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may be taken by either or divided between them as they have elected under article twenty-two of the tax law.

§ 39. Subdivision (a) of section T46-116.0 of such code, as amended by chapter one hundred three of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-one, is amended to read as follows:

(a) General. [A] For taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-seven and thereafter, a city resident individual shall be allowed

city exemption of [eight] nine hundred dollars for each exemption for which he is entitled to a deduction for the taxable year for federal income tax purposes, [except that] for taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred teighty and nineteen hundred eighty-one] eighty-five and nineteen hundred eighty-six, such exemption shall be [seven] eight hundred fifty dollars, (for taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred seventy-nine such exemption shall be seven hundred dollars) and for taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred [seventy-seven and], eighty-one but before nineteen hundred [seventy-eight] eighty-five, such exemption shall be [six] eight hundred fifty dollars.

§ 40. Subdivision (f) of section 146-154.0 of such code, as added by local law number thirty-six of the city

of New York for the

year nineteen, hundred seventy-six, paragraph one as amended by chapter one hundred three of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-one, is amended to read as follows:

(f) Standard deduction. ((1)) Where a return is required under this section, the city standard deduction allowable on such return [for taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-one and thereafter] shall be [seventeen per centum of the city adjusted gross income reported thereon, or two thousand five hundred dollars] the amount allowed pursuant to the provisions of section 746-114.0, prorated according to the period covered by the return[, whichever is less; except that for taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred seventy-eight and thereafter but before taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-one, the city standard deduction allowable on such return shall be

sixteen per centum of the city adjusted gross income reported thereon, or two thousand four hundred dollars prorated according to the period covered by the return, whichever is less.

(2) Provided however, that the city standard deduction allowable on such' return shall be the amount determined under paragraph one of this subdivision or, if the applicable city standard deduction allowable under subdivision (c) of section T46-114.0, prorated according to the period covered by such return, is greater, such greater amount].

§ 41. Paragraph a of subdivision six of section four hundred one of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by chapter fifteen of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-three, is amended to read as follows:

The following fees shall be paid to the commissioner, or agent, upon the registration or reregistration of a motor vehicle, including suburban,, in accordance with the provisions of this article:

If such motor vehicle, fully equipped, weighs thirty-five hundred pounds or less, [one dollar and eight] seventy-five cents for each hundred pounds or major fraction thereof; if such motor vehicle, fully equipped, weighs more than thirty-five hundred pounds, [one dollar and eight), seventy-five cents for each one hundred pounds up to thirty-five hundred pounds, and one dollar and [sixty-eight) twelve and one-half cents for each hundred pounds, or major fraction thereof, in excess of thirty-five hundred pounds; provided, however, that the total fees, for the registration reregistration of any passenger motor vehicle propelled by electricity shall be [twenty) fifteen dollars, of a six, eight, twelve cylinder motor vehicle not less than (twenty] fifteen dollars, and of any other motor vehicle not less than [fifteen) twelve dollars; and provided further that for motor vehicles described in subdivision seven of this section, the fee for such registration shall be as therein prescribed. Provided further, however, that the maximum reg. istration fee under this paragraph shall not exceed [ninety-seven] sixty-five dollars per registration year. For the purposes of this section a "suburban" shall be a motor vehicle with a convertible or interchangeable body or with semovable seats, usable for both passenger and delivery purposes, and including motor vehicles, commonly known as station depot wagons. The manufacturer's weight of motor vehicle shall be accepted as the weight for the purpose of registration under this paragraph.

§ 42. Paragraph one of schedule B of subdivision seven of section four hundred one of such law, as amended by chapter fifteen of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-three, is amended to read as follows:

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1. For each auto truck light delivery car, the annual fee of [three] two dollars and (seventy-five) fifty cents for each five hundred pounds maximum gross weight or fraction thereof, except that the annual fee for such motor vehicle operated entirely by électricity not generated by an engine contained therein shall be [five] three dollars and (sixty-four] seventy-five cents for each five hundred pounds maximum gross weight or fraction thereof, but in computing the weight of such an electric vehicle the weight of electric batteries shall be excluded and except also that the annual fee for each auto truck having a maximum gross weight in excess of eighteen thousand pounds used exclusively in the transportation of household goods (as defined by the commissioner of transportation of this state or the interstate commerce commission) by a carrier under authority of the commissioner of transportation of this state or of the interstate commerce commission shall be six dollars and seventy-five cents for each five hundred pounds maximum gross weight or fraction thereof.

