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ses occasioned by the lodian aggressions in 1832, have been, for the most wani paid in this year. These three jiems amount io nearly two millions of doia iars. But when this sum is deducted from the whole ar nual expenditure, 11 shows that more than twenty niillious of dollars have been expended, during The present year, for the various other ohjecis authorized by law, exclusive of the amount sel apart for the reimbursement of the four and a half per rent. stuck. The pens.ons for life, granted under the acts of 1818 and 1832, to the officers and soldiers of the revolution, diave increased considerably the annual expendisure, Mo e than four millions of dollars have been airedy paid, on ihat account, during the present year. There is, indeed, no item in the list of appropriations, which our citizens generally more cneerfully contribute to pay, than the one last mentioned; but, in the order of nature, ir must be annually decreasing; and in the estimates of the coming year, Itho e payable under the act of June, 1832, are sei down at tniee millions of dollars. The ditferent sums, above mentioned, therefore, show six millions of dollars paid for purposes which cannot be considered as entering into the ordinary and regular expenses of the Governme't, and form no rule by which its future annual expenditure ought to be estimated.
The receipts of 1331 giust be very much below those of the present year. A large portion of the receipts from custonis, as already stated, has been derived from the importaitons of previous years. Bui, from the change in the sysiem of credit, only a small part of the duties accruing in this year wall go into the receipts of the next; and the diminished rate of duties, which take effect on the 1st of January next on some of the most productive articles, and the entire exemption of others, will contribute still more to reduce the receipts of the coming year, as compared with the preseni.
In estimating the receipis fiom customs for the year 1834 at fifteen millions of dollars, I have assumed hat the imporis of inat yea: will nearly equal those of 18.32. This estimate is higher than the average of the last five or six years, but i is believed to be a safe one ; for although the importations of each of the iwo'las! years were unusually large, yet the imporis of the present one have gone still higher, and the general state of our commerce and the situation of he country justify the belief ihat there will be no serious Timinution in the coming yeam The condition of the mercantile classes does noti.d care any excess of importations ; indeed, the short credits and cash duties will be found to contribute greatly to preveni overtrading in that respect Moreover, many articles in common u.e are admitted free from il iy. This will produce an inci eased ability in the community to buy those whiclo pay duy, and consequently 4 greater cuisimpinn. There appears, therefore, to be no reason io apprelient any serious diminution in the importations of 1834, and it will br safe to estimate is receipts by the standard libove mentioned. Yet any materialexcess beyond that esumate cannot, I Think', be counted ou. The p:oduce of the public lands can hardly fall short of the sum at which it has been stated, and will perlaps exceed it.
In this view of the receipis of 1834, ihe incone of the year will abou! equal the estimated expenditure; and, with the aid of the balance in the Treasury on the 1st of January next, it will be sufficiews for all the waris of the G v. einment, includ ng the amoun neces:ary to pay off the residue of the national litebi. li must, how?-ver, be observed that, in addition to the appropriations now asked for, there will be an unexpended balance of former appropriations Imounting to the sum of $5.190,287 62, which will probably be r-quired, in the course of the ensuing year, for the objects for wisich it has been appropropriated And ifte entire amount of a propriations, proposed in the esti. maies fo: 183 l, were also to be required within the year, here would not be noney enough in the Treasury to meet them), afier satisfying the balances above stated, and paying off the public debt. But the experience of former year: shows that a portion of the appropriations may always be expected to rema n unexpended at the end of the year; and the average of these unexpended balances for the last four years is aliout $5,300,000. In estimating
he saince in the Treasury at the close of 1834, I have therefore assuoieri that a portion of the estimates of expenditures, herewish submilied will non be used during the year; and thai baiances of appropriations, equal to thi amount at ihe clo-e of the present year, will in lik manner remain in ibe Treasury at the end of the year 1834, and go into ile expenses of the succeed
g year, and it is not necessary to raise money for the public use sooner than it will probably be needed. Bu the bulance stated at the end of 1834 's not to be considerrd as a clear surplus. It will still be chargeable wi.de the amount of appropriations estimated to remain unexpended at that time
From this state of the finances, and of the proposed appropriations, it is ev dent that a reduction of the revenue canno: ai ibis rinie be made, with u injury to the public service. Under the act of the last
session, the receip!s of 1835 will be less than those of 1834, as a further reduction in the rate of duries will take efftci on the ist of January, 1835.; and if the appropriation should be kept up to the amount authorized for the present year, the charge upon the Treasury in 1835 would be more than it could probably meet. But the debt will then have been entirely paid ; and if a guarded rule of appro. pration is at once commenced, there will be no difficulty in bringing down the expenditure, without injury to the public service.
