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THE PRESS.- Among the influences affecting editors, assistants, or reporters. This current the political spirituel of the American people, runs deeper than is generally supposed, and we prejudicial to our interests as a nation, that of intend that the subject shall meet with a fair the public press in the hands of foreigners is share of attention. doubtless by far the greatest. This is a subject
A WORD TO THE FRIENDS or LIBERTY.of vast importance, and it is our intention to digest it thoroughly in future numbers, with
Bishop Hughes, in his recent lecture on the such facts as will probably astonish many a
“ Decline of Protestantism," boldly avows that reader, and at the same time account for the
it is the intention of the Papal power, to “ conanti-American sentiments that they have some
Vert," that is, obtain control of “ the inhabittimes seen uttered by what is called an Ameri
ants of the United States, the people of the cities can newspaper. A shrewd author and philosopher
and the people of the country, the officers of the once said : “Let me write the ballads of a nation,
Navy and the Marines, Commanders of the Army, and I will form the character of its people;" or
the Legislatures, the Senate, the Cabinet, the something to that effect. The same theory ap
President, and all !” and modestly adds, “even plies to the public press of the present day, es
England with her proud Parliament, and impepecially in this press-deluged country, where
rial Sovereign.” And he presents strong grounds every American can read, and where there are
to prove that it is making fair progress in the papers for every body who desires to read.
accomplishment of its object, provided all he We might with great propriety echo the expres
says is true. We have not space, nor is it necession of the philosopher, and say, “Let me con
sary at present, to comment on the above. It is trol the press of America, and I will direct its
sufficient for the friends of civil and religious destiny as a nation."
liberty to know that this is now the avowed ob
ject of Romanism. Let the project be carried That the press in this country is the great
out, and the Republic of the United States may lever of public opinion, nobody pretends to deny.
shake hands with miserable Mexico and VeneIt sways the minds of the masses as the tempest
zuela. sways the trees of the forest, and upon every topic of the least public interest, from a re CONGRESS is again in sesssion. Let us entreat volutionary movement down to the advent of a each individual member of both the Senate and new player, the press is the monitor of public the House, whether he comes from the east, the thought and feeling. However base in charac- | west, the north or the south, to bear in mind ter, devoid of principle, or gross in sentiment, that he is there as the law-giver of a Nation and an editor may be, he is sure to have an influence not of a section. He should know that his digupon the public mind; and if he possess but nity and position occupy a sphere high above the shrewdness enough to gloss over his grossness, impotent howlings of fanaticism, or the puerile and exhibit a pretence of propriety, that influ- threats of passion, and that when he listens to ence strikes often deeper, and at graver results them he must by some inadvertence have dethan the reader himself would at all times be scended from his high estate. We regard the willing to confess. Such being the deference Congress of the United States as the loftiest paid to the public press by the people of this legislative body in the world, composed as it is, country, how important is it that that great of freemen, chosen by the voices of freemen; and moral and political engine should be in the nothing is more painful to the people of the nahands of those who will govern its tone to a just tion, than to see its halls converted into theatres and appropriate harmony. How important that of sectional discord. We trust that these things its ends and sentiment should accord with the have had their day, and that all future treasonspirit of republicanism— American republican. able and incendiary attempts to disturb the harism-and that nothing calculated to weaken the mony of the country through its Congress, will ties of home attachment, or to lessen the respect be treated by both Houses, with the laconic condue to the laws, the councils, and the States- tempt which they deserve. men of our country, should be admitted to its columns.
Our First NUMBER.–The preliminary matBut it is not alone in a political view that this ter essential to the first number of a Maga. influence is felt, detrimental to our interests as zine, like the Republio, necessarily imparts to it a people. It encourages foreign productions in in a great degree, the character of a preface, or art, literature, manufactures; everything—and Introduction, to those that are to follow In it recognizes no genius of American origin. When we can do little more than define our position the latter appears, it is met either with sneers and exhibit the chart that is to guide us; and and ridicule, or strangled with equivocal and to those who approve of these, we must look for faint praise, by the minions of prejudice who that support that is to bear us safely through swarm about the press of the land, either as in our good intentions.
