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the election of deputies from each province, to form a “great council or general convention of the states of the colonies.” Daniel Coxe was the son of a large land proprietor, had resided in the country many years, visited most of the colonies, been speaker of the New Jersey assembly, and died in Trenton in 1739, while holding the office of judge in the superior court of that state.

1722. — The Spaniards obtained possession of Pensacola, Florida, in consequence of the peace.

Within the past three years it had twice fallen into the possession of the French.

1722. — THE Spaniards established military posts in Texas, . 1722. — The failure of Law's Royal Bank put an end to the active immigration in Louisiana.

The colony contained several thousand inhabitants, but was still dependent upon France and Saint Domingo for its supplies. Charlevoix, who, in January of this year, arrived at New Orleans, speaks of it as containing a large wooden Warehouse, a shed for a church, two or three small houses, and a number of huts crowded together without any order.

1723. — The assembly of Pennsylvania made another issue of bills of credit for thirty thousand pounds.

They were issued on the same terms as the loan of the year before.

1723. - CONNECTICUT furnished aid to Massachusetts for her defence against the Indians.

It was at first refused. The Mohawks refused to take up arms in favor of Massachusetts, though frequent attempts were made to induce them to do so. Their reply was that the surest way for Massachusetts to obtain peace with the Indians was to restore to them their lands and captives held as prisoners.

1723. — The school system in Maryland was introduced practically.

Boards of visitors, seven for each county, were appointed with power to fill vacancies, and purchase in each county one hundred acres for a boardingschool. The teachers were to have twenty pounds a year, and the use of the land, and were to be “good school masters, members of the Church of England, and of pious lives and conversation, and capable of teaching well the grammar, good writing and the mathematics, if such can conveniently be got.”

1723. - The assembly of Maryland forbade the importation from Delaware or Pennsylvania, of “ bread, beer, flour, malt, wheat, Indian corn, or other grain or meal.”

Stallions running wild could be shot, to prevent “the extravagant multitudes of useless horses that run in the woods.” The law was copied from one in force

in Virginia.

1723.- SOUTH CAROLINA coined pence and two-pence pieces.

1723. - The duty laid in Virginia on the importation of spirits and

negroes was repealed by proclamation.

In order to stop the practice - of levying customs on the trade of England." A duty on the importation of convicts was also repealed.

1723. — The assembly of Massachusetts suggested the holding of a convention of the colonies.

This suggestion the Board of Trade pronounced to be a mutinous proposal.

1724. — The Virginia assembly reimposed the duty on spirits when imported from elsewhere than Great Britain.

The Board of Trade had intimated that the duty on spirits was not objectionable, provided it was exacted from the colonial consumer, instead of from the English exporter.

1724. — The importation of slaves to Virginia now averaged one thousand a year.

Free negroes, mulattoes, and Indians, though freeholders, were deprived the right of voting; and no slave was to be emancipated, “except for meritorious services, to be adjudged of by the governor and council, and a license thereupon had and obtained.”

1724. — JOSEPH TalcoT was elected governor of Connecticut. Saltonstall died.

1724. - FORT DUMMER was erected by Massachusetts, to protect the towns on the Connecticut River from the Indians.

It was upon the site of Brattleborough, Vermont, and was the first settlement within the territory of that state.

1724. – A SECOND expedition from Massachusetts surprised Norridgewock.

The settlement was pillaged and burned, and Rasles, with some thirty of his Indian disciples, was slain.

1724. — This year the ship-carpenters of London complained of the increase of ship-building in the colonies, but the Board of Trade did not dare venture to recommend its prohibition.

1724. - The first insurance office in the colonies was started in Boston, Massachusetts.

1724. — The first convention of booksellers, for the regulation of the trade, met at Boston, Massachusetts.

Their specific object was to increase the prices of books.

1724. — FEBRUARY 18. — The Rhode Island assembly passed an act requiring a property qualification for becoming a freeman.

The person was to be worth one hundred pounds, or be in receipt from real estate of an income of two pounds a year. The eldest son of a freeman might vote in his father's right. The law was not to disfranchise those who were freemen already, without this qualification. At the same assembly the law by which the freemen of the towns, though not of the colony, were forbidden to vote for the deputies, was repealed.

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1724, OCTOBER. — The Rhode Island assembly passed an act to prevent the tearing of the bills of credit into fractional parts, for the making of change.

1724. RICHARD ROGERS, of New London, appealed to the assembly of Connecticut for the exclusive right to manufacture sail-cloth, such as he displayed samples of.

The next year the patent was given him.

1724. — The general court of Massachusetts prohibited the use of scarfs at funerals, as a “burdensome custom.”

1724. - The authorities of Massachusetts ordered that “muscles shall not be used for making lime, or anything else, except for food and bait to catch fish.”

1724. - An iron mine and furnaces were working on the Rappahannock, in Virginia.

They were operated by Colonel Alexander Spotswood, and were probably erected a few years before this date, which is when The Present State of Virginia, in which it was mentioned, was printed.

1724. — In Louisiana the lower part of the province was under the religious regulation of the Capuchins, who had a convent at New Orleans; the upper part was under the Jesuits, who agreed to keep at least fourteen priests in the territory. They had also a house at New Orleans, but could perform no religious rites without permission from the Capuchins.

The priests of both orders were supported by the French government. A convent of Ursuline nuns was established at New Orleans. Six hundred and fifty French soldiers and two hundred Swiss were maintained in the province. Their commander, two lieutenants, a senior counsellor, three other counsellors, an attorneygeneral, a clerk, and such other directors as might be in the province, formed the Superior Council, of which the senior counsellor was president, and was the supreme authority in civil and criminal matters. Other local tribunals were composed of a director or agent of the company, aided by two inhabitants in civil, and four in criminal cases.