If the revenue is not to be reduced more than the existing laws provide for, there seems to be no sufficient reason 10 open at this time the vexed question of the tariff'. The manner in which duties are now apportioned on clifferent articles, would be able to insuperable objections, if i were to be considered as a settled and pern:anent system. But the law is temporary on ihe face of it, and was intended as a compromise between conflicting inte. rests; and unless the revenue to arise under it should hereafter be more productive than is an jipated, it will be necessary in two years from this time to impose duties on articles that are now tree, in order to meet the current expenses of the Government. There wooid seem, therefore, to be no advantage in agitating the question at the present moment. Yet, some modifications of ihe existing laws will be necessary, in order to carry into effect ile intentions of the L-gislature, and to guard against attempts 10 evade its provisions, without, in any degree, affecting its principles.
li is, however, respectfully recommendepiliat ile appropriat ons for 1834 should be regulated by a proper regard to economy. Heretofore, the receipts to be expected could be ascer ained with some degree of certainty, because they were principally derived from the imports of previous years; and le bonds taken for the duties on stich in ports showed the amouni ot' receipts which might sale:y be counied on. Bus, under the new system of cash duties and short cred is, eard year must nainly depend for its income on its own imporis. Andas commerce is alvars more or less liable to fluctuations, the public interest requires that there should be at all times in the Tresury a sufficient Blim to provide for unforeseen contingencies, and 10 guaril nga inst disappointment in the estimated receipis. The calculations on the income of a surceeding year are necessarili more uncertain under the present syetem, than under the former one of long crediis. And if the anticipations of the receipts of 1834 and 1835 shouid be fuily realized, there will not be more han oglit to be provided in the estimated scale of expenditures. At the last session of Congress, the appropriations excerded''wenty one million live bundied thousand dollars, being nearly three million five hundred thousand collars ahora the estimates presented at the beginning of the session s similar amount of expendi'ure, authorized at the preseni session, miglie render it necessary to provide additional revenue earlier than is now couteaufrated
It is understood to be concedled on all h::nds that a tariif for protection merely is to be finally abandoned, and that the revenue is to be reduced to the neces-a'y wants of the Government. Various causes have con ributed 10 enlarge the pro osed expenditur's for 1834, as will be seen by the para ricular estimates from the different departments. But it is believed that all
the objects for which this Government was established, can be: effe iuully ittained at much less annual expense liere fter; and the harmony and nu ua goud feeling of tbis extensive country will be best secured and perpetuated by: rigidly confining tin operations of the Grneral Goverdosent io iis appro. priate spher:.
If thi is one, and is expenditures are regulated by a striet econovay, the burdens it impuses wil scarcely be felt by our citizens, while its blessings are inestimable.
As the public debt will soon be extinguished, it is proper that the books and papers, which be us.g to the various ioan officers, should be transmitted to the seat vi Government, and placed among the archives of the nation. It is be. lieved that the outstanding debt can be purchased on favorable terms, in the
course of the ensuing year, and thas it ad be most conveniently purchased ar the Treasury. It appears, therefore, desirable that provision should be made by law for iminodiately transmitting 10 this depariment all the books and papers relating to the national debt The money can readily be remi:ted to the public c editor, without charge to him, or to the Government, and be cau be paid at any place where he day wish to receive it.
The act of March 30, 1817, abolished the office of Commissioner of loans, and travsferred the duties to ilie Bank of th United States. The money necessary to pay the public creditors has, from time to time, been advanced to the Bank by the Treasury; and it a. pears tht large sums have remained for a considerable time in the Bank, without being applied to the purposes fou which they were intended. The amount has been reduced within a few months past. But the statement from the Register's oflice, herewith presenred, will show that $773,111 98 still remained in their hands on the 1st on) October last А
рот tion of this sum, as appears by the paper referred tu, was advanced sone years ago; and there is no reason why this money should continue in the hands of the Bank, wisere it is usel ess to ibe Government as well as to the creditor. The delay in the payment has probab.y, in some in. sances, been caused by the death of the party entitled, and the ignorance of his representatives as to his claim on the United States. The situation off these ouistanding claims renders it still more necessary that the books and papers relating to the pub'ic debt should be forthw th transmitted to this de. partient, where the proper inquiries could be made as to the cause of it Melay, and measures taken to ascertain who is entitled to receive the money As die amount is justly due from the United States to some one, and may belong to persons who are ignorant of their rights, justice seems to require that the Government should take measures to apprise them of their claims, and of the readiness of the United States to discharge then.
The destructiou of the buisding occupied by the Treasury Department has occasioned the loss of some valuable papers. . But it is believed that none have been destroyed, that can materially affect ihe public interest It will become necessary to provide another building, and the loss already sustained in the documents and rerords of livis office shows the propriety of erecting.it upon a different plan from the former one, and of placing the archives of the Governmeni in a situation less exposed to danger.
The inconveniences which are felt from the present situation of the offices connected with this department, as well as the niore exposed condition of the papers, induce me io invite the early attention of Congress to this subject.
The report from the Commissioner of the General Land Office is herewith presented, showing the condition of that branch of the public service, and containing suggestions for its improvement. All of which is respectfully submitted,
R. B. TANEY, Secretary of the Treasury Hon. ANDREW STEVENSON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives of the United Stales.
