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school enrollment shows an increase of 67 per cent for this period; the private elementary schools show a loss of 11 per cent. Kindergarten enrollments have increased 1,882 per cent, those of public high schools 1,570 per cent, private high schools 168 per cent, preparatory departments of colleges 20 per cent, secondary students in normal schools 331 per cent, and all secondary-school pupils 946 per cent. There is an increase of 606 per cent in normal-school enrollments, 445 per cent in college and university enrollments, and 139 per cent in commercial-school enrollments. These increases are shown graphically for colleges and for secondary schools.

INCREASE OF POPULATION, AND ENROLLMENTS IN COLLEGES, AND IN SECONDARY

SCHOOLS, 1890-1924, TAKING 1890 DATA AS BASES.
PER CENT OF
INCREASE
1,000

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Table 7.-In this table enrollments in elementary schools, high schools, teacher-training institutions, and colleges are classified according to public and private control, and are given by States.

VALUE OF SCHOOL PROPERTY The States report a total valuation of public elementary and secondary school property of $3,744,780,714. Private high schools and academies report $396,616,100. Exclusive of endowments, teachers colleges and normal schools report property valued at $136,623,958, and colleges and universities at $1,056,929,060. If the value of school property used by the private elementary schools be estimated at $300,000,000, and $12,862,722 be included as endowment owned by teacher-training institutions, and $814,718,813 as productive funds of colleges and universities, the total value of property used by all types of schools mentioned above is $6,462,531,367.

The average value of public-school property per pupil enrolled has increased from $129 in 1922 to $154 in 1924. This increase is due not so much to increased values of real estate as it is to newer and better buildings, better equipment, and more extensive grounds. It is safe to say that our public-school children were never better housed than at present, although there is still room for improvement. A large number of cities report considerable congestion. The percentage of public-school expenditures going for sites, buildings, and contents for 1920 is 14.8 per cent; for 1922 it is 19.4 per cent; and for 1924 it is 21.3 per cent. This increase over previous years reflects the efforts of school districts toward resuming building programs that were curtailed during the war period or held in abeyance when building costs began to increase so rapidly above the pre-war figures.

In the matter of permanent school funds for public-school education, Texas leads with a total of over $80,000,000. Minnesota has fortyfour million, Virginia and Oklahoma have nearly twenty-four and one half million each, and South Dakota has twenty-four million in a permanent school fund. North Dakota, Washington, Montana, Indiana, New Jersey, Missouri, Wyoming, Kansas, and Nebraska each has a permanent school fund of over $10,000,000.

Nearly a half billion dollars of public-school resources are in school lands. Minnesota leads with $85,000,000, South Dakota has seventyfive million, Montana forty-six million, Colorado forty-one million, and eight other States have unsold lands valued at over $10,000,000 each.

TABLE 1.-School and college enrollments in 192324

Schools

Public

Private

Total

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Kindergartens.
Elementary schools (primary and grammar) ----
City schools (included with elementary and high). -----

Total elementary and kindergarten enrollment.-------
Secondary (high schools and academies)---------
Preparatory departments of colleges.....
Secondary courses in normal schools and teachers colleges ---

Total secondary students..
Teachers colleges
Normal schools (not in secondary courses)-------

Total normal schools and teachers colleges.
Universities, colleges, and professional schools (not including pre-

paratory).
Industrial schools for delinquents, 1922. ---
Schools for the deaf, 1922...
Schools for the blind, 1922..
Schools for the feeble-minded and subnormal, 1922
Schools for Indians...
Government schools in Alaska...
Other public schools in Alaska..
Commercial and business schools, 1925.--------

Grand total (excluding duplicates)-------

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188,368 2, 415, 820

24, 956, 187

1 Includes 2,911 in city schools.

2 Includes 23,252 in city schools.

TABLE 2.–School enrollment and estimated costs in 192324

Classification

Enrollment

Estimated
per pupil

cost

Total cost, including outlays

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20, 898, 930

3,389, 878 11, 473, 145

254, 119 255, 630 470, 494 158, 349 92, 163 13,065

2,658 14, 666 65, 550

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593.75 | 3 151, 781,079 402.14 3 189, 203, 947 141. 34 22,380, 385 178. 52 16, 452, 652 153.08 2,000,019 181. 68

482, 729 241. 33 3, 539, 418 289.14 18,952, 835 618.00 6,636, 084 846.00 605, 736 585.00 2,893, 995 357.00 13,837,677

1,255, 716 88. 56

346, 281 118. 60

471, 439 269. 10 6,347, 797

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Public elementary schools (including kindergartens).
Public high schools.---
Private elementary schools (including kindergartens)
Private high schools and academies...
Universities and colleges (includes preparatory students):

Public --
Private..---

Teachers colleges (includes all courses). Normal schools includes all courses):

State.----
City...
County.

