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the remedies therein provided. No refund or credit shall be made of
tax, interest or penalty paid after a determination by the commissioner
of finance made pursuant to section 11-2107 of this chapter unless it be
found that such determination was erroneous, illegal or unconstitutional
or otherwise improper, by the [commissioner of finance] tax appeals
tribunal after a hearing,

[his her] the commissioner of
finance's own motion, or, if such tax appeals tribunal affirms in whole
or in part the

determination of the commissioner of finance, in a proceeding under article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules, pursuant to the provisions of said section, in which event refund or credit without interest shall be made of the tax, interest or penalty found to have been overpaid.

§ 98. Subdivisions a, b and d of section 11-2113 of the administrative
code of the city of New York are amended to read as follows:

The commissioner of finance. [or],, his or her employees or agents
duly designated and authorized by him or her, the tax appeals tribunal
and any of its duly designated and authorized employees or agents shall
have power to administer oaths and take affidavits in relation to any
matter proceeding in the exercise of their powers and duties under
this chapter. The commissioner of finance and the tax appeals tribunal
shall have power to subpoena and require the attendance of witnesses and
the production of books, papers and documents to secure information per-
tinent to the performance of [his or her] the duties of the commissioner
or of the tax appeals tribunal hereunder and of the enforcement of this
chapter and to examine them in relation thereto, and to issue commis-
sions for the examination of witnesses who are out of the state
able to attend before such commissioner or the tax appeals tribunal or
excused from attendance.

b. A justice of the supreme court either in court or at chambers shall
have power summarily to enforce by proper proceedings the attendance and
testimony of witnesses and the production and examination of books,
papers and documents called for by the subpoena of the commissioner of
finance or the tax appeals tribunal under this chapter.

d. The officers who serve the summons or subpoena of the commissioner of finance or the tax appeals tribunal and witnesses attending in response thereto shall be entitled to the same fees as are allowed to officers and witnesses in civil cases in courts of record, except herein otherwise provided. Such officers shall be the city sheriff and his or her duly appointed deputies or any officers or employees of the department of finance or the tax appeals tribunal, designated to serve such process:

§ 99. Subdivision a of section 11-2115 of the administrative code of the city of New York, as amended by local law number 62 of the city of New York for the year 1988, is amended to read as follows:

Except in accordance with proper judicial order, or as otherwise provided by law, it shall be unlawful for the commissioner of finance (or), register or tax appeals tribunal or any officer or employee of the department of finance [or], register or tax appeals tribunal to divulge

make known in any manner any information contained in or relating to any return provided for by, this chapter. The officers charged with the custody of such returns shall not be required to produce any of them or evidence of anything contained in them in any action or proceeding in any court, except on behalf of the commissioner of finance in an action or proceeding under the provisions of this chapter, or on behalf of any party to action or proceeding under the provisions of this chapter when the returns or facts shown thereby, are directly, involved in such action or proceeding,

in either of which events the court may require the production of, and may admit in evidence, so much of said returns or of the facts shown thereby, as are pertinent to the action or proceeding and no more. [The commissioner of finance may, nevertheless, publish a copy, or a summary of any determination or decision rendered after a formal' hearing held pursuant to section 11-2107 or 11-2108 of this chapter. ] Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the delivery to a grantor or grantee of a deed or to any subsequent owner of the real property conveyed by such deed or to the duly authorized representative of any of them of a certified copy of any return filed

in

connection with the tax on such deed; nor to prohibit the delivery of such a certified copy of such return or of any information contained in or

relating thereto to the United States of America or any department thereof, the EXPLANATION-Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

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state of New York or any department thereof, the city of New York or any department thereof provided the same is required for official business; [not] nor to prohibit the inspection for official business of such returns

by

the register, the corporation counsel or other legal representatives of the city, or by the district attorney of any county within the city; nor to prohibit the publication of statistics so classified as to prevent the identification of particular returns or items thereof.

§ 100. Section 11-2115 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended by adding a new subdivision d to read as follows:

d. Notwithstanding anything in subdivision à of this section to the contrary, if a taxpayer has petitioned the tax appeals tribunal for administrative review provided in section one hundred seventy of the charter, the commissioner of finance shall be authorized to present to the tribunal any report or return of such taxpayer, or any information contained therein or relating thereto, which may be material or relevant to the proceeding before the tribunal. The tax appeals tribunal shall be authorized to publish a copy, or a summary of any decision rendered pursuant to section one hundred seventy-one of the charter.

