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Here are a few more items in the bill of out by the roots, and other torments : one blood. By the following it will be seen that of these latter is supposed to be a rebel clerwhen the English Aristocrats found it impos

| gyman, his band being fixed to the hoop of

his scalp. Most of the farmers appear by sible to carry on the war and to conquer the

the hair to have been young or middle-aged Americans by what is generally considered the men ; there being but sixty-seven very gray arts of honorable warfare, they privately heads among them all, which makes the bribed the Indian savages to murder, by every

service the more essential. means in their power, as many Americans

“5. Containing eighty-eight scalps of women:

hair long, braided in the indian fashion, to as possible, and actually engaged to give them

show they were mothers ; hoops blue ; skin so much a piece for every American scalp.

yellow ground with little red tadpoles, to The English generally thus carried on a regu represent, by way of triumph, the tears of grief lar trade with the Indians in human heads. The occasioned to their relations; a black scalpingfollowing document is a letter sent by Captain knife or hatchet at the bottom, to mark their Crawford to Colonel Haldiman, the British

being killed with those instruments; sixteen

others, hair very gray, black hoops; plain Governor of Canada, accompanying eight brown color, nö mark but the short club. packs of scalps :

or casse-tate, to show they were knocked “May it please your excellency, at the re

down dead, or had their brains beat out.

"6. Containing one hundred and ninety-three quest of the Seneca chiefs, I send, herewith, to your excellency, under care of James Boyd,

boys' scalps, of various ages ; small green hoops ; eight packs of scalps, cured and dried, hooped

| whitish ground on the skin, with read tears in and painted with all the Indian triumphal

the middle, and black bullet marks; knife, marks, of which the following is invoice and

hatchet, or club, as their deaths happened.

7. Two hundred and eleven girls scalped, explanation : i Pack 1. Containing forty-three scalps of

big and little ; small yellow hoops, white Congress soldiers, killed in different skirmishes;

ground; tears, hatchets, clubs, scalping-knifes, these are stretched on black hoops, four inches

"8. This package is a mixture of all the in diameter, the inside of the skin is painted

varieties above mentioned to the number of red, with a small black spot, to denote their being killed with bullets. Also, sixty-two of

one hundred and twenty-two, with a box of farmers, killed in their houses, the skin paint

birch bark, containing twenty-nine little ined brown, and marked with a hoe; a black

fants" of various sizes-small white hoops, with circle all round, to denote their being sur

white ground.

“ With these packs the chiefs send to your prised in the night, and a black hatchet in

excellency the following speech, delivered by the middle, signifying their being killed with

Coneiogatchie in council, and interpreted by that weapon. "2. Containing ninety-eight farmers, killed

the elder More, the trader, and taken down by

me in writing: in their houses : hooped red; figure of a hoe,

6. Father, we send you herewith many scalps, to mark their profession ; great white circle and sun, to show they were surprised in the

that you may see we are not idle friends. day time; a little red foot, to show they stood

"Father, we wish you to send these scalps upon their defence, and died fighting for their

over the water to the great king, that he may lives and families.

regard them, and be refreshed, and that he "3. Containing ninety-seven farmers; hoops

may see our faithfulness in destroying his green, to show they were killed in their fields;

enemies, and be convinced that his presents a large white circle with round mark in it

have not been made to an ungrateful people." for the sun, to show that it was in the day These packs of scalps, and the letters time; black bullet mark on some-hatchet accompanying them, were found among the on others.

baggage of the English army after the defeat of "4. Containing one hundred and two of

General Burgoyne. The Americans preserved farmers, mixed of the several marks above; only eighteen marked with a little yellow

these sad remains of their murdered brethren. flame, to denote their being of prisoners burnt as a mark of the ferocity of their royal and alive, after being scalped, their nails pulled 'aristocratic enemies

