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vading probably every part of our system? The accurate observations which are now made in each civilized country, will every day discover more to us, and by comparing future obfervations with the accounts given in preceding ages, succeed. ing generations may be enabled to determine the return of a comet with the same ease that we ascertain the motions of any of the planets,
The present State of the Manners, Arts, and Politics, of France
and Italy; in a Series of poetical Epistles, from Paris, Rome, and Naples, in 1792 and 1793: addressed to Robert Jepha fon, E/q. By J. Courtney, M.P. 8vo. 25. 6d, Jewed. Ro.
binson. 1794. M R. Courtney, whofe exquisite raillery and brilliant wit,
I have so frequently enlivened a dull debate in the house of commons, in the publication before us, has indulged at once his humour and his fancy; and, in a strain of light and pleasant poetry, has presented the public with a series of lively remarks on the most prominent topics of the day, in most of the countries of Europe. The French revolution occupies a conspicuous place in this publication, and we observe with pleasure, that while Mr. Courtney is the warm advocate for liberty, he evinces a marked disapprobation of whatever is censurable in the conduct of that nation. Some circumstances connected with that subject, do not, indeed, accord most happily with the lively strain of these letters : the history of malsacres does not run smoothly in dactyls.-In some respects, however, the eccentricity of the French has furnished excellent topics for the sportive muse of Mr. Courtney; nor is his talent for irony less happily employed in ridiculing what some have termed the blessings of the old government of France.
• Mon dieu! what a riot! the people now reign,
"* Ask the porter is the street, who was formerly squeezed between the • All order is lost, no distinctions remain, Crosses, ribbands, and titles, no rev'rence obtain, Yet these innovators, whose crimes I detest, Say mortals are equal,—the best are the best; In some things they're equal, as ev'ry one knows, . Each man has two arms, two legs, and one nose; And of the fame blood is the poissar de and madam, If we foolishly wander to Eve, and to Adam : But who can e'er doubt, where nobility shines, That the blood in its courle both ferments and refines; Impregnate with virtue, it splendidly fows, Tho’ from the same source it congenially rose; So parsnips and carrots a spirit produce, But the flavour and strength are confin'd to the juice : Tho' meteors from unghills with lustre arise, Is the filth left behind like the fame in the skies? As the blossoms and fruit,--the sweet 'nobles we see, Like the clod, the mere vulgar fhould nourish the tree; Conite, prince, and marquis, are somewhat divine, And the multitude fure little better than swine : Then on this great topic let's have no niore babble, For the nobles are nobles, the people are rabble ti'
Thus the flush of dear sentiment brighten'd the face, And beauty from famion deriv'd a new grace ; Sensation was taught mental feelings to prize, And the with of the heart gave a tongue to the eyes; Sweetly throbb’d with emotion the sensitive breast, As myrtle deliciously breathes when it's press'd. Social taste gave the ton, íped the blessings of life, And every nian courted another man's wife : Thus friends were attach'd by the charnis of each woman, As the primitive Christians had all things in common. : Love spread her gauze veil, and became more refin'd, And the joys of the sense were impress'd on the mind : So the painter's bright tints we with rapture admire, When enameld they shine, and are fix'd by the fire.'
coach-whee! and the wall, if he is sorry, that the coach and he who rode in it are beth vanited' Confiderations on the French Revolution, translated from the French of M Mallet du Pani p. 73.
if Mr. Borivell, in his late admirable Life of Dr. Johnson, after Aating the clainis which an English merchant ray urge, as “ a new species of gentleman," to the relp.ct which has been long paid to hereditary honours, concludes in the trie spirit of the laird of Ausbinleca" Such are the specious, but false, argumients for a proposition which always will find numerous advocates, in a nation whrre men are every day itarting from obscurity to wealth. To refute them is neeilil's. The general sense of mankind cries out with irreftible force, ** (in genipomme dji 10jours gentillemme." Lise of Johnson, vol. I, p. 451.'
. Here the pretty bourgeoise, dreft.in smiles and in charms,
• But Gallia is ruin'd, and chivalry dead,
Tho' Oxford refuses her cap-wit/out beils !" From Italy, the topics of our author are more varied, and are frequently replete with humour and entertainment.
• At Pavia a angular custom prevails,
There folemnly swearing, as honest men ought,
The following account of the Italian gardens, will, pera haps, surprize those who have not travelled in the country, and who have been accustomed to consider it as the emporium of taste. It will remind some readers of a paper, either in the Spectator or the Guardian, on the same subject.
The taste here for gardens description defies,
And supplies nail and hammer for Sisera's brain.'
• Here tribes of wise lawyers in robes most decorous,
In lawyers I'll pay you, the pigs I can't spare.' The reveries of our modern philosophers are often happily introduced; and, among the rest, Mr. Godwin's fingular project of immortality comes in for a fly stroke :
• But we're all borne to die, both the weak and the strong, Unle's our existence fage Godwin prolong; He'll teach us, by realon death's portals to batter, “ When the mind grows omnipotent over dead matter ;" Then the soul will eternise her mansion, as easy As eggs are preserv'd by itill keeping them greasy ; She'll charcoal our bodies, they'll feel no decay,
But scorn the dry rot, thro' eternity's day.' We can cheerfully recommend this publication as an excellent remedy against the spleen, and as a lively companion in a poft chaise, or to such of our people of fashion as are retiring at this season, from 'fin and sea-coal,' to 'doleful shades,'or the gloomy mansions of their feudal ancestors.
The History of England, from the earliest Dawn of Record, in
the Peace of 1783. By Charles Coote, LL.D. (Continued
from Vol. X. p. 376.) IN resuming the consideration of this work at the second vo
lume, which conimences with the Conquest, and extends to the death of John, A.D. 1216, we find more matter, of applause, and less of blame, in proportion as the author advances to more modern periods than those which entangle and perplex the path of even the most painful antiquary. We Thall not enter into the dispute, whether the feudal system was uted in England prior to the time of the Conqueror; he at any rate certainly lent greater extent to its operations, and more vigour to its connexions: and the following extract well depicts the circumstances of this great event:
• These abortive attempts to subvert the power of William, served only to fix it on a stronger basis. The easy discomfiture of the snalecontents seemed to preclude all their hopes of future success :