$ 43. Paragraph one of schedule E of subdivision seven of section four hundred one of such law, as amended by chapter fifteen of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-three, is amended to read as follows:

1. For each agricultural' truck, the annual fee of [two dollars] one dollar and [fifty] seventy-five cents for each five hundred pounds maximum gross weight, or fraction thereof.

5 44. Schedule H of subdivision seven of section four hundred one of such law, as amended by chapter fifteen of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-three, is amended to read as follows:

A. Schedule for certain tow trucks. For each tow truck for which certification has been issued by the licensing authority of any city having a population in excess of three hundred thousand pursuant to a local law governing the operation of tow trucks within any such city,

the annual fee of (three] two dollars and [seventy-five] fifty cents for each five hundred pounds maximum gross weight or fraction thereof. For the pur: poses of this schedule, the maximum gross weight of a tow truck shall include the weight of any vehicle transported wholly upon the tow truck,

shall not include the weight of any vehicle transported partly upon the tow truck and partly on its own wheels or a dolly.

§ 45. Subdivision thirteen of section four hundred one of such law, as amended by chapter fifteen of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-three, is amended to read as follows:

13. Registration of motor vehicles, trailers and semitrailers operated upon public highways connecting farms or portions of a farm or farms and municipal sanitary landfills. Motor vehicles, trailers and semitrailers to be operated by any person, upon a public highway for the purpose ot traveling by the most direct route, from(a) one farm or a portion thereof to another farm or a portion thereof under single or common ownership or operation or (b) for the purpose of transporting materials from a farm to the nearest available municipal sanitary landfill, may be registered as provided in this subdivision. Every owner of a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer intended to be operated only upon a public highway for the purpose of traveling by the most direct route to and from such commonly owned farms or portions thereof and/or for the purpose of traveling from farm to the nearest available municipal sanitary landfill may cause to be filed by mail or otherwise, with the commissioner or with any agent of the commissioner, an application for registration of such vehicle, addressed to the commissioner, and on а blank to be furnished by the commissioner for that purpose, containing the information required by subdivision one of this section and such other information as the commissioner shall require. The commissioner or agent shall make such investigation, as he shall determine necessary, and if satisfied that the vehicle is to be operated exclusively as provided in this subdivision he shall, upon the payment of a fee of Efive dollars) one dollar assign to such vehicle a distinctive number and issue and deliver to the applicant a set of number plates and a cer: tificate of registration in such form the commissioner shall prescribe, indicating the extent to which the vehicle registered may be operated on the public highways and such vehicle may be operated only as so indicated.

§ 46. Subdivision (d) of section one hundred eighty-four of chapter fifteen of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-three, amending the tax

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law relating to certain provisions with respect to the raising of revenue, is amended to read as follows:

(d) The provisions of sections thirty and thirty-one shall take effect April first, nineteen hundred eighty-three, provided, however, that the provisions of sections thirty and thirty-one of this act shall apply to licenses issued on or after that date; the provisions of section thirtytwo of this act shall take effect May first, nineteen hundred eightythree [and shall remain in full force and effect until April thirtieth, nineteen hundred eighty-five at which time the language of paragraphs (a) through (f) of subdivision one of section four hundred twenty-four of the tax law shall revert to the language of such paragraphs as it existed immediately prior to the amendments made by section thirty-two of this act);

