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not fall in the battle as is recorded, but that be to have printed delineations of the anihe escaped, lived many years among his mals on which the respective marks might tenants in Witherslack, in Westmoreland, be laid down, and to which the printed deand was interred in the chapel there."— scription preceding would serve as an index. 210.
“Accordingly, the book consists of four
teen chapters of prints, filling eighty-four The woollen yarn spun by the country
pages, with three couple of sheep in each, people in Broughton for sale used to
each couple numbered. duce more than £4000 a-year.
“Matterdale. Chap. 12. TEA with itself has introduced wheaten “ No. 12. William Calvert, Esq., Wallbread.-Ibid. p. 213.
“ Ritted far ear ; old sheep, M on the Iz. Walton, p. 195, says of Winander
near side; hogs, full cripping across each Mere, that it is “some say, as smooth in the buttock, and no letter. bottom as if it were paved with polished “ No. 17. John Sutton. marble."
Cropped, and muck-forked on the far
ear; under fold bitted on the near; a red “The Shepherd's Guide, or a Delineation of the Wool and Ear Marks on the differ- stroke over the fillets of the near side, the
form of a grindstone handle. ent Stocks of Sheep in Patterdale, Grassmere, Hawkeshead, Langdale, Loughrigg,
“ No. 23. John Brownrigg, Matterdale
End. Wythburn, Legberthwaite, St. Johns,
Cropped far ear, bitted near; a red Wanthwaite and Burns, Borrowdale, Newlands, Threlkeld, Matterdale, Watermil
pop on the top of the shoulder ; J. B. on
the near side. lock, Eskdale, and Wastdalehead.
The ear marks are what are most de“ To which is prefixed an Index, shewing the proprietors' names and places of abode, pended on, because they cannot be so easily with a description of the marks, &c. By got rid of. William Mounsey and William Kirkpatrick, halved, under key-bitted or upper, holed
The ear is either cropt, under or upper on the plan originally devised by Joseph
muck-forked, or clicking-forked, marked Walker. “ Penrith : Printed by W. Stephen."
with a three square hole, &c.; and these
marks are varied, by being either on the No date.
cropt or otherwise entire ear. The original preface says
6 the success
The other marks have all their techni. this work has met with is sufficient to show cal pames. the extensive benefit which is likely to re- The copy before me is one which my sult from it. It has not been presented to brother T. has borrowed from a neighbour. any sheep-breeder who has not considered It is neatly bound in red sheep; and has it of the greatest importance.
pasted in it a printed paper with these “My object is to lay down a plan by words, “ Newlands' Public Book." which every man may have it in his power The sheep are coloured according to the to know the owner of a strayed sheep, and description, and a blank in the engraving to restore it to him ; and, at the same time, left for the ears of one in each couple. that it may act as an antidote against the fraudulent practice too often followed, -in “ Tue Wells of rocky Cumberland a word, to restore to every man his own.
Have each a Saint or Patron, “ I considered that the best mode of re- Who holds an annual festival presenting the wool and ear marks would
The joy of maid and matron.
" And to this day as erst they wont, Ibid. p. 115, No. 61. 69. LETTER de
The youths and maids repair scribing something of the country and peo-
Cotton MSS. Titus B. iii. 7. KESWICK Of sugar-sweet and liquorice,
mines. With water from the spring, They mix a pleasant beverage,
The parsonage house in Langdale was And May-Day carols sing."
licensed as an alehouse, because it was so MR. John HUTCHINSON'S
poor a living, that the Curate could not June Days' Jingle.
otherwise have supported himself. By the public house in Newlands, there
Owen Lloyd who now holds the curacy
told me this. is a green cock-pit.
LOOKING down from Hindscarth upon “ CAREs and sorrows cast away, Buttermere, the light fell so upon the lake This is the old wives' holyday." that one part, which was in shade, appeared
BEAUMONT and FLETCHER, Women like a hole in it, or pit.
pleased, act v. sc. iii. WHERE the hill has been burnt, the cran
A LARGE leaved sort of clover, with a berry leaves are red.
purple spot in the centre of the leaves, The wooden railroad is said to have been grows as a weed in this nursery garden,first invented by Mr. Carlisle Spedding at
the seed having been accidentally imported Whitehaven. – DR. Dixon's Life of Dr. in some package from America. Brownrigg, p. 108.
John EARSDEN and George Mason comIn Mrs. Wilson's youth it would have posed the music in a work entitled, “ The been thought a sin for any one to have sold Ayres that were sung and played at Broughhoney in this place. It was given freely to am Castle in Westmoreland, in the King's any who happened to want it.
entertainment, given by the Right Hon. the Among the Lansdowne MSS. (No. 17.7.) Earl of Cumberland, and his right noble
son the Lord Clifford. Fol. London, 1618." is a letter from Augsburg, written in Latin to the Lords Leicester and Burghley, by
-Hawkins, vol. 4, p. 25. David Hang and John Languaver, co-part
Possibly here might be words by Daniel. ners with their Lordships in the mines at Keswick, concerning those mines. A.D. 1573.
