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companying the other Indians in their emig, ation. It is believed that this party is composed principally of the worst portion of the imbe, and that they intend to hang upon the white settlements, in order to indulge the vicious habits they have acquired. As the Government has scrupulously fulfilled its engagements with these people, which terminate with this year, and as every exertion has been made by the proper agents to indo duce them to remove, nothing remains but 10 leave them to the results! of their own experience. It cannot be long before they will feel the necessity of rejoining the great body of the tribe.

Satisfied as you have been, thal the very existence of the Creeks in Alabama required their establishmeat in the country west of the Mississippi, where so many of their tribe already reside, you have not hesitated to embrace every opporiuuity which offered, of accomplishing this object Instructions have been three times given, to ascertain their views, and to endeavor to persuade them to acquiesce in this course. The two first attempts proved unsuccessful. The result of the last is unknown. Inde. penient «f the geveral reasons arising out of our Indian relations, which operated to iuduce these efforts, the peculiar state of things among these ludian, and a strong desire to remove the difficulties connected with them, had much influence in directing the negotiations.

The Sacs and Foxes have quietly removed to the region assigned to them; and the Winnebagoes have left the country upon Rock river, agreeably to the stipulations of the treaty with them, and retired across the Mississippi, to their lands north of the Ouisconsin.

Treaties have been formed with the Pottawala mies, Chippewas, and Ottawas, claining the district on the west side of Lake Michigan, soulb of Green Bay, and worth of Chicago, for its cussion to the United States and with the Potta watamies of the peninsula of Michigan, for the 'relinquishment of their reservation south of Grand river.

With the exception, therefore, of the Miamies, in the State of Indiana, of a band of ine Wyandots, at Upper Sandusky, in Ohio, and of scatter. ed portions of the Ottawas and Chippewas, in the peninsula of Vichigan, north of Grand river, and of Saganaw bay, probably not exceeding altogether, five thousand individuals, the whole country north of the Ohio, and east of the Mississippi, including the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Mlinois, and the Territory of Michigan, as far as the Fox and Ouisconsin rivers, has been cleared of the embarrassments of Indian relations; and the Indians themselves have either alrearly emigrated, or have stipulated to do so, withiu limited periods, and upon such terms as will ensure them adequate subsistence, and the means of establishing them. selves comfortably in their new residence, unless, indeed, the aid and efforts of the Government are rendered useless by their habitual indolence and improvidence. The Cherokees occupying portions of land in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, and Tennessee, and probably not ceeding eleven thousand persons, are the only Indians south of the Ohio,

avi east of the Mississippi, with whom an arrangement has not been made, either fm emigration, or for a change of political relations. It 18 to be

regretted that the same causes which have heretofore prevented an ada justment of the difficulties of that tribe, and their removal west, yet con. true to defeat the efforts of the Government. These causas are, l.id doubt, priocipally to be traced to the ascendancy of particular individuo

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als, and to their desire to retain political influence and power. It is expected that about five hundred of these ludịans will remove west this season), and the residue of the Cherokees, then remaining east of the Missis. sippi, will be, agreeably to previous computations, about ten thousand five hundred.

The cominissioners west of the Mississippi are engaged in the execution of the duties counected with our Indian relations in that quarter. They have succeeded in arranging satisfactorily the disputed question of boundaries between the Creeks and Cherokees, which has for some time ocoasioned much embarrassment. They have also formed treaties with the Creeks, the Cherokees, the Senecas and Shawanees, the Quapaws and the the Seminoles of Florida, by which all matters connected with these tribes have been satisfactorily adjusted. Their labors will be now directed to the other subjects indicated in their instructions, and which are important to a permanent arrangement of the various questions arising out of the new state of things which will be created in that region. Among these, one of the most intere:ting is a practical plan for regulating the intercourse of the varioi s tribes, indigenous and emigrant, with one another, and with the United States, and for the establishment of some general principles, by which their own internal Government can be safely administered by themselves, and a general superintending authority exercised by the United States, so far as may be necessary to restrain hoslilities a inong them, and incursions into our borders Until such a system jis adopted, it is evident that the condition of these Indians cannot be secure, nor will the obligation imposed upoo the Government be fulfilled. The task requires an intimate knowledge of the local circumstances of the tribes of that region, and of the country they inhabit, and a practica)

acquaintance with Indian habits, feelings and mode of life. I trust the commissioners will be able to report a plan which will fulfil the expectaiation of those who have observed with golicitude the course of this matter, and which will eventually secure the prosperity of the Indians. As it is probable, however, that this cannot be effrcted within the time limited for the duties of the commissioners, I would respectfully suggest the propriety of their term of service being prolonged until the close of the uext year.

There has beeen presented for allowance, under the pension act of June 7, 1832, thirty inousand six hundred claims. The whole of these have been examined, and either admitteit, rejected, or returned to the parties for suppleme tary action Tueviy-three thousand four hundred

al' thirty eight certificates have been issued, vleven hundred and eleven clairns have been rejected, three hundred relurned cases are in the office, awaiting or undergoing re-examination, thirteen buodied and fifty-one, which are iicomplete in their proofs, are suspended till these are furnished and four thousand four hundred and twenty-five are in the hands of the the parties for adicional evidence or authentication, or in transilu beiween them and the office.

