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laws passed at the 2d session of the 40th Congress, Impeachment trial, Reconstruction, National Platforms, and miscellaneous tables and facts of interest. It also contains a brief historical notice of each state and territory, a list of the executive and judicial officers, and an account of the finances, debts, resources, educational and charitable institutions, population, and industry of each.

PART III. contains an account of Foreign countries, their area and population, constitution and government, finances, army, navy, commerce, and other important facts.

Part IV. gives a full account of the religious condition of the world, with ecclesiastical statistics of different countries and denominations.

Part V. embraces miscellaneous essays on Agriculture, Currency and Finance, Mining, and Literature, written by persons who have made these subjects a study.

PART VI. contains full Presidential election returns for all the States from 1836 to 1868; a summary of the most important events for 1868, and obituary notices of eminent persons who have died during the year.

It is believed that all classes will find facts of importance relating to the general condition of the country and the world; and statesmen, lawyers, physicians, clergymen, teachers, students, politicians, merchants, importers, manufacturers, and farmers, will find facts pertaining specifically to their several professions or callings.

The accounts of Foreign Countries, the Ecclesiastical Statistics, the Summary of Important Events, and the Obituary Notices, were prepared expressly for this work by Prof. A. J. Schem, and the Election Returns by A. J. Cum mings, both of New York.

The thanks of the editor are due to the Heads of Departments at Washington, their assistants and clerks; to members and officers of Congress who' have rendered special aid ; to the officers of the Freedmen’s Bureau; the Director of the Mint; the Secretary and Chief Clerk of the Smithsonian Institution; the Librarian of Congress; to Inspectors of Light House Districts and of Steamboats; to the Governors, Secretaries, Auditors, Treasurers, and other executive officers of the several States; to Superintendents of Public Instruction, Presidents and Professors of Colleges and Professional Schools, Superintendents and Directors of Charitable Institutions and Prisons, and to many contributors and correspondents who have furnished valuable information and made important suggestions.

No labor or expense has been spared to make the work accurate, and to furnish the latest statistics that could be obtained. But in gathering such a variety of information from so wide a field, condensing and arranging in proper form so many facts, and transcribing a great number of names and a multitude of figures, complete accuracy in all matters of detail can hardly be hoped for; and the editor and publishers will be thankful for information relating to any errors or inaccuracies, however unimportant, that may be discovered.

CONTENTS.

Page.

PART II.

THE UNITED STATES.

Page.

Page.

THE UNITED STATES....

59 THE UNITED STATES-

Historical Notice.

59
Alphabetical List of Senators.

78
Principal Officers of the Government from Alphabetical List of Representatives. 78
the First Continental Congress to the Executive Government.

79

Present Time..

60 The Cabinet.

80

Presidents.

60 Department of State.

SO

Vice Presidents.

Intercourse with Foreign Nations.

81

Secretaries of State.

60 Chief Officers in the State Department... 81

Secretaries of the Treasury.

61

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers

Secretaries of War.

61 Plenipotentiary..

81

Secretaries of the Navy,

61 Secretaries of Legation..

82

Secretaries of the Interior.

61 Assistant Secretaries of Legation.. 82

Postmasters General..

62 Ministers Resident..

82

Attorneys General.

Consular Officers of the United States.. 82

Chief Justices of the Supreme Court. 62 Diplomatic Corps.

89

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court. 62 List of Foreign Consuls in the U.S. 90

Presidents pro tempore of the Senate.... 63 Treasury Department..

95

Speakers of the House of Representatives. 63 Chief Officers in the Treasury Dept. 96

List of Congresses...

63 Collectors of Customs..

97

Governors of States..

64 Assessors & Collectors of Internal Revenue 99

Governors of Territories.

69 United States Coast Survey..

..104

Congress..

70 Light-House Board...

.. 105

Apportionment of Representatives.

Light-House Districts and Officers. ..105

Fortieth Congress--2d Session.

71 Supervising Inspectors of Steamboats...106

Sepators.

Army and Navy

106

Committees of the Senate.

