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President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. The Vice President of the United States, when he acts as President of the Senate, receives no addition to bis pay as Vice President, which is 85,000 per annum. In his absence a President pro tempore is chosen,
who, during the period of his serv ces, receives $16 per diem for every day he attends
The House of Representatives is composed of members chosen every second year by the People of the several States; and the election in each State must have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most nu. merous branch of the State Legislature.
Representatives are apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, which are determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including thuse bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not tased, three-fifths of all other persons.
An enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States must be made every ten years. The first enumeration was made in 1790, the fifth in 1830.
The Speaker of the House of Representatives is chosen by a majority of the members of the House, for the terms of the Congress to which he belongs as member of the House. His privileges are the same as those of any other member; and his compensation is $16 per diem.
The Congress must assemble, at least once in every year on the first Monday in December, if not otiserwise provided by law. The President of the United States may convene them at any time upon giving forty days notice. Neither House can adjourn for more than three days, without the consent of the other, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. In case of disagreement about the time, the President of the United States may adjourn them to such time as he thinks proper. The Senate and House each form their own rules, and are, respectively, judges of their own election.
Senators, when elected, inust be thirty years of age ; and Representatives twenty-five years; and each Senator and Representative, must, when elected, be an inhabitant of the State in which he shall be chosen
The times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, is prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may, at any time by law, make or alter such regula. tions, excepi as to the places of choosing Senators.
Both Senators and Representatives are, in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, privileged from arrest during their attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and is going to er returning from, the same ; and for any speech or Jebate in either House they cannot be questioned in any other place. Bills for raising revenue must originate in the House; and the House solely has the power of im peachment.
No Member of Congress, can, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have
neen wcreased, during such timne ; and no person holding any office under the United States, can be a member of either House during his coutuna
ance in office; nor can he be concerned either directly or indirectly, in whole, or in part, in any contract, &c. with the United States.
SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.
First Session, Twenty-Third Congress.
MARTIN VAN Buren, of New York, Vice President of the
United States, and President of the Senate.
SENATORS WITH THE EXPIRATION OF THE TERM OP SERVICE OP EACH From Main:
North Carolina. Peleg Sprague. ..
.1835 Bedford Brown............ 1835 Ether Sbepley
.1839 Willie P. Mangum.............1837 New Hampshire.
South Carolina Samuel Bell
.1835 Jobn C, Calboun + b)...........1835 Isaac Hill.................. ....1837 W .C. Preston (c)............1837 Massachusetts.
Georgia. Nathaniel Silsbee..............1835 John P. King, (d) ...... .... ..1835 Daniel Webster................1839 John Forsyth .......
...............1837 Rhode I land.
Kentucky. Nehemiah R. Knight............1835 George M. Bibb..................1835 Asher Robbius ............1839 Henry Cluy......
. 1837 Connecticut.
Tennessee. Gideon Tomlinson...... ,1837 Hugh L. White.......... ..1835 Nathan Smith...... ..1839 Felis Grundy.....
Ohio. Samuel Prentiss.. 1837) Thumas Ewing....
.1837 Benjamin Swift.......... ..1839 Tboinas Morris.
1839 Neue York
Louisiana. Silas Wright jun. (a).......... 1837 George A. Waggaman......... 1835 Nathaniel P Tallmadge.. ....1839Alexander Porter (e)..
........... 1337 New Jersey.
Indiana. Theodore Frelinghilysen .......1835 William Hendricks............1837 Samuel L. Southasd........ ..1839 John Tipton......
Mississippi. William Wilkins............ ..1837 George Poindester........ ...1835 Samuel McKean....... .1839 Jobo Black........ ...... ...1839 Delaware.
Il inoss. John M. Clayton...
.1835 John M. Robinson............... 1835 Arnold Naudain.. ...... .1839 Elias K. Kane................1837 Miryland
Alabama Ezekiel F Chambers......... .1837 William R. King ............ 1835 Joseph Kebt...... ...1839 Gabriel Moore. ........
Missouri. William C. Rives.................
.1835 Lewis F. Lion, (f )..........1837 Jobn Tyler.......... ...1839 Thomas H. Benton..............183.
(a) In place of William L. Marey, resigned, eleeted Goveroor of New York.
Lo place of Alexander Buekner, descared.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Members of the House of Representatires, for the First Session of the
Twenty Third Congress; showing the Congressional Districts in each State, and the Counties represented by each Member, where the State direded into Districis.
