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While flashing beams doe daze his feeble Her words were not as common words are eyen,

ment, He leeves the wilkin way most beaten plaine, T express the meaning of the inward minde; And wrapt with whirling wheels enflame the But noisome breath, and poysonous spirit skyen

sent, With fire not made to burn, but fairly for to From inward parts, with cancar'd malice lind, shine.

And breathed forth with blast of bitter winde;
Which passing thro' the eares, would pierce

the heart,
$ 102. Sight.

And wound the soul itself with grief unkind: Tue first troupe was a monstrous rabblement

For, like the stings of aspes, that kill with Of fowle mishapen wights, of which some were Her spightful words did prick and wound the

smart, Headed like owles, with beakes uncomely bent,

inner part. Others like dogs, others like gryphons dreare, And some had wings, and some had clawes to

§ 104. Storm. teare,

Hee cryde, as rageing seas are wont to rore, And every one of them had lynces eyes, When wintry storme his wrathfull wreck does And every one did bowe and arrowes beare.

threat, All those were lawless lusts, corrupt envies, The rolling billows beat the rugged shore, And covetous aspects, all cruel enemies. As they the earth would shoulder from her seat,

Those same against the bulwarke of the fight and greedy gulph does gape, as he would eat Did lay strong siege, and battailous assault,

His neighbour element in his revenge : Ne once did yield it respit day or night,

Then gin ihe blustring breathren boldly threat, But soon as Titán gan his head'exault,

To move the world from off his steadfast

henge, And soon again as he his light withhault, Their wicked engines they against it bent:

And boystrous battell make, each other to That is, each thing by which' the eyes may fault;

avenge. Bat two than all more huge and violent,

Another. Beauty and money, they that bulwark sorely

Like to a storm that hovers under skie rent.

Long here and there, and round about doth

lie, § 103. Slander.

At length breaks downe in raine, and haile and

sleet, So when that forest they had passed well, First from one coast, till nought thereof be A little cottage farre away they spide,

dry: To which they drew, ere night upon them and then another, till that likewise fleet: fell :

And so from side to side, till all the world be And entering in, found none therein abide,

weet. But an old woman sitting there beside,

$ 105. Superstition. Upon the ground, in ragged rude attire, With filthy locks about her scatter'd wide, Where that old woman day and night did

Gnawing her nayles for felness and for ire, pray
And thereout sucking venom to her parts intire. Upon her beades devoutly penitent;

Nine hundred Pater-nosters every day,
A foule and loathly creature sure in sight,
And in conditions to be loath'd no less :

And thrice nine hundred Aves she was wont For shee was stuft with rancour and de

to say, spight

And to augment her painful penance more, Up to the throat; that oft with bitterness Thrice every week in ashes she did sit, It forth would break, and gush with great excess, And next her wrinkled skin rough sackcloth

wore, Pouring out streams of poyson and of gall, Gainst all that truth or virtue doe professe;

And thrice three times did fast from any bite. Whome she with lessings lewdly did miscall Upon the image which his naked blade And wickedly back-bite: her name men Slander Three times, as in defiance, there he stroke; call.

And the third time, out of an hidden shade, Her nature is, all goodness to abuse,

There forth issued from under the altar smoake And causeless crimes continually to frame;

A dreadful fiend, with foul deformed look, With which she guiltless persons may accuse,

That stretcht itself, as it had long lain still, And steale away the crowne of their good name': That her long taile and feathers strongly shook, Ne ever knight so bold, ne ever dame

That all the temple did with terror fill; So chast and loyall liv'd, but she would strive Yet him nought terrified, that feared nothing

ill. With forged cause them falsely to defame :

Ne ever thing was done so well alive, An huge great beast it was, when it in length But she with blame would blot, and of due Was stretched forth, that nigh fill'd all the · praise deprive.



