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2. understanding and appreciation of the nature and consequences of any inability to manage the activities of daily living;

3. preferences, wishes, and values with regard to managing the activities of daily living; and

4. the nature and extent of the person's property and financial affairs and his or her ability to manage them.

It shall also include an assessment of (i) the extent of the demands placed on the person by that person's personal needs and by the nature and extent

that person's property and financial affairs; (ii) any physical illness and the prognosis of such illness; (iii)

any mental disability, as that term is defined in section 1.03 of this chapter, alcoholism or substance dependence as those terms are defined in section 19.03 of this chapter, and the prognosis of such disability, alcoholism or substance dependence; and (iv) any medications with which the person is being treated and their effect on the person's behavior, cognition and judgment.

(d) In addition, the court shall consider all other relevant facts and circumstances regarding the person's:

1. functional level; and

2. understanding and appreciation of the nature and consequences of his or her functional limitations. § 81.03 Definitions.

When used in this article,

(a) "guardian" means a person who is eighteen years of age or older, a corporation, or a public agency, including a local department of social services,

appointed in accordance with terms of this article by the supreme court, the surrogate's court, or the county court to act behalf of an incapacitated person in providing for personal needs and/or for property management:

(6) "functional level" means the ability to provide for personal needs and/or the ability with respect to property management.

(c) "functional limitations" means behavior or conditions of a person which impair the ability to provide for personal needs and/or property management,

(d) "least restrictive form of intervention" means that the powers granted by the court to the guardian with respect to the incapacitated person represent only those powers which are necessary to provide for that person's personal needs and/or property management and which consistent with affording that person the greatest amount of indepen, dence and self-determination in light of that person's understanding and appreciation of the nature and consequences of his or her functional l'imitations.

(e) "available resources" means resources such as, but not limited to, visiting nurses, homemakers, home health aides, adult day care and multipurpose senior citizen centers, powers of attorney, trusts, representative and protective payees, and residential care facilities.

(f) "personal needs" means needs such as, but not limited to, food, clothing, shelter, health care, and safety.

(8) "property management" means taking actions to obtain, administer, protect, and dispose of real and personal property, intangible property business property,

benefits, and income and to deal with financial affairs.

(h) "activities of daily living" means activities such as, but not limited to, mobility, eating, toilet ing, dressing, grooming, housekeeping, cooking, shopping, money management, banking, driving or using pub, lic transportation, and other activities related to personal

needs and to property management.

(i) "major medical or dental treatment" means a medical, surgical or diagnostic intervention or procedure where a general anesthetic is used

which involves any significant risk or any significant invasion of bodily integrity requiring an incision or producing substantial pain, discomfort, debilitation, having a significant recovery period, or which involves the administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy; it does not include any routine diagnosis or treatment such as the administration of medications other than chemotherapy for non-psychiatric conditions or nutrition or the extraction of bodily fluids for analysis; dental care performed with a local anesthetic; and any procedures

which are provided under emergency circumstances, puri suant to section two thousand five hundred four of the law.

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§ 81.04 Jurisdiction.

(a) If after a hearing, or, trial in accordance with the provisions of
this article it is determined that relief under this article is
sary,

the supreme court, and the county courts outside the city of New York, shall have the power to provide the relief set forth in this article:

1. for a resident of the state;
2. for a nonresident of the state present in the state;

3. for nonresident of the state pursuant to section 81.18 of this article.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (a) of this section, when it appears in any proceeding in the surrogate's court that a person interested in an estate is entitled to money or property as a beneficiary of the estate, or entitled to the proceeds of

any action provided in section 5-4.1 of the estates, powers and trusts law, or to the proceeds of a settlement of a cause of action brought on behalf of an

infant for personal injuries, and that the interested person is a resident of, or is physically present in, the county in which the proceeding is pending and is allegedly incapacitated with respect to property management under the provisions of this article, and the surrogate's court

is satisfied after a hearing or trial in accordance with the provisions of this article that the interested person is incapacitated with respect to property management, the surrogate's court shall have the power to order relief for that person with respect to property management in accordance with the provisions of this article. $ 81.05 Venue.

(a) A proceeding under this article shall be brought in the supreme court within the judicial district, or in the county court of the county in which the person alleged to be incapacitated resides, or is physically present, or in the surrogate's court having, jurisdiction pursuant to subdivision (b) of section 81.04 of this article. If the person alleged to be incapacitated is being cared for as a resident in facility, hospital, school, or an alcoholism facility in this state as those terms are defined in section 1.03 of this chapter,

substance abuse program as that term is defined in section 19.03 of this chapter, an adult care facility as that term is defined in section two of the social services law, or a residential health care facility, or a general hospital as those terms are defined in section two thousand eight hundred one of the public health law, the residence of that person shall be deemed to be in the county where the facility is located and the proceeding, shall be brought in that county, subject to application by an interested party for a change in venue to another county because of the inconvenience of the parties or witnesses or the condition of the person alleged to be incapacitated. If the person alleged to be incapacitated is not present in the state, or the residence of such person cannot be ascertained, the residence shall be deemed to be in the county in which all, or some of such person's property is situated.