The DAGUERREOTYPE.—We frequently, dur- afford to pay for it. The world will soon know ing our strolls about town, drop into the various no other than a Steam Marine, whether mercanDaguerrean establishments for which our city tile or naval, and if our machinists do their is somewhat celebrated, for the purpose of duty, the United States must and will be the noting the successive steps of improvement that greatest maritime power. The following conare made in the art, and of feasting our eyes cessions are made to us in the London Daily upon the several gems that are from day to day News : produced. There are as many different styles “ Cunard's Company commenced with vessels of of picture produced by the Daguerreotype, as | 1,100 tons and engines of 350 horse power. They there are by the pencil, and the several operat
have, step by step, reached 2,300 tons and 900 horse
power. But the size and power are the only things ors become as distinctly celebrated or otherwise, changed; the model has remained the same. The by the style and tone of their pictures as ever
Asia of 2,300 tons is an enlarged edition of the Britadid they who devoted their genius to the pencil
nia of 1,100 tons, and goes bowling down the Mersey,
carrying a sea before her enough to swamp a reveand pigments. Having devoted some three nue cruiser. years of our life to the practice of the Daguerrean
The American steamers are of larger tonage and
less power than the Asia and Africa, but of exquisite process, in the early period of its history, and
model. They are " ten years ahead" of the Asia and having taken with our own hand some thousands | Africa, as far as the hulls are concerned, and as far of pictures, we claim the right of knowing
behind in the engines. They slip down the Mersey
with scarce a ripple at the bow, dividing the water something about it, and intend from time to
like a Gravesend steamer. In accommodation, ventime to note such improvements and beauties as tilation and general arrangement, the American vesoccur in the various galleries.
sels are far superior to anything that has been before
seen in this country.” The first that we shall notice is that of Mr. Gurney, No. 189 Broadway.--Mr. Gurney has
POPULAR EDUCATION.-The State of Newlong taken rank among the best Daguerreans in
York, at its recent election, sustained the law the country, and yet his style of pictures is en
establishing Free Schools throughout the State, tirely peculiar to his own process. Nobody
by a majority of over thirty thousand votes.produces pictures of the same tone and charac
This majority, under the circumstances, is a ter, yet others may produce pictures quite as
proud one, and doubtless settles the question good as his—the style is a mere matter of taste,
for all time to come. The enemies of education and what some would prefer, others would ob
had left no stone unturned in their endeavors to ject to. In fidelity of line however, and conse
choke down the system. Every inaccuracy in quent resemblance, Mr. Gurney is unsurpassed.
the framework of the new law; every imperfecThe peculiar effect produced by his process,
tion in its fiscal features, and the mode of supand in which he prides himself, is the fullness
porting it, were placarded forth,-and every inof light obtained without solarization—a full
genuity that could be brought to bear upon development of all the natural lights as they
the tax-payer, was employed, until thousands, fall upon the object, without regard to color
who otherwise favored popular education, were or material of dress, and a consequent softness
made the enemies of the law, and induced to of tone which pervades the whole picture. Thus,
cast their votes against it. But the intelligence although the lights are all full, and even bril.
and patriotism of the State were too great for liant, there is no harshness of shadow. This
these efforts to overcome. The great principle style has many admirers, and Mr. Gurney's
has sustained the law, and we hope the Legislacameras are consequently always employed with
ture will, at its next session, wipe away the sitters. His gallery occupies two rooms besides the principal operating room, and the
obnoxious features, and especially so alter the
plan of assessment, as to equalize as near as whole are fitted up with taste and even ele
possible the small amount of individual taxation gance.
that must be contributed to its support. This OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION.-Brother Jona has been the most formidable objection urged than is now fairly in the field of Ocean Steam against the law as it now stands, and without Navigation, against all the world in general, doubt was the cause of at least one hundred and the “ Mistress of the Seas" in particular. thousand votes against it, that would otherwise A fair race is going on in the contest for supe have been in its favor. As the law is for a poriority, and Jonathan has already got a leetle pular good, it should be made, as soon as possiahead. His advantage, at present however, ble, a popular law. lies in the model, and he must now pull up in the machinery department. The time is close | THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.--Mr. Fillmore's at hand when our ocean steamers will take the first Annual Message reached us too late for lead of everything on the waters. The cost of comment. We may say, however, that it is a good machinery in this country is not greater document of extraordinary vigor, dignified and than in England, and even if it were we can | patriotic.
