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Blessings on thee, Jor: boviner on thy kit ; blessings on every one like ther, that wako thr inner coul; blessings on all true genius, that help on it- Hink the mighty vital life of heart that is abroad. For the cell. mythos of l'an was but the intuition of the eternal truth; that one sisustulom rillorship of harmony haul yn't to spiritulis... 17, ? tpother the MIGHTY BROTHERHOOD) Ol' MAX.
MY HEART IS LIKE TIIE DEE.
Oh ! my Heart is like the Bee
For it danceth up and down
In the ("""!!!'ry, in the town.
For in 11.! 1..''!!.!!!.
()'er fdrol tiir..:i!;. Shilla.
For from ever! :::
It sucks nothing !!! 1. po's.
For from every !..why!,100's
For the cold and wintig 1101!.
For all gently it shall crops
To its nest, and go to sleep.
It shall wake again, and fly
And the bright things never dies
'Twill be then a bliss to know,
R. E. B. MACLELLAS.
IRELAND AND THE IRISH.
BY A NATIVE.
WHEN all is darkness, he does a public good who holds up a rush taper, and, even in times of greater enlightenment, there are recesses in the temple of Truth where even a feeble light is of importance. One of the worst lighted of the courts in that temple has been the political one ; and the darkest recess in that court, Irish politics. There it has been all groping—darkness that could be felt. A few farthing candles have been raised, but they have done little to dispel the gloom.
Still do the most erroneous views of Ireland's policy and prospects obtain crcdence, and even its actual condition is unknown or misunderstood.
It may seem a bold thing for an Irishman to raise his torch of bogwood amongst the patent waxlights of great metropolitan newspaper and government commissioners. But as he thinks his, although a ruder and less beautiful instrument, will throw rays to a greater distance, and enlighten a wider range, he feels it his duty to do so.
But dropping metaphor, there is really so much misconception of Irish questions, not only amongst the people of England generally, but amongst the most popular and approved writers, that though but feebly fitted for the task, I would fain be heard.
Thus Ireland is too generally spoken of as a continuous scene of anarchy and confusion, as a place where life and property are insecure, and her people as improvident, and almost incapable, and perfectly careless, of improvement. Even those writers most quoted and relied upon, both by politicians and law-makers, are often vague and conjectural in their statements of facts, and generally false in their conclusions. “ Ireland,” says Mr. Nichol, “is now suffering under a circle of evils, producing and reproducing one another. Want of capital produces want of employment—want of employment turbulence and misery-insecurity prevents the accumulation of capital, and so on. Until this circle is broken the evils must continue, and probably augment. The first thing to be done is to give security — that will produce or invite capital, and capital will give employment.” Mr. Foster
indulges in the same system of circles. He tells us it is intense competition produces want of employment, that starvation, that discontent, disturbance, in-courity, anil .-o on. "It is an unhappy circle of mischief, out of which all political di-turbances have arisen." To such plausible-dowhin theorie-, I altogether object : though they look well in print and sound like ...Il-p and philosophy, like all circles and ciphers, they are hollow and valueless. To the statements on which they depend, I would give a positive denial, and equally fal-e are the theories deduced from them.
There is a fearful amount of insecurity of life and property here, as I shall show, but it is not such as the nee writuss would suggest. The kind of insecurity they would have to be beliered exists only in a comparatively small portion of Ireland, in there it is greatly exaggerated, and would at once di -:appar under wise and humane legislation. Dill such exist, we want neithwr capital nor employment; nor our people industry, intalne, knowledge or virtue. I put these statement- in opposition to the cant phrases and stereotyped slang which are made an excuse for the enactment of coercive, and the maintenance of mi-chevoli in oppressive, laws,—and I engage to maintain this truth.
First. I have said that the acrusition of insecurity of property and disobedience to the laws applies only to a comparatively small portion of Ireland : that portion compri-ra pritri- of the midland counties of Tipperary, Roscommon, King - l'ounty, and the inland portions of Waterford, Clare, Galway, and Limerick : though ertending through so many counties, it does not contain, probably, more than 1,000,000 inhabitants. It has always been the battleground of Ireland, and exhibits the same mixture of races, and something of the reckless and unsettled habits, and love of change and adventure, which characterise other districts. There', tir-t feudalism was brought into contact with clanship, and after frarful struggles partially displaced it ; and there, in after years, the naturalised Saxon combated for the liberties of Irelanil with later invaders, and was himself displaced for the more ready tools of government. To these circumstances we may perhaps trace its present condi. tion. But even this part of Ireland is greatly falsitici. The people are physically the finest in Ireland ; and, mentally, not inferior to any ; they have all the generosity, ardour, and attachment of the Irish character, and more of independence and manliness. I'nder a just and kindly government they would be sure to become industrious, careful, and happy.