(b). After the appointment of a temporary guardian, special guardian, standby guardian, or alternate standby guardians, any proceeding to modify a

prior order shall be brought, in the supreme court, county court, or surrogate's court which granted the prior order. If, at the time of the application to modify a prior order, the incapacitated person is being cared for as a resident in a facility, hospital, or school,

alcoholism facility in this state as those terms are defined in section 1.03 of this chapter, a substance abuse program as that term is defined in section 19.03 of this chapter, an adult care facility as that term is defined in section two of the social services law, or a residential health care facility

general hospital as those terms are defined in section two thousand eight hundred one of the public health jau, the proceeding shall be brought in the county where the facility is located, subject to application by an interested party for a

change in venue to the court which granted the prior order because of the inconvenience of the parties or witnesses or the condition of the incapacitated 381106, who may commencer & Bisceedide shall be commenced by the filing of the petition with the court by:

1. the person alleged to be incapacitated;
EXPLANATION-Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

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2. presumptive distributee of the person alleged to be incapacitated, as that tern is defined in subdivision forty-two of section hundred three of the surrogate's court procedure act;

3. an executor or administrator of an estate when the alleged incapacitated person is or may be the beneficiary of that estate;

4. trustee of á trust when the alleged incapacitated person is or may be the grantor or a beneficiary of that trust;

5. the person with whom the person alleged to be incapacitated resides;

6. a person otherwise concerned with the welfare of the person alleged to be incapacitated. For purposes of this section person otherwise concerned with the welfare of the person alleged to be incapacitated may include a corporation, or a public agency, including the department of social

seryices in the county where the person alleged to be incapacitated resides regardless of whether the person alleged to be incapacitated is a recipient of public assistance;

7. the chief executive officer of a facility, hospital, school, or an alcoholism facility in this state as those terms are defined in section 1.03 of this chapter, a substance abuse program as that term is defined in section 19.03 of this chapter, an adult care facility as that term is defined in section two of the social services law, or a residential health care facility or a general hospital as those terms are defined in section two thousand eight hundred one of the public health law, in which the person alleged to be incapacitated is a patient or resident. § 81.07 Notice.

(a) Order to show cause. Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall:

1. set a date no more than twenty-eight days from the date of the filing of the petition on which the order to show cause is returnable. The court may for good cause shown set a date less than twenty-eight days from the date of the filing of the petition. The order to show shall fix the hearing date pursuant to section 81.11 of this article as the same date on which the order to show cause is returnable; the date of the hearing, may be adjourned only for good cause shown;

2. include in the order to show cause the name, address, and telephone number of the person appointed as court evaluator in accordance with section 81.09 of this article; and 3. require

the order to show cause to be served together with a copy of the petition and any supporting papers upon the persons identified in subdivision (d) of this section and in the form and manner prescribed herein.

(b) Forn. The order to show cause shall be written in large type, in plain language, and in a language other than English if necessary to inform the person alleged to be incapacitated of his or her rights, and shall include the following information:

1. date, time, and place of the hearing of the petition;

2. clear and easily readable statement of the rights of the person alleged to be incapacitated that are set forth in section 81.11 of this article;

3. the name, address, and telephone number of the person appointed as court evaluator pursuant to section 81.09 of this article;

4. the name, address, and telephone number of the attorney if one has been appointed for the person alleged to be incapacitated pursuant to section 81.10 of this article; and

5. a list of the powers which the guardian would have the authority to exercise on behalf of the person alleged to be incapacitated if the relief sought in the petition is granted.

(c) Legend. The order to show cause shall also include on its face the following legend in twelve point or larger bold face double spaced type:

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is asking that someone be appointed to make decisions for you.

With this paper is a copy of the application to the court showing why

believes you may be unable to take care of your personal needs or financial affairs. Before the court makes the appointment of someone to make decisions for you the court holds a hearing at which you are entitled to be present and to tell the judge if you do not want anyone appointed. This paper tells you when the court hear

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ing will take place. If you do not appear in court, your rights may be seriously affected.

You have the right to demand a trial by jury. You must tell the court if you wish to have a trial by jury. If you do not tell the court, the hearing will be conducted without a jury. The name and address, and telephone number of the clerk of the court are:

The court has appointed a court evaluator to explain this proceeding to you and to investigate the claims made in the application. The court may, give the court evaluator permission to inspect your medical, psychological, or psychiatric records. You have the right to tell the judge if you do

not want the court evaluator to be given that permission. The court evaluator's name, address, and telephone number You are entitled to have a lawyer of your choice represent you.

