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miraculously delivered upon the banks of a extraction, or at least something more than lake of the most beautiful babe that ever human, descended from the highest of the was created, without any assistance or sense sixteen worlds, and with a stroke of his scyof pain, (Spenser) but having no milk metar cut asunder a certain flower which wherewith to suckle him, and being unable swam on the surface of the water, from which to bear the thoughts of seeing him die, she sprang up a beauteous young damsel, with jumped into the lake, where she set him whom the pious mandarin was so passionateupon the bud of a flower, which blowed of ly enamoured that he determined to marry itself for his more commodious reception, her: but her inflexible modesty rendered and afterwards inclosed the infant as it were his most endearing addresses fruitless and in a cradle.”—(FATHER TACHARD. Second | ineffectual. The mandarin was more geneVoyage to Siam, Book 5.)
rous and just than to force her to com
pliance; and notwithstanding it was the “ As he was sitting under a tree, he was
most disagreeable thing in nature to him to glorified in a very signal manner, and adored live alone, without any relations and withby angels, who came down from heaven for out issue, he checked the violence of his inno other purpose. His brother Thevatat, clination, and behaved with the utmost dejealous of his glory, conspired his downfall, cency and respect. Unsuccessful as he was, and declared open war against him, with all however, he planted himself at an awful disthe brute creation. Sommona-Codom de- tance directly opposite to this inexorable fended himself manfully by virtue of his beauty. He gazed upon her with all the good works; but nothing was so great a sup
tenderness of the most affectionate lover. port and protection to him as his strict prac- By the miraculous influence of his amorous tise of the tenth commandment, which com- glances, she conceived, and became the joyprehends the exercise of charity, without ful mother of a numerous offspring, and yet which he must have inevitably been van
still remained a pure and spotless virgin. quished, notwithstanding he was endowed | In process of time the virtuous mandarin with all the good works contained in the nine thought himself in duty bound to furnish his other injunctions. The guardian angel of numerous family with all the conveniences the earth, used her utmost endeavours to of life, and for that purpose created that prevail on the enemies of Sommona-Codom beautiful variety of beings which now reto adore him as a god; but at last finding plenish the earth. Afterwards he returned them obstinate and perverse, and inatten- to heaven, but could not however gain adtive to her repeated remonstrances, she mittance therein till he had first done pecompressed her watery locks, and poured nance, and duly qualified himself for that forth such a deluge as totally destroyed happy state. them."— PICART.
“ Before this restoration of the earth to its primitive state, four deities condescended to govern and preside over it. Three of
them, weary at last of the important charge, Peopling of the World in the Belief of Laos. resigned their guardianship, and went higher
“ The people of Laos (Laies or Langiens) towards the north, to taste the uninterrupted believe that the heavens existed from all joys of solitude and retirement. Xaca, the eternity; that they are situate above sixteen sole remaining god, after instructing manterrestrial worlds, the pleasures whereof are kind in the duties of religion, fully deterjustly proportioned to their respective ele- mined to attain to the highest pitch of perfecvation. The earth, about 18,000 years be- tion, sunk at last into Nireupan, or the everfore Xacca or Xequin, was dissolved and blessed state of annihilation.”—Picart. reduced to water. A mandarin of divine
skilled in all the arts which are necessary Siamese Heaven and Hell.
for the prolongation of life. They cheer“ SOMMONA-Codom is likewise in Nireu- fully however resign it to God from one pan. According to the Siamese (M. de la thousand years to another, by voluntarily Loubère and Pere Tachard), there are nine sacrificing themselves on a funeral pile, reabodes of bliss, and nine of sorrow. The serving only one of their tribe to raise up former are over our heads, and the latter those that are dead, by virtue of his magiunder our feet. The higher each mansion cal incantations. It is as dangerous as it the more delightful and joyous; the lower, is difficult to meet with these marvellous the more dismal and tremendous : insomuch hermits ; and the lives of such as do, are in that the happy are exalted far above the apparent danger of being lost.”—PICABT. stars, as the unhappy are sunk 10,000 fathoms deep below the earth. Those who inhabit the higher realms are called Thenada,
Descent of fallen Souls compared to the the dwellers below, Pii, the men of earth,
Fall of the Ganges. Manout. “When a soul has once attained to so high the manner in which souls always descend
An Indian poet, endeavouring to illustrate a pitch of perfection, as that no new enjoy- into bodies, one more imperfect than anments here on earth, how refined soever, are suitable to the dignity of its nature, the other, in proportion to their deviating from
the dictates of reason, compares them to the Siamese think that it is then freed from all future transmigrations. From that happy he fell first from the highest heavens into
descent of the river Ganges, “ which," says moment it appears no more in this world, but rests for ever in Nireupan ; that is to Chorkain; from thence on the top of Issoursay, in a state of perfect inactivity and im
en; after that, on the celebrated Mount Ima; passibility. In short, according to their no
from thence on the earth; from that into tion, consummate happiness and the ineffable the sea, and from thence at last into Padajoys of Paradise entirely consist in this sort lam, that is, into hell.”—Père Bouchet. Piof annihilation. The remarkable passage ascribed to Musæus by the ancients, “ that virtue will hereafter be rewarded with an
Japanese Penitents. eternal ebriety," so nearly resembles that of
"CERTAIN Japanese penitents make it their the impassibility of the soul, that these two duty to pass over several high and almost opinions may be resolved into one, without inaccessible mountains into some of the most the least difficulty or forced construction.” solitary deserts, inhabited by an order of an-Picart.
chorites, who, though almost void of huma
nity, commit them to the care and conduct Siamese Hermits.
of such as are more savage than themselves.
