Imágenes de páginas

“ DETTE mi fur di mia vita futura

The podagric unguent of the “

80 much Parole gravi; avvegna ch' io mi senta famed Franciscus Jos. Borrhi," was made Ben tetragono a i colpi di ventura." up of almost all the parts of a stag. It was Dante. Paradiso, t. 3, p. 110. inferred, from the supposed longevity of this

animal, that nature had stored it with a balsamic preservative salt in a greater proportion than most other creatures, and therefore

that all its parts, even the excrementitious Physic.

one, were endued with medical virtues. A “ One of the eminentest of our London physician of Jena, Joh. Andrea Gratz by physicians was wont, as an excellent secret, name, wrote a treatise upon this, entitled to employ in some of his choice remedies Elaphographia, sive Cervi Descriptio Phythat peculiar saltpetre which he had drawn sico-Medico-Chymica.—Ibid. pp. 281-2. out of the earth digged up in churchyards." -BOYLE, vol. 1, p. 210.

“The parliament of Paris, at the solicita

tion of the Parisian physicians (among whom “ I have seen a good quantity of that Guy Patin was the most conspicuous), projelly that is sometimes found on the ground, hibited the use of antimony in medicine. and by the vulgar called a star-shoot,' as if This restriction, after some years, was reit remained upon the extinction of a falling moved; but it was a long time indeed bestar; which being brought to an eminent fore the French physicians could get the physician of my acquaintance, he lightly better of their prejudices, or rather of their digested it in a well-stopt glass for a long timidity, in regard to the employment of time, and by that alone resolved it into a those active remedies which are derived from permanent liquor, which he extols as a spe- the chemical preparations of this and other cific to be outwardly applied against wens." metallic substances, and which give to the -Ibid. p. 244.

practice of physic a vigour and efficiency

that it formerly wanted.”—Ibid. p. 596, N. SiR THEODORE MAYERNE's MS. Ephemerides.

MARTIN LISTER describes a cimex of the Ellis's Orig. Letters, second series, vol. largest size, of a red colour, with black spots, 3, p. 246.

as to be found in great abundance upon henHis remarks upon this patient's circum- bane. “It is observable," he says, " that

that horrid and strong smell with which the

leaves of this plant affect our nostrils, is very King Solomon's Portraiture of Old Age, much qualified in this insect, and in some by John Smith, M.D. a philosophical dis

measure aromatic and agreeable; and there course. “ Among other ingenious observa

we may expect that that dreadful narcosis tions, he remarks, that the expressions of

so eminent in this plant, may likewise be Solomon, Eccles. xii. probably denote the usefully tempered in this insect; which we

refer to trial."—Ibid. pp. 602-3. same doctrine of the circulation of the blood as Harvey's; the pitcher being interpreted for the veins; the fountain for the right the Chinese physicians in finding out by their

“ Isaac Vossius commended the skill of ventricle of the heart; the cistern for the left; the wheel for the circulation." —Abr.

touch, not only that the body is diseased, Phil. Trans. vol. 1, p. 86.

(which, he said, was all that our practitioners

knew by it,) but also from what cause or 1 Otherwise called “ Tremella Nostoc.” See

from what part the sickness proceeds. To Third Series, p. 763.-J. W. W.

make ourselves masters of this skill, he would A Boy three years without eating and vol. i. p. 129. Ed. Heber.-J. W. W.


have us explore the nature of men's pulses, a stench that a thousand wounds exposed till they became as well known and as fa- to the summer heat could not have equalled miliar to us as a harp or lute is to the players it. And though I thought I had sufficiently thereon; it not being enough for them to armed my senses against it, that is, my ears know that there is something amiss which with cotton, my nose with pessaries, my spoils the tune, but they must also know mouth with sponges, all dipt in vinegars and what string it is which causes that fault.” | treacles, yet, as if touched with a thunder-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 63.

