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CITY SCHOOL SYSTEMS, 1923–24

INTRODUCTION

This report presents the statistics of public schools in cities for the school year 1923–24. The cities are grouped according to the population groups as set forth by the Bureau of the Census. The various tables describe these groups with respect to size. Every city in Group I made a report. Groups II and III are 98 per cent complete. This degree of completeness is due largely to the fact that some cities were visited by field agents of the bureau, who obtained many reports by personal solicitation and collaboration. Careful estimates have been made for cities which failed to report. Summary tables are given by States for cities in Group IV. The other groups are reported in detail.

In Groups I, II, and III, 773 cities report 23,225 schools and 14,922 buildings. The schools were in session for an average of 185 days, 19.4 per cent of the population were enrolled, 81.4 per cent of those enrolled were in average daily attendance, and 36.3 pupils were enrolled per teacher employed.

TABLE 1.—Comparative summary of school statistics for the three groups of cities

of 10,000 population and more, 192324

Items

Group I.
Cities of

100,000
population
and more

Group II.
Cities of
30,000 to

100,000
population

Group III.
Cities of
10,000 to

30,000
population

Groups I, II, and IIÍ combined,

unless otherwise indicated

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1.-Distribution of attendance and personnel in day

schools Kindergartens:

City school systems reporting kindergartens.
Supervisors and principals....
Teachers (women)----
Enrollment

Boys. ---------

Girls.
Aggregate days' attendance..
Average daily attendance...

Number of schools........
Elementary schools:

City school systems reporting
Supervisors and principals...
Teachers

Men.-.

Women. Enrollment

Boys.-

Girls.-----
Aggregate days' attendance
Average daily attendance..
Number of schools...

245, 883

246,983 52, 703, 564

282, 226

6,607

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27, 419
6,566, 417

35, 933
1,170

519
3,006

996 33, 845 677, 301

663, 522 201, 213, 598 1, 107, 540

4, 252

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5,028 156,050 3, 218, 658

3, 142, 764 976, 384, 078 5, 259, 154

12, 365

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201, 417, 371

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1,098, 114

4, 979

3. 134

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TABLE 1.—Comparative summary of school statistics for the three groups of cities

of 10,000 population and more, 1923–24—Continued

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Men.-

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9, 100 14, 431

16, 343 30,689

---------------------

321,070

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100,

131, 358

147, 516 42,988, 197

234, 999

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Women. Enrollment,

Boys. ----

Girls.-
Aggregate days' attendance....
A verage daily attendance....

Number of schools.--..
Special schools for the deaf, the blind, the feeble-
minded, etc.:

City school systems reporting special schools.
Supervisors and principals..
Teachers-

Men.--

Women Enrollment

Boys. ---

Girls.--
Aggregate days' attendance..
Average daily attendance..

Number of schools.----
Vocational schools (full-time):

City school systems reporting vocational

schools.-Supervisors and principals Teachers

Men.

Women.. Enrollment

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174 2, 996 38, 236

24, 765 9,903, 545

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2, 155

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Girls.....
Aggregate days' attendance
Average daily attendance-----

Number of schools.....
Normal schools:

City school systems reporting normal schools
Supervisors and principals..
Teachers-

Men.

Women EnrollmentBoys.....

582 Girls... Aggregate days' attendance...

1, 746, 563 Average daily attendance....

Number of schools. ---
Colleges (under city board of education):

City school systems reporting colleges...
Supervisors and principals...
Teachers-
M en..---------------

127
Women.

65 Enrollment Boys.----------------

2,350

1, 604 Aggregate days' attendance.

479, 522 Average daily attendance...

2,529 Number of schools.-------1 The items of this class for Group III not tabulated in detail.

277 45, 311

249

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TABLE 1.-Comparative summary of school statistics for the three groups of cities

of 10,000 population and more, 1923-24-Continued

Group I.
Cities of

100,000
population
and more

Items

Group II.
Cities of
30,000 to

100,000
population

Group III.
Cities of
10,000 to

30,000
population

Groups I, II, and III combined,

unless otherwise indicated

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days

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6, 245

II.- Total population and attendance and personnel

in public day schools
Total population (census 1920) ----
Superintendents and assistant superintendents...
Supervisors and principals
Teachers:

Men..--

Women Enrollment:

Boys -------

Girls.
Aggregate days' attendance.
Average daily attendance..
Average length of school term in
Total number of schools.
School buildings..
III.---Report of attendance and personnel in part-

time and continuation schools
City school systems reporting part-time and con-

tinuation schools. ----Supervisors and principals... Teachers:

Men

Women. Enrollment:

Boys..-----------

Girls.
Number of schools
IV.-Distribution of attendance and personnel in

public night schools and Americanization
classes.

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931 1, 101

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41, 911
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8, 207

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Number of school systems reporting night schools.
Number of school systems reporting Americaniza-

tion classes.----
Supervisors and principals in night schools...
Supervisors and principals in Americanization

classes.--Teachers:

Elementary schools.
High schools.
Vocational schools.--.