War Department..

. 107

Officers of the Senate.

73 Chief Oficers in the War Department...108

House of Representatives..

U.S. Military Academy..

. 108

Delegates frorn Territories.

76

Appointment and Admission of Cadets. .110

Committees of the House.

76 Army List..

.111

Officers of the House..

78 Retired from Active Service...

119
Page.

....158

.421

STATES AND TERRITORIES.

Page.

Page.

ALABAMA-Government, Judiciary, Finan- NEW YORK, Government, Judiciary, &c....411

ces, Education, Charitable and Penal Insti- NORTH CAROLINA, Government, &c. ...

tutions, Population, Wealth & Industry..275 Ohio, Government, Judiciary, Finances, &c.426

ARKANSAS, Government, Judiciary, &c.....281 OREGON, Government, Judiciary, &c.

CALIFORNIA, Government, Judiciary &c....285 PENNSYLVANIA, Government, Judiciary, &c.437

CONNECTICUT, Government, Judiciary, &c..294 RHODE ISLAND, Government, Judiciary, &c.445

DELAWARE, Government, Judiciary, &c....303 SOUTH CAROLINA, Government, &c. .......449

FLORIDA, Government, Judiciary, &c.. .306 TENNESSEE, Government, Judiciary, &c. ... 454

GEORGIA, Government, Judiciary, &c.... .311 TEXAS, Government, Judiciary, &c.... 457

ILLINOIS, Government, Judiciary, &c.. .316 VERMONT, Government, Judiciary, &c. ....462

INDIANA, Government, Judiciary, &c.. .324 VIRGINIA, Government, Judiciary, &c. .467

Iowa, Government, Judiciary, Finances, &c.330 WEST VIRGINIA, Government, &c,.. 471

KANSAS, Government, Judiciary, &c. 338 WISCONSIN, Government, Judiciary, &c. .476

KENTUCKY, Government, Judiciary, &c. ... 342 ALASKA Territory, Government, &c.. .482

LOUISIANA, Government, Judiciary, &c. .316 ARIZONA Territory, Government, &c.. .484

MAINE, Government, Judiciary, &c.. .353 COLORADO Territory, Government, &c. ..486

MARYLAND, Government, Judiciary, &c. .358 Dakota Territory, Government, &c... .489

MASSACHUSETTS, Government, Judiciary, &c364 Idaho Territory, Government, &c.... .492

MICHIGAN, Government, Judiciary, &c......376 INDIAN Territory, Government, &c.. .496

MINNESOTA, Government, Judiciary, &c....382 MONTANA Territory, Government, &C.... .497

MISSISSIPPI, Government, Judiciary, &c. ....387 NEW MEXICO Territory, Government, &c...500

MISSOURI, Government, Judiciary, &c.. ..3990 Utah Territory, Government, &c... .502

NEBRASKA, Government, Judiciary, &c .... 395 WASHINGTON Territory, Government, &c. ..501

Nevada, Government, Judiciary &c.... .398 WYOMING Territory, Government, &c. ..508

NEW HAMPSHIRE, Government, &c.... ..401 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Government, &c...510

NEW JERSEY, Government, Judiciary, &c..406 NEW YORK CITY, Government, &c.........516

PART III.

FOREIGN STATES OF THE WORLD.

AMERICA.

EUROPE.

Page.

FOREIGN STATES.

.523 SOUTH GERMANY

AXERICA..

.523 HESSE-DARMSTADT, Area, Pop., &c....667

INDEPENDENT AVERICAN STATES,

LIECHTENSTEIN, Area, Popnlation, &c..567

ECROPEAN POSSESSIONS..

524 GREAT BRITAIN, Area, Population, &c... .567

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC-Area, Population, GREECE, Area, Population, &c..

.576

History, Government, Finances, Army and ITALY, Area, Population, &c...

577

Xary, Commerce..

525 LUXEMBURG, Area, Population, &c.. 579

BOLIVIA, Area, Population, &c..

525 NETHERLANDS, Area, Population, &c... 579

BRAZIL, Area, Population, &c.

