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the tomb of a Marabût, or holy person. In | untur. Trajicitur tamen, miro ingenio et a short time the chiefs came to congratu- Indorum proprio; ponte prorsus junceo iplate us on our arrival, with the grave but si aquæ commisso, nullis fulcris nixo, sed in simple ceremony that is in general use
modum suberis ponte supernatante, ac præ the Arabs. They then conducted us levitate materiæ nunquam merso; est vero among to an apartment, which, though not very trajectio facillima et tutissima. Occupat commodious, was the best they were pro- lacus ipse circuitum bis mille quadringenta
stadia ; longus est ferè nongenta, latus vided with.”—Ibid.
ubi maximè ducenta et viginti. Insulas habet olim habitatas et fertiles, nunc de
sertas, producit uberrimè junci genus, quod King of the Crocodiles.
indigenæ Totoram vocant, cujus plurimus “The people at Isna in Upper Egypt have ipsis usus est; nam et cibus est suibus, jua superstition concerning crocodiles similar mentis, ipsisq; hominibus perjucundus, et to that entertained in the West Indies; they domus et focus et vestis et navigium, et omsay there is a king of them who resides near
nia penè vitæ humanæ subsidia una Totora Isna, and who has ears but no tail; and he
Uris præstat, hoc enim accolarum est nomen. possesses an uncommon regal quality, that li
se ab hominum cæterorum consorof doing no harm (“The king can do no
tio et opinione alienarunt, ut interrogati aliwrong.) Some are bold enough to assert quando, qui sint, seriò responderint, se non that they have seen him.”—Ibid.
homines esse, sed Uros, quod genus ab humano diversum esse sentirent. Urorum re
perti sunt populi integri in medio lacu baCamel.
bitantium scaphis quibusdam junceis, quibus
inequitant, simul connexis, et ex unâ aliqua The camel called ship of the land.
rupe aut stipite religatis. Unde interdum solventes totus populus subitò patriam mu
tat. Itaque aliquando conquisitus populus Camels for Souls.
urorum hesternis sedibus commutatis, ac ne « Ali affirmed that the pious, when they vestigio quidem relicto, facile vestigantium come forth from their sepulchres, shall find studium curamque irrisit."-Acosta de Naready prepared for them white-winged ca
turâ Novi Orbis. mels, with saddels of gold. Here,” says Sale, "are some footsteps of the doctrine of the ancient Arabians."
Trichomata-Parastasis, or, Athenian Wig
gery, No. 119, Bishopsgate-street-within, Lake Titicaca.
three doors from the London Tarern. “ Juvat de lacu Intiticacâ, falsò vulgò Ross, by great labour and at vast exTiticacâ dicto, aliquid promere, qui in su- pence, has exerted all the genius and abilipernâ provinciâ Peruanâ Collao medius ja- ties of the first artists in Europe, to comcet. In hunc flumina plus decem, eaque satis plete his exhibition of ornamental hair in ampla confluunt; exitum habet unum, eum
all its luxuriant varieties, and particularly que non valdè latum, sed, ut opinio est, pro
the Sultana head dress, so much admired on fundissimum, quem neque ponte jungere the queen's birth-day. profunditas et latitudo sinunt, neque tutò
“ In this exhibition the elegance of nature scaphis trajici rapidi infernè vortices pati- and convenience of art are so combined, as
at once to rival and ameliorate each other. See Poems, p. 437, for the Ballad.-J. W. W.
The room is secluded from the view of im
pertinent curiosity, where his fair patrons gods, and they will defend their house from may uninterruptedly examine the effect of injury and sacrilege.' The want of proviartificial tresses on Poupee of all complex- sions, or the valour of the Koreish, comions, and by a trial on themselves, blend the pelled the Abyssinians to a disgraceful redifferent tints with their own.
treat; their discomfiture has been adorned “Relying on public favour, he confidently with a miraculous flight of birds, who showinvites the whole fashionable world to an ered down stones on the heads of the infiexhibition of unexampled taste and excel- dels, and the deliverance was long commelence."-Star, Thursday August 1, 1799. morated by the æra of the elephant. The
glory of Abdol Motalleb was crowned with domestic happiness; his life was prolonged
to the age of 110 years, and he became the Mecca.