And seem'd to be of infinite great strength; The cause why she was covered with a veile, Horrible, hideous, and of hellish race, Was hard to know, for that her priests the Borne of the brooding of Echidna base,

[ceale; Or other like infernal furies kind :

From people's knowledge labour'd to conFor of a maide she had the outwarde face, But sooth it was not sure for womanish shame,

To hide the horrour which did lurk behind, Nor any bleinish which the work mote blame; The better to beguile whom she so fond did But for (they say) she hath both kinds in find.

one, Thereto the body of a dog she had,

Both male and female, both under one name : Full of fell ravin and fierce greediness ;

She sire and mother is herself alone; A lyou's clawes with power and rigour clad, Begets, and eke conceives, she needeth other To rend and teare what so she can oppress;

none. And dragon's taile, whose sting without re- And all about her neck and shoulders flew dress

A flock of little loves, and sports, and joyes, Full deadly wounds, when so it is empight; With nimble wings of gold and purple hew; An eagle's wings for scope, and speediness, Whoes shapes seem'd not like to terrestrial boyes, That nothing might escape her ravening But like to angels playing heavenly toyes; might,

The whilst their elder brother was away, Whereto she ever list to make her hardy flight. Cupid, their elder brother ; he enjoys Much like in foulness and deformitie

l'he wide kingdome of love with lordly sway, Unto that monster, whom the Theban knight, And to his law compels all creatures to obey. The father of that fatal progeny,

And all about her altar scatter'd lay, Made kill herself for very heart's despight, Great sorts of lovers piteously complaining, That he had red her riddle, which no wight Some of their loss, some of their love's delay,

Could ever loose, but suffred deadly doole: Some of their pride, some paragons disdaining, So also did this monster use like slight Some fearing fraude, some fraudulently fayning, To many a one, which came into her school,

As ever one had cause of good or ill. Whom she did put to death, deceived like a fool.

§ 108. Temple of Venus. $106. Suspicion.

The temple of great Venus, that is hight But he was foule, ill-favoured, and grim, The queen of beauty, and of love the mother, Under his eye-brows looking still ascaunce; There worshipped of every living wight :

And ever as dissemblance laught on him, Whose goodly workmanship farre past all other He lower'd on her with dangerous eye-glance, That ever were on earth, all were they set Shewing his nature in his countenance;

together. His rolling eyes did never rest in place, Not that same famous temple of Diane, But walkt each way for fear of hid mischance, Whose height all Ephesus did oversee, Holding a lattice still before his face,

And which all Asia sought with vows profane, Thro' which he still did peep as forward he did One of the world's seven wonders said to be, pass.

Might match with this by many a degree :

Nor that, which that wise king of Jurie $ 107. Venus.

framed, Right in the midst the goddesse self did With endless cost to be the Almighty's see ; stand,

Nor all that else thro' all the world is named Upon an altar of some costly masse,

To all the heathen gods, might like to this be Whose substance was uneath to understand :

clamed. For neither precious stones, nor durefull brasse, I, much admiring that so goodly frame, Nor shining gold, nor mouldring clay it was ; Unto the porch approacht, which open stood,

But yet more rare and precious to esteeme, But therein sat an amiable dame, Pure in aspect, and like to chrystall glass That seem'd to be of very sober mood,

Yet glass was not, if one did rightly deem ; And in her semblant show'd great womanhood: But being faire and brittle, likest glass did Strange was her tire; for on her head a crown seeme.

She wore, much like unto a Danisk hood, But it in shape and beauty did excell

Poudred with pearl and stone; and all her All other idols which the heathen adore :

gowne Farre passing that, which by surpassing skill Enwoven was with gold, that raught full low Phidias did make in Paphos isle of yore,

adownie. With which that wretched Greeke that life for- On either side of her two young men stood, lore

Both strongly arm'd, as fearing one another, Did fall in love: get this much fairer shined, Yet were they brethren both of half the blood, But covered with slender veil afore,

Begotten by two fathers of one mother, And both her feet and legs together twined Though of contrary natures each to other : Were with a snake, whose head and taile were The one of them hight Love, the other Hate, fast combined.