૬ 101. Subdivision d of section 11-2116 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended to read as follows:

d. If any return, claim, statement, notice, application, or other document required to be filed, or any payment required to be made, within prescribed period

or before a prescribed date under authority of any provision of this chapter is, after such period or such date, delivered by United States mail to the commissioner of finance, the tax appeals tribunal, bureau, office, officer or person with which or with whom such document is required to be filed, or to which or to whom such payment is required to be made, the date of the United States postmark stamped the envelope shall be deemed to be the date of delivery: This subdivision shall apply only if the postmark date falls within the prescribed period or on or before the prescribed date for the filing of such document, or for making the payment, including any extension granted for such filing or payment, and only if such document or payment was deposited in the mail, postage' prepaid, properly addressed to the commissioner of finance, the tax appeals tribunal, bureau, of, fice, officer or person with which or with whom the document is required to be filed or to which or to whom such payment is required to be made. If any document is sent by United States registered mail, such registration shall be prima facie evidence that such document was delivered to the commissioner of finance, the tax appeals tribunal, bureau, office, officer or person to which or to whom addressed, and the date of registration shall be deemed the postmark date. The commissioner of finance [is] and, where relevant,

the tax, appeals tribunal are authorized to provide by regulation the extent to which the provisions of the preceding sentence with respect to prima facie evidence of delivery and the postmark date shall apply to certified mail. This subdivision shall apply in the case of postmarks not made by the United States postal service only if and to the extent provided by regulation of the commissioner of finance or, where relevant, the tax appeals tribunal.

၌ 102. Section 11-2201 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended by adding a new subdivision 11 to read as follows:

11. "Tax appeals tribunal," The tax appeals tribunal established by section one hundred sixty-eight of the charter.

$ 103. Section 11-2206 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended to read as follows:

૬ 11-2206 Determination of tax. If a return required by this chapter is not filed or if a return when filed is incorrect or insufficient, or if tax or any part thereof due hereunder be not paid when required, the amount of tax due shall be determined by the commissioner of motor vehicles by the commissioner of finance if designated as his or her agent, from such information as may be obtainable, including motor vehi; registration

with the department of motor vehicles of the state of New York and/or other factors. Notice of such determination shall be given to the person liable for the tax. Such a determination by the commissioner of motor vehicles shall finally and irrevocably fix the tax unless the person against whom it is assessed, within [thirty) ninety days after the giving of notice of such determination, shall apply to the commissioner of motor vehicles (or to the commissioner of finance if designated as his or her agent] for a hearing, or unless such commissioner Çor agent, as the case may be,] of his or her own motion shall redetermine the same. If the commissioner of finance is designated as the agent of the commissioner of motor vehicles, such a determination by

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the commissioner of finance shall finally and irrevocably fix the tax unless the person against whom it is assessed, within ninety days after the giving of such determination, or, if the commissioner of finance has established conciliation procedure pursuant to section 11-124 of the code and the taxpayer has requested a conciliation conference in accordance therewith, within ninety days from the mailing of a conciliation decision or the date of the commissioner's confirmation of the discontinuance of the conciliation proceeding, both (1) serves a petition upon the commissioner of finance and (2) applies to the tax appeals tribunal for a hearing by filing & petition, or unless the commissioner of finance of his or her own motion shall redetermine the same. A hearing following petition to the tax appeals tribunal and any appeal to the tax appeals tribunal sitting en banc from the decision rendered in such hearing, shall be conducted in the manner and subject to the requirements prescribed by the tax appeals tribunal pursuant to sections one hundred sixty-eight through one hundred seventy-two of the charter. After such hearing by the commissioner of motor vehicles or the tax appeals tribunal, the commissioner of motor vehicles, if he or she holds the hearing, or the [commissioner of finance) tax appeals tribunal if the [commissioner of finance) tax appeals tribunal holds the hearing, shall give notice of the determination (of such application] decision to the person against whom the tax is assessed and in the case of a tax appeals tribunal decision, to the commissioner of finance. Such determination by the commissioner of motor vehicles, or a decision of the tax appeals tribunal sitting en banc shall be reviewable for error, illegality or unconstitutionality or any other reason whatsoever by a proceeding under article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules if application therefor is made to the supreme court by the person against whom the tax was assessed within four months after the giving of the notice of such determination or tax appeals tribunal decision. A proceeding under article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules shall not

be instituted by taxpayer unless (a) the amount of any tax sought to be reviewed, with penalties and interest thereon, if any, shall be first deposited with the commissioner of motor vehicles and there shall be filed with the commissioner of motor vehicles an undertaking, issued by