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THE splendid equipage of Mrs. Cortley was foundling asylum at Bellevue; thence to the at the door of her mansion, and the lady, store of a merchant, with a stipulation that he flaunting in the pride of wealth and luxury, was to sweep the floors, make fires and run of stepped from the marble portal, with her daugh errands; thence, having learned the tricks of ter Clara at her side, and entering the car- trade, he set up a shop for himself, and by riage, ordered her menial driver to convey “sharp practice,” got ahead in the world ; them to the studio of a young but celebrated then he married, “enlarged his business," made artist. The Empire City, New-York, is justly money, had a couple of daughters, bought a celebrated for many peculiarities, among which coach, and without two ideas in his head, was may be rated its morality and mud ; its church- | received into the magic circle of fashionable es, charities and chiffoniers ; its fashions, frauds, life. Doubtless the advent of Mr. Preserved follies and fanatics; its artists and aristocrats; Cortley, gave rise to the distinguishing appeland, not least, its clergymen, corporation, lation of "Cod fish Aristocracy,” that has been and coquettes. Clara Cortley was a curiosity sometime applied to a certain, and very large of the latter class ; her father, it is said, was portion of Upper-ten-dom. found in a fish barrel one fine night, by the Miss Clara never allowed an opportunity for city watch, at a very “tender age.” He was conquest to escape her. Like most daughters conveyed to the watch-house ; thence to the 'with dowers, she found no lack of adorers in

VOL. I.

14

the butterfly-world of fashion; and as her elder and captivating low-necked dress, of the most sister, Mary, though a modest and lovely girl, costly matcrial; yet it would have been plain to was regarded as only the Cinderella of the the most casual observer, that her reliance for family, and seldom aimed at those graces of conquest was placed upon the native beauties art which distinguish the double-refined spe- which her dress and jewels were intended cimens of feminine gentility, Clara became the rather to display than conceal. pink, or rather the sunflower, of attraction Her heart palpitated with pride and conamong the beaux of the circle. Like all other scious power as, with mock humility, she entervain women, however, admiration was always ed the studio, and laid aside the superb cloak acceptable, come from what source it might; that had hidden her really beautiful neck and and a conquest of anything in the shape of a figure from the gaze of the public throng:man, even of a mechanic or an artist, afforded However great her vanity, she knew that some food for her towering ambition. Why not? men are more readily captivated by a modesty Are not mechanics and artists, being men, as of deportment in woman, than by anything else; competent judges and admirers of female beau- and with this assumed demeanor, and her great ty as any other? This was the question with personal attractions combined, she already calMiss Clara, and as she deemed herself superla- culated upon a proposition of elopement from tively beautiful, she loved to be told that she the artist before the finish of her portrait, and was so, even by the meanest lackey in panta- the triumph that she should enjoy in laughing loons.

