The Costs of War: America's Pyrrhic Victories
The greatest accomplishment of Western civilization is arguably the achievement of individual liberty through limits on the power of the state. In the war-torn twentieth century, we rarely hear that one of the main costs of armed conflict is long-term loss of liberty to winners and losers alike. Beyond the obvious and direct costs of dead and wounded soldiers, there is the lifetime struggle of veterans to live with their nightmares and their injuries; the hidden economic costs of inflation, debts, and taxes; and more generally the damages caused to our culture, our morality, and to civilization at large. The new edition is now available in paperback, with a number of new essays. It represents a large-scale collective effort to pierce the veils of myth and propaganda to reveal the true costs of war, above all, the cost to liberty.Central to this volume are the views of Ludwig von Mises on war and foreign policy. Mises argued that war, along with colonialism and imperialism, is the greatest enemy of freedom and prosperity, and that peace throughout the world cannot be achieved until the central governments of the major nations become limited in scope and power. In the spirit of these theorems by Mises, the contributors to this volume consider the costs of war generally and assess specific corrosive effects of major American wars since the Revolution. The first section includes chapters on the theoretical and institutional dimensions of the relationship between war and society, including conscription, infringements on freedom, the military as an engine of social change, war and literature, and the right of citizens to bear arms. The second group includes reconsiderations of Lincoln and Churchill, an analysis of the anti-interventionist idea in American politics, a discussion of the meaning of the "just war," an assessment of how World War I changed the course of Western civilization, and finally two eyewitness accounts of the true horrors of actual combat by
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Acknowledgements Preface to the Second Edition
War and American Freedom
Classical Republicanism and the Right to Bear Arms
The AntiInterventionist Tradition in American Politics
1775 and 1861
the South Have to Fight?
The Old Breed and the Costs of
Conscription as the Keystone
The Military as an Engine of Social Change
American Writers Confront
The Culture of
Is Modern Democracy Warlike?
Concealing the Costs
War Reconstruction and the End of the Old Republic
The SpanishAmerican War as Trial Run or Empire as Its Own Justification
The Turning Point
Power and the Intellectuals
Propaganda and World
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administration Allied America First Committee American arms army bombing Britain British campaign capital central century Chicago Churchill Churchill's citizens Civil civilians classical republicanism Committee Congress conscription Constitution costs crisis Crisis and Leviathan Cuban culture declared defense democracy democratic economic empire Europe European federal fight forces foreign policy freedom future German Harry Elmer Barnes historian imperialism income industry intellectuals isolationist James John king labor leaders League liberal liberty Lincoln Lippmann Ludwig von Mises military monarchy Murray N Nazi neutrality party peace percent Philippines pietist political President production progressive Progressivism propaganda Ralph Raico Republic Republican Revolution Robert Robert Higgs Roosevelt Rothbard Russia Secretary Senator slavery social soldiers South Southern Spanish–American War statistics tariff time-preference rate treaty Union United University Press victory wars wartime Washington William Wilson Wilsonian Winston Churchill World World War II wrote York