longer capable of walkon bushes which grow to eighteen inches or ing, they are to be left alone, to starve and two feet, but generally much lower; a fine perish for want. This, however shocking plum bloom. Hips in such quantities as to and unnatural it may appear, is so common make the spots where they grow look quite that among those people one-half at least of red at a distance."--Ibid.
the aged persons of both sexes absolutely die in this miserable condition.”—Ibid.
Birds. “ The brown fishing eagle. Snowy owl, a bird that follows the hunter all day long,
[North and South-Indians' Name for the
Aurora Borealis.] and seizes the fowls he shoots. Ravens
The North Indians call the Aurora Boof richest black, tinged with purple and violet hues. The ruffed grouse. Delicate realis Ed-thin, that is, deer; and when that brown, varied prettily with black and white,
meteor is very bright, they say that deer is hawk-like tail, of orange, barred with black, plentiful in that part of the atmosphere; brown, and white, and often spread like
but they have never yet extended their ideas fan. A ruff of glossy black feathers, tinged
so far as to entertain hopes of tasting those with rich purple round the neck, which celestial animals. Their ideas in this respect they can erect. In winter they are usually
are founded on a principle one would not found perched on the pine branches, and imagine. Experience has shown them that easily taken. Their nests generally at the
when a hairy deer-skin is briskly stroked root of a tree, twelve or fourteen eggs. It
with the hand in a dark night, it will emit is remarkable, and perhaps peculiar to these many sparks of electrical fire, as the back
of a cat will. The idea which the Southern birds, that they clap their wings with such
Indians have of this meteor is equally roforce, that at half a mile distance it resembles thunder. The sharp-tailed grouse
mantic, though more pleasing, as they bedive through the snow. Red-breasted thrush, lieve it to be the spirits of their departed of sweet song. Larks. Sand martins. Bit- friends dancing in the clouds; and when
the Aurora Borealis is remarkably bright, terns. Pelicans. Swans."-Ibid.
at which time they vary most in colour,
form, and situation, they say their deceased [Old Age the North-Indian's Misfortune.]
friends are very merry." age
is the greatest calamity that can befall a North Indian; for when he is past labour he is neglected and treated with great [Fairies called Nant-e-na.] disrespect, even by his own children. They “They are very superstitious with respect not only serve him last at meals, but gene- to the existence of several kinds of fairies, rally give him the coarsest and worst of the called by them Nant-e-na, whom they frevictuals; and such of the skins as they do quently say they see, and who are supposed not choose to wear, are made up in the clum- | by them to inhabit the different elements of siest manner into clothing for their aged pa- earth, sea, and air, according to their severents; who, as they had, in all probability, ral qualities. To one or other of these faitreated their fathers and mothers with the ries they usually attribute any change in same neglect, in their turns submitted pa- their circumstances, either for the better or tiently to their lot, even without a murmur, worse.”—Ibid.
affrighted, and then put in, he came out in Animals.
a few hours all amazed, and told strange Moose. Ermine. Varying hare. Por- stories of his going under ground, &c. To cupine. Beaver. Squirrel.-Ibid. prevent this delusion for the future, the lords
justices caused the fryers to depart, and laid the hole open and exposed to the air."
Admirable Curiosities, Rarities, and Wonders (Beware of Wales.]
in England, 8c. Tue poem in Hakluyt's Collection, called the Libel of English Policie, says, “ Beware of Wales, Christ Jesu must us
[The Irontones of Tucuman.] keepe That it make not our childers childe to
“ The people of Tucuman, whom the Spaniards call Irontones, fix the bodies of the
enemies they kill, in rows to the trunks of [Irish Gold and Silver Mines.]
trees, for a terror, that the borderers may
not dare to go over to hunt in their liberIs the same poem mention is made of gold ties.”—F. NICHOLAS DEL Techo. and silver mines in Ireland. "Of silver and golde there is the oore, Among the wilde Irish, though they be poore, For they are rude, and can thereon no skill;
Hy Brasail, or, the Enchanted Island. So that if we had their peace and good will
“ARRAN-More, the largest of the south Το myne and fine, and metal for to pure,
isles of Arran, on the coast of Galway. Here In wilde Irish might we finde the oure,
several of the ancient Irish saints were buAs in London saith a juellere,
ried, whence the island obtained the name Which brought from thence golde oore to
of Arrannanoim. The inhabitants are still us here,
persuaded that in a clear day they can see Whereof was fyned mettal good and clene, from this coast Hy Brasail, or the inchanted As they touch, no better could be seene." island, the paradise of the Pagan Irish, and
concerning which they relate a number of
romantic stories.”—Collectanea de Rebus St. Patrick's Purgatory.