Hate was the elder, Love the younger brother; Yet was the younger stronger in his state Upon the trembling wave, so shined bright, Than th' elder, and him mastred still in all And round about him threw forth sparkling debate.

fire, Nath'less that dame so well them tempred His steed was bloody red, and foamed


That seemed him to enflame on every side : both That she them forced hand to join in hand,

When with the maist'ring spur he did him Albe that Hatred was thereof full loth,

roughly stire. And turn'd his face away as he did stand, Approaching nigh he never staid to greet, Unwilling to behold that lovely band. Ne chaffer words, proud courage to provoke, Yet she

was of such grace and vertuous might, But prickt so fierce, that underneath his feet That her commandment he could not with | The smoldring dust did round about him stand,

smoke, But bit his lips for felonous despight, Both horse and man nigh able for to choke; And gnasht his iron tusks at that displeasing And fairly couching his steel-headed spear., sight.

Him first saluted with a sturdy stroke. Concord she cleeped was in common reed, And him beside rides fierce revenging Wrath, Mother of blessed Peace, and Friendship true; Upon a lyon, loth for to be led; They both her twins, both born of heavenly And in his hand a burning brond he hath, seed,

The which he brandisheth about his head; And she herself likewise divinely grew His eyes did hurle forth sparkles fiery red, The which right well her works divine did And stared stern on all that him beheld, shew :

[lends, As ashes pale of hue, and seeming dead; For strength, and wealth, and happiness, she And on his dagger still his hand he held, And strife, and war, and anger, does subdue: Trembling thro' hasty rage, when choler in

Of little, much, of foes she maketh friends, him swelld. And to afflicted minds sweet rest and quiet His ruffin raiment all was stain'd in blood sends.

Which he had spilt, and all to rage grent, By her the heaven is in his course contained, Thro'unadvised rashness woxen wood, And all the world in state unmoved stands, For of his hands he had no government,

As their Almighty Maker first ordained, Ne card for bloud in his avengement; And bound them with inviolable bands;

But when the furious fit was overpast, Else would the waters overflow the lands, His cruel facts he often would repent,

And fire devour the aire, and hell them quite, Yet, wilful man, he never would forecast, But that she holds them with her blessed hands. How many mischiefs should ensue his heedless She is the nurse of pleasure and delight,

hast! And unto Venus grace the gate doth open right. Full many mischiefs follow cruel Wrath ;

Into the inmost temple thus I came, Abhorred bloudshed, and tumultuous strife, Which fuming all with frankencense I found, Unmanly murther, and unthrifty scath,

And odours rising from the altars Aame: Bitter despight, with rancour's rusty knise,
Upon an hundred marble pillers round, And fretuing grief, the enemy of life,
The roof up high was reared from the ground, And these and many evils more haunt ire,
All deckt with crowns, and chains, and gir- The swelling splene, and phrenzy raging rife,

The shaking palsey, and St. Francis' fire,
A thousand precious gifts worth many a pound, Such one was Wrath, the last of this ungodły
The which sad lovers for their vowes did tire.

And all the ground was strew'd with flowers as
fresh as May

An hundred altars roynd about were set,
All Alaming with their sacrifices fire,

$ 110. Duessa weeping over her Enemy, comThat with the steme thereof the temple swet,

pared to a Crocodile ; and a Description of Which rould in cloudes, to heaven did aspire,

And in them bore true lovers' vows entire : As when a weary traveller, that strays

And eke an hundred brazen cauldrons bright By muddy shore of broad seven-mouthed Nile, To bathe in joy and amorous desire,

Unweeting of the perilous wandering ways,
Every which was to a damzell hight; Doth meet a cruel crafty crocodile,
For all the priests were damzells, in soft linnen Which in false grief hiding his harmless guile

Doth weep full sore, and sheddeth tender tears :
The foolish man, that pities all this while

His mournful plight, is swallow'd up unawares, $ 109. Wruth.

