Imágenes de páginas

tre en conversation avec un vieux Anacho

Thick Heads in Brazil. rete nomme Jean, et parlant des Gaules et du Roi Dagobert, Jean lui dit, qu'aiant été

“ BLOCKHEADS and loggerheads are in averti de prier Dieu pour l'Ame de ce

request in Brasil, and helmets are of little Prince, il avoit vu, sur la mer, des Diables use, every one having an artificialized naqui tenoient le Roi Dagobert lie sur un Es

turall morion of his head; for the Brasilians' quif, et le menoient, en le battant, aux ma

heads, some of them are as hard as the wood noirs de Vulcain. Que Dagobert crioit, that growes in their country, for they canappellant a son secours S. Denis, S. Mau- not be broken, and they have them so hard rice, et S. Martin, les priant de le delivrer that ours in comparison of theirs are like a et de le conduire dans le sein d'Abraham. pompion ; and when they will injure any Ces Saints coururent apres les diables, leur white man, they call him soft head, so that arrachérent cette Ame, et l'emmenérent au

hard-head and block-head, termes of reCiel, en chantant des versets des Pseaumes.” proach with us, attributed to them would This legend is sculptured on the monu

be taken for terms of honour and gentlement of Dagobert I. Thresor des Anti- man-like qualifications. This property they quitez de la Couronne de France. 1745.— purchased by art, with going bare-headed, T. 1, pl. 14.

which is a certain way to attain unto the quality of a Brasilian chevalier, and to har.

den the tender head of any Priscian, beyond Unction of Charles V. of France.

the fear of breaking, or needing the imperAt the unction of Charles V. the twelve

tinent plaister of pedantic mountebanks. peers are represented each stretching out

“ The Indians of Hispaniola, the skuls of his right hand towards the king.

their heads are so hard and thick, that the

Spaniards agreed that the head of an InWhite Horse of Royalty, foc., French head- dian, although bare, was not to be struck, dress.

for fear of breaking their swords.”—Bul* Tue white horse was the mark of so

WER's Man Transformd, or The Artificiall vereignty. Margaret, daughter of James, Changeling. 1654. king of Scotland, is represented on one when she entered Tours as the future Dauphiness. Her head-dress, and that of her female at

Dirty-headed Irish. tendants, is the coëffure pointue, which was “To what use or purpose should that fashionable almost during two centuries. It superfluous crop of hair serve? or what is thus shaped. From the top falls a long emolument it can bring, none can see, unwhite robe, hanging strait to the elbow, and lesse it be to breed lice and dandro,' after there thrown over the arm. No hair is vi- the manner of your īrish ; who, as they are sible, nor any thing between the face and a nation estranged from any human excelhat. Their waists are short, exactly as they lency, scarce acknowledge any other use of should be to render the form most graceful, their haire than to wipe their hands from long sleeves, and the dresses long. A white the fat and dirt of their meales, and any handkerchief, or rather sash, crosses the other filth, for which cause they nourish long shoulders, and meets upon the breast, under fealt locks, hanging down to their shoulders, which the gown comes up, straight bordered

which they are wont to use instead of napabove. The neck quite bare, and unorna- kins, to wipe their greasie fingers."—BULmented. 1436. These figures please me much.”—T. 2. Planche, 156. See Tran. of Commines. p. 6, note upon the Excess of driff,” i.e. scurf; from the Anglo-Saxon “Tun,"

" This is evidently the old form of “ danLuzury.

a tetter, and sof, filth.-J. W. W.


nations they subjugated, with great success Welsh Raggedness.

as long as sun-worship held good. But at - Schyr MAWRICE, alsua the Berclay length they came to a people who, situated Fra the gret bataill held hys way,

on a rocky coast in a sultry climate, could With a gret rout of Walis men,

not in conscience submit to adore a being Quhareuir thai yeid men mycht thaim ken. almost insupportable, and consequently odiFor thai wele ner all nakyt war,

ous to them; and durst propose to their Or lynnyn clathys had but mar."

conquerors to quit their irrational idolatry, The Bruce, book xiii. p. 417. and to worship with themselves their mother

and goddess the sea, the inexhausted giver this anecdote of the of good things.”Letter from North AmeWelch in the fourteenth century is curious. rica, in a Pocket of Prose and Verse, being a They appeared naked even to Scotish pea- Selection from the Literary Productions of sants."


Pinkerton says,

is sua

Chivalrous Speech.
The Douglas. " LORDINGS, he said, sen it

Men Ornamented, not Women.