A Worthy Mission.- Dr. Bonfils, of Weston, ture, an appropriation was made for the support Platt Co., Missouri, and his estimable laly, ure of Secular Common schools, on condition that now in Boston, obtaining funds to aid their the county would raise the sum of five thousap county in est ublishing a Protestant normal dollars for the same object. It is for the pi school for young ladies, and one or more public pose of obtaining that som, that Dr. B. and schools for males and females Hitherto the | lady are now in the Atlantic States. Their Catholic vote in the county has prevented the mission has been liberally answered in Boston, establishment of any places of popular educa. and as they will visit New York in a few days, cation, except those under the supervision of we hope they will also meet with a cordial that sect; but at the last session of the Legisla- response here.
OUR BOOK TABLE.
From the temporary quarters of the Arplerons, “Fireside Fairies.” It is gotten up in very pretty corner of Broadway and Dey-street, we have received style, and is intended as a juvenile gift-book. a copy of the Life of Jon RANDOLPH ; EVENINGS The Conspirator, by A E. Depuy, is a new AmeriAT DONALDSON MANOR ; SACRED SCENES IN THE LIFE can novel, evidently based on the history of Burr's OF OUR Saviour ; MISUMMER Fays; and Tue Cox treason, and the doings at Blannerhasset Island. It SPIRATOR.
is a well-written romance, in one volume, of 300 12mo. The Life of John Randolpu is a book of two pages. volumes, octavo, handsomely bound in cloth, from the The Messrs. Harper have sent us a set of The Picpen of the Hon. John A. Garland. The task of pre- TORIAL FIELD-BOOK OF THE REVOLUTION, so far as paring a true and well-balanced biography of this ex- it has been published, comprising eight numbers. traordinary and ill-balanced character was evidently This book is written and illustrated by B. J. Lossing, one of no common hazard, but we can safely say that Esquire, who has shown himself equally au fait at the Mr. Garland has, apparently, at least, accomplished pen, the pencil, and the graver. To accomplish his what few men would have undertaken. He has given undertaking, he has visited the various scenes of conus a daguerreotype of a character more eccentric and fict in the struggle of our forefathers for liberty, and variable than Uranus itself, and withal, two volumes made faithful sketches of them, and such relics conof exceedingly choice historical reading. Indeed, the nected with them as were to be found. These he has Life of John Randolph was so closely interwoven with carefully transferred to wood, and engraved in a beauthe legislative and diplomatic affairs of his country, tiful manner, thus presenting a work embellisbed that the biography here given falls little short of a with numerous spirited specimens of art, gracefully political history of the United Sta'es during that period.interwoven with well-written reminiscences and his
EVENINGS AT DONALDSON MANOR: By Mrs. Maria torical scraps of that glorious era. Every American J. McIntosh. This is a magnificent American holiday should possess a copy of this work. We quote a short hook for 1851, bound in oriental richness, and embel passage from the first paragraph :lished with 10 exquisite steel engravings, by Smillie, “Man loves the soil that gave him birth as the Phillibrown, Muller, Greatback, and Finden ; after child loves its mother, and from the same inherent paintings by Durand, Weir, Huntington and others, all impulses. When exiled from his father-land, he yearns
for it as a child yearns for home; and though he may, executed in the best style of these several artists. The
by legal oath, disclaim allegiance to his own, and plate here got out between the joint glories of Durand
swear fealty to another government, the invisible and Smillie, “ The Western Lake," is a specimen links of patriotism which bind him to his counof refinement in landscape painting and engraving
try cannot be severed ; his lips and hand bear falso scarcely rivaled in any portion of the world and that witness against his truthful heart.” beautiful creation, “ Zuleka,” also in this volume, History Of ALL NATIONS.- This is a very valuastippled by Finden, after a painting by J. W. Wright, ble serial, by S. C. Goodrich, now in course of publiis scarcely less perfect of its kind. We may add, en
cation, by Wilkins, Carter, & Co., Boston ; Stringer passant, that the literary portion of this book is worth and Townsend are the agents in this city. the embellishment, a compliment seldom bestowable
CUANTICLEER, a Thauksgiving story: J. S. Redon holiday gift-books.
field, Clinton Hall, publisher. A very pretty gift
book for the Thanksgiv ng and Christmas holidays, Sacred SCENES IN THE LIFE OF Our SAVIOUR. —
155 pp., beautifully bound in cloth and gold. The This is a most appropriate gift-book for the Christmas
book bears the name of no author, but it is a good holidays. The "scenes” are presented in prose and
story well told, and with a good moral. poetry, by various authors, embellished with sixteen
TWELVE QUALITIES OF THE MIND, or outlines of line engravings on steel. The volume is elegantly
a new system of physiognomy, by J. W. Redfield, bound in morocco and gold.