Forgetful of his own, that minds another's AFTER that varlet's sight, it was not long Ere on the plaine fast pricking Guion spide, So wept Duessa until even tide,

One in bright arms embattailed full strong, That shining lamps in Jove's high house were That as the sunny beams doe glance and glide light;

londs gay,



Then forth she rose, ne longer would abide, All hurlen forth, and she with princely pace, But comes unto the place where th' heathen As fair Aurora in her purple pall, knight

Out of the East the dawning day doth call. In slumb'ring swoon nigh void of vital spright, .So forth she comes : her brightness broad doth Lay cover'd with enchanted cloud all day

blaze, Whom when she found, as she him left in The heaps of people thronging in the hall plight

Do ride each other, upon her to gaze : To wail his woful case, she would not stay, Her glorious glittering light doth all men's eyes But to the eastern coast of heaven makes speedy way,

So forth she comes, and to her coach does Where griesly Night, with visage deadly sad,

climb That Phæbus' cheerful face durst never view, Adorned all with gold, and garlands gay, And in a foul black pitchy mantle clad,

That seeni'd as fresh as Flora in her prime; She finds forth-coming from her darksome And strove to match, in royal rich array, mew,

Great Juno's golden chair, the which they say Where she all day did hide her hated hue : The gods stand gazing on, when she does ride Before the door her iron chariot stood, To Jove's high house thro' heaven's brass-paved Already harnessed for journey new;

way, And cole-black steeds yborn of hellish brood, Drawn of fair peacocks that excel in pride, That on their rusty bits did champ as they were And full of Argus' eyes their tails dispredden wood.

And all the while she stood upon the ground,
The wakeful dogs did never cease to bay, $ 113. Description of Prince Arthur in his
As giving warning of th' unusual sound,

Habiliments of War.
With which her iron wheels did them affray,
And her dark griesly look them much dismay. a bunch of hairs, discolour'd diversly

UPON the top of all his lofty crest,
The messenger of death, the ghastly owl,
With dreary shrieks did also her bewray;

With sprinkled pearl, and gold full richly drest,

Did shake, and seem'd to dance for jollity, And hungry wolves continually did howl At her abhorred face, so filthy and so foul.

Like to an almond tree ymounted high

On top of green Selinis all alone,
-On every side them stood

With blossoms brave bedecked daintily;

Whose tender locks do tremble every one
The trembling ghosts with sad amazed mood
Chattering their iron teeth, and staring wide

At every little blast that under heaven is blown.
With stony eyes; and all the hellish brood
Of fiends infernal flock'd on every side,
To gaze on earthly wight, that with the Night $ 114. Description of Diana with her Nymphs,
durst ride.

returned from the Chace, and preparing to

bathe. $ 111. Description of Lucifer's Palace.

SHORTLY under the wastefulwoods she came,

Whereat she found the goddess and her crew, A STATELY palace built of squared brick, After late chace of their

embrued game Which cunningly was without mortar laid, Sitting beside a fountain in a rew, Whose walls were high, but nothing strong Some of them washing with the liquid dew nor thick,

From off their dainty limbs the dusty sweat, And golden foil all over them display'd ; And soil, which did deform their lively hue; That purest sky with brightness they dismay'd : Others lay shaded from the scorching heat; High lifted up were many lofty tow'rs, The rest upon her person gave attendance great. And goodly galleries far over-laid, Full of fair windows, and delightful bow'rs ;

She having hong upon a boogh on high

Her bow and painted quiver, had unsac'd And on the top a dial told the timely hours.

Her silver buskins from her nimble thigh. It was a goodly heap for to behold,

And her lank loins ungirt, and breasts unbrac'd, And spake the praises of the workman's wit; After her heat the breathing cold to taste; But full great pity, that so fair a mould Her golden locks that late in tresses bright Did on so weak foundation ever sit ;

Embreeded were for hindering of her haste, For on a sandy hill, that still did Ait

Now loose about her shoulders long undight, And fall away, it mounted was full high, And were with sweet ambrosia all besprinkled That every breath of heaven shaked it;

light. And all the hinder parts, that few could spy, Were ruinous and old, but painted cunningly. She was asham'd to be so loose surpris'd

Soon as she Venus saw behind her back,

And wox half wroth against her damsels slack, $112. Lucifera ascending her Coach.

