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N. vol. 3, p. 147. SALGUES, vol. 1, p. 334. LORD MONBODDO held that there are four Pliny, vol. 8, c. 22. See in PLAUTUs, vol. 1, distinct minds in man; the elemental, the
vegetable, the animal, and the intellectual,
and that these form the Tetractys of the Py. Premature old age when not occasioned thagoreans. Pythagoras he thought was of by any ascertainable, or likely cause, owing an intermediate nature between divine and to the shorter term of life through which human, and that there were many such beings Archeus in his stages has past.
in ancient times, who were revered as he
roes and demigods.- Monthly Rerieu, vol. A RACE of inferior creatures in the other 72, p. 355. worlds, upon which no curse has fallen.
TRANSMIGRATION. CLAUDIAN, in Ruf. “ Art thou a man? thy form cries out, lib. 2, v. 482, et Plato de Rep. lib. x. in
fine.—Ibid. vol. 76, p. 206. Thy tears are womanish ; thy wild acts denote
THE Druses hold that the soul of a Druse The unreasonable fury of a beast;
who dies in ignorance and libertinism, passes Unseemly woman, in a seeming man, into the body of a man destined to live in Or ill-beseeming beast, in seeming both." indigence and a low station, but that the Romeo and Juliet, act iii. sc. iii. soul of a persevering spiritualist enters into
that of an Emir Sheik, a rich husbandman, DR. KIRKPATRICK in his Analysis of In- in expectation that the last appearance of ventation says,
we have a manifest vege- God and their prophet will recompense him tative principle inherent in our fabric."- in a more glorious manner.-Ibid. vol. 76, Monthly Review. Feb. 1754. p. 114.
Ferdinand says of Miranda,
A CRAZY, or foolish Archeus explains You, O you
Watts thinks it "highly probable that
the damned will exist in a perpetual expecThus it is that man sometimes
tation and dread of new and increasing pu“Will have a wild trick of his ancestors,"
nishment without end, and that such an
increase will be their portion ; for as the As Shakespeare says of a fox, though
capacities of the saints to take in new scenes — ne'er so tamed, so cherished, and lock'd and new degrees of pleasure will be enup."—Henry IV. part 1, act v. sc. ii. larged as their knowledge and their love
increases, so the increasing sins, the grow. The war cry of the Melek Nazr ad Deen ing wickedness, and mad rebellion of damned was, “I am a bull, the son of a bull."— spirits, may bring upon them new judg. Hoskins, p. 45.
ments and more weighty vengeance."-Vol.
5, p. 645. Times, Friday, 3 July, 1835.
“ A man about fifty years of age lately “Perhaps as the wicked of this world died in the hospital at Arras of spontaneous when they die, have left evil and pernicious hydrophobia, a disease of the rarest occur- examples behind them, or have corrupted rence."
the morals of their neighbours by their en
ticements or their commands, or by their “ Con que se castigarà dignamente el wicked influence of any kind, so their punish- desprecio de tan grande magestad ? Claro ment may be increased in proportion to the està que con ninguna pena menor que con lasting effects of their vile example, or their la que està à los tales aparejada, que es vicious influences. And perhaps too there are arder para siempre en los fuegos del infino men among all the ranks of the damned, erno; y con todo esto no se castiga dignawhose souls will be filled so high with the mente.”—LUIS DE GRANADA, tom. 1, p. 5. dread and horror of increasing woes, as lewd and profane writers, profane and immoral
If one of the damned were to drop one princes, or cruel persecutors of religion."— tear, once in a thousand years, in time he Ibid. p 646.
would have shed more in quantity than all
the waters of the flood ! “Why may he not suppose that their If the worst pain of hell were no more bodies shall be raised with all the seeds of than the prick of a needle, think what that disease in them, like the gout or the stone, would be, if it were eternal.-Ibid. p. 35. or any other smarting malady,—that God The flames of Nebuchadnezzar's furnace will create bodies for them of such an un- rose to the height of forty-nine cubits, not happy mould and contexture as shall be fifty, because fifty would have tokened a another perpetual source of pain and an- jubilee, a time of remission, and the furguish."-Ibid.
nace was to be a type of hell.-Ibid. p. 36. “SOME writers, elder and later, have held What a support would he have had that the vast numbers of indifferent persons, for his theory which places hell in the sun, who have neither been evidently holy, if he had known that"Hilos is derived from evidently wicked, shall be sent to a new state the oriental hel, briller, and no doubt brûler of trial in the other world.”—Ibid. p. 647. also ?-C. DE GEBELIN, Calendrier, p. 43.
He does not name those writers; and can find no hint of them in the Bible except
“ Which to believe, 1 Peter iii. 19, about Christ preaching to Must be a faith, that reason without miracle the Spirit of those who were drowned in the Could never plant in me.” flood,—"an obscure text” which may be
King Lear, act i. sc. i. construed to another sense with truth and justice.
