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62D CONGRESS, | HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 18t Session.

REPORT
No. 8.

TO GRANT AUTHORITY TO AMERICAN RED CROSS TO ERECT

TEMPORARY STRUCTURES IN WASHINGTON, D. C.

APRIL 19, 1911.-Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed.

Mr. FITZGERALD, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted

the following

REPORT.

[To accompany H. J. Res. 38.]

The Committee on Appropriations, to whom was referred House joint resolution No. 38, to grant authority to the American Red Cross to erect temporary structures in Potomac Park, Washington, D. C., having considered the same, report it back herewith and recommend its passage without amendment.

62D CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

&t , {

REPORT
No. 12.

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES.

APRIL 25, 1911.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the

Union and ordered to be printed.

Mr. Houston, from the Committee on the Census, submitted the

following

REPORT.
[To accompany H. R. 2983.)

4

1 4

The Committee on the Census, to which was referred H. R. 2983, H. R. 27, and H. R. 3996, providing for the apportionment of Representatives among the several States, as provided by the Constitution of the United States, respectfully reports that they have considered said bills for the apportionment of Members in Congress under the Thirteenth Decennial Census, and they report back H. R. 2983 with a favorable recommendation.

This bill provides that after the 3d day of March, 1913, the House of Representatives shall be composed of 433 Members, to be assigned to the States as follows: Alabama..

10 | Nebraska.... Arkansas.. 7 Nevada...

1 California. 11 New Hampshire

2 Colorado..

New Jersey.

12 Connecticut.

5 New York... Delaware..

North Carolina. Florida.

North Dakota.. Georgia. 12 Ohio...

22 Idaho. 2 Oklahoma.

8 Illinois.

27 Oregon.. Indiana.

13 Pennsylvania. Iowa..

11 Rhode Island. Kansas..

8 South Carolina.. Kentucky 11 South Dakota..

3 Louisiana.

8
Tennessee.

10 Maine.. 4 Texas.

18 Maryland..

6 Utah.. Massachusetts.

16 Vermont.. Michigan.. 13 Virginia

10 Minnesota. 10 Washington.

5 Mississippi.. 8 West Virginia.

6 Missouri.. 16 Wisconsin..

11 Montana.. 2 Wyoming.

1 The bill also provides that if the Territories of Arizona and New Mexico shall become States in the Union before the apportionment of Representatives under the next census they shall have one Representative each, and if one of these Territories shall become a State it shall have one Representative, which Representative or Representatives shall be in addition to the number 433.

సిరలు మలుపులు లుంటే.

[graphic]

1

Under this apportionment 21 States will retain their present number of Representatives, as follows: Arkansas.

7 Nebraska.... Connecticut.

5 Nevada... Delaware..

New Hampshire... Indiana. 13 North Carolina..

10 Iowa. 11 South Carolina..

7 Kansas. 8 Tennessee.

10 Kentucky 11 Vermont.

2 Maine.... 4 Virginia.

10 Maryland. 6 Wisconsin.

11 Mississippi. 8 Wyoming.

1 Missouri..

16 The States in which there are changes in the number of Representatives are as follows: Alabama gains.. 1 New York gains.

6 California gains. 3 North Dakota gains.

1 Colorado gains. i Ohio gains...

1 Florida gains. 1 Oklahoma gains.

3 Georgia gains. 1 Oregon gains.

1 Idaho gains. 1 Pennsylvania gains.

4 Illinois gains. 2 Rhode Island gains.

1 Louisiana gains . 1 South Dakota gains.

1 Massachusetts gains 2 Utah gains...

1 Michigan gains. 1 West Virginia gains

1 Minnesota gains.

1
Texas gains..

2 Montana gains. 1 Washington gains

2 New Jersey gains.

2 Under this apportionment no State will lose a Member.

One of the controlling reasons in fixing the membership of the House at 433 is the fact that this number is the lowest number that will prevent any State from losing a Representative. The committee adopted a ratio of 211,877 for each Representative; the population of each State is then divided by that ratio and one Representative is assigned for each full ratio and one in addition for each major fraction thereof. The actual apportionment is based on the tables prepared by Prof. W.F. Willcox, of Cornell University, as explained in his letter on page 7 of this report and the tables appended thereto. The allotment to each State of one Member for each full ratio of 211,877 and one for every major fraction thereof makes the total number of Representatives 433 without the loss of a Representative by any State.

By fixing the ratio of population to each Representative at 211,877 the average congressional district under this bill will contain 17,695 more inhabitants than the average district under the last apportionment act.

It will be understood that three States, namely, Delaware, Nevada, and Wyoming, have not a population amounting to the ratio, 211,877, but two of them, namely, Delaware and Wyoming, have a population amounting to more than a moiety or a major fraction of the ratio. The population of Nevada is less than a major fraction of the ratio, but that State gets a Member under the Constitution, which provides that every State shall have at least one Representative. If the Territory of Arizona is admitted as a State it would come in under this same provision of the Constitution.

The method of allowing one Member for each full ratio and one for each major fraction thereof was adopted by the committee. This method is easy to understand, and is regarded by the committee as approaching as nearly an equitable and uniform distribution of the

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