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Scholarship students must be in the third or fourth year of a regular course. The foundation assists musical organizations and movements that are rendering good service and that are not operating for profit.

President: Frederick A. Juillard, 11 West Fifty-seventh Street, New York, N. Y.

Secretary: Eugene A. Noble, 49 East Fifty-second Street, New York, NY.

COMMISSION FOR RELIEF IN BELGIUM EDUCATIONAL
FOUNDATION

The Commission for Relief in Belgium Educational Foundation during the year 1924, continued its graduate exchange fellowships, with 32 Belgian students, including 8 renewals, of the 1924-25 group in the United States; and 10 American students, including 3 renewals, of the 1924-25 group in Belgium. Among the other activities of the commission were continued financial aid to the Universities of Brussels and Louvain and the school of mines, and support of three Belgian visiting professorships to the United States and two American visiting professorships to Belgium; made a gift of 617,872 francs to the Ecole Superieure de Jeunes Filles for the purchase of a building in Brussels; made an initial grant of 40,000 francs to the Cercle des Alumni de la Fondation Universitaire of Belgium for its general expenses; and expended $45,527 on account of the foundation's earlier appropriation of $50,000 for steel book stacks for the University of Louvain library building.

President: Perrin C. Galpin, 42 Broadway, New York, N. Y.

Secretary: Belle S. Collins, Ben Hur Building, Crawfordsville, Ind.

KAHN FOUNDATION FOR THE FOREIGN TRAVEL OF AMERICAN

TEACHERS

The Kahn Foundation for the foreign travel of American teachers was organized in New York City on January 6, 1911. The founder was Albert Kahn, of Paris. The essential object of the foundation is " to enable men of proved intellectual attainments to enjoy, during one year or more, sufficient leisure and freedom from all professional pursuits or preoccupations and to enter into personal contact with men and countries they might otherwise never have known." The stipend of the single Kahn fellowship awarded for the year 1925-26 was $5,000.

President: Edward D. Adams, 598 Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y.

Secretary: Frank D. Fackenthal, Substation 84, New York, N. Y. COMMONWEALTH FUND

The Commonwealth Fund, during the fiscal year ending September 30, 1924, continued its activities in the field of child -welfare. The child health demonstrations in Fargo, N. Dak., completed its second year on December 31;. those in Athens, Ga., and Kutherford County, Tenn., were begun in January, 1924. The fourth and last of these demonstrations was made in Marion County, Oreg., on February 1, 1925. Work in child guidance and demonstrations of visiting teachers were carried on in various cities. Support was voted to the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University toward the training of psychiatrists and two fellowships of $3,500 were maintained "in connection with the demonstration clinics operated by the national committee for mental hygiene, for psychiatrists who wish to secure practical experience in childguidance work."

Nineteen grants, totaling $293,106.03, were approved by the board, 8 of which were for projects relating to child welfare and 11 for a variety of purposes.

President: Max Farrand, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.

Secretary: Samuel P. Capen, University of Buffalo, Buffalo, N. Y.

ENGINEERING-ECONOMICS FOUNDATION

The Engineering-Economics Foundation is " a research foundation established on university principles." It is a private institution, supported by private funds, and is in contact with universities, research foundations, professional schools and colleges, both in the United States and foreign countries.

To quote from one of its publications:

The foundation works in the field, where the men are engaged in the actual personal problems of their daily work, not in academic halls, where men are concerned with the problems of preparing for practice. In other words, the foundation is decentralized, not centralized. It works in three divisions: (1) The civilian staff college division; (2) the division of industrial staff education; (3) the extension division.

Staff education, ns provided by the foundation, is concerned with providing, in advance of emergency, the only insurance which will give protection against confusion in emergency—that, in this case, is the organized knowledge and skill required to carry on civilian (nonmilitary) staff work of direction and plan in time of emergency, be it national emergency—fire, flood, earthquake, tornado, pestilence, famine, war, or economic emergency—defined as dislocation of the normal processes of supply and demand.

President: Hollis Godfrey, 3 Joy Street, Boston, Mass. Secretary: Charles E. Eyanson, 3 Joy Street, Boston, Mass. 27301°—27 22

JULIUS ROSENWALD FUND

The Julius Rosenwald Fund was incorporated in 1917, under the laws of the State of Illinois, for charitable, scientific, educational, and religious purposes. Its total expenditures for such causes up to and including June 30, 1925, has been $2,856,063.24. The most conspicuous activity of the fund has been in connection with aiding in the construction of rural schools for negroes in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Kentucky.