bolt, I was struck with a violent trembling

of my body. Having broken the glass, I “Our foresters," says Sir G. MACKENZIE, gave some of this horridly-stinking salt to “ allege, that when deer are wounded, they to M. Reshel to taste, and then I tasted it lie on a certain herb which grows plentifully myself, and it was found to have an acriin our forests, and that by its virtue the mony as great as aqua regis.” To this acribleeding is stanched, and the wound healed. mony he ascribed all the phenomena which I took a quantity of it, and reduced it to a occur in the plague.-Ibid. p. 491. salve, with wax and butter. Its effect was, that it healed too suddenly, so that I durst The same physician thought he preserved not venture to use it for any deep wound, himself by setons in the groin, thinking that but for superficial scars it has a very sud- the venom would find its way into his sysden operation. It is the Asphodelus Lan- tem, and that the safest course was thus to castriæ Verus of Johnstone;' or the Lanca-open a way out for it.-Ibid. p. 492. shire Asphodel.”—Ibid. p. 227.

A SADDLER's daughter at Burford had an JOHANNES Baptista ALPrunus, physi-imposthume which broke in the corner of cian to the Empress Eleonora, in A.D. 1670,

one of her eyes, out of which came about at Prague, lanced a plague-boil in one of thirty stones, splendid, and as large as pearls. his patients. “Having conceived that the

-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 81. way for him to penetrate into the most latent quality of this pestiferous venom was

MEDICINE among the Egyptians wholly

built upon astrological or magical grounds. by chemistry; not with knives, but glasses, They thought the heart increased two -not with iron, but fire,-I collected the

drachms in weight annually till men were virulent matter, and putting it in a retort, and luting a receiver to it very close, I ap- proportion, so that no one could live beyond

50 years old, then decreased in the same plied degrees of fire. At first came over a

the water, then a more fat and oily matter, and


of 100.-Ibid. p. 681. at last a salt ascended into the neck of the Dr. ARCHIBALD Pitcairn endeavoured, retort. The fire being removed, and the after Borelli and Bellini, to account for the glasses separated, there came forth so great principal phenomena, natural and morbid,

which occur in the animal body,—upon ma| The discovery is subsequent to the old edi- thematical principles !—Ibid. vol. 4, p. 46. tion of GERARDE by Johnson, where it is sta. See the ted, “ it is not yet found out what use there is

passage. of any of them in nourishment or medicines :" P. 97. No scholar, but knows the Dictamnus

A GIRL with horns on various parts of her of Virgil. Æn. xii. v. 411; Cf. Cic. de N. D. body.—Ibid. vol. 3, p. 229. ii. 50. Bishop HACKET says in the Christian Consolutions, which were long given to Jeremy Claws instead of nails.-Ibid. 4, p. 176. Taylor, “ The hart wounded with an arrow, runs to the herb dittany to bite it, that the shaft may fall out that stuck in his body :"

drinking.-Ibid. vol. 6. p. 459.

vol. 10, P:

p. 500.

Ibid. vol. 7, p. 543, tuburculated skin.- of singing, to the admiration of all about 562.

her, several fine tunes, which her sister had

learnt in her presence some time before, but CASSINI saw a Russian at Florence who

of which she had not then seemed to take during two different years in his life had in

any particular notice.- Ibid. vol. 9, p. 370. his body an electrical virtue similar to that of the torpedo.-Monthly Review, vol. 66,

A man who had lost the use of his speech

for about four years, recovered it, by being Sir John Floyer in his Pharmacobasa- extremely frightened in a dream. The nos, or Touchstone of Medicines, attempted | dream was that he had fallen into a furnace to account for their virtues by their taste of boiling wort, and be called for help.and smell.-Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. 4, p. 458.

Ibid. p. 465. M. DE CHERAC, who was first physician Ibid. pp. 495-8. Medicines said to be into Louis XV. maintained that it is as much

sinuated into the body by electricity.—vol. the duty of a physician to enforce discipline 10, p. 13. to the sick, as of a general to enforce it in an army.— Ibid. p. 497.

