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endeavoured to starve me between them, I made a pious resolution to prevent their committing murder : I stole the eggs as soon as they were laid ; I emptied every unfinished bottle that I could lay my hands on; whatever eatable came in my way was sure to disappear, -in short, they found I would not do ; so I was discharged one morning, and paid three shillings and sixpence for two months' wages.

“ While my money was getting ready, I employed myself in making preparations for my departure. Two hens were hatching in an outhouse - I went and took the eggs from habit; and not to separate the parents from the children, I lodged hens and all in my knapsack. After this piece of frugality, I returned to receive my money, and with my knapsack on my back, and a staff in my hand, I bade adieu, with tears in my eyes, to my old benefactor. I had not gone far from the house when I heard behind me the cry of Stop thief !' but this only increased my despatch : it would have been foolish to stop, as I knew the voice could not be levelled at me - But hold, I think I passed those two months at the curate's without drinking. Come, the times are dry, and may this be my poison, if ever I spent two more pious, stupid months in all my life !

Well, after travelling some days, whom should I light upon but a company of strolling players. The moment i saw them at a distance, my heart warmed to them ; I had a sort of natural love for every thing of the vagabond order. They were employed in settling their baggage, which had been overturned in a narrow way: I offered my assistance, which they accepted; and we soon became so well acquainted, that they took me as a servant. This was a paradise to ne ; they sang, danced, drank, eat, and travelled, all at the same time. By the blood of the Mirabels, I thought I had never lived till then; I grew as merry as a grig, and laughed at every word that was spoken. They liked me as much as I liked them : I was a very good figure, as you may see ; and though I was poor, I was not modest.

“ I love a straggling life above all things in the world ; sometimes good, sometimes bad ; to be warm to-day, and cold to-morrow; to eat when one can get it, and drink when

- the tankard is out - it stands before me. We arrived that evening at Tenterden, and took a large room at the Greyhound, where we resolved to exhibit Romeo and Juliet, with the funeral procession, the grave, and the garden scene.

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Romeo was to be performed by a gentleman from the Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lane ; Juliet, by a lady who had never appeared on any stage before ; and I was to snuff the candles : all excellent in our way. We had figures enough, but the difficulty was to dress them. The same coat that served Romeo, turned with the blue lining outwards, served for his friend Mercutio ; a large piece of crape sufficed at once for Juliet's petticoat and pall ; a pestle and mortar, from a neighbouring apothecary's, answered all the purposes of a bell; and our landlord's own family, wrapped in white sheets, served to fill up the procession. In short, there were but three figures among us that might be said to be dressed with any propriety, - I mean the nurse, the starved apothecary, and myself. Our performance gave universal satisfaction: the whole audience were enchanted with our powers.

“ There is one rule by which a strolling player may be ever secure of success; that is, in our theatrical way of expressing it, to make a great deal of the character. To speak and act as in common life, is not playing, nor is it what people come to see : natural speaking, like sweet wine, runs glibly over the palate, and scarcely leaves any taste behind it; but being high in a part resembles vinegar, which grates upon the taste, and one feels it while he is drinking. To please in town or country, the way is to cry, wring, cringe into attitudes, mark the emphasis, slap the pockets, and labour like one in the falling sickness : that is the way to work for applause - that is the way to gain it.

“ As we received much reputation for our skill on this first exhibition, it was but natural for me to ascribe part of the success to myself: I snuffed the candles, and let me tell you, that without a candle-snuffer, the piece would lose half its embellishments. In this manner we continued a fortnight, and drew tolerable houses, but the evening before our intended departure, we gave out our very best piece, in which all our strength was to be exerted. We had great expectations from this, and even doubled our prices, when behold one of the principal actors fell ill of a violent fever, This was a stroke like thunder to our little company: they were resolved to go in a body, to scold the man for falling sick at so inconvenient a time, and that, too, of a disorder that threatened to be expensive : I seized the moment, and offered to act the part myself in his stead. The case was desperate : they accepted my offer ; and I accordingly sat down, with the part in my hand, and a tankard before me, - sir, your health,—and studied the character, which was to be rehearsed the next day, and played soon after.

“ I found my memory excessively helped by arinking : I learned my part with astonishing rapidity, and bade adieu to snuffing candles ever after. I found that Nature had designed me for more noble employments, and I was resolved to take her when in the humour. We got together, in order to rehearse ; and I informed my companions — masters now no longer- of the surprising change I felt within me." Let the sick man,' said I, · be under no uneasiness to get well again : I'll fill his place to universal satisfaction ; he may even die if he thinks proper ; I'll engage that he shall never be missed. I rehearsed before them, strutted, ranted, and received applause. They soon gave out that a new actor of eminence was to appear, and immediately all the genteel places were bespoke. Before I ascended the stage, however, I concluded within myself, that as I brought money to the house I ought to have my share in the profits. •Gentlemen,' said I, addressing our company, 'I don't pretend to direct you ; far be it from me to treat you with so much ingratitude : you have published my name in the bills with the utmost good nature, and, as affairs stand, cannot act without me : so, gentlemen, to shew you my gratitude, I expect to be paid for my acting as much as any of you, otherwise I declare off; I'll brandish my snuffers and clip candles as usual. This was a very disagreeable proposal, but they found that it was impossible to refuse it; it was irresistible,