surety company authorized to transact business in this state and approved by the superintendent of insurance of this state as to solvency and responsibility , in such amount as a justice of the supreme court shall approve, to the effect that if such proceeding be dismissed or the tax, confirmed, the [petitioner) taxpayer will pay all costs and charges which may accrue in the prosecution of the proceeding; or (b) at the option of the [applicant] taxpayer such undertaking filed with the commissioner of motor vehicles may be in a sum sufficient to cover the penalties and interest thereon stated in such determination or decision, plus the costs and charges which may accrue against it in the

prosecution of the proceeding, in which event the [applicant] taxpayer shall not be required to deposit such taxes, penalties and interest as dition precedent to the application. § 104. Section 11-2208 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended to read as follows:

§ 11-2208 Refunds. a. In the manner provided in this section the commissioner of motor vehicles shall refund or credit, without

interest, any tax, penalty or interest erroneously, illegally or unconstitutionally collected or paid if application for such refund shal be made within

year from the payment thereof to the commissioner of motor vehicles or to the commissioner of finance if designated as his her agent. Whenever a refund is made or denied, the reasons therefor shall be stated in writing by the commissioner of motor vehicles by the commissioner of finance, as the case may be, who in lieu of any refund, may allow_credit therefor on payments due from the applicant.

b. [An] (1) If the commissioner of motor vehicles has not designated the commissioner of finance as his or her agent, losan* application for

refund or credit made as herein provided shall be deemed an application for a revision of any tax, penalty or interest complained of and the commissioner

of

motor vehicles for the commissioner of finance if designated as his or her agent] shall hold a hearing and receive evidence with respect thereto. After such hearing, the commissioner of

* So in original. ("losan" should be "an". )
EXPLANATION—Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

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motor vehicles , if he or she holds the hearing, or the commissioner of
finance if the commissioner of finance holds the hearing, ) shall give
notice of the determination of such application to the applicant who
shall be entitled to review such determination by a proceeding pursuant
to article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules, provided
such proceeding is instituted within four months after the giving of
notice of such determination, and provided that a final determination of
tax due was not previously made. Such a proceeding shall not be insti-
tuted unless an undertaking is filed with the commissioner of motor
vehicles in such amount and with such sureties as a justice of the
supreme court shall approve, to the effect that if such proceeding be
dismissed

the tax confirmed, the petitioner will pay all costs and
charges which may accrue in the prosecution of such proceeding:

(2) If the commissioner of motor vehicles has designated the commissioner of finance as his or her agent, a determination of the commissioner of finance denying a refund or credit pursuant to subdivision a of this section shall be final and irrevocable unless the applicant for such refund or credit, within ninety days from the mailing of notice of such determination, or, if the commissioner of finance has established a conciliation procedure pursuant to section 11-124 of the administrative code and the applicant has requested a conciliation conference in accordance therewith, within ninety days from the mailing of a conciliation decision or the date of the commissioner's confirmation of the discontinuance of the conciliation proceeding, both (1) serves a peti: tion upon the commissioner of finance and (2) files a petition with the tax

appeals tribunal for a hearing: Such petition for a refund or credit, made as herein provided, shall be deemed an application for a revision of any tax, penalty or interest complained of. Such hearing and any appeal to the tax appeals tribunal sitting en banc from the decision rendered in such hearing shall be conducted in the manner and subject to the requirements prescribed by the tax appeals tribunal pursuant to sections

hundred sixty-eight through one hundred seventy-two of the charter. After such hearing, the tax appeals tribunal shall give notice of its decision to the applicant and to the commissioner of Finance. The applicant shall be entitled to institute a proceeding pursuant to article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules to review a decision of the tax appeals tribunal sitting en banc if application to the supreme court be made therefor within four months after the giving of notice of such decision, and provided, in the case of an application by taxpayer,

that final determination of tax due was not previously made. Such a proceeding shall not be instituted by a taxpayer unless an undertaking shall first be filed with the commissioner of motor vehicles, in such amount and with such sureties as a justice of the supreme court shall approve, to the effect that if such proceeding, be dismissed or the tax confirmed, the taxpayer will pay all costs and charges which may accrue in the prosecution of such proceeding.