That had not her thereof before advis'd,

But suffer'd her so carelessly disguis'd SUDDen upriseth from her stately place Beovertaken. Soon her garments loosen The royal dame, and for her coach doth call ! Upgathering in het bosom she compris'd,

rose :

Well, as she might, and then the goddess

-With that he shook

(close. His nectar-dewed locks, with which the skies, Whilst all her nymphs did like a girlond heren- And all the world beneath for terror quook,

And eft his burning leven-brond in hand he

took. $ 115. Description of a Garden. EFTsoons they heard a most delicious sound $ 119. Guyon conducted by Mammon through Of all that mote delight a dainty ear;

a Cave under Ground, to see his Treasure. Such as at once might not on living ground,

At length they came into a larger space Save in this paradise, be heard elsewhere :

That stretch'd itself into an ample plain, Right hard it was for wight which did it hear, Through which a beaten broad highway did To read what manner music that mote be,

trace, For all that pleasing is to living ear

That straight did lead to Pluto's griesly reign: Was there consorted in one harmony; Birds, voices, instruments, winds, waters, all And fast beside him sat tumultuous Strife;

By that way's side there sat infernal Pain, agree.

The one in hand an iron whip did strain, The joyous birds, shrouded in cheerful shade, The other brandished a bloody knife, Their notes unto the voice attemper’d sweet ; And both did knash their teeth, and boih did Th' angelical, soft trembling voices made .

threaten life.
To th' instruments divine respondence meet : On the other side in one consort there sate
The silver-sounding instruments did meet

Cruel Revenge, and rancorous Despite,
With the base murmur of the waters fall;
The waters fall, with difference discreet,

Disloyal Treason, and heart-burning itate; Now soft, now loud, unto the wind did call; Sitting alone, his bitter lips did bite:

But gnawing Jealousy, out of their sight The gentle warbling wind low answered to all. And trembling Fear still to and fro did fly;

And found no place where safe he shroud him $116. Description of the Garden of Adonis.


Lamenting Sorrow did in darkness lie, There is continual spring and harvest there, And Shame his ugly face did hide from living Continual, both meeting at one time;

eye. For both the boughs do laughing blossoms bear, And over them sad Horror, with grim hue, And with fresh colours deck the wanton prime, Did always soar, beating his iron wings; And eke at once the heavy trees they climb, And after him owls and night-ravens flew, Which seem to labour under their fruits load : The hateful messengers of heavy things, The whiles the joyous birds make their pas- of death and dolour telling sad tidings; time

Whilst sad Celeno, sitting on a cliff, Emongst the shady leaves, their sweet abode,

A song of bale and bitter sorrows sings, And their true loves without suspicion tell That heart of Aint asunder would have rift; abroad.

Which having ended, after him she fieth swift.

$117. Devastation which Time makes in this $ 120. Description of Despair, and her Speech. Garden.

Ere long they come, where that same wicked Great enemy to it and all the rest

wight That in the garden of Adonis springs, His dwelling has, low in an hollow cave, Is wicked Time, who, with his scythe addrest, Far underneath a craggy clift ypight, Does mow the Aow'ring herbs and goodly Dark, doleful, dreary, like a greedy grare, things,

That still for carion carcasses doth crave : And all their glory to the ground down flings, On top whereof ay dwelt the ghastly owl, Where they do wither, and are foully marrd; Shrieking his baneful note, which ever drave He flies about, and with his flaggy wings

Far from that haunt all other cheerful fowl : Beats down both leaves and buds without And all about it wand'ring ghosts did wail and regard,

howl. Ne ever pity may relent his malice hard.

And all about, old stocks and stubs of trees,

Whereon nor fruit nor leaf was ever seen, $118. Description of Jupiter.

Did hang upon the ragged rocky knees ;

On which had many wretches hanged been, So having said he ceas'd, and with his brow Whose carcasses were scatter'd on the green, His black eye-brow, whose doomful dreaded And thrown about the cliffs. Arrived there beck

That bare-head knight, for dread and doleful Is wont to wield the world unto his vow,

teen, And even the highest pow'rs of heaven to Would fain have fled, ne durst approachen

check, Made sign to them in their degrees to speak. But th' other forc'd him stay, and comforted

in fear.

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