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TREASURY DEPARTMENT. ROGER B. TANEY, of Maryland, Secretary, 86,000 per
The office of Secretary of the Treasury was created by act of the 2d September, 1789. He superintends all the fiscal concerns of the Government, and upon his own responsibility, recommends to Congress nieasures for improving the condition of the revenue. He holds his office at the will of the President; is, by usage, a member of the Cabinet; and, ex officio, one of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, By an act or Congress, of the 15th of May, 1820, the Treasury Department has been invested with extraordinary powers for the recovery of public moneys not accounied for or withheld by officers receiving them prior to such moneys being paid into the Treasury. Warrants of distress in the nature of executions upon judgments, are authorized upon certificates of balances from the first Comptroller, against principals and sureties in default; and the judges of the United States are, by the same law, clothed with extensive chancery jurisdiction, with a view of ameliorating any undue severity to individuals, which may possibly occur under the warrants in question.
By the act of 29th May, 1832, the office of Solicitor of the Treasury was created. A portion of the duties cf this office had been previously under the act of the 15th May, 1820, performed by the fifth Auditor, as agent of the Treasury.
All accounts of the government are finally settled at the Treasury Department: for which purpose it is divided into the office of the Secretary (who superintends the whole, but who is not, therefore, absolute, with respect to the power of adjusting claims or of paying money ;) into two Comptrollers, five Auditors, a Register, a Treasurer, and a Solicitor. The Auditors of the public accounts are empowered to administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses in any case iniwhich they may deem it necessary for the due examination of the accounts with which they are charged.
Besides the disbursement of moneys for the great objects of government there are contingent funds appropriated yearly by Congress. These are expended for such objects as could not well be foreseen, by some one of the clerks or other officer belonging in each of the departments, who is especially entrusted with that business, to whom the accounts of such contingencies must be presented. He takes his receipt in his own name, and at the end of each quarter of a year is brought to a settlement himself, for all his disbursements, at the Treasury Department.
Tne act of Congress of May 7, 1822, requires, that all moneys appropriated for the use of the War and Navy Departments shall, from and after the 30th of June 1822, be drawn from the Treasury by warrants of the Secretary of the T'reasury, upon the requisitions of the Secretaries of those departments, countersigned by the Second Comptroller, and registered by the proper Auditor.
The act of January 31st, 1823, prohibits an advance of public money in any case whatever; and requires all persons who may receive public money for disbursement, to render quarterly accounts to the proper accounting officers of the Treasury, for settlement: and all officers of thə government who weglect to comply with this regulation, are to be promptly reported to the President, and dismissed froin the public service.
CLERKI IN THE TREASURI DEPARTMENT. MCCLINTOCK Young, l'hief Clerk, superintends the business of the of
fice generally ; receives the directions of the Secretary on matters to be acted upon; refers to the officers of the Department all matters requiring their examination, distributes the business to the clerks, and subniits to the Secretary the business prepared by them; and directs
remittances to foreign bankers................... ....... ..$ 2000 00 James L. Anthony, prepares the warrants for payment into the
Treasury ; issues and registers the warrants for payments, under the appropriations for civil diploinatic, and miscellaneous expenditures; and keeps accounts of all such appropriations; and also keeps an account of the bonds takeo and liquidated at each custom house........
1600 00 Samuel M McKean, attends to the business with banks; to re
mission of fines, penalties, and forfeitures; to applications for release from imprisonment: to matters relating to internal improvement, and to the Mint establishment: and to such subjects as are submitted by the Solicitor of the Treasury and District Attorneys, nou immediately connected with the branches of business assigned to others, and all claims
under like circumstances* .....................................1600 00 Thomas Dungan, issues and registers the warrants for pay
ments under the appropriations for the naval service ; keeps the appropriation accounts of the Navy ; prepares the warrants for the transfer of stocks from one loan office to that of
another; and keeps au account of the accruing duties...... 1400 00 Francis A. Dickins, 1st. Examines and registers claims under
the ac: of 15 h May, 1828; “for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the army of the revolution,” prepares and registers certificates for tho-e allowed and warrants for their payment, and generally attends to all correspondence or other business conuected with those clains. 2d Examines and registers claims under the act of the 5th July, 1832; “ for liquidating and paying certain claims of the State of Virginia,” and attends to all correspondence and other business connected with those claims. 3d Issues and registers warrants for the payment of duties refunded under the act of 20 March, 1833; and 4 h. Transoits Mediterranean
passports and sea letters to the collectors of the customst.. .. 1400 00 John McGinnis,' jun. atrends to the business submitted from
the General Land Office, and other offices relating to accounts or business of the land officers; to all matters concerning the revenue cutter services and marine hospitals, and charges or
complaints for official misconduct against any of those officers. 1400 00 Gilbert Rodmun, keeps all account of moneys received and ex
pended by collectors of the custoins ; examines applications for enrries under the 10th section of the Art of the 1st of Ma chi,
1823; appeals from appraiseruents under the 18th :ection of Acts as I'ranslator of foreign Laliguages for which he receives an additional salary of $150.
For whicb last service he receives an additional salary of 8150.
the same act; applications to complete diawbacks under the
1400 00 Samuel Cheslyn Potter, issues and registers the warrants for
payments under the appropriations for the military service ;
and general disbursing agent of the Treasury Deparıment., 1400 00 Cyrus S. Jacobs, has charge of letters of application and recome
mendation for office, complainis and resignations, issues Com.
bounty land scrip under the acts of the 30th May, 1830, 13th
............ 1150 00) William T Read, exanines applications for the relief of in.
solvent debtors of the United States, under the acts of the
....... 1400 00 Alerander Nesbill, attends to ibe copying and recording re
quired for the business under the above acts for the relief
of certain insolvent debtors of the United States.... ...... 1000 00 John Jay Langdon, has the charge of the records and general
letter files ; registers the references made by the Secretary
1000 00 John N. Lovejoy, Jr messenger.................