Tuesday, 19 Jan. 1836. I WENT out at -Catal. p. 33.
one o'clock to shake hands with my old
friend G. Peachy before his departure. It Ibid. p. 37, No. 18. 51. ARTICLES pro- was a bright frosty day, and my Scotch posed to the Lord Treasurer to be entered bonnet afforded no shelter to my eyes, which into with the Queen, by the Company of the are however now so used to it as not to mines at Keswick. A.D. 1574.
be inconvenienced by the light. I was
reading as usual, Clarke's Christiad was the Ibid. p. 48, No. 24. 1. EDWARD BRADDYL to the Lord Treasurer, wanting to know
"I had the Christiad in hand at this time, and what must be done with the Queen's cop
had written to Southey on the subject. This
induced him to turn to it. The underwritten is per in her store-house at Keswick. A.D. 1576.
from the fly-leaf of his copy transcribed into my
“ Robert Clarke, educated at the Eng. MORE papers concerning these mines.
lish College at Douay, where, as I am informed, P. 56, No. 28. 4-11.
ho was Professor of the Classics, He after:
book; and just on the rising ground where more reasonably for their gods; and at the view of the lake opens, the sun came length nothing was to be done without con. I suppose more directly upon my eyelids, sulting them through the priests or Krakenbut the page appeared to be printed in red pates. These heads being fixtures, and letters. The page before me was that on having no means of seeing things for themwhich the last book begins, and the head-selves, believed of course what the krakening is in larger type, these took the colour pates told them,-but they had whims of first, and were red as blood, the whole page their own also, and very seldom agreed, presently became so. The opposite page and when they were out of humour, they had a confused intermixture of red and could shake part of the body, and bring black types, when I glanced on it; but fixing various evils upon the land, by the feelers, the sight there the whole became rubric water, volcanoes, &c. also, though there was nothing so vivid as Something might be made of this. in the heading of the book. The appearance passed away as my position with re- Keswick. 1808. Sept. 27. Snow on Hel. gard to the sun was altered.
vellin, some was seen yesterday, and some I particularly noticed this phenomenon, last week. which never occurred to me before, but Sept. 28. The snow continues there, and which if I am not deceived I have read of the frost in the night has killed all our nasmore than once as something preternatural. turtiums, which were yesterday in full bloom An enthusiast according to the mood of and beauty. The potatoe tops also are wi. mind would take it for a manifestation of thered and black. The lime at Jackson's grace or of wrath, -I think it has had
new building here was frozen two inches the latter interpretation.
deep, and one of the masons says there was May 13, 1821.
ice an inch thick in a tin cup. The kidney EARLY this morning,
beans also are killed, and made transpaand more in a dream than awake, I fell into a train of fanciful thought, and ima- rent by the frost. gined a great island in the Polar Sea, killed in the garden. Walking out I ob
Sept. 29. The sunflowers and hollyhocks which was the Kraken, or, as the earth itself has been supposed by some wild served the ash leaves cut off and lying untheorists, a living and sentient creature.
der the tree, before they had changed colour. That sort of perpetual creation which Aza- The sycamore had lost some leaves in the
same manner, but not so many. The elder ra supposes was going on there, and the Kraken had in later years pushed out heads berries were all killed. Snow fell upon all and feelers from his upper as well as under the mountains, and there was ice in the
boat. surface. These were in various forms and kinds, graminivorous, frondivorous, carni
Sept. 30. The sweet-peas and china-as.
ters killed, a few of the latter which were vorous, and omnivorous. Among these varieties, some human heads appeared at last;
more sheltered have escaped. and the Krakeners, in evil hour for them
Oct. 30. What a morning! hard frost, selves, thought it a point of duty to edu- bright sunshine, and a wind not perceptible cate their heads, and teach them to speak the smoke of the newly kindled fires, which
otherwise than by its keen coldness, bending and to read : or rather they took them
has risen high through the stillness, — and wards became a Carthusian Monk, and spent his blending it with the mist which runs under leisure hours in an elaborate work, entitled the mountains, beginning at Thornthwate, Christiad.” This meagre account is all that DODD
till it comes round under Wallow and meets gives (vol. 3, p. 311), and for this he referred to the Diary of Douay College, and the Diary of the smoke of the town : the fell summit the Carthusians at Nieuport."-J. W. W. shining above it in sunshine.
1809. June 2. Snow upon all the hills | fast at Lancaster, which is the more unreaand the vale of St. John's covered with it: sonable because the coach is changed there, a thing never before remembered. Within and if you do not choose to run the risk of a fortnight grass which had then been bu- losing your luggage, you must lose your ried beneath the snow, was mown.
breakfast. I found time to abridge mine Nov. 3. The first effect of winter upon by swallowing two raw eggs; 1s. 9d. each the flowers, the nasturtiums just touched by the charge, so that you must eat at the rate the frost.
of two-pence a minute to make a saving 1821. June 9. Snow upon Causey Pike bargain. and the Borrowdale Fells.