father of six daughters and thirteen sons. " Some latent motive, perhaps of super
His best beloved, Abdallah, was the most stition, must have impelled the founders of beautiful and modest of the Arabian youth; Mecca in the choice of a most unpromising and in the first night, when he consummated situation. They erected their habitations his marriage with Amina, of the noble race of mud or stone, in a plain about two miles of the Zahrites, two hundred virgins are long and one mile broad, at the foot of three said to have expired of jealousy and despair. barren mountains : the soil is a rock ; the Mahomet, the only son of Abdallah and Amiwater even of the holy well of Zemzem is na, was born at Mecca, four years after the bitter or brackish ; the pastures are remote death of Justinian, and two months after from the city, and grapes are transported the defeat of the Abyssinians, whose victory above seventy miles from the gardens of would have introduced into the Caaba the Tayef.”—GIBBON.
religion of the Christians."—Ibid. A.D. 569.
Flight of Mohammed. "The grandfather of Mahomet was Ab- “ The Koreishites had long been jealous dol Motalleb, the son of Hashem, a wealthy of the pre-eminence of the family of Hashem. and generous citizen, who relieved the dis- Their malice was coloured with the pretence tress of famine with the supplies of com- of religion : in the age of Job, the crime of merce. Mecca, which had been fed by the impiety was punished by the Arabian maliberality of the father, was saved by the gistrate, and Mahomet was guilty of desertcourage of the son. The kingdom of Yemen ing and denying the national deities. But was subject to the Christian princes of Abys- so loose was the policy of Mecca, that the sinia : their vassal Abrahah was provoked leaders of the Koreish, instead of accusing by an insult to avenge the honour of the a criminal, were compelled to employ the cross, and the holy city was invested by a measures of persuasion or violence. They train of elephants and an army of Africans. repeatedly addressed Abu Taleb in the style A treaty was proposed, and in the first au- of reproach and menace. • Thy nephew redience, the grandfather of Mahomet de- viles our religion; he accuses our wise foremanded the restitution of his cattle: 'And fathers of ignorance and folly ; silence him why,' said Abrahah, do you not rather em- quickly, lest he kindle tumult and discord ploy my clemency in favour of your temple, in the city. If he persevere, we shall draw which I have threatened to destroy.' 'Be- our swords against him and his adherents, cause,' replied the intrepid chief, 'the cat- and thou wilt be responsible for the blood tle is my own: the Caaba belongs to the of thy fellow-citizens.' The weight and
moderation of Abu Taleb eluded the vio- | spected the piety of the heroic youth ; but lence of religious faction; the most helpless some verses of Ali which are still extant, ex. or timid of the disciples retired to Æthiopia, hibit an interesting picture of his anxiety, and the prophet withdrew himself to various his tenderness, and his religious confidence. places of strength in the town and country. Three days Mahomet and his companion were As he was still supported by bis family, the concealed in the cave of Thor, at the disrest of the tribe of Koreish engaged them- tance of a league from Mecca; and in the selves to renounce all intercourse with the close of each evening, they received from the children of Hashem, neither to buy nor sell, son and daughter of Abubeker a secret supneither to marry nor to give in marriage, ply of intelligence and food. The diligence but to pursue them with implacable enmity, of the Koreish explored every haunt in the till they should deliver the person of Ma- neighbourhood of the city; they arrived at homet to the justice of the gods. The de- the entrance of the cavern, but the provicree was suspended in the Caaba before the dential deceit of a spider's web and a pieyes of the nation ; the messengers of the geon's nest is supposed to convince them Koreish pursued the Musulman exiles in the that the place was solitary and inviolate. heart of Africa : they besieged the prophet * We are only two,' said the trembling Abuand his most faithful followers, intercepted beker.' • There is a third,' replied the protheir water, and inflamed their mutual ani- phet, “it is God himself.' mosity by the retaliation of injuries and in- “No sooner was the pursuit abated, than sults. A doubtful truce restored the appear the two fugitives issued from the rock, and ances of concord; till the death of Abu Ta- mounted their camels ; on the road to Meleb abandoned Mahomet to the power of his dina they were overtaken by the emissaries enemies, at the moment when he was de- of the Koreish; they redeemed themselves prived of his domestic comforts by the loss with prayers and promises from their hands; of his faithful and generous Cadijah. in this eventful moment, the lance of an
“ Abu Sophian, the chief of the branch Arab might have changed the history of the of Ommiyah, succeeded to the principality world.”—GIBBON. of the republic of Mecca. A zealous votary of the idols, a mortal foe of the line of Hashem, he convened an assembly of the Koreishites and their allies, to decide the fate