Of the rest of Ireland, so far as the people are concerned, there is no place on earth where there is more security : there is a degree of moral elevation and depth of religious feeling, especially in the South, rarely to be met with, which is the best of all securities ; with this there is a cheerfulness of disposition, and a power of endurance under privation and suffering, quite unknown in England. With the exception of a few petty larceny cases, which have their obvious origin in want and distress, our courts are all but idle ; at neither of the four last assizes in the city of Cork were there more than six or eight criminal cases for trial, and amongst the whole but one of an aggravated character. The same is true of the county : in neither has there been business for a second jury. In the adjoining county of Kerry there is the same absence of crime of an aggravated character. There has not been a capital conviction in either for eleven years ; yet these two counties alone possess a larger population than the whole of the disturbed districts, as they are called. Such, also, is the condition of the Western counties of Connaught—although the people are the poorest on earth—of the whole of the counties of Wicklow, Kildare, Meath, Dublin, Louth, &c. : in one of these at a late assizes there was not a single case for trial. Such, also, is the condition of large portions of those counties where the sacrifice of life has been, alas ! too frequent—even of Tipperary itself. Of the Province of Ulster I need not speak ; even the most prejudiced writers speak of it as the abode of industry, prosperity, and of all the advantages of advanced civilisation ; yet the counties of Ulster contain 2,500,000 of the population of the country-fully oncthird.
It is plain, then, that, with the exception of a comparatively small portion, Ireland enjoys a high moral position, and that the general charge is false, that life and property are insecure. Of this unsettled portion I have said nothing, either in contradiction of the reports generally circulated concerning it, or in extenuation of its faults. I know the facts to be greatly exaggerated in the shape in which they are given to the public, but it would require an amount of detail altogether inconsistent with my present purpose to place them in their true light ; yet, taking them at their worst and from the most prejudiced sources, they give no foundation to the prevalent opinions with regard to Ireland generally. And yet, were it otherwise, could it be wondered at? We should remember we are speaking of a country, one-half of whose population are
always on the verge of destitution. --one-third, for three months of the year, absolute paupers : without any mealis of supporting existence but the charity of neighbours just one deyree better off than themselves. I know it is thought box some that these things are exaggerated—that such it comition of the people is too monstrous to be believed ; but, 10; it is fearfully true.
I will give just one case; but it is a faithful sample of ewo-thirds of Ireland: it is from the Report of the committee : pointed to inquire into the amount of distress in the neighbourhood of Mallow, in place looked upon as rather better-conditioned thin the interace of our rural districts; Mallow being one of our most thrivins inland tuwns, lying within twenty miles of the city of l'urh, im powpowing considerably over the average number of resident 5'11try: in fiet, the place where any one acquainted with the Soirth of Ireland would expect to find least distress. lleritive powuland hail lesen carefully gone over, the inhabitant - pir-only visited, and an aceurate report made out, the sum of which is--that of a population of 1,322, 721 are in a state of great destitution ; many of them living on nettles and corn kale :--:nd even of the farmers, who are not mentioned in this number il destitutifix have more than will give themselves and their dependent one meal of potatoes a-day until the new crops arr in. Even in the cities, and of those who are at work, thousands are unable tu carn more than will purchase a sufficiency of the worst possible description of human food, without one penny to pay for clothien oor bondging.
Would it be wonderful if, umder such cirrum-tuneen, outrage and anarchy, vice and crime should wine tu a considerable catent? But they do not. You enter one of the abodes of writeledness by which we are surrounded, you hear neither rpining, nor discontent; the wife or mother, if there be such, gives utterance to none but sounds of trust and gratitude ; and they are neither cant phrases nor religious slang, learned by rote to be purroted forth at a fitting opportunity, but the sincere and earnest breathings of the heart. The children evince a degree of mithfulness almost incredible undersuch circumstances; while the father, the poordrudge who has worked his day for the miserable pittance that altsuz ports them, has enough of the mother's piety, and of the children's cheerfulness to enable him to bear his lot without repinins, and to preserve him alike from despondency and vice. Surely "God tempers the wind to the shorn lamb:” but Ile does more ; IIe gives to his stricken children hopes and consolations which