Americanization classes
Enrollment:

Elementary schools.
High schools..
Vocational schools.--.

Americanization classes...
V.- Distribution of attendance and personnel in

public summer schools
Number of school systems reporting summer

schools
Supervisors and principals
Teachers:

Elementary schools.
Junior high schools..

High schools
Enrollment:

Elementary schoools
Junior high schools..
High schools..-.-.

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TABLE 1.--Comparative summary of school statistics for the three groups of cities

of 10,000 population and more, 192324–Continued

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From general property taxes and city appropriations for maintenance..

$358, 448, 831 $116,388, 957 $100, 707, 317 $575, 545, 105 From taxation for debt service..

26, 405, 395

I 47, 465, 763 All other local revenue

9,032, 512 3, 197, 608

| 15, 082, 550 From loans and bond sales.

159, 843, 741

28, 128, 538 221, 139, 300 From sales of property

1,960, 410

972, 155 3,699, 788 Other nonrevenue receipts..

762, 957

1, 306, 085 2,971, 505 Balance from previous school year..

202, 152, 931 39, 051, 484 32, 792, 857 273, 997, 272 Total amount available----

834, 182, 116233, 935, 592 200, 764, 574 1,268,882,282 VII.- Erpenses, outlays, and other payments for

school purposes General control: Business..

7,635, 598 2, 045, 425 1,565, 810 11, 246, 833 Educational

4,491, 103 2, 274, 027

3, 372, 518 10. 137 km Expenses of instruction (day schools):

Salaries and expenses of supervisors and principals.-------

26, 560, 625 9, 339, 163 8, 083, 781 43,983, 569 Salaries of teachers..

272, 484, 268 84, 532, 034 72, 057, 773 429, 074, 075 Textbooks, school-library books, stationery,

supplies, and other expenses of instruction. 14, 325, 262 5, 189, 078 4,787, 936 24, 302, 276 Expenses of instruction in part-time and continuation schools.---

3,312, 405 874, 174 388, 232 4,574, 811 Expenses of instruction in public night schools and Americanization classes. -

6,068, 547 1, 302, 082

7, 806, 920 Expenses of instruction in summer schools.... 1, 450, 211 323, 644

1, 916, GGO Operation of plant-janitors' salaries, fuel, light, etc.

34, 571, 645 ,583, 986 13, 833, 252 62,988, 883 Repairs and replacements.

20, 214, 849 887, 211 4,390, 219 30, 492, 279 Auxiliary agencies.----

12, 106, 070 3, 705, 131 3, 007, 357 18, 818, 558 Fixed charges-pensions, rent, insurance, etc.

6, 169, 079 2,375, 554 2, 367, 205 10, 911, 838 Interest on indehtedness(paid from current funds) 23, 467, 482 8,028, 856 7, 900, 655 39, 396, 993 Total current expenses.---

432, 857, 144 140, 460, 365 | 122, 333, 864 695, 651, 373 Outlays-capital acquisition and construction... 147, 376, 154 42, 379, 894 36, 702, 163 | 226, 458, 211 Expenses of debt service 3..

51, 870, 396 16, 111, 805 1 0, 942, 663 78, 924, 864 Grand total expenditures...

632, 103, 694 198, 952, 064 169, 978, 690 1,001,034,448 VIII.- Distribution of expenses of instruction in

public day schools Bindergartens:

Salaries and expenses of supervisors and prin-
cipals..

148, 883
58, 449

7,410 214, 742 Salaries of teachers.------

10, 790, 339 2,647, 306 1,652,017 | 15, 089, 662 Total.---

10, 939, 222 2, 705, 755 1,659, 427 15, 304, 404 Elementary schools:

Salaries and expenses of supervisors and principals.--

20,533, 235 6, 809, 718 5, 608, 224 32, 951, 177 Salaries of teachers....

171,589, 354 51,060, 715 44, 277, 075 | 266, 927, 144 Textbooks, supplies, and other expenses of instruction.--

8, 709, 322 2,979, 895 2,958, 381 14,647, 598 Total...

200, 831, 911 60, 850, 328 52, 843, 680 314, 525, 919 Junior high schools:

Salaries and expenses of supervisors and principals.-----

1, 309, 576 713, 418 455, 163 2,478, 157 Salaries of teachers...

18,885, 918 7,934, 124 5,030, 016 31, 850, 058 Textbooks, supplies, and other expenses of instruction.

1, 105, 131 505, 373 377, 190 1,987, 694 Total...

21, 300, 625 9, 152, 915 5, 862, 369 36, 315, 909 High schools:

Salaries and expenses of supervisors and principals...

3,761, 896 1,622,383 1,996, 371 | 7,380, 650 Salaries of teachers.----

59, 827, 362 21, 150, 339 20, 872,305 | 101, 850,006 Textbooks, supplies, and other expenses of instruction

3, 470, 652 1,556, 905 1,437, 051 6,464, 608 Total......

67, 059, 910 24, 329,627 24, 305, 727 115, 695, 264 3 Not including interest, payments made from sinking funds, and payments made from money received by issue of new bonds to redeem old bonds.

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