These latter lead them to the brinks of the “ The Siamese say that there are certain most tremendous precipices, habituate them anchorets who live retired in the most soli- to the practice of abstinence, and the most tary deserts, and are perfect masters of all shocking austerities, which they are obliged the secrets of human nature. They perfectly to undergo with patience, at any rate, since understand the art of making gold, silver, their lives lie at stake; for if the pilgrim and the most precious metals : there is no- deviates one step from the directions of his thing so wonderful and surprising but what spiritual guides, they fix him by both his they can effect with the utmost ease. They hands to the branch of a tree, which stands assume what forms they please, and make themselves immortal; for they are well him hanging till, through faintness, he quits
on the brink of a precipice, and there leave
his hold of the bough and drops. This is, way, and the poor penitent is dashed to however, the introduction only to the disci- pieces at the bottom of the precipice. Such pline they are to undergo; for in the sequel, as escape through a sincere confession, proafter incredible fatigue and a thousand dan- ceed farther to pay their tribute of divine gers undergone, they arrive at a plain sur- adoration to the deity of the place. After rounded with lofty mountains, where they they have gratified their father confessor's spend a whole day and night with their arms trouble, they resort to another pagod, where across, and their face declined upon their they complete their devotions, and spend seknees. This is another act of penance, un- veral days in public shows and other amuseder which, if they show the least symptoms ments.”—Picant. Acosta. De Bry. Purchas. of pain, or endeavour to shift their uneasy posture, the unmerciful hermits whose province it is to overlook them, never fail with
Priest of Manipa. some hearty bastinadoes to reduce them to
“Manipa, the goddess of the people (Tartheir appointed situation. In this attitude tars) of Tanchuth (called Lassa, or Boratai, the pilgrims are to examine their consci
or Barantola), has nine heads, which form ences, and recollect the whole catalogue of
a kind of pyramid. A bold resolute young their sins committed the year past, in order fellow, prompted by an enthusiastic rage, to confess them. After this strict exami- like him who cries Amoc amongst the Innation, they march again till they come to a dians, and drest in armour, flies round about steep rock, which is the place set apart by the city, upon some certain days in the year, these savage monks to take the general con
like a madman, and kills every one he meets fession of their penitents; on the summit of in honour of the goddess. This young enthis rock there is a thick iron bar, about three
thusiast is called Phut or Buth."-PICART. ells in length, which projects over the belly of the rock, but is so contrived, as to be drawn back again, whenever it is thought
Fountain of the Fairies. convenient. At the end of this bar hangs a large pair of scales, into one of which these
“In the journal of Paris in the reigns of
Charles VI. and VII., it is asserted that the monks put the pilgrim, and in the other a counterpoise, which keeps him in equilibrio; Maid of Orleans, in answer to an interroafter this, by the help of a spring, they push gatory of the doctors whether she had ever the scales off the rock, quite over the pre- assisted at the assemblies held at the founcipice. Thus hanging in the air, the pilgrim tain of the fairies near Domprein, round is obliged to make a full and ample confes
which the evil spirits dance? confessed that sion of all his sins, which must be spoken so
she had, at the age of twenty-seven, often distinctly, as to be heard by all the assist- repaired to a beautiful fountain in the counants at this ceremony; and he must take try of Lorraine, which she named the good particular care not to omit or conceal one
fountain of the fairies of our Lord."-Fasingle sin, to be stedfast in his confession, bliaux, by Ellis and Way. Le Grand. and not to make the least variation in his account: for the least diminution or concealment, though the misfortune should prove
Identity. more the result of fear than any evil inten- “CHAQUE individu, considéré separément, tion, is sufficient to ruin the penitent to all differe encore de lui-même par l'effet du intents and purposes ; for if these inexor- tems; il devient un autre, en quelque maniable hermits discern the least prevarication, ère, aux diverses époques de sa vic. L'enhe who holds the scales gives the bar a sud- fant, l'homme fait, la vieillard sont comme den jerk, by which percussion the scale gives | autant d'étrangers unis dans une seule per
sonne par le lien mysterieux du souvenir.” Trees are grey by torch light. -Necker. Sur l'Egalité.
A sea-mew sailed slowly by me; the sun edged his wings with silver.
The richest peacock green-blue is under Awkwardness at Court.
the bend of the cliff. “A MAN unaccustomed to converse with the masters of the world, enters their magnificent palaces with slow and distrustful
Sentences. steps. Wisdom and virtue are unequal to
I INTEND to be a hedge-hog and roll mythe task of walking with elegance and ease
self up in my own prickles : all I regret is through the unstudied road of imperial eti
that I am not a porcupine, and endowed with quette. Want of familiarity with surround
the property of shooting them to annoy the ing objects forbids ease; while prejudices, beasts who come near enough to annoy me. like nurses' midnight tales, are at the same time recollected, despised, and yet feared." -Robinson's Ecclesiastical Researches.