- it was adamant; they consented, and I went on in King Bajazet-my frowning brows bound with a stocking stuffed into a turban, while on my captived arms I brandished a jack-chain. Nature seemed to have fitted me for the part ; I was tall, and had a loud voice; my very entrance excited universal applause ; I looked round on the audience with a smile, and made a most low and graceful bow, for that is the rule among us.

As it was a very passionate part, I invigorated my spirits with three full glasses — the tankard is almost out-of brandy. By Alla! it is almost inconceivable how I went through it ; Tamerlane was but a fool to me; though he was sometimes loud enough too, yet I was still louder than he ; but then, besides, I had attitudes in abundance : in general I kept my arms folded up thus, upon the pit of my stomach ; it is the way at Drury-lane, and has always a fine effect. The tankard would sink to the bottom before I could get through the whole of my merits : in short, I came off like a prodigy; and such was my success, that I could ravish the laurels even from a sirloin of beef. The principal gentlemen and ladies of the town came to me, after the play was over, to compliment me upon my success : one praised my voice, another my person; “Upon my word,' says the Squire's lady, “ he will make one of the finest actors in Europe; I

say

it, and I think I am something of a judge.' Praise in the beginning is agreeable enough, and we receive it as a favour ; but when it comes in great quantities, we regard it only as a debt, which nothing but our merit could extort : instead of thanking them, I in. ternally applauded myself. We were desired to give our piece a second time : we obeyed ; and I was applauded even more than before.

“ At last we left the town, in order to be at a horse-race at some distance from thence. I shall never thir Tenterden without tears of gratitude and respect. The ladies and gentlemen there, take my word for it, are very good judges of plays and actors - Come, let us drink their healths, if you please, sir. We quitted the town, I say ; and there was a wide difference between my coming in and going out: I entered the town a candle-snuffer, and I quitted it a hero!

Such is the world : little to-day, and great to

I could say a great deal more upon that subject something truly sublime, upon the ups and downs of for

but it would give us both the spleen, and so I shall pass it over.

“ The races were ended before we arrived at the next town, which was no small disappointment to our company ; however, we were resolved to take all we could get. I played capital characters there too, and came off with my usual brilliancy. I sincerely believe I should have been the first actor in Europe, had my growing merit been properly cultivated ; but there came an unkindly frost, which nipped me in the bud, and levelled me once more down to the common standard of humanity. I played Sir Harry Wildair ; all the country ladies were charmed : if I but drew out my snuffbox, the whole house was in a roar of rapture ; when I exercised my cudgel, I thought they would have fallen into convulsions,

morrow.

tune;

“ There was here a lady who had received an education of nine months in London, and this gave her pretensions to taste, which rendered her the indisputable mistress of the ceremonies wherever she came. She was informed of my merits ; every body praised me, yet she refused at first going to see me perform : She could not conceive, she said, any thing but stuff from a stroller ; talked something in praise of Garrick, and amazed the ladies with her skill in enunciations, tones, and cadences. She was at last, however, prevailed upon to go; and it was privately intimated to me what a judge was to be present at my next exhibition. However, no way intimidated, I came on in Sir Harry, one hand stuck in my breeches, and the other in my bosom, as usual at Drury-lane; but instead of looking at me, I perceived the whole audience had their eyes turned upon the lady who had been nine months in London ; from her they expected the decision which was to secure the general's truncheon in my hand, or sink me down into a theatrical letter-carrier. I opened my snu ox, took snuff ; the lady was solemn, and so were the rest : I broke my cudgel on Alderman Smuggler's back ; still gloomy, melancholy all the lady groaned and shrugged her shoulders : I attempted, oy laughing nyself, to excite at least a smile; but the devil a cheek could I perceive wrinkled into sympathy : I found it would not do. All my good-humour now became forced; my laughter was converted into hysteric grinning ; and while I pretended spirits, my eye shewed the agony of my heart : in short, the lady came with an intention to be displeased, and displeased she was ; my fame expired ; I am here, and the tankard is no more!"

ESSAY VII.

RULES ENJOINED TO BE OBSER VED AT A RUSSIAN ASSEMBLY.

When Catharina Alexowna was made Empress of Russia, the women were in an actual state of bondage ; but she undertook to introduce mixed assemblies, as in other parts of Europe; she altered the women's dress by substituting the fashions of England ; instead of furs, she brought in the use of taffeta and damask ; and cornets and commodes

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