Arrival at Medina. of the apostle. His imprisonment might pro- “ MEDINA, or the city known under the voke the despair of his enthusiasm ; and the name of Yathreb, before it was sanctified exile of an eloquent and popular fanatic by the throne of the Prophet, was divided would diffuse the mischief through the pro- between the tribes of the Charegites and vinces of Arabia. His death was resolved; the Awsites, whose hereditary feud was reand they agreed that a sword from each tribe kindled by the slightest provocations : two should be buried in his heart, to divide the colonies of Jews, who boasted a sacerdotal guilt of his blood and baffle the vengeance race, were their humble allies, and without of the Hashemites. An angel or a spy re- converting the Arabs, they introduced the vealed their conspiracy, and flight was the taste of science and religion, which distinonly resource of Mahomet. At the dead of guished Medina as the City of the Book. night, accompanied by his friend Abubeker, Some of her noblest citizens, in a pilgrimage he silently escaped from his house: the as- to the Caaba, were converted by the preachsassins watched at the door, but they were ing of Mahomet; on their return they difdeceived by the figure of Ali, who reposed fused the belief of God and his Prophet
, and on the bed, and was covered with the
the new alliance was ratified by their depuvestment of the apostle. The Koreish re
ties in two secret and nocturnal interviews on a hill in the suburbs of Mecca. In the equal, though various merit of the Moslems first, ten Charegites and two Awsites united was distinguished by the names of Mohain faith and love, protested in the name of gerians and Ansars, the fugitives of Mecca their wives, their children, and their absent and the auxiliaries of Medina. To eradibrethren, that they would for ever profess cate the seeds of jealousy Mahomet judithe creed and observe the precepts of the ciously coupled his principal followers with Koran. The second was a political associa- the rights and obligations of brethren, and tion, the first vital spark of the empire of when Ali found himself without a peer, the the Saracens. Seventy-three men and two prophet tenderly declared that he would be women of Medina held a solemn conference the companion and brother of the noble with Mahomet, his kinsmen, and his disci- youth. The expedient was crowned with ples; and pledged themselves to each other success; the holy fraternity was respected by a mutual oath of fidelity. They pro- in peace and war; and the two parties vied mised in the name of the city, that if he with each other in a generous emulation of should be banished, they would receive him courage and fidelity. Once only the conas a confederate, obey him as a leader, and cord was slightly ruffled by an accidental defend him to the last extremity, like their quarrel ; a patriot of Medina arraigned the wives and children. . But if you are re- insolence of the strangers, but the hint of called by your country,' they asked with their expulsion was heard with abhorrence, a flattering anxiety, 'will you not abandon and his own son most eagerly offered to lay your new allies ?' 'All things,' replied Ma- at the Apostle's feet the head of his father.” homet with a smile," are now common be--GIBBON. tween us ; your blood is as my blood, your ruin as my ruin. We are bound to each
Nile. other by the ties of honour and interest. I am your friend, and the enemy of your foes.' “ LE Nil-tantot fleuve tranquille, il suit • But if we are killed in your service, what,' lentement le cours que la nature et l'art exclaimed the deputies of Medina, 'will be lui ont tracé; tantot torrent impétueux, our reward?" PARADISE,' replied the Pro- rougi des sables de l'Ethiopie, il se gonfle, phet. "Stretch forth thy hand.' He stretched franchit ses bords, domine sur les campagnes, it forth, and they reiterated the oath of alle- et couvre de ses flots un espace de deux giance and fidelity. Their treaty was rati- cents lieues."-SAVARY. fied by the people, who unanimously embraced the profession of Islam; they rejoiced in the exile of the Apostle, but they
Lotus. trembled for his safety, and impatiently expected his arrival. After a perilous and “ Le Lotus est une nymphée particulière rapid journey along the sea-coast, he halted à l’Egypte, qui croît dans les ruisseaux et at Koba, two miles from the city, and made au bord des lacs. Il y en a de deux espèhis public entry into Medina, sixteen days ces, l'une à fleur blanche, et l'autre à fleur after his flight from Mecca. Five hundred bleuâtre. Le calice du lotus s'épanouit of the citizens advanced to meet him : he comme celui d'une large tulippe, et répand was hailed with acclamations of loyalty and une odeur suare, approchante de celle du devotion. Mahomet was mounted on a she lis. La première espèce produit une racamel, an umbrella shaded his head, and a cine ronde, semblable à une pomme de terre. turban was unfurled before him to supply the deficiency of a standard. His bravest
1 The reader is referred to R. DUPPA's Illusdisciples, who had been scattered by the
rations of the Lotus of the Ancients, and Tamara storm, assembled round his person; and the of India.-J.w.w.