700 00 10rles Peltil, messenger ...........
350 00 John P Pepper, superintendeot of the Treasury buildings,
and the grounds appertaining thereto ; has charge of the
150 00 frederick Hine
150 001.Jas W Shields...
............ 150 Ou
FIRST COMPTROLLER'S OFFIGE. Joseph Anderson, Comptroller, $3,500 per annum. The First Comptroller examines all accounts settled by the First and Fifth Auditor, and certifies the balances arising thereon to the Register; countersigns all warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, if warianted by law; reports to the Secretary of the official forms to be used in the different offices for collecting the public revenue ; and the manner and form of keeping and sta:ing the accounts of the several persons emplayed therein. He superintends the preservation of the public accounts subject to his revision, and provides for the regular paynient of all nioneys which may be collected.
CLERKS IN THE FIRST COMPTROLLER'S OFFICE. John LAUB, Chief Clerk, His duties are to draft answers (subject to
the revision of the Comptroller) to all questions propounded by the officers of the customs, merchants and others, under the revenue laws and treaties of commerce and navigation with foreign powers ; to prepare general instructions and forms in relation to the duties to be performed by those officers, and the manner in which they are to keep and renier their accounts; and assists in the correspondence of the office, of a miscellaneous nature. He also prepares, under the direction of the Secretary and Comptroller of the Treasury, such forms of other accounts and documents as are deemed essential to a systematic execution of the public business.; and performs, generally, such other of
ficial duties as are confided to him by the Comptroller.......1700 00 William Williamson, makes out from the laws of each session
of Congress, detailed statements of appropriations for the civil, diplomatic and miscellaneous expenditures of the government, in the form of warrants, and records the same ; registers all warrants issued for payments in pursuance of said appropriations ; makes out and records warrants for carrying unexpended balances to the surplus fund; keeps the leger containing an account for each specific appropriation ; writes and copies all letters on subjects connected with the state of the appropriations; examines all powers of attorney and all documents relative to the transfer of stocks, and payments of principal and dividends thereof which may be presented for the inspection and decision of the Comptroller; attends to and keeps a record of the transfer of stocks on the books of the Treasury; registers warrants issued for transferring stocks on the books of loan offices; keeps a journal and leger, exhibiting quarterly the balances of the different kinds of stocks on the books of the Treasury and of the loan offices; writes and copies all letters on subjects in any way connected with the funded debt of the United States; and keeps a record ef bonds of indemnification for the renewal of lost certificates of stocks.....
1400 00 Lund Washinglon, exammes the accounts of the collectors of
the customs South and West of the river Potomac-the accounts and the Trea-urer of the United States—the accounts
of the Treasurer of the Mint the accounts of Public Ministers, Consuls and Commercial Agents; and makes an annual
statement in relation to the affairs of the Mint establishment 1400 00) James Larned, fivally examines and adjusts all acconuts of re
ceivers of public moneys, and states any differences that may occur ; and prepares letters of correspondence under the su
pervision of the Comptroller in relation to their accounts.... 1400 00 John Woodside, examines all accounts of collectors of the cus
toms North of the Putomac, and on the Lakes; and gives such explanations as may be found necessary.
..... 1150 001 Richard S. Briscoe, examines the accounts of the United States
Bank, and its branches-Commissioners of Loans for the payment of principal and interest of the funded debt-interval revenue and direct'tax accounts revolutionary claims-and recorus the same ; and enters warrants on collectors of the
customs, direct tax, and internal revenue.............. 1150 00 Benjamin Harrison, examines the accounts of contractors and deputy postmasters..............
............ 1150 00) William Anderson, examines the accounts of the Marshals of
the US of the Collectors of the customs for disbursements relative to light house and Marine bospiral--of the Surveyors General-of the Agents for paying the contingent expenses of the several departments and the salaries, &c. of civil public officers generally, &c. And inspects all the copies of letters relative to the custom house and revenue, to render
then ex ctly correspondent to the originals...... .......... 1400 00 Samuel Handy, Warrant Clerk-duty to examine the acts of
Congress—to make out appropriation wariants for all moneys to be drawn from the Treasury, on requisitions of the Secretary of the War Department-to state the specific titlings under which the same may be drawo—and to keep a set of books, exhibiting the moneys paid out of the Treasury on all accounts connerted with the War Department comprising In
dian treaties, amuities, internal improvements. Army proper. 1150 00 Thomas F. Anderson, esam nes ile accounts of contractors and deputy postmasters....
1000 00 Samuel P. Websler, prepares the letters transmitting the coin
missions to the officers of the customs, together with the requisite official oaths and bonds ; enters the ac ounts of those officers when settled, and prepares the letters advising them of such settlement......
1150 00 Nicholas Biddle Van Zandt, registers the accounts reported to
the Comptroller by the First and Fisth Auditors, and the Commissioner of the General Land Office-drafts letters to disbursing officers in explanation of the settlement of those account--files, and has charge of, the official bonds of Offi. cers of the Customs and Internal Revenue, of the Receivers and Registers, Consuls, &c.-furnishes to the Solicitor of the Treasury authenticated transcripts of accounts and boods of delinquents for suit, and keeps him regularly advised of all subsequent changes in the balances due from them, &c...... 1000 00