Passed Hesketh Hall, and in the adjacent 1822. Sept. 26. First snow on Helvellin. village was recognized to our mutual sur
1828. Nov. 9. There has been no snow prize by Mr. Hodgeson, John Wordsworth's yet.
late curate, who had recently removed to Nov. 10. The first.
this place. He introduced me to Mr. Ad1833. Sept. 1. Cucumbers on the frame, dington, who was going to Liverpool on his vegetable marrows, and such kidney beans way to London, a very agreeable, gentleas were not sheltered from the east, cut oil manly, well informed man, a friend of Mrs. by frost.
Charles Warren. He told me that Sharpe
had left his sister-in-law only £50 a year! Monday, 24th Oct. 1836. Lert Keswick It ought to have been £500. with Karl in the stage. Found the squaw Reached Liverpool a little after three, in it, and dropt her at what used to be John and finding no place could be taken for El. Stanley's—the public house in Legberth- | lesmere till to-morrow evening, off we set waite. No other passenger the whole way. for the Birkenhead steamer, and at half-past They have played the Quaker with Ivy Cot- five were packed up in the mail for Chestage. Saw Wordsworth and Mr. Robinson ter. We had a very intelligent companion in Ambleside. Took our places for Liver- upon the stage, a most incurious one from pool at the Commercial Inn, Kendal, and Lancaster. He was a person in business at slept there.
Liverpool, who had never been to London, Tuesday, 25th. Called at half-past four. nor indeed fifty miles from bome, except Two heads are better than one, said a man once, for a fortnight to the Isle of Man by who was assisting to pack the coach, and the steamer. He works in a counter from to enforce the remark he added, I had ra- morning to night, and is evidently killing ther have two sovereigns than one. I dis- himself thereby: but broad hints and good sented from the opinion, and reminded Karl plain advice seemed to be bestowed upon of Eteocles and Polynices,-for we had been him in vain. reading the Thebaid.
Tuesday, 25th. Our way into the inn Set off half-past five by moonlight. A was up a flight of steps, and then across man in the coach talked about Bishop Wat- one of those rows which make Chester on son, and said that when a school-boy at of the most remarkable cities in England Hensingham, his schoolfellows used to laugh It is a large old rambling house, and our at him for coming in a homespun coat and bedroom was so far back that we were not clogs, and gave him some nickname in con- molested by any noise from the street. The sequence. I cannot think the clogs would gas was so offensive in the public room that have exposed him to any ridicule in this we could not endure it. country, and especially at that time.
Walked round the walls before breakfast. They allow only ten minutes for break
MISCELLANEOUS ANECDOTES AND GLEANINGS.
into elements in their rapture, and nothing Spirits.
but their soul was received into Abraham's RENRY MORE thought it was
bosom. I smell the leaven of the Sadducees manifestly indicated in the here; for certainly the origin of it came Scriptures, “ That there is no from such as they, who resisted the truth,
such necessary union between and held that a body could not be exalted the soul and the body, but she may act as
to heavenly places.”—Ibid. p. 428. freely out of it, as in it: as men are nothing
“ The spirits of the faithful may appear; the more dull, sleepy, or senseless, by put those of the wicked not.”—Ibid. p. 436. A ting off their clothes, and going out of the forcible passage. house, but rather more awakened, active, and sensible.”—Theological Works, p. 19.
Proclus, according to Rabelais (vol. i. “ Besides, it is not unreasonable but that esté diables souvet veus, lesquels en la pre
p. 102), says, 6 Qu'en forme leonine ont she (the soul) and other spirits, though they have no set organs, yet for more distinct disparus." But M. le Duchat says, the co
sence d'un coq blanc soudainement sont and full perception of objects, may frame the element they are in into temporary or
lour of the cock is not specified. ganization: and that with as much ease and " The miracle of the herd of swine has swiftness as we can dilate and contract the
never been better explained than thus; that pupil of our eye, and bring back or put for the devils were suffered to go into the swine, ward the crystalline humour.”—Ibid. p. 26. to make it appear that they were indeed
Why has not man a microscopic eye? evil spirits which had possessed the men,
Because it is impossible: that is, not only and thus practically confute the doctrine of inconsistent with his nature, and the order the Sadducees, who denied that there were of the universe, but incompatible with it. any spirits."—JENKINS' Reas. of Christian
But a pneumascopic or angeloscopic eye ity, vol. 1, p. 259. is not impossible.
“Good spirits as numerous and active as
bad." - Ib. p. 325. “ The Battas (Sumatra) think their an- Dryden's Philidel (a poor imitation of cestors are a kind of superior beings atten- Ariel) laments dant on them always.”—Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. 14, p. 317.
“ For so many souls as, but this morn,
Were clothed with flesh, and warmed with “ Number in the air.”—Bish. Hackett, But naked, now, or shirted but with air."
vital blood, Sermon, p. 212.
King Arthur, vol. 6, p. 284. “ Some Jewish Rabbins have presumed Monthly Review, vol. 2, p. 427. A cuto teach more than Scripture, that the rious argument for the existence of evil bodies of Enoch and Elias were dissolved spirits, drawn from dreams, by Seed.