Note.-The Post Office of each Representative, follows immediately after his name; the county in which he resides is in Italic. Andrew Stevenson, of Virginia, Speaker.
Maine, 1 Rufus M'Intire, Parsonsfield, York. 2 Francis 0. J. Smith, Portland, Cumberland, excepe three towns. 3 Edward Kavanagh, Damariscotta Mills, Lincoln, except four towns 4 George Evans, Gardiner, Kennebec, west of Keuneber River, except
4 towns, Somerset, west of Kennebec river, and I town in Lincoln 5 Moses Mason, Jr. Oxford, part of Cumberlanı, Lincoln, Keppebec. 6 Joseph Hall Camden, Waldo, and Kennebec, east of Kennebec river 7 Leonard Jarvis, Ellsworth, Hancock, and W ashington. 8 Gorham Parks, Bangor, Penobscot, Son.erset, east of Kennebec river.
NEW HAMPSHIRE. 1 Berning M. Beari, Moultonborough, Stafford. 1 2 Robert Burns,'Hebron, Grafton,
Elected by General 3 Joseph M. Harper, Canterbury Merrimack
Ticket. 4 Henry Hubbard, Charlestown, Sullivan 5 Franklin Pierce, Hillsborough, Hillsborough.
MASSACHUSETTS. 1 Benjamin Gorham, Boston, Suffolk. 2 Ruius Choate, Salem, Essex. 3 Gayton P. Osgood, North Andover, Essex. 4 Edward Everett, Charlestown, Middlesex. 5 (Vacant)* Worcester, Worcesler. 6 George Greonell, Jr. Greenfield, Franklin. 7 George N. Briggs, Lanesboro, Berkshire, 8 Isaac C. Bates, Northampton, Hampton. 9 (Vacant)t Norfolk. 10 William Baylies, West Bridgewater, Plymouth. 11 John Reed, Yarmouth, Barnstable, Nantucket and Dukes. 12 John Quincy Adams, Quincy, Norfolk.,
RHODE ISLAND. 1 Tristam Burges, Providence, Providence 2 Elected by General 2 Dutee J. Pearce, Newport, Vewport.
Ticket. CornECTICUT. I Noyes Barber, Groton, New London 2 William W. Ellsworth, Hartford, Hartford. 3 Samuel A. Foot, Cheshire, New Haren.
Elected by Gen. 4 Jabez W. Huntington, Litchfield, Litchfield eral Ticket, 5 Samuel Tweedy, Danbury, Fairfield 6 Evenezer Young, Killingly Centre, Windham. * Occasioned by the resignation of John Davis, elected Governor of Massachusetts. + There has been no election in this District.
VERMONT. i Hilaud Hall, Bennington, Benninglon, Windham, and Seven
Towns of Windsor. 2 William Slade, Middlebury, Addison and Rutland. 3 Horace Evereit, Win isor, residue of Windsor and Orange. 4 Hemian Allen, Burlington, Chittenden, Franklin, Grand Isle, and
part of Orleans 5 Benjamin F. Denuing. Dansville, Caledonia, Essex, and residue of Orleans.
NEW YORK. 1 Abel Huntington, Easthamption, Suffolk, and Queens. 2 Isaac B Van Houten, Clarkstowi), Rockland, Richmond and Kings.
Churchill C. Cambreleng, New York. 3 Campbell P White, New York.
City and County of Cornelius W. Lawrence, New York.
New York. Dudley Selden, New York 4 Aaron Ward, Mount Plea-ant, Westchester, and Pulman. 5 Abraham Bockee, Federal Store, Dutchess. 6 Jobo W Brown, Newburg, Orange. 7 Charles Bodle, Bloomingburg, Sullivan, and Ulster.
Aaron Vanderpoel, Kin verhooll, Columbia Columbia, Greene 8 John Adams, Carskill, Green,
and Scoharie. 9 Job Pierson, Schaghucoke, Rensselaer. 10 Gerrit Y. Lansing, Albany, Albany. 11 John Cramer, Watei ford, Saratoga and Schenectady. 12 Henry C. Martindale, Sandy Hill, Washinglon. 13 Reuben Whallon, Split Rock, Essex, Warren and Clinton. 14 Ransom H Gillet, Ogrlensburg, St. Lawrence, and Franklin. 15 Charles M Vean, Conajoharie, Montgomery and Hamilton. 16 Abijab Maon, jon. Fairfield, Herkimer and Lewis,
Samuel Beardsley,Ulica, Oneida 17
Oneida and Oswego. Joel Turrill, Oswego, Osuego } 18 Daniel Wardwell, Mansville, Jefferson. 19 Sherman Page, Unadilla, Olsego. 20 Noadiah Johusou, Delhi, Delaware and Broome. 21 Henry Mitchell, Norwich, Chenangu
Samuel G. Hathaway, Solen, Cortlandl. Cortlandt, Tompkins 22
Nicoll Halsey, Halseyville, Tompkins S and Tioga.