Private.
Industrial schools for delinquents, 1922
Schools for the deaf, 1922:

State...
City (included with city schools) ---

Private.---
Schools for the blind, 1922-----
Schools for the feeble-minded and subnormal, 1922:

State ---
City (included with city schools) --

Private
Government schools in Alaska...
Other public schools in Alaska.
Government Indian schools.
Other schools for the Indian..
Private commercial and business schools, 1925....
Teachers colleges :

Extension courses..

Practice and model schools elementar State normal schools:

Extension courses.

Practice and model scho Private normal schools:

Extension courses....

Practice and model scho elementary) ---
Colleges, universities, and professional schools:

Extension and correspondence courses.--.
Winter short courses.------------

Total (excluding duplicates)..

1

38, 761
23, 252

1,386
3,910
3,975

906.00

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-1 Partly estimated.
2 Estimated same as cost of public schools.
3 Receipts, excluding additions to endowments.
4 The items beginning “Teachers colleges, extension courses,” are not included in Table 1.

TABLE 3.—Gifts and bequests to education, 19141924
Institutions
1914 1916

1918
1920

1922

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Universities and colleges.----- $26, 670, 017 $30, 196, 006
Schools of theology-

1,558, 281 2, 257, 359 Schools of law. --

203, 067 128, 588

||$27,450,945 $65, 286, 159 $77, 400, 756 $81, 784, 738 Schools of medicine.--

1,495, 773 | 2, 253, 598 Public normal schools....

607, 431 758, 998 40, 548 34, 310 Private normal schools..

116, 283 143, 012 616, 817 2,096, 687 * 930,034 1,793, 741 Private high schools...

706, 546 1,357, 719 1,748, 258 (1) Total...

31, 357, 398 37,095, 280 29, 856, 568 67, 417, 156 78, 330, 790 83,578, 479 1 No data.

TABLE 4.-Gifts and bequests to education from 1871 to 1924 1871.----------------$8, 593, 740 / 1890. $8,011, 019 | 1908

$19, 763,421 1872 10, 072, 540 1891..

8,519, 233 | 1909.

21, 192, 450 1873 11, 225, 977 1892..

8,721, 902 1910.

24, 755, 663 1874. 6,053, 804 1893. 8, 207, 690 1911..

27, 634, 029 1875. 4, 126, 562 1894 10,855, 365 1912

30, 061, 310 1876. 4, 691, 845 1895.

8, 240, 876
1913.

29, 651, 879 1877.

3,015, 256
1896.
11,677, 048 1914.

31, 357, 398 1878. 3, 103, 289 1897 10, 049, 141 1915.

26, 023, 246 5, 249, 810 1898..

10, 981, 209
1916.

37,095, 280 1880 5, 518, 501 1899 25, 332, 792 1918.

29, 856, 568 1881. 7,440, 224 1900 15, 066, 561 1920..

67, 417, 156 7, 141, 363 1901. 21, 158, 400 1922

78, 330, 790 1884. 11, 270, 286 1902

1924.

83,578, 479 1885. 9, 314, 081 1903..

17, 915, 075 1886.. 5, 976, 168 1904

17, 261, Total, excluding 1887.., 7, 512, 910 | 1905..

21, 827, 875

1882, 1917, 1919, 1888. 6, 646, 368 | 1906.

23, 347,070 1921, and 1923 906, 719, 601 6,942, 058 | 1907-..

28, 585, 780

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TABLE 5.Distribution of teachers for five periods

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1,004
4, 483
1, 118

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Public elementary schools.---------
Public high schools...
Private elementary schoo
Private high schools.--
Universities and colleges:

Preparatory departments...
Collegiate departments..-

Other departments ---
Colleges for women:

Preparatory departments..

Collegiate departments...
Professional schools:

Theology.------
Law.------
Medicine.------
Dentistry------------
Pharmacy------

Veterinary medicine...
Teachers colleges and normal schools, public:

Normal department.---

Other departments.-----
Teachers colleges and normal schools, private:

Normal department.----

Other departments.----
Commercial and business schools...
Schools for defectives and delinquents.
Indian and Alaskan schools. ----
Kindergartens:

Public..
Private.--

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493

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185

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1 Included in universities and colleges.
2 Professional departments.
3 Figures for 1918.
4 Figures for 1922.
• Does not include 1,832 men and 817 women duplicates, in universities, colleges, and professional schools.

TABLE 6.—Kindergarten, elementary, commercial, secondary, normal school, and

college enrollments, 1890-1924

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Kindergartens (public and private) -----
Public elementary schools (including public kinder-

gartens)..
Private elementary schools (largely estimated) -

Total elementary and kindergarten..
Public high schools
Private high schools...
Preparatory schools (in colleges and universities)...
Secondary students in normal schools..

Total secondary students.
Normal schools and teachers' colleges (excluding sec-

ondary students).--Colleges, universities, and professional schools (excluding preparatory students) -------

Total college and normal students. ----Private commercial and business schools

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CLOUIS.------------------------

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1009.

* 1909.

6 From State reports.

0 1925.

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