.525 PAPAL States, Area, Population, &c. 580

CENTRAL AMERICA, Area, Population, &c....526 PORTUGAL, Area, Population, &c.. :581

GUATEMALA, Area, Population, &c.. .527 Russia, Area, Population, &c.,

582

SAN SALVADOR, Area, Population, &c....527 FINLAND, Area, Population, &c.

HONDURAS, Area, Population, &c .527

POLAND, Area, Population, &c.

584

NICARATGUA, Area, Population, &c. .527 SPAIN, Area, Population, &c.

584

Costa Rica, Area, Population, &c. 527 SWEDEN AND NORWAY, Área, Pop., &c. ....586

Chili, Area, Population, &c...

527 SWEDEN, Area, Population, &c..

586

COLOMBLA, CNITED STATES OF, Area, &c....528 NORWAY, Area, Population, &c.

587

ECUADOR, Area, Population, &c... .529 SWITZERLAND, Area, Population, &c. 588

HAITI, Area, Population, &c...

529 TURKEY, Area, Population, &c....

589

MEXICO, Area, Population, &c..

530 Rumania

.591

PARAGUAY, Area, Population, &c... ..531

Servia.

591

PERU, Area, Population, &c..

.532 Montenegro

591

SAN DOMINGO, Area, Population, &c. .532

URUGUAY, Area, Population, &c.'.

533

ASIA.

VENEZUELA, Area, Population, &c.. .533

BRITISH Possessions, Area, Population, &c.533ANAM, Area, Population, Emperor, Divis-

Dominion of Canada.

ions, Foreign Trade, Religion.. .592

.534

ARABIA, Area, Population, &c.

593

Jamaica..

.536

DANISH POSSESSIONS, Area, Population, &c.536 BURMAH, Area, Population, &c.

BRITISH INDIA, Area, Population, &c... .593

Dutch Possessions, Area, Population, &c..537 CEYLON, 'Area, Population, &c....

594

FRENCH Possessions, Area, Population, &c.537 China, Area, Population, &c..

695

.595

SPANISH Possessions, Area, Population, &c.537

Cuha.

JAPAN, Area, Population, &c..

596

SWEDISH PosSESSIONS, Area, Population, &c.537 PERSIA, Area, Population, &c.

.537 JAVA, Area, Population, &c.

.596

.597

EUROPE.

SIAM, Area, Population, &c.

597

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF EUROPE..

TARTARY (Independent), Area, Pop., &c...597

.538

STATES OF EUROPE.

539

AFRICA.

Ar=TRIA, Area, Population, History, Reign-

ing Sovereign, Government, Ministry, Ed- ABYSSINIA, Area, Population, Religion, His-
ucation, Army and Navy, Commerce. 540 tory, Rulers..

BELGIUM, Area, Population, &c..

544 ALGERIA, Area, Population, &c.

...599

DEXXAKK, Area, Population, &c. .545 CAPE OF GOOD HOPE, Area, Population, &c.599

FEANCE, Area, Population, &c..

.547 EGYPT, Area, Population, &c..

..599

GERMANY, Area, Population, &c. .653 LIBERIA, Area, Population, &c..

600

NORTH GERMANY, Area, Population, &c..554 MADAGASCAR, Area, Population, &c.. .600

PRUSSIA, Area, Population, &c.. .555 NATAL, Area, Population, &c..

.600

SAXOXY, Area, Population, &c.. .558

MECK.-SCHWERIN, Area, Pop., &C......559 AUSTRALASIA AND POLYNESIA.

OLDENBURG, Area, Population, &c. ...559

SAXE-WEIMAR, Area, Pop., &c...

AUSTRALASIA, Area, Population, &c... ..601

....560

MECK-STRELITZ, Area, Population, &c.560

FEEJEE ISLANDS, Area, Population, &c. ...601

BRUNSWICK, Area, Population, &c. ....561

NEW SOUTH WALES, Area, Population, &c..601

ANHALT, Area, Population, &c. .561

NEW ZEALAND, Area, Population, &c......601

.601

SAXE-MEININGEN, Area, Population, &c.561 QUEENSLAND, Area, Population, &c.