President: Julius Rosenwald, Homan Avenue and Arthington Street, Chicago, 111.

Secretary: Frances W. Shepardson, Homan Avenue and Arthington Street, Chicago, 111.

CHAPTER XVIII

WORK OF THE BUREAU OF EDUCATION FOR THE
NATIVES OF ALASKA

By William Hamilton
Assistant Chief, Alaska Dii'ixion, Bureau of Education

Contents.—Introduction—Medical relief—Industrial education—Reindeer service—Transportation of appointees and supplies.

INTRODUCTION

Through its Alaska division the Bureau of Education is required to jnake provision for the education of the natives of Alaska, extend to them all possible medical relief, train them to self-support, and, so far as possible, relieve worthy cases of destitution. The work is under the supervision of the chief of the Alaska division, with headquarters in Seattle, Wash., which is more readily accessible from all parts of Alaska than is any point within Alaska itself. The Seattle office functions as a purchasing and disbursing agent for all of the bureau's activities in Alaska; it selects and recommends to the Commissioner of Education for appointment all of the bureau's employees in Alaska; it expends or invests, as requested, funds sent to it by employees in Alaska, by the cooperative stores of the natives, or by individual natives of Alaska; it also sells commodities, such as furs, ivory, and reindeer meat, for the natives and remits, deposits, or expends the proceeds as directed.

The field force in Alaska during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1924, included 1 superintendent of education of natives of Alaska, with duties of a general supervisory character, 5 district superintendents, 151 teachers, 8 physicians, 21 nurses, 12 hospital attendants, and 8 herders in charge of reindeer belonging to the Government. Eighty-three schools were in operation, with an enrollment of 3,910. The teachers not only carried on the educational work in the schoolrooms, but, in many instances, were responsible for the relief of destitution, for the extending of medical aid to natives in the vicinity of the school, and for the supervising of the industries and of the reindeer herds tributary to the school.

The bureau's work was carried on in 116 buildings, including

school buildings, teachers' residences, hospitals, and orphanages,

valued at $273,550.

The educational statistics for the year are as follows:

Total number of days in actual attendance 367,396

Total number of pupils enrolled during year 3,910

Average daily attendance throughout the year 2,652

Percentage of attendance 67. 7

Average number in each schoolroom each day 26.9

Total schoolrooms open 101

Average number of days in the school year • 135.12

Cost of school per day per child, based on actual attendance $0. 70

Cost of school per year per child, based on actual attendance .$97. 65

Cost of school per year per child, based on total enrollment $66. 23

Spent during the year for repairs on the school buildings and not

counted as a part of the operation of the schools $7,193. 23

Spent for new buildings $8,153.33

MEDIC A J, Relief

In its endeavor to afford medical relief and to safeguard the health of the native races of Alaska, the Bureau of Education maintains hospitals at Juneau, Kanakanak, Akiak, Niilato, and Noorvik, which are important centers of native population in southern, western, central, and Arctic Alaska, separated from each other by many hundreds of miles.

The hospitals, physicians, and nurses serve only the thickly populated districts. In the outlying areas the teachers must, of necessity, extend medical aid to the best of their ability. Accordingly, the teachers in settlements where the services of a physician or nurse are not available are supplied with household remedies and instructions for their use. Each hospital is a center of medical relief for a very wide territory, and each physician must make extended tours throughout his district. In the great majority of the native settlements, the teachers are the only " doctors" and " health officers." It often becomes the duty of a teacher to render first aid to the injured or to care for a patient through the course of a serious illness. The school is often the only place within a radius of several hundred miles where the natives can obtain medicines and medical treatment, and they often travel many days to secure the relief desired.

Inadequate as the medical service is to meet the needs of the entire native population, it has nevertheless accomplished gratifying results as is indicated by the following statement of services rendered during the year:

Patients or cases handled through the 5 hospitals 9, 559

Total treatments, outside and clinical 24,433

Days of hospital care 14,156

Number of times medical assistance was rendered by teachers 17, 709

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