" A young man among the Indians is That we haff chasyt on sic maner,

dressed with visible attention ; a warrior is That we now cummyn ar sa ner,

a furious beau, and a woman, the Asiatic, That we may not eschew the fycht, the European, the African Doll

, is with Bot giff we fouly tak the flycht;

them a neglected squat animal, whose hair Lat ilkane on his leman mene;

is stroked over those glistening eyes it dares And how he mony tym has bene

not uplift, and who seldom uses its aspen In gret thrang and weill cummyn away ; tongue, and when it does, is scarcely loud Think we to do rycht sua to day.” enough to be heard. When we reproach Ibid. book xv. 316. the Indians on this account, they point to

their animated woods, and tell us that they

see not whence we have picked up a conHeart of Bruce.

trary practice; but that they themselves Douglas. “ Tue Bruce's heart, that on his breast

?" After answering many of the lady's ques. Was hinging, in the field he kest.

tions, he looked into the yard through the win.

dow very earnestly, where an aspen tree grew. Upon a penny-stone cast and more,

The lady asked him, “What he was looking at And said, Now PASS THOU FORTH BEFORE so earnestly ?' He asked her, What tree she As THOU WAS WONT IN FIELD TO BE

called that in the yard ?' She said, “ It was a And I SHALL FOLLOW OR ELSE DIE.”

quaking asp.' He replied in broken English,

Indian no call him quake asp.''What then ?' asked the inquisitive hostess. Woman tongue, Woman tongue,' answered the sagacious war.

rior, ' never still, never still, always go.' Sun and Sea Worship.

Hunter's Memoirs of his Captivity among the “ The Emperors of Peru extended at last

North American Indians, p. 376. their dominions beyond the bounds of their Hunter's book to a Welsh friend, who told me

I mentioned this soon after the publication of local superstition. They set out with their that the aspen poplar bore the same name among arms and mission from a country where the the Cymry: - Tafod y Merchen,” or Woman's sun was very welcome, and imposed the

Tongue. This was on the Conway, and I noted worship of their father, the sun, on all the

it down at the time; but I do not find it in Richard's Welsh Dictionary.”—J. W. W.

Ibid. xx.

have learnt their lesson from whatever carry to his nation an account, that he had moves around them, from the birds and the met with a tribe who could hunt men better beasts, whose males are lavishly adorned in than his own.”—Ibid. denudation of their females, from the gay plumage of the turky cock, and the ornament-loaded head of the stag."-KELLET.

Teraphim. " The manner how the Teraphim were

made is fondly conceited thus among the The Plaint of an Old Indian."

Rabbies. They killed a man that was a He observes, “ that in the happy days of first born son, and wrung off his head, and youth, he was loved or feared by all ; that seasoned it with salt and spices, and wrote he could tomahawk his enemy and could not upon a plate of gold, the name of an unmiss his game; that every river was then an cleane spirit, and put it under the head upon inn to him, and every squah he met a wife; a wall, and lighted candles before it, and but that now he was grown old, every one worshipped it.” – Godwyn's Moses and hated and scorned him ; the deer bounded Aaron. away from his erring aim, and the girls covered themselves repulsively at his approach; nor was he any longer permitted

Defensive Fire. to paint and grace the glorious file of war:".

1159. Henry II. “ destroied the strong and he concludes with ardent wishes, “ that castell of Gerberie, except one turret, which either nature had never disclosed him, or

his souldiers could not take, by reason of had gifted him with that power of renova- the fire and smoke which staide and kept tion which seemed so improperly granted to them from it.”—HOLINSHED. the pernicious snake.”—Ibid.

Two Tribes Fighting.

Henry the Second's Cruelty.

1165. Henry in his attempt upon Wales “SOME warriors of two tribes of American

“ did justice on the sons of Rice or Rees, savages met accidently on the banks of a

and also on the sonnes and daughters of river, and found they were strangers to one

other noble men that were his complices another. One of the parties demands of the

verie rigorouslie; causing the eies of the other, who they were and what about, and receives in answer their name, and that young striplings to be pecked out of their they were hunting of beavers ; and being heads, and their noses to be cut off or slit ;

and the eares of the yoong gentlewomen to challenged in their turn, answered, that

be stuffed. their name was immaterial, but that their

“ But yet I find in other authors that in business was to hunt men. We are men,

this journie King Henrie did not greatlie was the immediate reply, go no further. They then put off by agreement to a small island in the river, destroyed their canoes

Quoted in “ Thalaba," Book II., 5, on the

lineon both sides, and fought till only a few of the beaver hunters remained alive, and but

“A teraph stood against the cavern side,” &c. one of the man hunters, who was spared to

Poems, p. 224.

3 This is quoted to " Madoc in Wales,” B. II., ' From this I suspect originated,—“ The Old

“ David, seest thou never Chikkasab to his Grandson.”Poems, p. 134.

Those eyeless spectres by thy bridal bed ?” &c. J. W. W.

Poems, p. 317.-J. W. W.

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prevaile against his enemies, but rather lost manie of his men of warre, both horssemen and footmen ; for by his severe proceeding against them, he rather made them more eger to seek revenge, than quieted them in anie tumult."-Ibid.

" Quod potes instanter operare bonum, quià

mundus Transit, et incautos mors inopina rapit." To the other couplet this is affixed : “ Tumuli regis superscriptio brevis exor


Both are thus translated,
Boar's Head.