If you want the court to appoint a lawyer to help you and

represent

you, the court will appoint a lawyer for you. You will be required to pay that lawyer unless you do not have the money to do so. (d) Service. 1. the persons entitled to service shall include: (1), the person alleged to be incapacitated; and (ii) the following persons, other than the petitioner, who are known to the petitioner or whose existence and address can be ascertained by the petitioner with reasonably diligent efforts: the spouse of the person alleged to be incapacitated, , if any; the parents of the person

alleged to be incapacitated, if living; the adult children of the person alleged to be incapacitated, if any; the adult siblings of the

person alleged to be incapacitated, if any; the person or persons with whom person alleged to be incapacitated resides; and

(iii) in the event no person listed in subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph is given notice, then notice shall be given to at least

and not

more than three of the living relatives of the person alleged to be incapacitated in the nearest degree of kinship who

known to the petitioner whose existence and address can be ascertained by the petitioner with reasonably diligent efforts; and

(iv) any person or persons designated by the alleged incapacitated person with authority pursuant to sections 5-1501, 5-1601, and 5-1602 of the general obligations law, or sections two thousand nine hundred five and two thousand nine hundred eighty-one of the public health law, if known to the petitioner; and

(v) if known to the petitioner, any person, whether or not a relative of the person alleged to be incapacitated, organization that has demonstrated genuine interest in promoting the best interests of the person alleged to be incapacitated such as by having personal relationship with the person, regularly visiting the person, or regularly communicating with the person; and

(vi) the attorney for the person alleged to be incapacitated, if known to the petitioner; and

(vii) the court evaluator; and

(viii) if it is known to the petitioner that the person alleged to be incapacitated receives public assistance, the local department of social services; and

(ix) if the person alleged to be incapacitated resides in a facility, hospital, school, or an alcoholism facility in this state as those terms are defined in section 1.03 of this chapter, a substance abuse program as that term is defined in section 19.03 of this chapter, an adult facility as

that term is defined in section two of the social services law, a residential health care facility or a general hospital as those terms

are defined in section two thousand eight hundred one of the public health law, the chief executive officer in charge of the facility, and the mental hygiene legal service of the judicial department in which the residence is located; and

(x) such other persons as the court may direct based on the recommendation of the court evaluator in accordance with subparagraph (xvii) of paragraph five of subdivision (c) of section 81.09 of this article.

2. manner of service,

(i), the order to show cause and a copy of the petition shall be personally delivered to the person alleged to be incapacitated not less than fourteen days prior to the return date of the order to show cause. A copy of the order to show cause and the petition also shall be left at EXPLANATION-Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

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the residence of the person alleged to be incapacitated if he or she is
not served there; and
(ii) the

the order to show cause and a copy of the petition shall be served by mail or by delivery to the office of the court evaluator and court appointed attorney, if there is one, within seven days following the appointment of the court evaluator and attorney; and

(iii) the order to show cause and a copy of the petition shall be personally served or served by mail upon the other persons identified in paragraph of this subdivision not less than fourteen days prior to the return date of the order to show cause.

(e) Time period.

The court may direct that the order to show cause be served within a time period less than the period required in paragraph two of subdivision (d) of this section for good cause shown. § 81.08 Petition.

(a) The petition shall be verified under oath and shall include the following information:

1. the name, age, address, and telephone number of the person alleged to be incapacitated;

2. the name, address, and telephone number of the person or persons with whom the person alleged to be incapacitated resides, if any;

3. description of the alleged incapacitated person's functional level including that person's ability to manage the activities of daily, living, behavior, and understanding and appreciation of the nature and consequences of any inability to manage the activities of daily living;

4. if powers are sought with respect to the personal needs of the alleged incapacitated person, specific factual allegations as to the pers, sonal actions or other actual occurrences involving the person alleged to be incapacitated which are claimed to demonstrate that the person likely to suffer harm because he or she cannot adequately understand and appreciate the nature and consequences of his

her inability to provide for personal needs;

5. if powers are sought with respect to property management for the alleged incapacitated person, specific factual allegations to the financial transactions or other actual occurrences involving the person alleged to be incapacitated which are claimed to demonstrate

that the person is likely to suffer harm because he or she cannot adequately understand and appreciate the nature and consequences of his her inability to provide for property management;

6. the particular powers being sought and their relationship to the functional level and needs of the person alleged to be incapacitated; 7. the duration of the powers being sought;

8. the approximate value and description of the financial resources of the person alleged to be incapacitated and whether, to the best of the petitioner's knowledge, the person is a recipient of public assistance;

9. the nature and amount of any claim, debt, or obligations of the person alleged to be incapacitated, to the best of the

petitioner's knowledge;

10. the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of presumptive distributees of the person alleged to be incapacitated that tern defined in subdivision forty-two of section one hundred three of the surrogate's court procedure act unless they are unknown and

cannot be reasonably ascertained; 11. the name, address, and telephone number of the petitioner; 12. the name, address,, and telephone number of the person or persons, if any, proposed as guardian and standby guardian, the relationship of the proposed guardian or standby guardian to the person alleged to be incapacitated, and the reasons why the proposed guardian or standby guardian is suitable to exercise the powers necessary to assist the person alleged to be incapacitated; 13. any relief sought pursuant to section 81.23 of this article;

14. the available resources, if any, that have been considered by the petitioner and the petitioner's opinion to their sufficiency and reliability;

15. any other information which in the petitioner's opinion will assist the court evaluator in completing the investigation and

report in accordance with section 81.09 of this article. § 81.09 Appointment of court evaluator. (a)

At the time of the issuance of the order to show cause, the court shall appoint a court evaluator.

(b) 1. the court may appoint as court evaluator any person drawn from a list maintained by the office of court administration with knowledge

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