Nicolas Reeks born with both feet turn

ed inwards, and pronounced incurable. ApLINIMENTS for the itch “may be made

prenticed at eleven years of age to a taylor, agreeable enough, and of a good smell, as

in six years sitting cross legged had proparticularly is that compounded of the ointment of orange flowers, or roses, and a

duced a manifest alteration ; in less than small quantity of red precipitate.”—DR. like those of other men : he ran away and

two years more, his feet and legs became MEAD. Ibid. vol. 5, p. 4.

entered as a marine.--Ibid. p. 685. When the small pox is epidemical in the main land over against Skie Isle as in the

THERE were two kinds of Usnea Humana, isle itself, the natives bathe their children

-the crustacea et villosa; the former was in the infusion of juniper wood, and they most esteemed, and any of the crustacean generally escape ; when this is neglected lichens, but more properly the common they often die.— Ibid. p. 379.

grey-blue pitted lichenoides of Dillenius.

The villosa was a species of the genus hypPearls prescribed, to all those that are num; any moss that happened to grow on able to pay for them.--Ibid. p. 366. Gold a human skull was thought efficacious.and silver also.—p. 368.

Ibid. vol. 40, p. 252.

MANY swallowed the stones of sloes and The cup moss was long accounted a specherries, thinking they would prevent any

cific for hooping-cough. Willis had great danger of surfeit, or indigestion from the faith in it.-Ibid. p. 255. fruit.—Ibid. vol. 6, p. 253.

Strict laws, vigilantly enforced, preDodbridge relates that a clergyman's served New England from the small pox lady, whose husband was of some eminence generally, Boston excepted, where it struck in the literary world, in a frenzy after a root, 1649, and was often epidemical.-Ibid. lying in (which was quickly removed) found vol. 12, p. 229. during the time of it such an alteration in the state and tone of her nerves, that though Family at Maryport (the Harrises) who she never had before nor since any ear for could not distinguish colours.—Ibid. vol. 14, music, nor any voice, she was then

capable | p. 143.

P. 429.

p. 340.

Dr. White (of York, 1778) says “dis- SUIDAs and Cedrenus report that Soloeases which usually in private practice of an mon wrote of the remedies of all diseases, easy cure, are often very tedious in hospi- and graved the same on the sides of the tals, and apt to assume anomalous symp- porch of the temple, which they say Hezetoms. Healthy persons, admitted for the kiah pulled down, because the people negcure of recent wounds and other accidents, lecting help from God by prayer, repaired soon become pale, lose their appetite, and thither for their recovery.—RALEIGH, b. 2, are generally discharged weak and emaciated, but soon recover by the benefit of fresh air. In some hospitals the cure of a On ne doit pas craindre d'avancer compound fracture is rarely seen; in pri- que la medecine est de toutes les sciences vate practice and a pure air, such cases physiques celle qui a donné lieu au plus seldom fail."-Ibid. p. 326.

grand nombre de speculations."— Trans.

Preface to Sprengel. “ The Philosopher says that the phancy is seated in the middle region of the brain A GOOD severe jest of Henri IV. to the above the eyes, which upon great and sud- Parisians. If they instead of accepting his den wrath calls up the spirits hastily into gracious offers should be by famine conitself, and with that swift motion they are strained “ de se rendre la corde au col, heated, and seem to flame in the eyes.”- au lieu," said he, “ de la miséricorde que ВР. НАСКЕТ, p. 423.

je leur offre, j'en ôterai la misère, et ils au

ront la corde.” — Coll. des Mem. vol. 51, “ WOMEN, in certain circumstances to us unknown, are every now and then capable of very far exceeding the usual number of RHAZEs cured stomach complaints with children at a birth."--Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. cold water and butter milk, and recom16, p. 301.

mended chess for melancholy persons.

SPRENGEL, vol. 2, p. 292. Horns on women.

en.—Ibid. vol. 17, p. 28. JULIAN calls Jupiter to witness that he

Avicenna prescribes gold, silver, and prehad often been cured by remedies which

cious stones to purify the blood. And bugs Æsculapius directed him to use.

(les punaises, aljesajes) for the quartain this," says Dr. Jenkins,“ supposing the

fever and for hysterics. — Ibid. vol. 2, p.