at his audacity. There stood Arlington, a noBy some singular freak of paternal emotion bleman indeed! Young, finely formed, and in the breast of Mr. Preserved Cortley, he had, with an air of intelligence and dignity that the a short time before, taken his eldest daughter coquette had not expected to find in any living to the artist above mentioned, and from his creature out of the magic circle of wealth and divine skill obtained a faithful likeness of his fashion. For the first time in her life, she child. Mary was not his favorite, because of shrank instinctively from the look of man, and her simplicity of manners. She was too re- the abashment that she had at first assumed, publican for his ideas of what constitutes a became real,- her eyes were bent upon the fashionable lady; but on this occasion, he had, Aoor,—the blood rushed upward, suffusing her strangely enough, evinced a temporary and alabaster neck with crimson, and planting ephemeral preference. The picture was fin- upon her cheeks the first glow of true maiden ished and brought home from the studio of Mr. modesty. George Arlington, the artist, and duly sus Arlington was struck with her beauty, and pended upon one of the walls of the back par- promised himself, from such a model, a portrait lor. Clara cared so little for this one-sided that would do him credit in the world of art affair, that she not only made no objection to He received his visitors with that air of frank it, but when the portrait was brought home courtesy which is so natural to the true gen. and hung up, she even gave it the patronage of tleman, and his suavity of manner soon reasher praise; but when Mary recounted to her sured his sitter, who, although not relieved the conversational powers of the artist, his gen- from the restraint that his evident superiority tle manner and handsome person, and told had imposed upon her, became by degrees how many excellent things he said to her more accustomed to her new position, and more while shut up alone with him in the studio at ease in his society. As the ladies were exfor hours together, her ruling passion was pected, the artist was prepared to commence awakened, her jealousy a little piqued, and his work, and in a few moments the young her dear papa had no rest, night or day, until lady was arranged in the proper light and attihe consented that another check for one hun- tude for a first sitting. This done, Mrs. Courtdred dollars should be drawn in favor of a por- ley took leave, promising to call in an hour for trait of his pet darling, Clara. Our chapter her daughter. opens at the precise moment when the young! What passed during that hour in the studio, coquette, accompanied by her mother, set forth further than the making of a charcoal sketch for a first interview with this artist, whom the upon canvas, I cannot say; but this much is words of Mary had magnified into a something true: Miss Clara Cortley, instead of conqueralmost superhuman, or at least, a quarry worth ing, had been conquered. She left the studio hunting. She had, accordingly, arrayed her a new character, and was rather sad than gay self in what she considered a most luxurious until the hour approached for another visit to the “ portrait painter.” Punctual to the mo- "Is he not courteous, well-behaved, and in- . ment, she was again at the studio for a second telligent? in a word, is he not a gentleman ?! sitting; and thus, day after day this routine " I don't care what he is," answered Clara, was continued, and the time occupied in sitting rather petulantly. "I know what he is not, for her portrait seemed to be the sole engross- and that should be sufficient to prevent your ing subject of her thoughts; and yet the por being so forward and familiar with his name.” trait itself was evidently of little consequence. “And pray, what is he not, that is to be so This may seem strange, that one bred to fash- fatal to my privilege of speech and thought ?!! ionable life should seek the society of a toiler, “You know well enough. He is not a man and more especially so, since the artist never of family or fashion, and if pa or ma knew of treated her with compliments or flattery. your silly notions about him, they would soon This was the first time that she had been put a stop to them.” thrown into a calm and deliberate companion | “In very good truth, sister,” replied Mary, ship with a man of sense, and she could not " I think you take more interest in this matter fail to draw in her mind the distinguishing than becomes the younger daughter of my pa line between his manly propriety and the and ma. Have a care, or, since you have told frivolous and heartless adulation of her accus- me what he is not, I may be compelled to tell tomed companions. The coquette was subdued. you what he is." At first she almost feared, next admired, and “I don't wish to say anything against the finally venerated, and, as she confessed to her man, and I am sure you can't,” said Clara ; “but self, could easily have loved the poor artist, it is enough to put one out of all patience to whose presence she had sought for the sole hear you always, eternally praising him.” purpose of gratifying her own weak vanity. I praise him, forsooth! I could say more

I believe it is a fixed fact in the law of against him than ever you have.” physics, that all things mortal and material “I don't see any occasion for speaking against must have an end; and so it was with these him at all, so we had better drop the subject." interviews, very much against the wishes of the | “Not just yet, sis,” said Mary; "this Aryoung lady. The portrait was at last finished, lington is a presumptuous fellow, and you and no more sittings were required; but her ought to know it." inclinations had become so woven into the web "I have not yet discovered his presumption, of the artist's presence that the idea of a separa- | I must confess," answered Clara. tion was more irksome than agreeable ; and as “No! Is he not as poor as Job's turkey ?» she could no more visit him, the lady ventured “Is that a proof of his presumption ??? an earnest and pressing request that he would “Is it not, when he aspires to the love of my superintend the hanging of her portrait in the aristocratic sister ?! parlor of her father's mansion. Arlington Clara became very crimson at this satirical promised a compliance, and Clara, having en- expression of her usually mild sister, but the tered her carriage, was conveyed grandly, but burst of indignation that was about to follow discontentedly, to her home.

was suspended, and this pleasant interview, . "I will thank you not to be talking so much which threatened seriously to end with a pu about Mr. Arlington,” said Clara, one day, to ing of caps, was brought to a close by an anher elder sister. “It seems to me you think nouncement that Miss Clara's portrait, eleof nothing else.”

gantly framed, had arrived at the door, and "Indeed, sister; and suppose I should think was then on its transit to the parlor. This of nothing else, have you any serious objection event gave a new turn to the employment of to my thoughts ?s' answered Mary.

the young ladies, and John was instantly dis"Objection! yes; there is objection enough. patched to Mr. Arlington, with a statement. You ought to be ashamed of giving so much that the picture had been sent home by the consideration to a mere portrait painter.-- | frame-maker, and a polite request from the What is he to you ?"