M. D. Pamphlet, published by J. S. Redfield, Clin. MIDSUMMER Fays.- This is a charming little book ton Hall. Dr. R. is an enthusiastic disciple of Lara. of Fairy Tales for little folk, by “ Susan Pindar," the ter, and his pamphlets on this subject are not only in. sister of “Peter,” no doubt, and the authoress of teresting, but logical.
THE ORDER OF UNITED AMERICANS.
Americans; they are duties too sacred to be entrusted to other hands. It receives with open arms every man of good character, born under the jurisdiction of the United States, ignorant alike of his political and religious creeds. The souls of such are sure to sympathize with the spirit of the order, and hence there is no clashing of sentiments in its Councils. It knows no sectional distinctions, no line of demarkution between the people or the interests of this broad and happy Union. Its sympathies are alike with the fair and sunny South, the frosty North, and the golden, glowing West. Wherever the ban
ner of our country floats, there is its home, This admirable Institution, created for high there will it labor to cement with a growing and ennobling purposes, and with which we have and a stronger power, the links that bind us been associated from its earliest history, is enti together as a free and Independent people. tled to, and shall receive at our hands a liberal Another feature of the Order is that of BEspace in the columns of the Republic. Indeed, the NEVOLENCE and fraternal kindness. By means presiding spirit of the Order- LOVE OF COUNTRY of this we are enabled to minister to the diswill pervade the entire fabric, bearing on wings | tresses of a brother—to smooth the pillow of of light and intelligence, the admonitions of the sickness-to bury the dead--to comfort the patriot, to every American heart, and conveying widow, and to protect and cherish the orphan. facts and realities that can be gathered from no SUCH IS THE ORDER OF UNITED AMERICANS. other source.
But it may be, and has been urged, that there The Order of United Americans was estab- is no need of such an institution—that there is lished for the purpose of creating a renewed na no danger-that our institutions are already tionality of sentiment among our people, to the sufficiently guarded by the intelligence of the end that a more effective guard may be thrown people, and that our vast physical resources around our Union and its blessed Institutions are sufficient to bid defiance to the heaviest asto check the progress of the demagogue, and to saults of despotism, come from what quarter avert the jealous influences of all foreign Powers, they may. These are but the answers of the Princes, Potentates, or prejudices. It harbors blind man, who unconsciously stands upon the in itself no prejudices, it launches no invectives brink of a precipice. He sees not the danger against the foreigner, it would not seek to de- that by a single step would hurl him from existprive any man of his legitimate and constitutional | ence, and in the very ignorance of his peril, he rights : but on the contrary, it extends the right calmly bares his brow to the evening zephyrs. hand of welcome to the deserving of every clime. Let those who are thus politically blind, open It aims to purify the ballot-box-to protect the their eyes, look about them, and see where stand elective franchise from the polluting and dese- the old land-marks of our prosperity as a nation, crating touch of demagogues, whether native or and our repose and happiness as a people. They foreign, and to implant in the minds of all lovers will see that the stability of our Institutions, of true Liberty, a sentiment that shall serve in once deemed so firm, is now a subject of specuits defense as a bulwark stronger than fortress | lation; that the dissolution of our union has bewalls--more poweriul than Mercury and Mars; I come è consideration familiar as household and being devond to the great cause of political words—men contemplate it without a shudder. emancipation, it will be found always arrayed | | They will see that the right of suffrage is reon the side of civil and religious Freedom in garded by our best men as not worth the posevery quarter of the world.