The French legislators have done as much
as the nature of the people would permit. Images for Poetry.
Who can carve a Venus de Medicis in free
stone ? WHEN we were within half a mile of the sea in a very clear day, it appeared as if the
When the cable of happiness is cut, surely water was flowing rapidly along the shore in the same direction as the wind; a kind it is better that the vessel should sink at once, of quick dizzy motion, which I should have than be tost about on the dreary ocean of thought the effect of having dazzled my eyes
existence, hopeless of a haven. by looking at the sun, if we had not both observed it at once.
IF Momus had made a window in my The river in a very hot day has the same
breast, I would have made a shutter to it. appearance.
The sudden wrinkling of the water when the wind sweeps it, as it were sparkling up
The loss of a friend is like that of a limb. a shower. Where the river is visible at its windings, but the loss cannot be repaired.
Time may heal the anguish of the wound, it forms little islands of light.
In a day half clear half cloudy, I observe streaks of a rainbow green upon the sea.
MYSTERIES. He who dives into thick The cormorant is a large black bird, and
water will find mud at the bottom; no stream flies with his long neck protruded; when
is clearer than that which rolls over golden full, he stands upon the beach or some sand
sands. bank, spreading his wings to dry them, very quaintly.
It is pleasant to see the white-breasted A man is a fool if he be enraged with an swallows dart under a bridge.
that he cannot remedy, or if he endures The bark of the birch is much striped one that he can. He must bear the gout, across with a grey-white moss.
but there is no occasion to let a fly tickle
1 "The cormorant stands upon its shoals,
His black and dripping wings
J. W. W.
2 The reader is referred to Tristram Shandy's remarks on this head. Vol. i. p. 129, c, xxiii.
J. W. W.
“To best and dearest parents filial grief
I felt thy visitation. Blessed power, Hallows this stone: the last of duties this; I have obeyed, and from the many cares But memory dies not, but the love, that now That chain me to this sordid selfish world Sleeps in the grave, shall wake again in hea- Winning brief respites, hallowed tha reven.”—Jan. 18, 1798.
pose Tothee, and pour'd the song of bettert things. Nor vainly may the song of better things
Live to the unborn days; so shall my soul Madoc.
In the hour of death feel comfort, and reWEDNESDAY Feb. 22, 1797. Prospect joice." Place, Newington Butts. This morning I began the study of the law : this evening I
Images for Poetry. began Madoc. These lines must conclude the poem. I
The white foam left by the wave on the
shore trembles in the wind with rainbow wrote them for the commencement.
hues. “SPIRIT of Song! it no worthless breast
The clouds spot the sea with purple. That thou hast filled, with husht and holy
The white road trembling on the aching eye.
The water spider forms a shadow of six ! It may be as well to give here, at length, spots at the bottom of the stream, edges such information as is in my hands relative to Madoe. On the fly.leaf to the First Fragment with light brown yellow; the legs four, and of Macioc (in my possession), Southey has writ- two from the head. The reflection of the ten, “This portion of Madoc was written in the body is a thin line only, uniting the rest. summer of 1794, after Joan of Arc had been
In a hot cloudy day the sea was pale grey, transcribed, and some months before this poem was sent to press and recomposed.” At the greener at a distance, and bounded by a end of the precious little volume he has added, darker line. “ Thus far in 1794. I began to revise Feb. 22, Half shadowed by a cloud, beyond the 1797, and finished the revisal March 9.” The extract next following is from a MS.
line of shadow light grey, like another sky. letter of Southey's to his friend C. Danvers.
The ripe redness of the grass. It is without date, but the post-mark is Oct. 24, Sunday, July 16, 1797. I saw the light
ning hang in visible duration over the road. “ The poem has hung long upon my hands,
Shadows of light roll over the shallow and during so many ups and downs of life, that I had almost become superstitious about it, and
sands of a stream wrinkled by the wind. could hurry through it with a sort of fear. An overhanging bough reflects this prettily. Projected in 1789, and begun in prose at that The flags sword leaves. time—then it slept till 1794, when I wrote a book and a half-another interval till 1797,
Up the Stour, the swallows cavern their when it was corrected and carried on to the be
nests in the sand cliff. ginning of the fourth book,--and then a gap I saw a dick-duck-drake leaping fish. again till the autumn of 1798, from which time
The reed-rustling breeze. it went fairly on, till it was finished in your poor
The sea like burnished silver. Morning. mother's parlour on her little table. Book by book I had read it to her, and passage by pas. sage as they were written to my mother and to Peggy. This was done in July 1799—four
Triad. years! I will not trust it longer, lest more changes befall, and I should learn to dislike it as “Three things restored will prolong a man's a melancholy memento!” The above, with the preface to the last edi.
The country where in childhood he was tion of Madoc, contains the whole history of that poem's composition. The lines here referred to
brought up; were not inserted.-J. W. W.
The food that in childhood nourished him;