junior sister that he would attend in the even“Oh, nothing ; only I am a little surprised | ing and give the requisite directions about that you should take the matter so much to placing it. heart. Pray, my young monitor, have you with the evening came the artist. Clara, anything to urge against Mr. Arlington's cha- the belle, was not unprepared for this long racter ?!

wished-for interview, and she determined it “No, nothing against his chamster hut should not be the last. Adopting that system

of tactics which had hitherto been successful Clara, or the fortune, that he sought, the case in securing the admiration, or at least the would have been widely different. flattery, of her male visitors, she appeared Matters thus wore on, and each day but before him arrayed in regal splendor, and added to the smothered but ardent passion of received the unsuspecting artist with most pro the youth, which he still lacked the resolution found courtesy, affability, and, as she con- to reveal. Poor fellow ! could he have known ceived, dignity. But the dignity of Clara the secret emotions of that little heart which Cortley was of that class which belongs to the he so adored, there would have been short ostentatious rather than the well-bred, and the work of it, fortune or no fortune. At lengthartist was not overpowered. Nevertheless, al- for matters of this kind must reach a climax though he could not appreciate the extraordi- somewhere-while on a visit to the sisters, on nary efforts and good intentions of this young a balmy summer evening-our readers may be lady, he felt a decided inclination to renew the aware that such evenings are most propitious acquaintance of her sister, Mary; and, having for love-making—the coquette being called been invited to a seat after arranging the pic. | momentarily away, to entertain a bevy of twe. ventured to inquire for her.

Alambeau-admirers in the adjoining parlor, our it was rather amusing to Arlington to wit- artist was left in the festooned recess of a winness the look of chagrin with which this in-dow, side by side with his heart's idol. Perquiry was received by the coquette. She was haps there are few men who, under similar taken by surprise; but after a moment's hesita- circumstances, would not have seized the hand tion she managed to stumble through a reply, of the maiden, and poured forth a declaration. intimating that Mary was doubtless employed, Arlington thought of doing so, but his embaras usual, among the pots and pans, or superin- rassment was extreme; and for some moments tending the servants. The elder sister was, not a whisper was uttered, and the beating of however, summoned, and in a few moments two hearts could almost be heard in unison. presented herself in a neat household dress, At length Mary-give me a woman for such but far more at ease in her manner than her an emergency—the sweet Mary, broke the estentatious junior. The old folk were subse- spell of silence, by catching up the thread of quently added to the party, and the interview | conversation where it had been broken off by at length ended with a unanimous invitation the entrance of the new visitors. They had to the artist to visit them often.

been speaking, as all young folk will, about Arlington was too much interested to treat matrimony, during which the coquette had such an invitation with neglect, and his subse- rallied the artist on his state of single blessedquent visits were frequent. His susceptible ness, and Mary, renewing the subject, inad. mind had been taken captive, and his clear vertently drew from her companion this exjudgment told him that there was a pearl pression,-. above price in the family of the Cortleys, but “My dear Miss Cortley, your volatile sister as yet it seemed immeasurably beyond his is too severe on my misfortunes. I assure you reach. He would have given half of his very the state of single life is not of my own choosexistence to have seen Mary Cortley a poor | ing, and to convince you of this, allow me to girl ; since, in such a case, he would have been add that I am even now engaged.” free to speak his love. As it was, she was not The twilight of the apartment did not cononly rich, but of a family of that spurious aris- ceal the slight pallor that overspread the featocracy which is ten times more punctilious, tures of poor Mary at this intelligence. But and jealous of caste, than the real; besides, it she rallied in a moment, and in a trembling exis difficult for a poor man to aspire to the hand clamation, echoed the last woriof a rich maiden without encountering the “Engaged !" sobriquet of " fortune hunter;"' and against “Yes, Miss Cortley, I am engaged, though this his refined delicacy revolted. A third, unhappily not in the sense that is usually atand even more potent obstacle was in his path: 1 tributed to the expression. The engagement he had not the most distant hope that his affec- that I speak of is that of my most ardent affections would be returned if made known, be- tion : it is irrevocably given to one whom I cause Mary, although evidently gratified with dare not approach, and who would doubtless his society, had always maintained that sweet reject with scorn a suit so presuming.” and dignified maiden reserve peculiar always “Indeed!” said the maiden, forgetting in to the true and sensible woman. Had it been her sympathy all selfish considerations. “Is

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