If certain doctrines were true, it might
indeed be said, “ It is not at all unlikely that their habitation shall be a place of fire, and their “ As flies to wanton boys are we to the bo dies
be made immortal to endure the gods, smart and torture without consuming. Did They kill us for their sport." not this God by his Almighty power and
Ibid. act iv. sc. i. mercy preserve the bodies of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego in the burning fiery “ A CLEAR distinction between true and furnace of Nebuchadnezzar, so that the fire false religion, tried and proved by an infal. had no power to consume or destroy them? lible test of religious truth; and by which And cannot his power do the same thing the truth of eternal punishment is asserted under the influence of his justice, as well as and proved; and the doctrine of eternal of his mercy? When the power and the torment confuted and condemned, as not wrath of a God unite to punish a creature, barely atheistical, but the blasphemous dochow miserable must that creature be!"-trine of incarnate devil.”—Printed at BirIbid. p. 649.
mingham, A. D. 1751.
The Chev. Ramsay in his Phil. Princip. This would be so on the scheme of deof Nat. and Rev. Religion (Glasgow, 2 vols. struction, but how inaccurately does it re4to. 1751), held universal restitution. present the writer's own opinions.
BERTOLACCI, vol. 2, p. 139. At the day of judgment the whole sun is to be un
Surgery. sheathed (for part only is now seen) and to consume the wicked.
MITHRIDATES tried poisons and antiSee also vol. 2, p. 128, 134-41.
dotes upon criminals.-SPRENGEL, vol. 1,
p. 488-9. PUNISHMENT of neutral angels, and souls neither fit for heaven nor deserving hell.
The Arabian surgeons in the time of DANTE, canto 3.
Rhazes thought that when a bone was out of
joint, the injury was not in the articulation, Monthly Review, vol. 9, Sept. 1753, p. 200.
but in the middle of the bone.--Ibid. vol. 2, A curious scheme to prove that all souls p. 298. will finally be saved, but the bodies of the righteous only.
REALD COLUMBUS, a Professor at Padua,
was the first who for the uses of live ana“Non è alcuna cosi grave miseria in tomy substituted dogs for swine.-Ibid. vol. questo mondo, laquale si possa pareggiare 4, p. 11. al non essere venuto in questa vita. In
In those days when the anatomists wanted tanto che Santo Agostino hebbe a dire, che
a subject, they begged a criminal of the somolto meglio è l'essere condannato alle pene vereign, whom they put to death in their dell' Inferno, che non esser mai nato. way, that is, says SPRENGEL, by opium, and S. F. “Io no so conoscere, che dolore o
then dissected him.-Ibid. p. 12. qual pena possa provare chi non ha essere :
The lacteals had been discovered in aniet certo buoni argomenti ci havrebbono mistiero a farmi credere questo."—Novella
mals by Aselli but never in the human subdelle Donne, ff. 128, Lodovico DOMENICHI." ject, till Peiresc to whom Gassendi had Yet he proceeds to say
“ Nondimeno di
communicated Aselli's work, begged of the tanta auttorità sono le parole di quel San- magistrate at Aix that a malefactor might tissimo huomo, ch'io stringo le spalle, et
be delivered over to the surgeons a little m'arrendo."
before his execution. They made him take
a hearty meal, and one hour and a half after It is beneath the majesty of the Emperor his excustion executed him, and saw the of Japan to inflict for any the least disre
lacteals to Peiresc's great satisfaction.Ibid. vol. 4, p.
203. gard shown to his imperial commands a less punishment than death, by the offender's own hands, or perpetual banishment, or im
It was thought that La Noue of the Iron prisonment, with the utter ruin of his fa. Arms, one of the best of his countrymen, mily.—KÆMPFER, vol. 1, p. 267.
might have been saved, if the surgeon in
whom he confided would have trepanned God forgive those who believe in eternal him.-Coll. des Mem. vol. 47, p. 63. torments, for to believe in them, is almost to deserve them.
In that age, Sylvaticus, the Professor at
Pavia, said that trepanning ought to be left 6. The execution of damnation begins in to the itinerant surgeons. The Circulatores death, and is finished in the last judgment." they were called.-SPRENGEL, t. 7, p. 11. _PERKINS, vol. 1, p. 107.
The ancients believed that goats ope- still be wanting.–STEEvens. Note to Macrated upon themselves for a cataract, by beth,—“ like a rat without a tail.” pressing a thorn into the eye, and that men learnt it from them.-Ibid. vol. 7, p. 38. Among Evelyn's charges against solitude,
It may have been learnt from such an after saying that it produces ignorance, accident, as Standert observed, when a man renders us barbarous, feeds revenge, and by a fall from his horse fractured his skull, disposes to envy, he says it creates witches. and dislodged a cataract. His life was saved, Censura Literaria, vol. 1, p. 9. and his sight recovered.