session, that it is a mockery of corruption, inThe Order is not proscriptive, as some would stead of the " palladium of Liberty;" they will assert. True, it does not receive into its coun see our leading politicians transformed to demacils men of other nations, because the duties that gogues, who pander to ignorance, and kneel at it has to perform are peculiarly the duties of the shrine of politico-religious influences for the
sake of partisan spoils and personal aggrandize
CHAPTERS ment; they will see the good old foundation COLLECTING subscriptions for the Republic, from stones of our State constitutions carried away, their members, are requested to give a receipti and new ones, with new theories engraven in for each payment, and keep a list of those paystrange language upon them, set in their stead; ing, to be handed, with the money, to Jesse Reed, they will see men not one year from the stygian Esq., 59 Cortland St., or to Capt. J. J. Dickincells of despotic and papal ignorance, choosing son, at the Astor Mutual Insurance Office, Mer. legislative and executive officers for the Ameri. chant's Exchange, Cor. of William and Exchange can people; and here, where we write, in the great Streets. Blank receipts will be furnished at and intelligent state of New York, they will see this office, or sent wherever required. Moneys that within five years past the good old Constitu- collected should be handed over to the trustees tion has been wiped away, and a new one, making above named, as soon as possible after it is reroom in the executive chair for any foreign eccle ceived. siastic, has been adopted in its stead, thus opening the door to that bane of all free governments, THE UNITED DAUGHTERS OF AMERICA.-The an union of Church and State, a commingling of Chancery of this patriotic association of Amerireligion and politics. In adopting this constitu can Ladies, celebrated their fifth Anniversary tion the people did their part blindly; they on the 27th of November, at the Broadway Tabtrusted to the convention that framed the instru. ernacle, in the presence of a very large audience. ment, and there were not wanting men who saw W. H. Smith, Esq., P. C. of Washington Chapthat it was framed to their own liking. These ter 0. U. A. presided. The proceedings were facts show that something more than the mere opened and closed with prayer; an appropriate well-meaning of the people is needed to watch and stirring address was delivered by Chancelover the destinies of our country. If it is not lor Samuel Knower, of Schuyler Chapter ; & the Order of United Americans, what is it? charter was presented, and the intervals were
Our danger lies not in physical influences enlivened with choice music. The “ Daughour defense must not rely solely on physical ters” were present in large numbers, wearing power. The jealousies of the Monarchies of the their delicate regalia, and it may be taken for Old World are more and more directed towards
granted that there was no lack of beauty and inus as the influences of our liberal system of gov
telligence. Miss E. C. Reed presided at the ament is more and more felt among their peo- piano with skill and grace. ple, and at each successive struggle for liberty, new hatreds are engendered against us, and new THE ORDER IN MASSACHUSETTS is now in a plans devised to put out that all-pervading glory most flourishing condition, notwithstanding the which points man to his true, God-created and temporary obstructions that it has had to conGod-like dignity and destiny, - Freedom of tend with. New Chapters are being formed in thought and conscience. They send their emis- | the rural districts, and in Boston the members saries amongst us, gain political rights, create have fitted up and christened the American Hall, factions, raise issues, embroil sections, and cause No. 645 Hanover St. in an elegant and approlocal heart-burnings and animosities, which put priate manner for their meetings. We have not to the test the sternest energies of patriotism a complete directory of the Chapters in that to withstand; and, while at a distance, they State, but Hancock, No. 1, meets as above, in calmly laugh in their sleeves at the progressive Boston, every Thursday Evening. Jonathan success of their devilish plans, the American Pierce, Esq., is the G. S., and James E. Banell, people are absorbed to the very senses in an in G. C. C. satiate thirst for gain. In such a crisis, who are the first to come forth, casting their partisan | CONNECTICUT.-This good old State is respond. chains to the earth, and arraying themselves ing to the American sentiment as she did in '76. fearlessly on the side of their country? A band She will establish a Chancery in a very short of Patriots,— The Order of United Americans, time. The order is flourishing and popular. whose voice has already been heard, and whose We shall have their Directory for the next influence has been felt in the cause of the Union, number, even from the snowy mountains of Vermont, to the teeming prairies of Texas and Louisiana, Notice.—The G. C. C.'s of the several States and who, with the help of that Great Power are requested to communicate officially to Arch which stood by the side of our ancestors of '76, Chancery the name, number, location, night and will not slumber until the American People are place of meeting, and the names of the officers of re-united, re-nationalized-and the persecuting any new chapters instituted by them, together spirit of foreign influence is driven effectively with such other information as may appear to be and forever from amongst us.