§ 47. Section nineteen of this act, which reduces the rate of tax on New York taxable income in excess of twenty-three thousand dollars from fourteen percent to thirteen and one-half percent, is effective on the first day of the seventh month of the taxpayer's taxable year beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-five. In the case of a taxpayer whose taxable year is the calendar year, the effective date is July first, nineteen hundred eighty-five: (i) For purposes of implementatio of the reduced tax rate, the rate of tax on New York taxable income

twenty-three thousand dollars shall be thirteen and three-quarters percent for the entire taxable year beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-five, whether or not such taxable year is a taxable year of twelve months. This rate is the average of fourteen percent and thirteen and one-half percent, and spreads the effect of the half year reduction over the entire taxa able year; (ii) provided, however, for purposes of payment of estimated tax,

reduction in rate shall be taken into account for installments due prior to July first, nineteen hundred eighty-five and the rate of tax applicable to such installments shall be fourteen percent. The full reduction in rate shall be taken into account for installments due after June thirtieth, nineteen hundred eighty-five and the rate of tax applicable to such installments shall be thirteen and one-half percent, The provisions of this clause (ii) shall apply to a taxable year which is a fiscal year by the substitution of the month of such fiscal year for the month that corresponds with the month of July or June specified in the provisions of this clause (ii) relating to a calendar year.

§ 48. Severability. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section, or other part of this act shall be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment, decree or order shall not affect, impair or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section or other part thereof, directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment, or order shall have been rendered, and to this end the provisions of each section of this act are hereby declared to be severable.

f 49. This act shall take effect immediately, except: (i) section three, section four excepting that portion of such section adding a third sentence to subdivision two-a of section one hundred eighty-six-a of the tax law, that portion of section twenty-one amending the closing

-Aopfy the tax law, and sections thirty-two, thirty-five, thirty-six and apply to taxable years commencing on or after January first, nineteen hundred eighty-five; (ii) sections eleven, thirteen, fifteen and sixteen shall take effect' hundred twenty days after this act shall have become a law; (iii) sections seventeen, thirty-four and thirty-seven shall take effect January first, nineteen hundred eighty-six and shall apply to taxable years commencing on or after such date; (iv) the change in the tax rate provided for by section nineteen shall' take effect July first, nineteen hundred eighty-five and shall apply to

taxable years commencing in nineteen hundred eighty-five, provided, however, that in the case of a taxpayer whose taxable year is' a' fiscal year, such section shall take effect on the first day of the seventh month of such taxable year; and (v) sections forty-one through forty-five shall take effect September first, nineteen hundred eighty-five, except that with respect to renewals of registrations the provisions of such sections shall also apply to renewals of registrations expiring on or after September thirtieth, nineteen hundred eighty-five which are issued prior to September first, nineteen hundred eighty-five and shall not apply to renewals of registrations expiring, on or before August thirty-first, nineteen

hundred eighty-five which are issued prior to October first, nineteen hundred eighty-five.

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CHAPTER 30

AN ACT in relation to persons who may practice a profession within the

state without a license
Became a law April 16, 1985, with the approval of the Governor.

Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of law, any person who is licensed to practice as a physician, physician's assistant, masseur, physical therapist, chiropractor, dentist, dental hygienist, veterinarian, nurse, podiatrist or optometrist in another state or territory, and who has been appointed by the United States olympic commit, tee to provide professional services at an event in the state sanctioned by such committee, may provide such professional services to athletes and team personnel registered to train at the olympic training center or registered to compete in an event conducted under the sanction of the United States olympic Committee in the state without first being licensed pursuant to the provisions of title VIII of the education law. Such services shall be provided only during the time period specified by the United States olympic committee.

§ 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

CHAPTER 31

AN ACT to amend the education law, chapter five hundred seventy-six of

the laws of nineteen hundred seventy-five, relating to providing opportunities to study medicine, and the executive law, in relation to regents scholarships in certain professions and to repeal chapter four hundred forty-five of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-two, relating to the physicians shortage program Became a law April 16, 1985, with the approval of the Governor.

Passed à majority vote, three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. Statement of legislative findings and purpose. The legislature hereby finds and declares that individuals from certain minority groups have historically been severely underrepresented in the licensed professions and in scientific, technical and health-related fields and that, in fact, minority enrollment in certain professional education programs in this state has actually declined in recent years from previous levels.