It is “ their black business to kill chil. THERE were itinerant rupture-surgeons dren; seeing that the principal preparations also; often most ignorant and brutal. One whereby they exercise, are made either of is mentioned who used to feed his dog with the skin or flesh of a child. Of the skin testicles. Dionis knew the fact.—Ibid. t. 7, they make their virgin parchment, a thing
of great importance as to them, and in which
all their spells and charms are to be written. Tue Chev. Saint Thoan found a silver Of the flesh decocted to a jelly they make nose so inconvenient that he submitted to their unguents, with which they do things be Taliacotified, and succeeded in obtaining of so rare and unreasonable consequence. “un charme et très bien conforme.”—Ibid. This practice of theirs, confesseth the set. 8, p. 177.
cret strength of innocency, and sanctity of
children.”—John GREGOIRE, p. 98 The nose cannot be made from another person's flesh, because two persons cannot Some admiring reader of Hutchinson has be kept without moving for the length of written in the margin of my copy, (vol. 8, time required.—Ibid. p. 179.
p. 263), “ all charms have come from the
ancients, and have had a mystical significaZacchias raised the legal question, whe- tion." ther it were lawful to make a new nose for one who had been deprived of his own by
"All I can say is, that Satan and he are the sentence of the law.-Ibid. p. 185.
better acquainted than the devil and a good
Christian ought to be."— VANBRUGH. MisThe Apollo Belvidere is the best model take, p. 41. when one is to be made.-Ibid. p. 199.
See Statute, 33 Hen. VIII. c. 8, p. 837. ABUL KASEM the first who made false
persons who for the execution of teeth.-Ibid.
their false devices made divers images and
devils, beasts, or fowls, and also crowns, Witchcraft.
sceptres, swords, rings, glasses, and other
things, and giving faith to such fantastical INNOCENT VIII.'s Bull against it, was practices, have digged up and pulled down really designed against the Hussites. In an infinite number of crosses within this the Electorate of Treves alone, 6500 men realm,- for despite of Christ, or for lucre put to death as sorcerers.
:-SPRENGEL, t. 3, of money,-felony without clergy."
PERKINS, vol. 1, p. 40.
“ Can sick men play so nicely with their Names.
names?" They said, in Scotland, that Rowland and he rejoinsHill rode upon the backs of order and de
No; misery makes sport to mock itself." “So I called one of my horses
Act i. sc. i. Order," said he, “ and the other Decorum, that they might tell the truth one way, if
CATHARINE DE MEDICI, changing the they did not in another.”—Life, p. 191.
names of her three sons, in hope of mending RUMPELSTILZCHEN in the German Tales, their fortune.—BRANTOME, vol. 9, p. 468. might have kept his own secret in spite of his song, if he had had as many names as
By the Laws of the Twelve Tables, if a King Ferdinand and his brother.
man died intestate who had no near rela
tion, a man of his own name was to be his Ajax's Lamentation.-SOPHOCLES.
heir, and one who became mad or prodigal, i
was, if he had no relation, to be put under DR. HARSNET (afterwards archbishop of the care of a namesake.Hook, vol. 2, pp. York) has a chapter on the strange names 313-4. of these devils, “ lest," he says, “ meeting them otherwise by chance, you mistake A. D. 1750. “ I found an old newspaper them for the names of tapsters or jugglers." t'other day, with a list of outlawed smug. -Note to King Lear, p. 195.
glers. There were John Price, alias Miss
Marjoram; Bob Plunder; Bricklayer Tom; LADY MACBETH's name was Gruach, or
and Robin Cursemother, all of Hawkhurst, Grwok.-RITSON & WINTON.
in Hants."—H. WALPOLE, vol. I, p. 223.
Evax, King of Arabia, dedicated his book THEODORE D'AGRIPPA D'AUBIGNE, haon precious stones to Nero, because there ving had an illegitimate son, born in the was an e in his name as well as in the Em- fourth year of her widowhood, speaks thus peror's :
of him in her will :-“ Je le fis nommer “ Evax rex Arabum fertur dixisse
Nathan, et lui donnai pour surnom Engi
band. Premièrement par le nom qui reNeroni, &c. (?)
tourné se trouve de même à retourner, le Monthly Review, vol. 7, p. 133.
surnom aussi trouve celui du père. En seThe elephant which the King of Persia cond lieu, j'ai voulu que ce nom me fut un sent by Isaac the Jew to Charlemagne was Nathan, qui signifie donné, et que le nom called Abulabaz.-ZUINGER, p. 2444. du censeur de David representât mon ord
péché aux yeux et aux oreilles incessamAnancestor of J. Wilkes, Edward Wilkes, ment.” — Mem. de M, Maintenon, vol. 6, who resided in James I's reign at Leighton p. 47. Beausert (now Buzzard), had three sons and one daughter. The sons he christened NAMESAKE feeling in the two Ajaces.Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and to come as Cowper, b. 17, v. 869. near John as he could, he called the daughter Joan.-Almon's M. vol. 1, p. 2.
The Lord Keeper North thought of inIn different branches of the family there troducing Nec-nons as well as Ac-etiams. have been Matthew and Mark to this time. –Vol. 1, p. 207.
When John of Gaunt harps mournfully upon his name, Richard II. replies to him,
ODYSSEY.—CowPER, b. 8, v. 677-80.