Les habitans des bords du lac Menzale s'en et salutaire ; des cassiers, dont les branches nourrissent. Les ruisseaux des environs flexibles se parent de fleurs jaunes, et porde Damiette sont couverts de cette fleur tent une silique connue dans la médecine; majestueuse, qui s'élève d'environ deux des orangers, des citronniers que le ciseau pieds au-dessus des eaux. Le lotus ne se n'a point mutilés, et qui étendant leurs ratrouve point sur les grands canaux du Nil, meaux parfumés forment des voûtes impémais dans les ruisseaux qui traversent l'in- nétrable aux rayons du soleil : voilà les térieur des terres."-Ibid.
principaux arbres que l'on rencontre dans le Delta. L'hiver ne les dépouille point de leurs feuilles. Ils sont parés toute l'année
comme aux jours du printemps."—Ibid. Palm. “Le superbe dattier dont la tête flexible se penche mollement comme celle d'une
Women Swimming. belle qui s'endort, est couronné de ses grap
“ Les filles descendent du village pour pes pendantes."— Dafard el Hadad. SA
laver leur linge et puiser de l'eau. Toutes font leur toilette. Leurs cruches et leurs
vêtemens sont sur le rivage. Elles se frotSycamore Fig-tree of Egypt.? tent le corps avec le limon du Nil, s'y pré“ Lo sycomore d'Egypte produit une fi- cipitent et se jouent parmi les ondes. Plugue qui croit sur le tronc de l'arbre, et non sieurs sont venues à la nage autour de notre à l'extrémité des rameaux. On la
bateau en nous criant ia sidi at maili.
mange, mais elle est un peu sèche. Cet arbre de Seigneur, donne-moi un medin. Elles navient fort gros et très touffu. Rarement il gent avec beaucoup de grace. Leurs ches'élève droit. Ordinairement il se courbe veux tressés flottent sur leurs épaules. et devient tortueux. Ses branches s'étend- Elles ont la peau fort brune, le teint hâlé, ant horizontalement et fort loin donnent un
mais la plupart sont très-bien faites. La bel ombrage. Sa feuille est découpée, et facilité avec laquelle elles se soutiennent son bois imprégné d'un suc amer n'est point contre la rapidité du courant, fait voir comsujet à la piqûre des insectes. Le syco
bien l'exercice donne de force et de soumore vit plusieurs siècles."-SAVARY. plesse aux personnes les plus délicates."-S.
He speaks of it as growing with palm trees on the sides of the Nile.
“ Le bamier est une plante qui produit Delta Scenery.
une gousse pyramidale, à plusieurs loges, “ UNE surface immense, sans montagne,
couleur de citron, et remplie de grains sans colline, coupée de canaux innombrables musqués. Cuite avec de la viande, cette et couverte de moissons; des sycomores
offre une nourriture saine et d'un
gousse touffus dont le bois indestructible protège goût très-agréables. Les Egyptiens en font la cabane de terre où le laboureur se retire grand usage dans leurs ragoûts.” l'hiver, car l'été il dort sous l'ombrage; des dattiers rassemblés en forêt, ou épars dans
Indian Millet. la plaine, couronnés au sommet de grappes énormes dont le fruit offre un aliment sucré
" Le dourra ou millet d'Inde, est une
plante élevée à feuille de roseau. ? See Kitto's Cyclopædia of Biblical Literu
une panicule qui renferme beaucoup de ture, in v. Shikmoth.-J. W. W.
grains dont les laboureurs font du pain."