The legislature finds that minority underrepresentation in medical schools is particularly disturbing insofar as there is compelling, evidence indicating that, minority medical school graduates are much more likely to serve in neighborhoods that have suffered from a lack of access to quality health care.

The legislature finds that substantial evidence exists to demonstrate that there are key points in the process of education at which student's level of success determines future performance. Students who do not receive adequate attention may be blocked at these key points, resulting in a loss of opportunity to achieve their full potential.

The legislature finds that substantial evidence exists to demonstrate that the high cost of medical education poses a significant obstacle to qualified minority and other disadvantaged students who often decide, early in their educational careers, to pursue

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, the legislature finds and declares it to be a proper measure in

encourage the recruitment,, enrollment, and retention of minorities in medical and other professional education programs and that the state has a compelling interest in eradicating the present effects of past discrimination.

Furthermore, the legislature hereby finds that certain regions of the state continue to suffer from serious physician shortages despite evidence which indicates the current aggregate supply of physicians in New York state exceeds the number estimated as necessary to accommodate ticipated statewide requirements.

The legislature finds that most medical graduates accumulate substantial debt while attending undergraduate and medical schools and that this is a concern which affects the locations selected to practice medicine.

The legislature finds that the existing regents physician shortage scholarship requires students to indicate their willingness to practice in shortage areas several years prior to graduation. In the intervening years, students elect to drop out of school or repay the state, thereby diminishing the number of physicians who must serve in these shortage areas.

The legislature finds and declares that a program available to medical school graduates which would assist in the repayment of education loans for service in physician shortage areas would provide an immediate solution to the maldistribution problem.

Therefore, the purpose of this legislation is:

(1) to expand the opportunities for minority and disadvantaged students to pursue careers in medicine and other professions by:

(a) supporting efforts to identify qualified minority and disadvantaged secondary school students and prepare them for entry into postsec, ondary degree programs in scientific, technical and health-related fields;

(b) establishing scholarships to assist minority and disadvantaged students in pursuing professional education; and

(c) providing an administrative capacity at the state level to improve and strengthen public and private efforts towards implementing the “public policies of the state as expressed herein; and

(2) to increase the number of physicians practicing in areas of New York' state designated by the regents as having a shortage of physicians.

$ 2. Subdivision three of section six hundred five of the education law, as amended by chapter eight hundred forty-four of the laws of nineteen hundred seventy-five, is amended to read as follows:

3. Regents professional education in medicine or dentistry scholarships. Regents professional education in medicine or dentistry scholarships shall be awarded annually, on a competitive basis, to students beginning professional study in medicine or dentistry. One hundred such scholarships shall be awarded annually, and shall be classified and allocated in accordance with regents rules. The provisions of this subdivision shall only apply to any recipient who receives his or her first award payment prior to the nineteen hundred eighty-five-nineteen hundred eighty-six academic year.

§ 3. Subdivision three-a of section six hundred five of such law, as added by chapter two hundred ninety-four of the laws of nineteen hundred seventy-seven, is amended to read as follows:

3-a. Regents professional education in optometry, scholarships. Regents professional education in optometry scholarships shall be awarded annually,

a competitive basis, to students beginning professional study in optometry. Five such scholarships shall be awarded annually in optometry, and shall be classified and allocated in accordance with regents rules. The provisions of this subdivision shall only apply to any recipient who receives his or her first award payment prior to the nineteen hundred eighty-five-nineteen hundred eighty-six academic year.

§ 4. Subdivision three-b of section six hundred five of such law, as added by chapter seven hundred eight of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty, is amended to read as follows:

3-b Regents professional education in veterinary medicine scholarships. Regents professional education in veterinary

veterinary medicine scholarships shall be awarded annually, on a competitive basis, to students beginning professional study in veterinary medicine. Ten such scholarships shall be awarded annually in veterinary medicine, and shall be classified and allocated in accordance with regents rules. The provisions of this subdivision shall only apply to any recipient who receives

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