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46 § 492. Copies of laws governing marine inspection to be kept on passenger vessels

Every master or commander of any steam vessel carrying passengers shall keep on board of such vessel at least two copies of the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes, to be furnished to him by the Commandant of the Coast Guard; and if the master or commander neglects or refuses to do so, or shall unreasonably refuse to exhibit a copy of the same to any passenger who asks for it, he shall be liable to a penalty of $20.

46 § 493. Name of steamer exhibited

Every steam vessel of the United States, in addition to having her name painted on her stern, shall have the same conspicuously placed in distinct, plain letters of not less than six inches in length, on each outer side of the pilot house, if it has such, and in case the vessel has side wheels, also on the outer side of each wheelhouse; and if any such steamboat be found without having her name placed as required, she shall be subject to the same penalty and forfeiture as provided by law in the case of a vessel of the United States found without having her name, and the name of the port to which she belongs, painted on her stern.

46 § 494. Duties of customs officers

All collectors, or other chief officers of the customs, and all inspectors within the several districts, shall enforce the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes against all steamers arriving and departing

46 § 495. Penalty for omission of duty by customs officers

Every collector, or other chief officer of the customs, or inspector, who negligently or intentionally omits any duty under section 494 of this title, shall be liable to removal from office, and to a penalty of $100 for each offense, to be sued for in an action of debt.

46 § 496. Registry or enrollment denied to vessels not complying with law

A register, enrollment, or license shall not be granted, or other papers be issued by any collector or other chief officer of customs to any vessel subject by law to inspection under title 52 of the Revised Statutes until all the provisions of such title applicable to such vessel have been fully complied with and until the copy of the certificate of inspection required by such title for such vessel has been filed with said collector or other chief officer of customs: Provided, That the license granted to any vessel, if presented to any collector of customs at any time within thirty calendar days prior to the date of expiration shown thereon, may be renewed by the endorsement by the collector of customs for a period of one year from the date of expiration shown on the license, if there be on file in the office of the collector at that time a copy of the certificate of inspection required by title 52 of the Revised Statutes, which is in force on the date renewal is made.

46 § 497. Penalty for failure to comply with provisions

If any vessel propelled in whole or in part by steam be navigated without complying with the terms of title 52 of the Revised Statutes, the owner shall be liable to the United States in a penalty of $500 for each offense, one-half for the use of the informer, for which sum the vessel so navigated shall be liable, and may be seized and proceeded against by way of libel in any district court of the United States having jurisdiction of the offense. Persons or corporations chartering

or engaging or contracting for the use of vessels subject to title 52 of the Revised Statutes under such terms and conditions that they have full and exclusive control of the management and operation of such vessles, shall be subject to the same penalties for violations of the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes as are now imposed upon owners of vessels thereunder, and in such cases the owners shall not be liable to such penalties for such violations by such charterers or contractors.

46 § 498. Penalty in cases not provided for

The penalty for the violation of any provision of title 52 of the Revised Statutes, not otherwise especially provided for, shall be a fine of $500, recoverable one-half for the use of the informer.

Chapter 16.-REGULATION OF MOTORBOATS

526. “Motorboat" defined; inspection. 526a. Classification of motorboats. 526b. Lights. 526c. Whistles or other sound-producing appliances. 526d. Bells. 526e. Life preservers, etc. 526g. Fire extinguishers. 526h. Exemption of racing outboard motorboats from requirement of sound

and fire extinguishing equipment. 526i. Carburetor flame arrestors and backfire traps. 526j. Ventilation of engine and fuel compartment bilges on open vessels using

volatile liquids as fuel. 526k. Carrying copies of pilot rules. 526n. Same; arrest; procedure after arrest. 5260. Violations generally; penalties. 526p. Regulations; remission or mitigation of fines, penalties, etc. 5269. Application of other laws. 526r. Laws unaffected. 526s. Authorization of appropriations. 526u. Application of subchapter; “State" defined.

46 $ 526. “Motorboat" defined; inspection 1

The word “motorboat” where used in this subchapter shall include every vessel propelled by machinery and not more than sixty-five feet in length except tugboats and towboats propelled by steam. The length shall be measured from end to end over the deck, excluding sheer: Provided, That the engine, boiler, or other operating machinery shall be subject to inspection by the Coast Guard, and to its approval of the design thereof, on all said motorboats, which are more than forty feet in length, and which are propelled by machinery driven by steam.

1 This section does not apply to “boats” as defined in 46 U.S.C. 1452.

46 8 526a. Classification of motorboats

Motorboats subject to the provisions of this subchapter shall be divided into four classes as follows:

Class A. Less than sixteen feet in length.

Class 1. Sixteen feet or over and less than twenty-six feet in length.

Class 2. Twenty-six feet or over and less than forty feet in length.

Class 3. Forty feet or over and not more than sixty-five feet in length.