It is creditable to the industry and efficiency of the Peusion office, that uch a mass of business should have been performed within the period which has elapsed since the passage of the inbove law. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, Siı, your obedient Servant,

LEWIS CASS.

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CON:)ITION OF THE ARMY.
Extract from the Report of the Major General of the Army, Nov. 1833.

Since my last annual report on the state of the army, [Vol. XI. p. 170, nothing material has occurred in the movements of the troops, worthy of particular notice. The discipline of the several corps continues to be maintained with regularity, and there is every reason to believe that they are in a condition for active service.

The battalion of mounted rangers has been discharged, and the regiment of dragoons, autho:ized by the act of 2d of March, 1833, in lieu of that b ttalion, has been partially raised : Fre coinpanies of il are mounted, and have been ordered to Fort Gibson under Colonel Dodge, to be in readiness to accompany the commissionais in the ensuing season, on their contemplared

visit to the Indian country : The remaining five companies are being raised. The lateness of the selections and appointments of the captains and other of. ficers, fion, the mounted rangers has been the cause of the delay in filling the regiment: but there is every prospect that, before the end of the year, the regiment will be completed to its establishment.

The results expected to be produced by the operation of the act of the 2d of March of the iast session of Congress, “ for the iniprovement of the condition of the non-commissioned officers and privates of the army, aud for the prevention of desertion,” so far as they can be ascertained, are decidedly favorable and satisfactory. The men who now offer to enlist, are found to be of a more respectable class, and the num ber of enlistments does not diminish, in regard to desertions, there are strong indications of the salutary operations of the law, as the average number of men who have deserted, for a given period since the passage of the bill is, by a comparison with the number of desertions for corresspouding periods in the three years preceding, one-third less. A further proof of the beneficial influence of the law on the rank and file of the army is found in the fact that soldiers who have honorably completed their term of service, now more readily re-enlist, which is considered a decided advantage to the public, both as it regards economy in the expenditure for the military service, and in reference to the efficiency of the army.

RECRUITING–1833.
The number of Recruits enlisted' from January 1, 10 Sept. 30, were-

At Albany, 65; Boston, 8; Buffalo, 24; Baltimore, 88; Burlington, 23; Easton, 84; Fredericksburg, 4; Fredericktown, 109; Hartford, 5 ; Ithaca, 13; Lancaster, 60; Lynchburg, 5; Louisville, 2 ; Middleburg, 24; New York, 175 ; New Be:fouil, 3; Providence, 3; Philadelphia, 53 ; Plattsburg, 30 ; Port Deposit, 20 ; Rochester, 59; Sackett's Harbor, 99; Utica, 19; Whitehall, 66 ; Cincinnati, 3; Frankfori, 1 ; Lexing. ton, 3; Louisville, 20; Maysville, 2; Natchez, 2 ; Newport, 9.—Total number enlisted at Recruiting Stations, 1081

In the Dragoons, 443, 1st Regiment of Artillery, 74; 2d, 34; 3d, 38, 4th, 64; 1st Regiment of Infantry, 12; 20, 96; 31, 8; 4th, 86 ; 5th, 5; 6th, 43; 7th, 16. In the detachment at West Point, 9; Band at West

Porot, 3; Detachment of Orderlies at Washington, 5; Ordnance Depots, 19 ;-'Total enlistments in Regiments and Detachments, 955. Total) number evlisteil, 2,036.

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Position and Distribution of the P'roups. 1833.

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102

53

Eastern Department, u der the command of Brevet Major General Winfield Scott.

Commanding

Regininets Ago
Posts.
Situation.

and No. of
officers.

gre

companies. gate. Fort Winnebago turtuigen. Fox & Quisco... Sin rivers

Li. col. Cutier 5th Ini 4 177 Fort Brady Sault St. Marie, M.T. Captain Cubbs 2d " 2 113 Fort Mackinac Michillimackinac, M. T Mijor Wbis ler 2d 2 104 Fort How.id Green Bay, M. T. B. br gen. Brooke 5th

80 Fort Dearborn Head of L vicigan, Il Major Gen 51b "2 93 For: Gratiot Ou les of L.Huron, M. T. Bt. coajor Payne 4th Art 2 Fort Niagara Mw York

Lt col. Cummings 2d Iof 2 124 Hancock Barr’ks Holton Piantation, Me, Bt maj Ct.rke 2d

115 Fort Sullivan

Lastport, Maine Captain Childs 3d Art 1 49 Fort Prebio Portland, Maine Capt McClintock 3d

49 Fort ('o stiutio. Portsmouth, w Hamp. Capi. Ausart

3d

51 F'i Independence Boston, Massachusetts Bt. li. col Brooks 30

50 Fort Wolcott Newpori, Rhode Island Bt. maj. Lumax 30

43 Fort Trumbull New London, Conn. Captain Sounders 1&3 “ 107 Miliary Academy West Point, New York Major De Rossiy detaci. 9 Fri Columbus New York, New York Bi li. col. Happing 4: Art I