William Taylor, Maulius, Onondaga. 23
2 Onondago and Madi. 24 Rowland Day, Sempronius Cayuga. 25 Samuel Clark, Waterlo, Wayne and Seneca. 26 Joby Dickson, West Bloomfimbri, Ontario. 27 Edward Howell, Bath, Steuben and Yates. 28 Frederick Whittlesey, Rochester. Monroe. 29 George W. Lay, Batavia Gennessee. 30 Philo C. Fuller, Alleghary and Livingston. 31 Abner Hazlerine, Jamestown, Chautauque, and Cataraugus, 32 Mellard Fillmore, Buffalo, Erie. 33 Gideon Hard, Albiun, Orleans, and Niagara.
NEW JERSEY. 1 Phileinon Dickerson, Patterson, Essex. 2 Samuel Fowler, Hamburg, Sussex. 3 Thomas Lee, Port Elizabeth, Cumberland. Elected by Gen4 James Parker, Perth Amboy, Middlesex.
eral Ticket. 5 Ferdinand S. Scheuck, Six Mile Run, Somerset. 6 William N. Shion, Mount Holly, Burlington
PENNSYLVANIA. 1 Joel B. Sutherland, Philadelphia, East and West Southwark, Moya
mensing, Passyunk, Kingsessing, Blockley, Penn Township, Germantown, Roxborough and Bristol, in the County of Philadelphia
Horace Binney, Philadelphia. 3 John G. Watmough, Philadelphia, Residue of Philadelphia County
William Heister, New Holland, Lancaster. 4 David Potts, Jr. Pottstown. Chester.
and Lancaster. Edward Darlington, Chester, Delaware. 5 Joel K. Mann, Jenkintown, Montgomery. 6 Robert Ramsay, Hartsvill, Bucks, 7 David D. Wagener, Easton, Northampton, Pike and Wayne. 8 Henry King, Allentown, Lehigh and Schuylkill. 9 Henry A. Muhlenberg, Reading, Berks. 10 William Clark, Dauphin, Dauphin and Lebanon. 11 Charles A. Barnitz, York, York. 12 George Chambers, Chambersburg, Franklin, and Adams. 13 Jesse Miller, Landisburgh, Perry, Cumberland and Juniata. 14 Joseph Henderson, Brown's Mills, Mifflin, Huntingdon and Centre. 15. Andrew Beaumont, Wilkesbarre, Luserne and Columbia. 16 Joseph B Anthony, Williamsport, Lycoming, Union and Northumberland.
(and M‘Kean. 17 John Laporte, Asylum, Bradford, Susquehanna, Tioga, Potter, 18 George Burd, Bedford, Bedford. Somerset and Cambria. 19 Richard Coulter, Greensburg, Westmoreland and Indiana. 20 Andrew Stewart, Uniontown, Fayette and Green. 21 T M. T, M'Kennon. Washington, Washington. 22 Harmar Denny, Pittsburg, Alleghany. 23 Samuel S. Harrison, Kitlaning, Butler, Clearfield, Jefferson, and
Armstrong. 24 Johu Banks, Mercer, Mercer and Beaver. 25 Joho' Galdraith, Franklin, Venango, Crawford, Erie aad Warren.
MARYLAND. 1 Littleton P Dennis, Somerset, Princess Anne, Worcester, Somerset, and Dorchester.
[Kent and Cecil. 2 Richard B. Carmichael, Centreville, Queen Anne, Caroline, Talbot 3 James Turner, Wiseburg, Baltimore, and Harford. 4 James P. Heath, Baltimore, 61h, 7ın, 8th, 9th, 10, 11th, and 121h
Wards of the City of Baltimore. 5 Isaac McKim, Baltimore, 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, and 5th Wards of the City
of Baltimore, Anne Arundel and the City of nva polis.