46 § 526b. Lights

Every motorboat in all weathers from sunset to sunrise shall carry and exhibit the following lights when under way, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for those prescribed shall be exhibited:

(a) Every motorboat of Classes A and 1 of section 526a of this title shall carry the following lights:

First. A bright white light aft to show all around the horizon.

Second. A combined lantern in the fore part of the vessel and lower than the white light aft, showing green to starboard and red to port, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on their respective sides.

(b) Every motorboat of classes 2 and 3 of section 526a of this title shall carry the following lights:

First. A bright white light in the fore part of the vessel as near the stem as practicable, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel; namely from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side.

Second. A bright white light aft to show all around the horizon and higher than the white light forward.

Third. On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side. On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side. The said side lights shall be fitted with inboard screens of

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1 This section does not apply to “boats” as defined in 46 U.S.C. 1452.

sufficient height so set as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.

(c) Motorboats of classes A and 1 of section 526a of this title when propelled by sail alone shall carry the combined lantern, but not the white light aft, prescribed by this section. Motorboats of classes 2 and 3 of section 526a of this title, when so propelled, shall carry the colored side lights, suitably screened, but not the white lights, prescribed by this section. Motorboats of all classes, when so propelled, shall carry, ready at hand, a lantern or flashlight showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to avert collision.

(d) Every white light prescribed by this section shall be of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles. Every colored light prescribed by this section shall be of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least one mile. The word "visible" in this subchapter when applied to lights, shall mean visible on a dark night with clear atmosphere.

(e) When propelled by sail and machinery any motorboat shall carry the lights required by this section for a motor boat propelled by machinery only.

(f) Any motor boat may carry and exhibit the lights required by the Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1948, Act of October 11, 1951 (65 Stat. 406-420), as amended, in lieu of the lights required by this section.

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46 8 526c. Whistles or other sound-producing appliances

Every motorboat of class 1, 2, or 3 of section 526a of this title, shall be provided with an efficient whistle or other sound-producing mechanical appliance.

46 8 526d. Bells 1

Every motorboat of class 2 or 3 of section 526a of this title shall be provided with an efficient bell.

46 8 526e. Life preservers, etc.

Every motorboat subject to any of the provisions of this subchapter and also all vessels propelled by machinery other than by steam more than sixty-five feet in length shall carry at least one life preserver, or life belt, or ring buoy, or other device of the sort prescribed by the regulations of the Commandant of the Coast Guard, for each person on board, so placed as to be readily accessible: Provided, That every such motorboat and every such vessel propelled by machinery other than by steam more than sixty-five feet in length carrying passengers for hire shall carry so placed as to be readily accessible at least one life preserver of the sort prescribed by the regulations of the Commandant of the Coast Guard, for each person on board.

1 This section does not apply to “boats" as defined in 46 U.S.C. 1452.

46 8 526g. Fire extinguishers

Every motorboat and also every vessel propelled by machinery other than by steam more than sixty-five feet in length shall be provided with such number, size, and type of fire extinguishers, capable of promptly and effectually extinguishing burning gasoline, as may be prescribed by the regulations of the Commandant of the Coast Guard, which fire extinguishers shall be at all times kept in condition for immediate and effective use and shall be so placed as to be readily accessible.

46 $ 526h. Exemption of racing outboard motorboats from requirement of sound and fire extinguishing equipment

The provisions of sections 526c, 526d, and 526g of this title shall not apply to motorboats propelled by outboard motors while competing in any race previously arranged and announced or, if such boats be designed and intended solely for racing, while engaged in such navigation as is incidental to the tuning up of the boats and engines for the race.

46 $ 526i. Carburetor flame arrestors and backfire traps 1

Every motorboat and also every vessel propelled by machinery other than by steam more than sixty-five feet in length shall have the carburetor or carburetors of every engine therein (except outboard motors) using gasoline as fuel, equipped with such efficient flame arrestor, backfire trap, or other similar device as may be prescribed by the regulations of the Commandant of the Coast Guard: Provided, That this section shall apply only to such motorboats or vessels, the construction of which or the replacement of the engine or engines of which is commenced subsequent to April 25, 1940.

46 8 526j. Ventilation of engine and fuel compartment bilges on open vessels using volatile liquids as fuel 1

Every such motorboat and every such vessel, except open boats, using as fuel any liquid of a volatile nature, shall be provided with

a such means as may be prescribed by regulations of the Commandant of the Coast Guard for properly and efficiently ventilating the bilges of the engine and fuel tank compartments so as to remove any explosive or inflammable gases: Provided, That this section shall apply only to such motorboats or vessels, the construction or decking over of which is commenced subsequent to April 25, 1940.

46 § 526k. Carrying copies of pilot rules

Motorboats shall not be required to carry on board copies of the pilot rules.

1 This section does not apply to "boats” as defined in 46 U.S.C. 1452.

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