A statement exhibiting the values and quantities, respectively, of merchandise on which
duties actually accrued during the year 1832, (consisting of the diffecence between articles paying duties imported and those entitled to drawback e-exported,) and also of the nett revenule which accrued that year from duties on merchandise, tonnage, and light money.
Merchandise paying Duties ad valorem. 44,133 dolls. at 12 per cent...... * 5,295 96 2,502,454..do...... 121....0....
312.806 75 5,138,716..do......15...10....... 770.807 40
8,105,905..do......20 .....do... ...... 1,621, 181 00 21,984,290..do......25 .....do....... 5,496 072 50 4,069,513..do......30......do....... 1,20.853 90
596.409..do......33....do........ 198,803 00 1,132 612..no......35 .....do..... 396,403 70
394.045..do......40 .....do...... 157,618 00 5,344,821..do......45 ....do.......... 2,405,169 45
461,137..do . ...50.....do.......... 230.568 50 49,774,035....... av. 25.7........ 12,815 580 16 12,815,580 16
Duties on specific articles. 1. Wines, 5,326,094 galls. at 15,7 cis. av. 8:7,249 83 2. Spirits, 2,339,928...do... 60..do . 1,404.332 77
Molasses, 16,354,788 .do......5..do.. 817,739 40 3. Teas, 8,826,905..lbs .14.1 do.. 1,243,597 70 4. Coffee, 41,603,576...do.......
363,492 21 15 Sugar,, 48, 465,838 .do......3.4 do.. 1,486.685 54 6. Salt, 3,823,811 bushels....... 382,284 45 17. All other articles, .....
5,151,643 79 11 677,025 69 From which deduct duties on merchandise refunded, 24,492,605 85
alter deducting therefrom duties which accrued on m-rchandise inported, the particulars of which were not jeudered by collectors, and difference of calculation), 1,086,002 46
$23,406,603 39 To which add 10 per cent, extra duty on foreign vessels, ....
28,898 56 Discounts retained on drawback,.
1,509 74 Interest on bonds,....
11,541 85 S. orage,
3,339 24 Custom-house charges on British Canadian vessels,..
906 15 47,195 54
$23,453,798 93 Deduct drawback on domestic refined sugar exported,...
3,110 00 45,950 65 Duties on merchandise, ...
23,407,848 28 Add duties on tonna gegn.....
28,387 74 Light money,
21,173 66 49.561 40 Gross revenue,....•
23,457,409 68 Deduct expenses of collection, ..
1,272,674 38 Nett reve:iue, in 1832,...
22 178,735 301
Explanatory statements, in relation to specific duties 1. WINES. Madeira,
177,1 6 galls at 50 cts. 88,563 00 Sherry,
39,358 do 50
19 679 00 Red, of France and Spain, 1,227.200 do 10
122,720 00 Red, of France,
876 645 do 6
52,598 70 White, of France and Spain, 2,244 307 do 15
336,646 05 French, in bottles and cases,
97,082 do 30
29.124 60 Frenchi,
31,334 38 Sicily,
87.141 do 30
26 142 3) All other,
434.806 do 30
5,326,094 do av. 15.7 $837,249 83 2. SIrits. From grain 1st proof 626,982 galls at 57 cts. 357.379 74
14,405 58 41h do 9,960 do 67
6,673 20 5th do 17,555 do 75
13,166 25 Other materials, 1st and 20 183,163 do 53 70,576 39
386,713 do 57 220,426 41 4th do 1,115,738 do 63 702,914 94 51h do 19,869 do 72
14,305 68 Above 5th do
186 do 85
158 10 2,341,502
1,405.088 29 Exported, 1.574 do 48
2 339.928 do 60 av. $1,404.332 77 3. Teas. Bohea,
730.854 lbs. at
29 354 16 Souchong and other black, 2,419,285 do 10
240,928 50 Hyson skin and other green, 1,274,450 do 12
152.934 00 Hyson and young hyson, 3,927,446 do 18
706,940 28 Imperial, gunpowder, &c. 526.605 do 25
131.651 25 8,871,640 do
1,261,808 19 Exported : Hyson skin, Ibs.
at 34 cts. 30 94 Hyson -kin,
686 84 Hyso16 01 & Young Hyson, 27,4.8
40 10,987 20 Imperial
50 7,361 50 44,735
1,242, 141 71 Extra duty on teas imported from other places than China
855 99 8,826.905
$1.24: 597 70 4. Coffee. Imported 136,9.50 lbs at 2 cis.
2,739 00 Do 97, 25.355 1
970,253 52 97,162,305
972,992 55 Exported, lbs. 5,313,617
at 2 cts. 106,272 34 Do 50,22:5.690
971 10 55,558,729
609.590 31 41 603.576
$363, 19? 5. SUGAR. Brown, clayed, &c. 46,194,798 lbs. at 3 cts 1,385,843 94 White, clayed, or powdered 2,271,040
490 841 60 48,465,838 3.4 $1 471 675 54