319. truth of the fact, doth not prove that false God to have had more skill than a physician might have had, but only shows that devils

With him the practice began of gilding may have such knowledge of the nature of things, as to give prescriptions in physic."Reasonableness of the Christian Religion,

GILBERTUS ANGLICUS. His treatment of vol. 1, p. 349.

lethargy was to fasten a sow in the patient's

bed. And in cases of apoplexy he admi- il faut que nous fassions comme ces nistered ant's eggs, scorpion's oil, and lion's bons Medecins, qui ayans bien préparé les flesh, in order to induce fever ; but Sprenhumeurs par quelques legers remèdes, les gel asks how lion's flesh was to be got in chassent après tout-à-fait par de plus fortes England ?-SPRENGEL, vol. 2, p. 406. medecines.”—Astrée, pt. 2, tom. 3, p. 394.

FICINUS advises old men to drink the Mr. Newton's wife took tincture of soot. blood of healthy young persons, as a me 1776.

of prolonging life.— Ibid. vol. 2, p. 464.

“ But


p. 320.


When the German physicians (in the Tue old system, that the animal spirits fifteenth century) wished to bring on a fe- were secreted by the brain.-Ibid. vol. 4, brile action, they placed the patient between p. 64. All our knowledge comes to the same two fires.- Ibid. vol. 2, p. 478.

thing under different terms, pretty much. Avicenna held that a certain fifth quality formed the temperament.—-Ibid. vol. 3, chants and physicians aiding each other.

Tea brought into use by the Dutch mer.

Ibid. vol. 5, p. 106-8-11. Luis MERCADO, physician to Philip II. doubted whether the temperament ought to

Nicholas Robinson insisted that no other be so regarded, or whether it were not ra- science had such incontestible pretensions ther the harmony and reunion of the four

to certitude as that of medicine.-Ibid. vol. primary qualities.-Ibid. p. 21.

5, p. 171.

p. 43.

p. 73.


SPRENGEL calls him the Thomas Aquinas

The apothecary's praise of a physician in of medicine, the first of all scholastic phy- Molière, “ C'est un homme qui sait la mesicians; and says it is impossible to ima- dicine à fond, et qui, quand on devroit gine “jusqu'à quel point cet écrivain pousse créver, ne démordroit pas, d'un iota, des les réveries méthodiques."

régles des anciens. Oui, il suit toujours le BARBAROSSA communicated to Francis I. grand chemin, le grand chemin ; et pour

tout l'or du monde, il ne voudroit pas avoir a receipt for mercurial pills.— Ibid. vol. 3,

gúeri une personne avec d'autres remèdes que ceux que la Faculté permet."— M. DE POURCEAUGNAC, vol. 5,

p. In the fifteenth century, at the court of the German prince, it was part of the chief

“ On est bien aise au moins d'être mort physician every morning to examine the sovereign's urine.-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 164.

méthodiquement :

και προς ιατρα σοφά Tuomas Fyens called it " excrementum θροείν επωδας προς τομώντι πήματα." secundæ coctionis; et tire même certains sig

Soph. Ajax. v. 582. nes du son qu'elle produit en tombant de la vessie dans le vase destiné à la recevoir." In the atheistic work called, Man a Ma-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 168.

chine, by St. M. d'Argens (or Mr. de la

Mettrie!), the author says that philosoBoru Severin, and Du Chesne who was phical physicians are the only persons who physician to Henri IV. beld that diseases have explored and unravelled the labyrinth proceeded from seed, like vegetables.-Ibid. of man; the only ones who, in a philoso

phical contemplation of the soul, have sur

prised it in its misery and grandeur, with“Roast cat, with goose-grease and spice, out despising or idolizing it ; and the only was Benedetto Veltori's remedy for con- ones who have a right to speak on it.yulsions."-Ibid. vol. 3, 181.

Monthly Review, vol. 1, p. 125.

Descartes, he says, said that physic could The Milanese physician, Settali, (16th change the mind and manners together with century) discovered that the general prac- the body.-Ibid. p. 126. tice of applying the actual cautery to the skull, for old catarrhs, was injurious. William CLARKE, the ossified man, in the Ibid. p. 194.

county of Cork.-Ibid. vol. 5, p. 280.

P. 373,

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