Hibernicis. BEAUFORD's Ancient Topogra
phy of Ireland. “ABOUT the latter end of king James, the truth of the matter was discovered by the Earl of Cork and the Lord Chancellor, who, desirous to know the truth, sent some persons
“The old Irish say great part of Ireland
was swallowed by the sea, and that the of quality to inquire exactly into it: who sunken part often rises, and is to be seen found that this miraculous cave descending down to the bottom of hell, was no other but
on the horizon frequently from the northern
On the north west of the island, this a little cell digged out of the rocky ground, part so appearing is called Tir-Hudi, or the without any windows or holes, so as the door city of Hud; that it contains a city which being shut
, it was utterly dark, being of so little depth that a tall man could not stand
once possessed all the riches of the world,
the key of which lies buried under some upright in it; and of nogreater capacity than druidical monument."— Collectanea, No. 14. to bold six or seven persons. Now when Int. p. 52. VallanceY. any desire to go this pilgrimage, he was kept fasting and watching by the fryers, and told
WHEN Mr. Burton went in search of the wonderful stories, so that being thoroughly Ogham monument on Callan mountain,1785,
" the common people could not be convinced de le mener aprés ledit de Talbot son maisthat the search was made after an inscrip- tre, et le mena par dessous le bras, bien tion, but after an enchanted key that lies demy traict d'arc de distance, mais ils n'euswith the interred hero Conane (the monu- sent jamais peu atteindre les Anglois. Lors ment is called Conane's tomb), which when iceluy Bourg voyant les Anglois s'en aller found will restore an enchanted eity sunken en grand desordre, reconnut bien qu'ils on the neighbouring shore of the Atlantic avoient du pire, si prit l’Augustin a bons sea, to its former splendour, and convert poings, et luy dit qu'il n'iroit plus avant, the hideous moory heights of Callan moun- et que s'il ne le portoit jusques a Orleans, tain into rich fruitful plains. Their imagi- il luy feroit où feroit faire desplaisir. Et nations are heated in this gloomy aweful combien qu'il y eut tousjours des Anglois wild, expecting also great riches whenever y Francois qui escarmouchoient encore, this city is discovered.”—Coll. No. 14. toutesfois cet Augustin par force et conNotes, p. 529.
trainte le porta sur ses espaules jusques a
Orleans." Quære? P. DANIEL.' 130. Tuis resurging part of the island is called O Breasal, or 0 Brazil. The royal island. Colonel Vallancey says it is evi
[The Maid and the Voice.] dently the lost city of Arabian story, visited
Said the maid, “ En nom Dieu je sçay by their fabulous prophet, Houd. He com- bien ce que vous pensez, et voulez dire de bines it with the remarks of Whitehurst upon la voix que j'ay ouye touchant vostre Sacre, the Giant's Causeway, and suspects it al- et je le vous diray. Je me suis mise en ludes to the lost Atlantis, which Whitehurst oraison, en ma maniere accoustumée, je me thinks perhaps existed there.
complaignois, pour ce qu'on ne me vouloit Is that very extraordinary phenomenon, pas croire de ce que je disois; et lors la seen from Sicily, ever seen on the Irish voix me dit,' Fille va, va, je seray a ton ayde, coast-the palace of Morjaine le Fay? If va!' Et quand cette voix me vient, je suis so, an actual apparition explains the tale. tant resjouye que merveilles. Et en disant
lesdites paroles, elle levoit les yeux au ciel, en monstrant signe d'une grande exulta
tion."-Ibid. 133. [Le Capitaine Bourg-de-Bar.] “Les Anglois détenoient prisonnier en leur bastille un Capitaine François nommé le
[Richemont's Humanity.] Bourg-de-Bar, lequel estoit enferré
par RICHEMONT, when he took Saint Severe, pieds d'un gros et pesant fer, tellement qu'il “ Fit nourrir plus de cent enfans que les ne pouvoit aller, et estoit souvent visité par meres avoient laissez, les unes prises, et les un Augustin Anglois Confesseur de Talbot, autres enfuyes, et
amener des chevres maistre dudit prisonnier. Le dit Augustin pour les allaiter."-Ibid. 372. avoit accoustumé de luy donner à manger, et ledit de Talbot se fioit en luy de le bien garder comme son prisonnier, esperant d'en Dagobert's Soul fought for. avoir une grosse finance, ou delivrance d'autres prisonniers. Donc quand cet Augustin
“ ANSOALDE, revenant de son Ambassade vid les Anglois se retirer ainsi hastivement,
de Sicile, aborde a une petite Ile, et enil demeura avec ledit prisonnier en intention
See note on “ Joan of Arc,” p. 24, where it
is said that “ Richemont has left an honourable i Souther's conjecture is quite correct. See
name, though he tied a prime minister up in a notes on Madoc in Wales, xi. p. 342, where most sack, and threw him into the river." P. DANIEL of this is given.-J. W. W.
is the authority.-J. W. W.