“ Of late King Henrie was my name,

which conquerd manie a land, “Upon the daie of young Henry's coronation, King Henry the father served his And diverse dukedoms did possesse,

and earledoms held in hand. sonne at the table as sewer, bringing up the bore's head with trumpets before it, ac

And yet while all the earth could scarse

my greedie mind suffice, cording to the manner.”—Ibid.

Eight foot within the ground now serves,

wherein my carcase lies.

Now thou that readest this, note well
Fresh Meat strange Diet for England. my force with force of death,

And let that serve to shew the state “ 1172. In Ireland, evill diet in eating of of all that yeeldeth breath. fresh flesh and drinking of water, contrarie Doo good then here, foreslowe no time, to the custome of the Englishmen, brought

cast off all worldlie cares, the flix and other diseases in the King's

For brittle world full soone dooth faile, armie, so that manie died thereof, for

and death dooth strike unwares." Gravissimum est imperium consuetudinis."


“ Small epitaph now serves to decke

this toome of statelie king :

And he who whilome thought whole earth Henry the Second stript when Dead. could scarse bis mind content, “ 1189. IMMEDIATELY upon his death, In little roome hath roome at large those that were about him applied their that serves now life is spent." market so busilie in catching and filching awaie things that laie readie for them, that the King's corps laic naked a long time, till a child covered the nether parts of his body

The Lady Breuse. with a short cloke, and then it seemed that “ We read in an old historie of Flanders, his surname was fulfilled that he had from written by one whose name is not knowne, his childhood, which was Shortmantell, being but printed at Lions by Guillaume Rouille, so called, because he was the first who 1562, tbat the Lady, wife to the Lord Wilbrought short clokes out of Anjou into liam de Breuse, presented upon a time unto

the Queene of England a gift of four hundred kine and one bull, of colour all white, the eares excepted, which were red. Al

though this tale may seem incredible, yet if His Epitaph.

we shall consider that the said Breuse was To the epitaph of Henry II. these con

a Lord Marcher, and had goodlie possescluding lines are in Holinshed, p.

sions in Wales and on the marshes, in which

England. Ibid.


countries the most part of the peoples substance consisteth in cattell, it may carrie

Thus in English, almost word for word, with it the more likelihood of truth. Touch- “ Wo be to that preest yborne, ing the death of the said ladie, he saith, That will not cleanelie weed his corne that within eleven daies after she was com- And preach his charge among : mitted to prison heere in England, in the Wo be to that shepheard, I saie, castell of Windsor, she was found dead, That will not watch his fold alwaie sitting betwixt her sons legs, who likewise As to his office dooth belong : being dead, sate directlie up against a wall Wo be to him that dooth not keepe of the chamber, wherein they were kept From ravening Romish wolves his sheepe with hard pitance. As the fame went they With staffe and weapon strong.”—Ibid. were famished to death. William de Breuse himself escaped into France. A. D. 1210.1"Ibid.

Grand Sergeanty Tenure of Brienston.

“ Brienston, in Dorsetshire, was held in Welsh Monk Hatred.

Grand Sergeanty by a pretty odd jocular “ The first abbeie or frierie that is read tenure; viz. by finding a man to go

before to have beene erected there (in Wales) since the Kings army for forty days when he the dissolution of the noble house of Bangor, should make war in Scotland (some records which savoured not of Romish dregs, was say in Wales), bareheaded and barefooted, the Twy Gwyn, which was builded in the in his shirt and linnen drawers, holding in yeare 1146. Afterwards these vermine one hand a bow without a string, in the swarmed like bees, or rather crawled like other an arrow without feathers." — GIBlice over all the land, and drew in with son's Camden. them their lowsie religion, tempered with I This may be alluded to in Madoc.? wot not how manie millions of abominations ; having utterlie forgotten the lesson which Ambrosius Telesinus (Qy. Taliessin ?)

Arabian Animals. had taught them (who writ in the yeare 540, when the right Christian faith (which “ In the places where we generally rested Joseph of Arimathea taught the ile of are found the jerboa, the tortoise, the lizard, Avalon) reigned in this land, before the and some serpents, but not in great number. proud and bloodthirstie monke Augustine There is also an immense quantity of snails infected it with the poison of Romish er- attached to the thorny plants on which the rors) in a certeine ode, a part whereof are camels feed. Near the few springs of water these few verses insuing.

are found wild rabbits, and the track of the “ Gwae'r offeiriad byd,

antelope and the ostrich are frequently dis

coverable." — BROWNE's Travels in Africa,
Nys angreifftia gwyd,
Ac ny phregetha :

Egypt, and Syria.
Gwae ny cheidw ey gail,
Ac ef yn vigail,
Ac nys areilia:

Gwae my theidw ey dheuaid,

“ We dismounted and seated ourselves, Rhae bleidhie Rhiefeniaid,

as is usual for strangers in this country, on Ai ffon grewppa."

a misjed, or place used for prayer, adjoining

This story more properly attaches to Bramber Castle.-j.W.W.

3 See “Madoc in Wales," B. II. — Poems, p. 317.-J. W. W.

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