SAXE-COBURG-Gotha, Area, Pop., &C....561

SANDWICH ISLANDS, Area, Population, &c..602

SAXE-ALTENBURG, Area, Pop., &c.....562

SOUTH AUSTRALIA, Area, Population, &c...602

LIPPE-DETMOLD, Area, Population, &c.562 TASMANIA, Area, Population, &c...

Reuss, Area, Population, &c..

.562

VICTORIA, Area, Population, &c.,

SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT, Area, &c..562

WEST AUSTRALIA, Area, Population, &c...602

SCHWARZB'G-SONDERSHAUSEN, Area, &c.563
WALDECK, Area, Population, &c. .563

COMPARATIVE TABLES.

SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE, Area, Pop., &c...563 Large Divisions of the World...

.603

HAYBURG, Arca, Population, &c.: .563 Political Divisions of the World..

.603

BREMEX, Area, Population, &c.. 564 Arranged according to Area and Pop.. .603

LUBECK, Area, Population, &c... ..564 Arranged in order of density of Pop. .605

Sorth GERMANY, Area, Population, &c..564 Arranged alphabetically...

...606

BAVARIA, Area, Population, &c. ..564 Large Cities of the World.

.607

WUKTENBURG, Area, Population, &c,..565 Containing more than 100,000 inhab.

...607

BADEX, Area, Population, &c.. 566 Containing less than 100,000 inhab,

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PART IV.

RELIGIOUS STATISTICS OF THE WORLD.

Page.

RELIGIOUS STATISTICS OF THE WORLD.....609 Baptists on the Continent of Europe.....

618

Creeds of the World..

.609 Baptists in Asia and Australia...

618

General Statistics of Christianity. ..610 Congregationalists..

618

America,

.611 America..

618

Europe.....

.611 England and the English Colonies. 618

Asia,

..612 The Friends

618

Africa.

..612 Lutherans in the United States..

.618

Australasia and Polynesia..

.612 Europe:

..619

Roman Catholic Church.

.612

Asia, Africa and Polynesia..

.619

The Pope.

.612 The Methodist Episcopal Church in the

The Cardinals

.612 United States.

619

Patriarchs, Archbishops and Bishops, Arch- Methodist Episcopal Church South.. 6:20

bishoprics and Bishoprics in America....612 The African Methodist Episcopal Church

Europe..

..613 and the African Methodist Episcopal

Asia

..614

Zion Church..

.620

Africa,

.614 The Methodist Church and Methodist

Australasia and Polynesia.

.614

Protestants

620

Ecumenical Councils.

.614 Other Methodist Bodies in the United

National and Provincial Councils.

.614

States..

.620

Monastic Orders.

.615

Other parts of America

.620

The Oriental Churches..

615 The Methodist Denominations in pe.621

Greek Church.

.615 Moravians

.621

Armenian Church.

.615 New Jerusalem Church-"Swedenborgians”.621

Nestorians.

.615 Presbyterians.

.621

Jacobites

Old School in the United States..

.621

.615 New School in the United States. ..621

The Protestant Churches..

.616

United Presbyterians in the United States.621

Divisions of Protestantism

.616 The (Southern) Presbyterian Church.. .622

The principal Protestant Denominations...616 The Cumberland Presbyterians

.622

The Anglican Church,

.616 The Reformed Presbyterians..

622

Protestant Episcopal Church in the United Presbyterians in Great Britain and the

States...

616 British Colonies .

622

Other Anglican Churches

617 Reformed Churches in the United States...622

The Baptists..

.617 Europe and Africa

622

Regular Baptists in America.

.617 Unitarians in the United States,

622

Free Will Baptists in the United States Europe

622

and British America ..

617 United Brethren in Christ.

.622

Other Baptist Denominations in America..617 United Evangelical Church.

.622

Baptists in Great Britain...

.618 Universalists in the Unitod States.. .622

..615

Copts.

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