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A A B C A B and C D A B C D adjacent angles alternate angles angles equal base bisect bisector centre chord circumference circumscribed circles Construct a triangle describe a circle diagonals diameter distance divided draw a straight equal angles equidistant Euclid exterior angle extremities figure given circle given point given straight line gonals greater half Hence hypothenuse iBAC inches incommensurable inscribed inscribed circle isosceles triangle less Let A B C line drawn magnitudes middle points number of sides parallel parallelogram perimeter perpendicular Prob proportion propositions quadrilateral radii radius ratio rect rectangle contained regular polygon respectively equal rhombus right angles secant segment set-square side opposite similar similar triangles square on A B tangent termed Theg Theorems for Exercise THEOREMS ON CHAPTER triangles are equal vertex vertical angle
Página 248 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.
Página 246 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, four times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.
Página 246 - If there be two straight lines, one of which is divided into any number of parts, the rectangle contained by the two straight lines is equal to the rectangles contained by the undivided line, and the several parts of the divided line.
Página 248 - IN a right-angled triangle, if a perpendicular be drawn from the right angle to the base, the triangles on each side of it are similar to the whole triangle, and to one another.
Página 248 - If from the vertical angle of a triangle a straight line be drawn perpendicular to the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the perpendicular and the diameter of the circle described about the triangle.
Página 247 - If the first has to the second the same ratio which the third has to the fourth...
Página 246 - To a given straight line to apply a parallelogram, which shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.
Página 248 - Wherefore, in equal circles &c. QED PROPOSITION B. THEOREM If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which likewise cuts the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.
Página 18 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle ; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.