37 Fort Hamilton New York, New York B. Major Pierce 4: 6. 2 Fort Metteny Billimore, Maryland Bi.col. Wallach Isi

62 Fort Severn Annapolis, Maryland Bi Major Erving 4h * 1 71 Fort Washington on the Poomac, Md. Bt. najor Mason 1st

57

Ist
Fort Monroe Old Point Comfort, Va. Bt.m. Heilemar

S
13d 63 467

th 33 Fort Johnson Near Smithfield, N. C, Bt. maj. Churchilist Beautort Beautoit, N. Carolina Bt. major Kirby lst

46 Fort Moultrie Charleston, S. Car.

ad Castle Pinckity do do

Ist 11

95 Augusta Arsenal Augusia, Georgia Lieut. Herring 2d 66 det 17 Ogiethorpe B'oks Savannah, Georgia Bt. cap. Merchant 2d 16 1 60 Fort Marivo St. Augustive, Florida Captain Drane

20

47 Camp Armistead NearTellicoPlains, Teon Captain Belton

20 2 93

52

1268) Western Department, under the command of Brevet Major General Edmund P. Gaines. Furt Suielling Upper Mississip; i

Major Bliss Ist lut 3 119 Fort Crawford Prairie du Chien M T Colonel Taylor Ist 5 215 Fort Armstrong Rock I-land, Lilinois L. col. Davenport 1st

2 79 Fort Leavenw'in Misso near Little Platte Captain Wickliffe 6th

138 Jefferson Barr’ks Near St. Louis, Mo. Lt. col. Baker Drag's 52

692

6th Inf 6 ) Furt Gibson Arkansas Territory Colonel Arbuckle 7th “ 9 428 For Smith On the Arkansas Captain Stuart 7th 1 13 For: Jesup

Near Natchitoches La. B. br.g.Leavi-uw'h|3d “ 6 248 For Towson 0., tie Kia inicii, A T Lt. col. Vose 3d " 4 195 Baton Rouge Baton Rouge, Luisiana Caprian Wilson 4th « 3 146 Now Orleans New Orleans, Louisiana Li. col. Twiggs 4th

111 Fort Wood Chef Menteur, Louisiana si maj. Zautzinger 2d Art 40 For Pike Petite Coquille. La. i maj. Moun fort 2d 11 49 F.. Jackson Near New Orleans, La. Captain Baden 2d 61 40 Fort Mitchell Near Creek Agesicy, Ala B, maj. McIntosh 2d « 1

1.36

41h Inf3 Fort King Alachua, Florida Kaptain Graham. 41h

59 Key West |Key West, Florida 31. maj. Glassell 4th

59 (27961

} Major Gates" {

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Roads, &c. under Quartermaster's Department. 133 Operations under the Quartermaster's Deparlment, during the past year.

ROADS. Of the public works under the direction of the Department, the military road in the State of Maine, which has been in a construction for several years, is now completed, and is represented by the officer charged with its superintendence, to be of a superior character. Connecting as it does the resources of the Atlantic with an interior post on a distant frontier, it inay be justly considered a work of importance, at least iu its inilitary relations

The road from Fort Howard, Green Bay, to Fort Crawford, nu the Mississippi river, has been surveyed and located during the present sea

This is an inportant military communication, intended to connect three of the esterior posts on the Northwestern frontier.

The Washington and Jackson road, in the Territory of Arkansas, a highly important communication, connecting the centre of the territory, with its frontier on Red river, has been extended as far as the limited appropriation made at the last session of Congress for the purpose would warrant.

The road froin Pensacola to Tallahassee, and thence to St Augustine, in Florida, has been partially repaired.

That portion of the road from Memphis, Tennessee, to Little Rock, Arkansas, lying between the latter place and Saint Francis river, has been in a course of repair.

BARRACKS. Measures were taken early in the year to procure a suitable site for the barracks authorized in the vicinity of New Orleans ; but the malignant diseases which have prevailed there throughout the season, have occasioned much delay, and prevented any conclusive arrangement being inade. An experienced officer is on his way to New Orleans, with instructions to adopt immediate and energetic measures to accomplish the work; and unless the diseases which have proved so destructive should continue through the winter, it is believed that ac. commodations for two companies at least may be ready by the 1st of June, 1834.

Arrangements have been made for repairing the barracks and building a hospital at Baton Rouge ; and a site has been obtained for the bar. racks authorized to be erected in the city of Savannah, and the officer charged with the superintendence has obtained a part of the materials, and has commenced the work.

The barracks at Fort Crawford, owing to the interruption of operations by the presence of the cholera, and causes connected with our Indian relations in that vicinity, have not yet been completed. Nor has it been practicable to complete the barracks at Fort Howard, Green Bay.

The store house authorized to be erected in Pittsburg, has been completed ; and the necessary repairs have been bestowed on the wharf at Fort Washington, Maryland.

J)ELAWARE BREAKWATER. lo regard to the Delaware breakwater, the experiment has now been fairly made. That work alredy affords a good barbor for such vessels engaged in transporting the materials used in its construction, as well as

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