The chief products were rice, tobacco, and indigo. The orange had been introduced from St. Domingo, and the fig from Provence. Wheat and flour were beginning to be received from the French settlements in

the Illinois country.

1725. — A CONVENTION of ministers held in Boston sent an ad. dress to the general court, asking them to appoint a time for holding a synod.

The two branches of the general court disagreed, and the matter was postponed. The lords justices hearing of it wrote a letter reprimanding those who had assented to it, terming such a proposition an invasion of her Majesty's supremacy.

1725. — Governor Keith of Pennsylvania was removed from office, and Patrick Gordon was sent out to take his place.

1725, OCTOBER 16. - William Bradford began in New York the publication of the New York Gazette.

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It was a weekly paper. Bradford was sixty years old when he commenced it. He died in New York, May 23, 1752, aged ninety-two. His tombstone is in Trinity Church-yard. The Gazette was published by him through 1742. In 1743 its name was changed to the New York Gazette or Weekly Post-Boy, which was published by James Parker, who had been an apprentice to Bradford, and had run away. It did not continue long in existence.

1725. — THERE was launched at Groton, Connecticut, a ship of seven hundred tons.

It was built by John Jeffrey, who had emigrated from England, and was given a ship-yard by the town on condition of his building this "great ship," which he contracted to make the largest ship that had ever been constructed in this country.

1725. — The assembly of South Carolina passed two laws to encourage the making of salt in the colony.

At the end of the year, as no more bills of credit could be issued, the assembly added to the bill for yearly revenue a clause to stop the redemption of the bills of credit, which had been reduced to eighty-seven thousand pounds. The council objected to this provision; and the assembly denied their right to amend money bills.

1725. — The Penobscot Indians proposed a peace, in which the Norridgewocks took part, and the war ended.

Public trading-houses were established to furnish the Indians supplies at cost; and not being subject to the greed of private traders, the Indians kept the peace many years. 1726. - In January, John Powell

, of Boston, memorialized the general court of Massachusetts, proposing, if suitably aided, to have twenty looms for making sail-cloth at work in fifteen or eighteen months. That it would require five hundred pounds for each loom capable of producing fifty pieces of duck a year.

A committee appointed to investigate the proposition reported in June, recommending a bounty of twenty shillings for each piece of duck, “thirty six yards long, and thirty inches wide, a good even thread, well drawn and of a good bright color, being wrought wholly of good strong water-rotted hemp or flax, of the growth of New England, and that shall weigh between forty and fifty pounds, each bolt, and for fourteen years, as is usual in Great Britain and elsewhere, and the memorialist be allowed three thousand pounds, he giving such security as your Court may appoint, two thousand pounds in hand, and the other one thousand when he has perfected five hundred pieces of canvas, that shall pass the survey.”

1726. - It was ordered in Massachusetts that hemp and flax should be taken by the public treasury in payment of taxes.

Hemp at the rate of four pençe a pound, and flax at the rate of six pence a pound.

1726. – IRON-WORKS were in operation in Delaware.

Governor Keith of Pennsylvania was the proprietor. Their location is not known.

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1726.- WILLIAM PARKS set up a press this year at Annapolis, Maryland.

The printing for Maryland had previously been done by Andrew Bradford, at Philadelphia.

1726. — A WIND-MILL was erected this year upon a half acre of ground set apart in 1719 upon Tower Hill, in New Londou, Connecticut.

1726. — A SETTLEMENT was made at Penacook, where a town was laid out.

The settlement was afterwards called Rumford; and in 1765 its name was changed to Concord. It is now the capital of New Hampshire, and was incorporated as a city in 1853. The first settlement was made under the authority of Massachusetts, which claimed all this territory as within her chartered limits.

1726. — The disputed boundary of Rhode Island and Connecticut was settled before the king in council.

The suit had lasted six years.

1726.- A GRANT was obtained by Burnet, governor of New York, from the Indians, of a strip of territory sixty miles deep, along the borders of the lakes.

It extended along Lakes Ontario and Erie, from Oswego to Cayuga (now Cleveland), and was “to be protected by the English for the use of the tribes."

1726, DECEMBER. — The assembly of South Carolina passed an act for a further issue of bills of credit.

The council refused to pass it. 1726.- An explanatory charter was sent to Massachusetts, which the general court felt obliged to accept.

In it the governor was expressly given the right to cancel the election of the speaker, and the house was forbidden to adjourn by its own vote for longer than two days.

1727, JANUARY 20. — A royal decree was published fixing the boundary line between Connecticut and Rhode Island.

The Board of Trade had reported to the Privy Council, and the report, which was in accordance with the agreement made before, was accepted.

1727, FEBRUARY. – Jonathan Edwards was settled minister at Northampton, Massachusetts, as a colleague to his grandfather Solomon Stoddard.

JONATHAN EDWARDS was born at East Windsor, Connecticut, October 5, 1703, and died at Princeton, New Jersey, March 22, 1758. As a theological metaphysician, his reputation and influence have been very great. He carried out the doctrines of Calvin to their logical results. After twenty-four years' pastorate of the church at Northampton, he was forced to resign, as the church refused to accept his rigid rule requiring conversion as a preliminary for the sacrament. From Northampton he went to Stockbridge, Massachusetts, as a missionary to the Indians, and there

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