A person shall not be entitled to a revision, refund or credit under this section of a tax, interest or penalty which has been determined to be due pursuant to the provisions of section 11-2206 of this chapter where he or she has had a hearing or an opportunity for a hearing;, as provided

in said section, or has failed to avail himself or herself of the remedies therein provided. No refund or credit shall be made of a tax,

interest or penalty paid after a determination made pursuant to section 11-2206 of this chapter, unless it be found that sucho determination

erroneous, illegal or unconstitutional or otherwise improper after a hearing, or on his or her own motion, by the commissioner of motor vehicles or after a hearing by the tax appeals tribunal, or on his or her own motion by the commissioner of finance, as the case may be, or in a proceeding under article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules, pursuant to the provisions of said şection, in which event refund

or credit without interest shall be made of the tax, interest or penalty found to have been overpaid.

§ 105. Section 11-2210 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended to read as follows:

5 11-2210 Remedies exclusive, The remedies provided by sections 11-2206 and 11-2208 of this chapter shall be the

exclusive remedies available to any person for the review of tax liability imposed by this chapter; and no determination or proposed determination of tax or determination

any application for refund by the commissioner of motor vehicles or by the commissioner of finance, nor any decision by the tax appeals

tribunal or any of its administrative law judges, shall be enjoined or reviewed by an action for declaratory judgment, an action for

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money had and received or by any action or proceeding other than, in the case of a final determination by the commissioner of motor vehicles or a decision by the tax appeals tribunal sitting en banc, a proceeding in the nature of a certiorari proceeding under article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules; provided, however, that a taxpayer may proceed by declaratory judgment if he she institutes suit within thirty days after a deficiency, assessment is made and pays the amount of the deficiency assessment to the commissioner of motor vehicles prior to the institution of such suit and posts a bond for costs as provided in section 11-2206 of this chapter.

§ 106. Subdivisions a, b and d of section 11-2213 of the administrative code of the city of New York are amended to read as follows:

The commissioner of motor vehicles or his or her employees or agents duly designated and authorized by such commissioner, and the tax appeals tribunal, shall have power to administer oaths and take affidavits in relation to any matter or proceeding in the exercise of the powe ers and duties under this chapter. The commissioner of motor vehicles, or the commissioner of finance if designated as his or her agent or the tax appeals tribunal, shall have the power to subpoena and require the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers

and documents to secure information pertinent to the performance of [his or her] the duties of the commissioner of motor vehicles, the commissioner of finance or the tax appeals tribunal hereunder and of the enforcement of this chapter and to examine them in relation thereto, and to issue missions for the examination of witnesses who are out of the state or unable to attend before him or her or the tax appeals tribunal cused from attendance.

b. A justice of the supreme court either in court or at chambers shall have power suminarily to enforce by proper proceedings the attendance and testimony of witnesses and production and examination of books, papers and documents called for by the subpoena of the commissioner of motor vehicles,

or, if the commissioner of finance [if] is designated as his or her agent under this chapter, of the commissioner of finance and the tax appeals tribunal.

d. The officers who serve the summons or subpoena of the commissioner of motor vehicles, or the commissioner of finance if designated as

his or her agent, or the tax appeals tribunal if the comnissioner of finance is designated as the agent of the commissioner of motor vehicles, and witnesses attending in response thereto shall be entitled to the same fees as are allowed to officers and witnesses in civil cases

courts of record, except as herein otherwise provided. Such officers shall be the city sheriff and his or her duly appointed deputies, or any officers

employees of the department of motor vehicles designated by the commissioner of motor vehicles to serve such process or any officers or ployees of the department of finance of the city designated by the commissioner of finance to serve such process or any officers or employees of the tax appeals tribunal designated to serve such process.

§ 107. Subdivision a of section 11-2215 of the administrative code of the city of New York, as amended by local law number 62 of the city of New York for the year 1988, is amended to read as follows:

Except in accordance with proper judicial order or as otherwise provided by law, it shall be unlawful for the commissioner of motor vehicles, any officer or employee of the department of motor vehicles, the commissioner* finance, any officer or employee of the department of finance, the tax appeals tribunal, any commissioner or employee of such tribunal, any agent of the commissioner of motor vehicles, or any person who, pursuant to this section, is permitted to inspect any return or to whom a copy, an abstract or portion of any return is furnished, to whom

any information contained in any return is furnished to divulge or make known in any manner any information contained in or relating to any return provided for by this chapter. The officers charged with the custody of such returns shall not be required to produce any of them or evidence of anything contained in them in any action or proceeding in any court, except on behalf of the commissioner of motor vehicles or the commissioner of finance in an action or proceeding under the provisions of this chapter, or on behalf of any party, to an action proceeding under

the provisions of this chapter when the returns or facts shown * So in original. (Word "of" inadvertently omitted. ) EXPLANATION—Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

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